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Surface-to-Air systems

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bug2 - 23-7-2018 at 10:32 PM

Boeing Delivers Multiple Laser Weapon Systems To Warfighters

Jul 19, 2018

Graham Warwick | Aerospace Daily & Defense Report

CLWS on Stryker: Boeing

Laser weapons are moving from development and testing to production and deployment, with the need to counter the growing threat from small unmanned aircraft leading the way.

Boeing has delivered multiple Compact Laser Weapon Systems (CLWS) to the U.S. Marine Corps for testing by an operational unit.

With power levels of 2-10 kW, the modular CLWS is one of the first high-energy laser system to begin the transition from development to production. But Boeing is also moving ahead with work on more powerful tactical and strategic laser weapons, says Ron Dauk, directed energy program manager.

CLWS uses industrial fiber lasers packaged by Boeing with a small beam director and integrated power and thermal management to produce a system that stands alone, or can be installed in a container or mounted on a Stryker armored vehicle.

The system is being used to train soldiers and show the capability that laser weapons bring to the battlefield.

“It gives you a low cost per shot against quadcopters and a deep magazine,” Dauk says. “As long as there is power, it can keep firing.”

Power for the electric laser can come from a battery, generator or the platform that the system is mounted on.

Systems supplied to the Marine Corps are being used by active warfighters, and are packaged in a Quadcon quarter-size intermodal container. Multiple systems can be operated remotely from a command-and-control center. With power levels of 2, 5 or 10 kW, the CLWS is effective against small drones 1-3 km (0.6-1.9 mi.) away, he says.

Boeing’s core directed-energy technology is in acquisition, tracking and pointing, Dauk says, and it has provided the beam director for the U.S. Army’s High-Energy Laser Mobile Test Truck (HELMTT). This will soon begin testing with a 60-kW fiber laser developed by Lockheed Martin. “We are integrating the laser now and will test in the very near future,” Dauk says.

The Army is already field testing the Stryker-mounted CLWS against drones, and the HELMTT will be tested against rockets, mortars and artillery as well as unmanned aircraft.

Boeing is also in discussions with U.S. Air Force Special Operations Command on plans to test a high-energy laser in an AC-130J gunship. In the mid-2000s, the company developed the Advanced Tactical Laser, a chemical laser that was test-fired from a C-130. “Since then the technology has matured with the development of electric lasers,” Dauk says.

In the strategic arena, Boeing’s Phantom Works is one of three companies working on the U.S. Missile Defense Agency’s Low Power Laser Demonstrator. This is a multi-kilowatt laser payload mounted on an unmanned aircraft to demonstrate precision tracking as a step toward shooting down ballistic missiles. “This is the next step in pointing and tracking,” he says.

Dauk says Boeing is now “actively engaged” with all the services on laser weapons. “The technology is ready. The focus now is on tactics, techniques and procedures, on how to bring these weapons into the battlefield,” he says. “We are working with customers to develop the capability to safely implement laser systems on the battlefield.”

bug2 - 24-7-2018 at 09:26 AM

U.S. Army's Initial Maneuver, Short-Range Air Defense (IM-SHORAD) System

(Source: Congress Research Service; issued July 18, 2018)

The Current State of Army SHORAD

The Army defines SHORAD as: Dedicated air defense artillery (ADA) and non-dedicated air defense capabilities that enable movement and maneuverby destroying, neutralizing or deterring low altitude air threats to defend critical fixed and semi-fixed assets and maneuver forces.

The Army summarizes the recent history and current state of Army SHORAD in the following section: Short-range air defense artillery units were historically embedded in Army divisions, providing them with an organiccapability to protect their critical assets against fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft. However, in the early 2000s, theseADA units were divested from the Army to meet force demands deemed more critical at that time. Decision-makers accepted the risk that threat aircraft might have on maneuver forces and other critical assets because we believed the Air Force could maintain air superiority.

Thus, the short-range ADA force post-2005 was reduced to two battalions of active component Avenger and counter-rocket, artillery and mortar batteries and seven National Guard Avenger battalions; none of which are organic divisional elements. Defense against air threats in maneuver forces is currently limited to that provided by organic weapons and maneuver personnel.

Renewed Emphasis on SHORAD Since 2005, there has been a dramatic increase in air and missile platforms that could threaten U.S. ground forces. The use of unmanned aerial systems (UASs) has increased exponentially, and UASs have been used successfully by both sides in the Russo-Ukrainian conflict. Furthermore, fixed-wing aircraft, attack helicopters, and cruise missiles continue to pose a significant threat to U.S. ground forces. In its 2015 report to the President and Congress, the National Commission on the Future of the Army noted, among things, there were unacceptable modernization shortfalls in SHORAD and those major shortfalls caused other concerns across a wide range of contingencies, including in Europe and the Korean peninsula.


While Initial Maneuver, Short-Range Air Defense (IM-SHORAD) is primarily intended to defend maneuver forces against air threats, it also has the capability to engage a range of ground targets.

The Army has requested $17 million in FY2019, $72.7 million in FY2020, $152 million in FY2021, $443 million in FY2022, and $291 million in FY2023 for IM-SHORAD procurement. IM-SHORAD is an Army directed requirement to address the urgent need to support Operation Atlantic Resolve to provide air and missile defense protection of Stryker and Armored Brigade Combat Teams. IM-SHORAD is the Army's "initial" solution, and new weapons systems and weapons carriers might be incorporated into future variants.

The Army reportedly plans to procure 144 IM-SHORAD Systems, with the objective to equip the first and second battalions with 36 systems apiece by FY2021 and a third and fourth battalion with 36 systems each by FY2022. The House and Senate Armed Services Committees have recommended fully funding the Army's FY2019 IM SHORAD budget request. The House Appropriations Committee also recommends fully funding the FY2019 request, and the Senate Appropriations defense subcommittee has yet to markup its version of the FY2019 appropriations bill.

The Army reportedly categorizes IM-SHORAD as a rapid acquisition system and is not scheduled to go through a standard defense acquisition development cycle, but is to be developed under the Other Transaction Authority (OTA) contracting process. IM-SHORAD uses the M-1126 Stryker combat vehicle as its chassis. The weapons and radar packages will reportedly be put together by Leonardo DRS and then installed on the Stryker by General Dynamics Land Systems (GDLS)—the vehicle's original manufacturer.

The Leonardo DRS–developed multi-purpose unmanned turret reportedly will include
-- two Hellfire missiles capable of hitting ground and air targets;
-- four Stinger missiles for less-well armored aerial targets in a launcher configured by Raytheon;
-- a 30mm automatic cannon;
-- a 7.62mm machine gun;
-- an electronic warfare (EW) package to counter selected enemy systems; and
-- a Rada (Israeli) multi-mission radar capable of tracking both ground and air targets

Potential Issues for Congress

-- The Army describes IM-SHORAD as an "initial" or "short term " capability to address the lack of air defense capability in maneuver forces. If the Army eventually opts to not adopt IM-SHORAD as the long-term solution for maneuver force air defense, what are the Army's subsequent plans for this potentially $1 billion plus program?

-- Would this capability be realigned to protect other Army assets, inactivated and placed in storage, or would it be made available to other countries under Foreign Military Sales?

-- While IM-SHORAD has the capability to engage ground targets and threats, given the criticality of the potential air threat to maneuver forces and the somewhat limited number of IM-SHORAD systems available, is having a ground attack capability in the Army's best interest?

-- Will the wheeled IM-SHORAD system have sufficient mobility and survivability to provide air defense protection to Armored Brigade Combat Teams that consist primarily of heavily armored and tracked M-1 Abrams tanks and M-2 Bradley Infantry Fighting Vehicles?

-- Do IM-SHORAD's Stinger missiles have sufficient capability to destroy armored attack helicopters and ground attack fixed-wing aircraft or would some other type of weapon be better suited to address these "heavier" threats? If so, could another weapon be easily integrated into the current IM-SHORAD configuration?

-- While IM-SHORAD has a limited organic onboard capability to detect, track, and engage enemy air threats, it is also expected to be part of the Army's overall integrated air and missile defense architecture. As such, how will IM-SHORAD integrate with and depend upon the Army's Integrated Air and Missile Defense Battle Command System (IBCS)—a program that has experienced noteworthy developmental challenges?

-- What are some of the benefits and risks associated with the Army's decision to procure IM-SHORAD under an Other Transaction Authority (OTA) contracting process?

Click here for the full note (2 PDF pages) hosted on the website of the Federation of American Scientists.


bug2 - 31-7-2018 at 09:10 AM

Confusion continues over potential Czech purchase of Israeli radar

Jiri Kominek, Prague - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

30 July 2018

Uncertainty continues to surround the potential purchase by the Czech Republic of an Israeli air-defence radar over the question of its potential integration within NATO’s air-defence network.

Czech officials claimed on 7 June that the NATO Air and Missile Defence Command and Control Security Accreditation Board (ASAB) had informed the Czech Ministry of Defence (MoD) that the Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) Elta EL/M-2084 3D mobile air-defence radar (MADR) systems it planned to procure for the Army of the Czech Republic (ACR) cannot be integrated into NATO’s air-defence architecture as the system is not manufactured by an alliance member country.

NATO’s view of the matter, however, is somewhat at odds with this interpretation.

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bug2 - 31-7-2018 at 09:12 AM

There is nothing wrong with this Israeli system/radar, in fact Canada, if memory serves me right, has started using the same radar system...............and the Israeli's almost always build to the latest NATO standard to ensure inter-operability.

Methinks this has more to do with Czech internal politics and, possibly, a lack of funds to pay for the damn things!

bug2 - 5-8-2018 at 01:59 PM

Ongoing trials of Serbian Pasars-16 Terminator air defense system

Posted On Friday, 03 August 2018 08:25

The Serbian ministry of Defense has released photos showing the new Pasars-16 short range air defence system, code-named “Terminator”, operated during a live fire exercise of the 98th Air Brigade of the Serbian Air Force and Air Defense.

PASARS-16 (Picture source: Army Recognition)

The ministry told that the new Pasars-16 Terminator short range air defense system takes part to military exercises of the 98th Air Brigade of the Serbian Air Force and Air Defense at the Pasuljanske Livade training range. According to the statement, the upgraded variant of the new Pasars-16 Terminator successfully conducted initial firing trials.

The first example of the Pasars-16 is fitted with Bofors 40mm automatic cannon. It is based on a 6×6 FAP 2026 military truck chassis with an armored cabin. Two operators control the cannon and, in optional, the launch of the two surface-to-air missile RLN-1C missiles. The system has an effective range of 4.000m for the guns, 12.000 for the missiles, both to hit air and ground targets.

bug2 - 12-8-2018 at 01:31 PM

Company to Develop Prototype to Counter Shoulder-Fired Missiles


By Sonja Jordan

Photo-Sonics Inc., a Chatsworth, California-based technology company, was recently awarded a rapid prototyping contract which will help pilots defend against threats such as shoulder-fired missiles, which can take down helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft.

The $15.2 million contract is funded by the Army through the Training and Readiness Accelerator, a public-private partnership managed by the National Security Technology Accelerator, or NSTXL, to expedite the demonstration and delivery of prototypes to the military.

The development of the technology against shoulder-fired missiles is a two-stage program. The first stage involves data gathering, while the second stage will involve a separate contract, said Tim Greeff, NSTXL’s founder and CEO.

The necessity of the program stems from the rapid advancement of missiles and rocket-propelled grenades, which has made it more difficult to develop countermeasures that can be attached to helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft, said Greeff.

There is also a lack of data on how the weapons move, he added.

“What this system is actually going to do is allow the military to collect a very rich data set on exactly how these missiles are flying,” Greeff said. Once the data is collected, it will be used to develop countermeasure systems used on the aircraft, he noted.

The Army is utilizing other transaction authorities — a contracting vehicle — to speed up the acquisition process, according to a press release.

“This particular project with Photo-Sonics is a great example of how OTAs are being used and implemented to ensure that end-use systems are going to be as effective as possible based on the intelligence, the best data and the best research we can offer,” Greeff said.

The path to contract award was competitive, but short, said Philip Kiel, Photo-Sonics’ president.

The company will develop “small and portable” ground units, weighing about 2,000 pounds. The optical tracking systems measure and track the position of the projectiles, he added.

Photo-Sonics will spend two years developing the optical tracking systems, with six months consisting of development, 12 months focusing on manufacturing, and the final six months working on testing. By the end of the two-year span, the company predicts an operational prototype will be finished and ready for use by the government, Kiel said.

bug2 - 22-8-2018 at 01:13 PM

Russian Sosna air defense missile system unveiled at Army-2018

Posted On Tuesday, 21 August 2018 20:20

The Russian Company High Precision Systems holding showcases its newest Sosna anti-aircraft missile system for the first time at Army-2018 International Military-Technical Forum. The Sosna is based to the hull of the multi-purpose tracked armored vehicle MT-LB.

Sosna air defense missile system at Army-2018 International Military Technical Forum in the Moscow Region, Russia. (Picture source Army Recognition)

The Sosna is able to destroy any types of air targets including high-precision weapons e.g. cruise missiles and guided aircraft missiles to a maximum range of 10 km at a maximum altitude of 5 km.

The system is expected to replace SA-13 Gopher Strela-10M air defense systems in service with the Russian armed forces.

According the manufacturer, a number of foreign countries, including those of the South-East Asia region and the Middle East, have shown interest in acquiring the Russian Sosna system.

The weapon system of the Sosna consists of 2x6 Sosna-R missile launchers mounted on a turret which can turn on 360°.

The turret also includes air search and target tracking equipments, missile flight control units that are combined by integrated high-precision ECM-protected electro-optical control system (EOCS).

The SOSNA-R 9M337 (SA-24) hyper-velocity beam rider missile is a two-stage missile designed for interception of fired wing aircraft and helicopters, as well as guided weapons and cruise missiles. It has a combined impact/proximity laser fuse. Its payload is made up of two warheads weighing a total of 7 kg.

The fragmented-rod warhead is designed for proximity detonation when flying close to the target, while the armor-piercing/fragmentation warhead goes off on impact.

bug2 - 23-8-2018 at 08:57 PM

Almaz-Antey from Russia presents Buk-M3 Viking air defense missile system

Posted On Wednesday, 22 August 2018 20:43

Russian Defense Company Almaz-Antey presents for the first time its new Buk-M3 air defense missile system at the static display of Army-2018, the International Military Technical Forum that takes place in the Patriotic Park Expo, Moscow Region, Russia.

Buk-M3 new Russian air defense missile system at Army-2018, International Military Technical Forum near Moscow, Russia. (Picture source Army Recognition)

The Buk-M3 also nicknamed Viking, medium-range surface-to-air missile system is a modernized version of the Buk-M2 system, features advanced electronic components and a deadly new missile and could be regarded as a completely new system.

A Buk-M3 Viking missile battery consists of two TELAR 9A317M (Transporter Erector LAuncher and Radar) and one TEL 9A316M (Transporter Erector Launcher) vehicle. The TELAR is based on the GM-569 tracked armoured chassis, carries six ready to fire missiles mounted on a turntable that can traverse a full 360°.

The turret of the Buk-M3 TELAR includes fire control radar at the front and a launcher with six ready-to-fire missiles on top. The TEL uses the same tracked chassis as the TELAR Buk-M3 but the turret is fitted with two blocks of six missiles

The Buk-M3 system boasts a new digital computer, high-speed data exchange system and a tele-thermal imaging target designator instead of the tele-optical trackers used in previous models. A battery of Buk-M3 missiles can track and engage up to 36 targets simultaneously, while its advanced 9R31M missile is capable of knocking down all existing flying objects, including highly maneuverable ones, even during active electronic jamming.

The Buk-3M’s target-destruction probability has reached 0.9999 and its maximum destruction range has been increased by 25 kilometers and now stands at 70 kilometers. The Buk-M3 is able to destroy any types of air targets from a range of 2.5 to 70 km, with a speed of 3,000 m/s at an altitude from 15 m to 35 km.

bug2 - 25-8-2018 at 09:53 PM

Lithuanian Armed Forces Upgrade RBS 70 Short-Range Air Defence System, Procure New Missiles

(Source: Lithuania Ministry of Defence; issued Aug 23, 2018)

Lithuania is investing less than €10 million before VAT to modernize its RBS-70 short-range air-defense systems with night sights and new missiles, which provide better performance as well as better effectiveness against ground targets. (Saab photo)

The Ministry of National and the Lithuanian Armed Forces enhances the present air defence capabilities and functionality of the weaponry in their possession by procuring improved missiles and BORC night-capability sights on the basis of a contract signed with Swedish manufacturer Saab. The new procurement will upgrade the RBS 70 short-range air defence capability the Lithuanian Armed Forces currently has.

“Enhancement of air defences is one of the key priorities of our defence, therefore we are continuing upgrading our short-range air defence system: the RBS 70 will be improved with night-capability sights and new missiles will be acquired,” Minister of National Defence Raimundas Karoblis says.

Lithuania is buying from the Swedish manufacturer RBS 70s of a newer generation greater range, higher altitude coverage and an enhanced effect against armoured targets. With improved missiles the RBS 70 system will be even more effective and dangerous to hostile aircraft, and the advanced BORC night sights will allow soldiers to stay operational during the dark part of the day.

Approximate value of both contracts is EUR 9.7 million (without VAT), the procurement contracts were signed in July.

The improved missiles and night vision equipment will be delivered to the Lithuanian Air Forces starting with 2019.

The Swedish-manufactured RBS 70 missile system is a short-range air defence capability based on control beam, i.e. laser equipment guides the missile. The greatest advantage of RBS 70 is that there has not been electromagnetic equipment so far created in the world capable of producing jamming that could disrupt RBS 70. The RBS 70 in possession of the Air Defence Battalion of the Lithuanian Armed Forces comprises RBS 70 missile systems with Giraffe Mk-IV surveillance radars.

Also, the Lithuanian Ministry of National Defence is strengthening Lithuania’s mid-range air defence capabilities: in October 2017 NASAMS mid-range air defence systems was bought for EUR 110 million from Norwegian enterprise Kongsberg and is expected to be delivered by 2021.

Airspace protection is one of the key guarantees the allies are able to enter the region if a necessity arises. Upgrading of the possessed air defence capabilities and procurement of new ones is Lithuania’s steps to at least partly fill one of the most important gaps in its defence - airspace protection.


Lithuania Upgrades RBS 70 with Night Sight and New Missiles

(Source: Saab; issued Aug. 24, 2018)

Saab has received two orders from the Ministry of National Defence Republic of Lithuania for improved missiles and BORC night-capability sights for the RBS 70 system. The order value amounts to approximately SEK 100 million and deliveries are expected to take place starting in 2019.

The Lithuanian Armed Forces are already users of the RBS 70 system and are now acquiring improved capability with greater range, higher altitude coverage and an enhanced effect against armored targets as well as night-time capability.

“We welcome the decision by the Lithuanian Armed Forces to continue investing in the RBS 70 system. By adding BORC sights to the country’s current inventory, Lithuania gets an even more capable system with the additional ability to operate in darkness”, says Görgen Johansson, head of Saab business area Dynamics.

The Saab portfolio of very short-range ground-based air defence missile systems comprises of the RBS 70 and the further enhanced RBS 70 NG. The RBS 70 system has an impressive track-record on the market. Nineteen countries have procured more than 1,600 RBS 70 systems, including more than 18,000 missiles.

Saab serves the global market with world-leading products, services and solutions within military defence and civil security. Saab has operations and employees on all continents around the world. Through innovative, collaborative and pragmatic thinking, Saab develops, adopts and improves new technology to meet customers’ changing needs.


bug2 - 27-8-2018 at 09:42 PM

Army 2018: tests began in Russia of guided ammunition for 2S38 Derivatsiya air defense system

Posted On Monday, 27 August 2018 08:08

Guided munition tests go on in Russia for the newest 2S38 Derivatsiya-PVO air defense system, Grigory Zakamennykh, director-general of Burevestnik Central Research Institute (part of Uralvagonzavod group, incorporated by the Rostec State Corporation), the developer of the machine, has revealed to TASS at the Army-2018 forum.

2S38 "Derivatsya-PVO" self-propelled air defense system at Armya 2018 (Picture source: Army Recognition)

"At present, the shells are undergoing preliminary tests," he said. Zakamennykh pointed out that at issue is the ammunition detonation time control throughout the flight path. "The projectile follows a ballistic trajectory, which is not corrected.

However, the detonation time can be preset," the director-general explained, adding that no plans are made to create 57 mm caliber rounds with an adjustable flight path. Also, the director noted that the use of guided ammunition will enable the Derivatsiya system "to build" a path from fragmentary explosions over the enemy trench so that the detonation time will be set by the fire control system with an accuracy within a millisecond. In addition, the self-propelled vehicle will be able to build "a vertical wall" from detonations for neutralizing, for instance, aerial threats.

Another specialized shell for Derivatsiya is a remotely controlled multifunctional type. For this shell, the detonation time is set by the so-called programmer at the launch moment so that it cannot be changed in flight. The self-propelled vehicle also uses conventional armor-piercing and high explosive fragmentation rounds.

The Derivatsiya air defense system fitted with the 57 mm cannon, is demonstrated for the first time at the Army-2018 forum. The artillery piece is designed for destroying drones, cruise missiles, air-to-surface missiles, tactical aviation aircraft, and fire support helicopters. "The air defense system can also effectively oppose multiple launch rocket systems’ fire, destroy lightly armored land-based and water-borne targets as well as manpower, including in buildings and lightly protected structures,’ the UVZ source said. The Derivatsiya system consists of a combat vehicle, transport/loading and repair vehicle, and ammunition supply. A UVZ source said that the system can operate round the clock in all weathers and is protected against optic and electronic countermeasures. "This machine can detect, track, and engage targets both on its own and based on the data supplied by the central command post.

For taking out each target "the smart system: will individually choose the most efficient ammunition," the source at the corporation added.

bug2 - 5-9-2018 at 10:42 PM

First Poprad air defence systems delivered

Remigiusz Wilk, Warsaw - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

05 September 2018

On 31 August, the first seven SPZR Poprad self-propelled very short-range air defence systems were handed over to Polish air defence forces. (PIT-Radwar)

On 31 August, the first seven SPZR Poprad self-propelled very short-range air defence systems were handed over to the 8th Air Defence Regiment in Koszalin.

Manufactured by PIT-Radwar, the system consists of a turret with a stabilised electro-optical (EO) target acquisition system with identification friend-or-foe and four Grom (possibly Piorun) infrared (IR)-guided missiles manufactured by Mesko, installed on an upgraded AMZ-Kutno Zubr-P 4×4 all-terrain armoured vehicle.

The Poprad system can operate in autonomous mode or as part of an air defence battery coupled with a short-range radar.

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bug2 - 8-9-2018 at 02:43 PM

US Army close to greenlighting extra lethal Stinger missiles

By: Jen Judson   10 hours ago

Army Spc. Matthew Williams, a cavalry scout assigned to 2nd Cavalry Regiment, fires a Stinger missile using a man-portable air defense system during Artemis Strike, a live-fire exercise at the NATO Missile Firing Installation in Crete, Greece. (Sgt. 1st Class Jason Epperson/U.S. Army)

WASHINGTON — The U.S. Army is getting close to greenlighting Stinger missiles that are more lethal against enemy drones following a string of successful tests last month.

The Cruise Missile Defense Systems Project Office, or CMDS, demonstrated a new proximity warhead capability on a Stinger missile during flight testing at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, over a three-week period in August.

The first two weeks of the test event were focused on characterizing the capability of the proximity warhead against static drone targets. In the final week, the proximity fuze-equipped Stingers went up against nine free-flying unmanned aircraft systems ranging from small to roughly 1,000-pound variants — about the size of a Shadow UAS — according to Wayne Leonard, the product lead for Stinger-based systems at CMDS.

The Stinger missiles were fired from man-portable air-defense systems and Avenger launcher systems to show they can be safely fired from both.

The two systems are being used as a temporary capability-gap filler for short-range air defense in Europe as the Army works to bring on an interim SHORAD capability that can keep up with the maneuver force.

Stinger missiles will be a part of that interim SHORAD solution, too.

Previous versions of the Stinger missile use a hit-to-kill capability to take out targets, which requires extreme accuracy.

Drone targets, with unpredictable flight paths, make it even harder for a Stinger missile to make contact. A proximity warhead capability allows for a Stinger to get within close range of a target, then detonate an explosive to neutralize targets that are within close range of the missile.

Now that the critical testing has wrapped up for the Stinger missile with the proximity fuze warhead, the Army will make a determination on an urgent materiel release. That decision is expected in February 2019 after Army Test and Evaluation Command releases its report, according to Leonard.

Getting more lethal Stingers approved for urgent fielding was no small feat, but it was done in just a year following receipt of a new surge of funds to move forward on the project, Col. Chuck Worshim, project manager for CMDS with the Army’s Program Executive Office Missiles and Space, told Defense News in a Sept. 7 interview.

Just a year ago, there was no long-term plan to improve the Stinger missile, he said. In 2014, the Army received some funding to broadly find ways to make the missile better, but the money only covered some of the initial development of a proximity fuze capability, Worshim said. Then when the funding ran out, the effort stopped.

But with a new set of urgent modernization priorities outlined by Army Chief of Staff Gen. Mark Milley last year where SHORAD and counter-UAS — among other efforts — have risen to the top, the project office received enough funding in July 2017 to finally make the proximity fuze Stinger missile a reality.

The new Stinger missile “will bring an increased lethality,” Worshim said, and that will get “after those small UAS, drones, that are being proliferated across the world right now and wreaking havoc.”

The Army’s fast-paced effort to finish development and qualify the new more-lethal Stinger missile was made possible through the other transaction authority process, which helped the service bypass part of the initial drawn-out contracting timeline to rapidly prototype and move forward, Worshim said.

Once the Army approves the Stinger missile for urgent materiel release, that will trigger a five-year Service Life Extension Program, or SLEP, where the service will take 5,000 existing Stinger missiles in its inventory over a five-year period and add the proximity warhead as well as replace an older flight motor and a gas generator cartridge to address obsolescence issues, Leonard said.

The budget to upgrade the 5,000 missiles across five years is roughly $270 million.

This will not just increase the Stinger’s lethality, Worshim said, but also inject another 10 years of life into the missiles.

The SLEP program will be carried out at McAlester Army Ammunition Plant in Oklahoma.

The service expects that within three months of the approval of the urgent materiel release, it will have roughly 500 missiles to deploy wherever the Army deems necessary, according to Worshim.

bug2 - 14-9-2018 at 10:18 PM

DX Korea 2018: LIG Nex1 Starting Mass Production of KM-SAM for ROKAF

Posted On Thursday, 13 September 2018 13:09

During DX Korea 2018, the International Defense Exhibition currently held in Seoul, South Korea, Army Recognition learned that LIG Nex1 signed a mass production contract with the DAPA (Defense Acquisition Program Administration) for the KM-SAM (Cheolmae-2) medium range surface-to-air missile (SAM) system worth 499 billion won.

File picture: KM-SAM shown for the first time to the public during Seoul Air Show 2017

KM-SAM is a key weapon system of KAMD that forms a four-defense network with the THAAD, long-range surface-to-air missile (L-SAM). Development began in 2012 under the supervision of the Defense Science Research Institute (ADD), and 100% accuracy rate was achieved in a number of test launches, and it was judged to be suitable for battle in June.

The mass production contract was signed on September 7, 2018.

According to LIG Nex1, KM-SAM is attracting high interest in overseas market due to its excellent operational performance, and it is expected to be exported on a large scale in the future.

In addition, a large number of system makers such as LIG Nex1, Hanhwa System, Hanhwa Defense, Hyundai and Kia are participating in the mass production.

(Picture source LIG Nex1)

About KM-SAM

The missile with a 40-kilometer range, also called "Cheongung," was developed locally in 2011 to replace the ROK Air Force's (ROKAF) aging batteries of MIM-23 Hawk from the U.S. Each Cheongung battery consists of a multi-function radar, a firing control system, a launch pad, and eight missiles, according to Lee Hee-chul of the ADD. The multi-function radar is capable of detecting and tracing incoming enemy aircraft, identifying friend or foe, and guiding missiles. It can intercept up to six aircraft simultaneously, whereas the Hawk can intercept only one at a time. The Cheongung has a range of up to about 40 km and is aimed at intercepting aircraft flying at an altitude between 10-15 km. It will replace the American-made Hawk, which has been the Air Force's main surface-to-air weapon since 1964.

The Cheongung has a vertical launching system. Once it is launched into air based on a piston system, the missile's rocket motor ignites and the missile is guided by the radar. The missile can change direction quickly and has little chance of being detected by the enemy because it gives off little flare. Equipped with anti-electronic warfare capabilities, the missile system can keep functioning despite electronic jamming maneuvers. The ADD plans to further develop the Cheongung as a PAC-3-level ballistic interceptor missile. It will have to increase the Cheongung's altitude to 30 km and its range to 100-150 km.

bug2 - 15-9-2018 at 03:13 PM

DX Korea 2018: Upgraded Biho 30mm-missiles air defense vehicle in service with ROK army

Posted On Friday, 14 September 2018 14:39

The upgraded K-30 BiHo (Flying Tiger) 30mm self-propelled anti-aircraft armored vehicle fitted with two launchers of KP-SAM Shin-Gung BOW shoulder-launched surface-to-air missile mounted on each side of the turret is now in service with the ROK (Republic of Korea) Army. The vehicle was developed to meet the operational requirements of the Republic of Korea Armed Forces for a highly mobile short range air defense system.

South Korean army upgraded BiHo with 30mm cannon and surface-to-air missiles at DX Korea 2018, defense exhibition in South Korea. September 2018. (Picture source Army Recognition)

The Biho is based on the K200 infantry fighting vehicle tracked chassis, but has some differences. It has an extra road wheel in its suspension and uses a D2840L engine instead of the D2848T engine of the K200, with an increase in engine power from 350 horsepower to 520 horsepower, necessary since the K30 weighs almost twice as much as the K200.

The upgraded Biho air defense vehicle consists of twin 30 mm Oerlikon Contraves KCB weapons with a cyclic rate of fire of 600-rds/gun/min, each one being provided with 250 rounds of ready use ammunition, a TPS-830K surveillance and fire-control radar, an electro-optical targeting system (EOTS), panoramic periscope, forward looking infrared system (FLIR), laser rangefinder (LRF), thermal sight, a TV camera, and a digital fire-control system. There is one pod with two launchers for the shoulder-launched surface-to-air missile KP-SAM Shin-Gung BOW mounted on each side of the turret.

With the KP-SAM Shin-Gung BOW missile that features an integral Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) system, full night and adverse weather capabilities, and a two-color infrared seeker, the Biho can destroy air targets at a maximum range of 5 km, while with the 30mm cannon, the maximum firing range is 3 km.

The Biho has a crew of four, with the driver at the front, gunner and commander in the turret and loader seating at the back of the vehicle. Mounted on the turret roof is the surveillance radar and mounted on the forward part of the roof is the day/thermal electro-optical tracker with laser range-finder which automatically tracks the target.

The Biho is motorized with a MAN-Doosan D2840L developing 520 hp. (388 kw) diesel engine coupled to a S&T HMPT500-3EK/4EK transmission. The torsion bar consists of six dual light metal rubber-tired road wheels with the drive sprocket at the front, idler at the rear and four track-return rollers on either side. The vehicle can run at a maximum road speed of 60 km/h with maximum cruising range of 500 km.

bug2 - 18-9-2018 at 11:07 AM

A bit more on the BIHO..................

DX Korea 2018: Hanwha to unveil Biho 2 self-propelled air defence system

Kelvin Wong, Goyang, South Korea - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

17 September 2018

A Republic of Korea Army Hybrid Biho self-propelled gun and air defence system seen during DX Korea 2018. Hanwha Defense Systems is developing the 8x8 Biho 2 and plans to unveil it at AUSA 2018 in Washington DC in October. Source: IHS Markit/Kelvin Wong

South Korea’s Hanwha Corporation is planning to unveil a new and improved version of its Hybrid Biho (Flying Tiger) self-propelled gun and missile defence system at the upcoming Association of the United States Army (AUSA) conference in Washington DC in October, company officials revealed to Jane’s during the DX Korea 2018 exhibition in Goyang City.

Chanwook Lim, senior research engineer at the Mobility and Fire System Research Institute, told Jane’s on 16 September that the company has developed the Biho 2, which will be based on a new 8x8 chassis derived from the 6x6 Tigon armoured personnel carrier (APC). The Tigon was earlier launched at the Defence Services Asia 2018 exhibition in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and Jane’s understands that several prototypes have already been demonstrated to Malaysia and the United Arab Emirates.

“The new Biho 2 has already been fully developed and features improved radar detection and missile engagement capabilities and range,” Lim said, noting that the turret will be of a type and configuration similar to that of the Hybrid Biho, which is in service with the Republic of Korea Army (RoKA).

The 26.5 tonne Hybrid Biho is based on the tracked K200 APC chassis, but has been modified with an additional road wheel on each side for increased surface contact with the terrain, lowering the vehicle’s ground pressure and delivering improved traction. The K200’s original 350 hp Doosan Infracore D2848T diesel engine has been replaced with a more powerful 520 hp D2840L to address the increased combat weight.

The Hybrid Biho is armed with two 30 mm Oerlikon Contraves KCB-B cannons with a range of 3 km, with each gun firing at a cyclic rate of fire of 600 rds/min and a total magazine capacity of 600 rounds. The platform also has two missile pods, each containing a pair of LIG Nex1 Shingung (Chiron) short range air defence missiles designed to engage fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), and cruise missiles out to a range of 7 km.

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bug2 - 18-9-2018 at 07:12 PM

DX Korea 2018: Hanwha unveils electromagnetic launch system development

Kelvin Wong, Goyang, South Korea - Jane's International Defence Review

17 September 2018

Interesting possibilities........maybe's? :cool:

South Korea defence prime Hanwha Corporation has unveiled plans to develop an electromagnetic launch system (EMLS) for surface-to-air missiles (SAM) at the 2018 edition of the DX Korea land forces exhibition in Goyang City.

According to company officials, the EMLS programme is an internally funded effort that commenced in 2016. It aims to mature the necessary techniques to provide an alternative to conventional hot launch processes, in which the missile combusts its own fuel to propel itself out of its canister and achieve the necessary velocity for aerodynamic flight.

The RoKAF operates the Cheongung M-SAM medium-range surface-to-air missile, which is expelled from its canister via cold launch techniques. Future missile launchers could benefit from electromagnetic launch technology, which promises safer and more efficient operation as well as improved missile performance. (RoKAF)

Myungguen Song, a research engineer at Hanwha Defense Systems’ Vehicle and Launcher Research and Development Center, told Jane’s on 16 September that hot launching has several disadvantages. For example, additional volume is required within the launcher for exhaust plume control and discharge, and the canister itself must be able to isolate the heat generated by the missile’s motor during launch without igniting other missiles in adjacent canisters.

“More importantly, a missile can expend as much as 60% of its fuel during a hot launch situation to achieve enough velocity for aerodynamic flight, limiting its overall performance and range,” Song said.

More recent SAM systems – such as the indigenous Cheongung (Iron Hawk) KM-SAM system developed by LIG Nex1 and operated by the Republic of Korea Air Force (RoKAF) – employ a cold launch system that uses compressed gas to eject a missile out of its canister before its rocket motor ignites.

“The advantage of the cold launch system is safety – a malfunctioning missile can be ejected to reduce the possibility of damage or destruction of the launcher, although the missile still has to expend fuel to attain flight velocity,” he explained. “The gas system is also not reusable.”

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bug2 - 18-9-2018 at 07:52 PM

New Russian Sosna air defense missile system will enter soon in serial production

Posted On Tuesday, 18 September 2018 08:03

The new Russian-made Sosna short-range air defense (SHORAD) system will soon enter in serial production, according to Designer General of the vehicle Vladimir Ukleyev. The Sosna is based to the hull of the multi-purpose tracked armored vehicle MT-LB.

New Russian-made Short Range Air Defense (SHORAD) SOSNA at Army-2018, the International Military Technical Forum in Patriotic Park Expo, near Moscow, Russia.(Picture source Army Recognition)

"The new mobile air defense system Sosna has already passed through the state trials. Ii is designed to replace the Strela-10 short-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) system [NATO reporting name: SA-13 Gopher] in service with the Russian Armed Forces. The manufacturing capabilities of the industry are now being prepared for the serial manufacturing of the Sosna SHORAD system," Ukleyev said.

The Sosna features modular architecture, which allows integration of the system`s combat module with various types of chassis with a payload capacity of no less than 3.5 t, including the BTR-82A armored personnel carrier, BMP-2 and BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicles, and BMD-4 airborne infantry fighting vehicle. The Sosna can be embedded in various automated command-and-control (C2) systems

The baseline variant of the SHORAD system is based on the MTLB tracked transporter. The Sosna has been fitted with a digital computing subsystem and works in automatic and semi-automatic modes. The system`s sensor suite incorporates optoelectronic units, which drastically reduce the signature of the Sosna on the battlefield. Thus, the new SHORAD system features a laser rangefinder, laser missile control (LMC) subsystem, TV camera, and thermal imager, with the rangefinder and LMC subsystem mounted on a gyrostabilized platform. The integration of the LMC unit has resulted in the increasing of the Sosna`s target engagement range to 10 km. The system has a reaction time of nearly 5-6 seconds.

The unmanned combat module of the Sosna carries twelve ready-use Sosna-R SAMs in two six-cell pods. The containerized missile weighs 42 kg and has a length of 2.4 m. The Sosna-R features a speed of up to 875 m/s and can engage aerial targets flying at an altitude of up to 5 km at a speed of 100 m/s (helicopters), 250 m/s (cruise missiles), and 300 m/s (fixed-wing aircraft). "The Sosna-R SAM can also hit unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)," an industrial source told TASS.

It should be mentioned that the Sosna SAM system does not require a transport-loader vehicle. "It takes some 10 minutes to reload all the twelve missiles of the combat module," the source added.

The Soviet/Russian Armed Forces have been using the Strela-10 family of short-range SAM systems since the late 1970s.

According to the Military Balance 2018 analytical book published by the London-based International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), the Land Forces (SV) still operate 400 9K35M3 Strela-10M3 (SA-13 Gopher) SHORAD systems.

bug2 - 20-9-2018 at 08:10 PM

Rheinmetall demonstrates Skyranger counter-UAV capabilities

Nicholas Fiorenza, Zurich - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

20 September 2018

Rheinmetall demonstrated its Skyranger system against UAVs at its Ochsenboden firing range in Switzerland on 18–19 September. Source: IHS Markit/Nicholas Fiorenza

An obvious applicability to Australia seeing as we have both BOXER and NASAM's in the future.............

Key Points

- Skyranger shot down jet UAVs with its 35 mm gun firing AHEAD air burst munition
- The demonstration illustrated the “Patriot and Below Concept”, which also includes NASAMS

Rheinmetall demonstrated its Skyranger system’s capabilities to counter unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) at its Ochsenboden firing range in Switzerland on 18–19 September. The system, consisting of a Boxer 8x8 vehicle with an Mk4 turret equipped with a 35 mm Oerlikon Revolver Gun and an electro-optical (EO) tracking sensor, shot down a jet UAV by firing a 24-round burst of advanced hit efficiency and destruction (AHEAD) air burst munition on 18 September and another UAV of the same type with only three rounds on 19 September.

Rheinmetall Air Defence product manager Michael Gerber said placing the tracking sensor on the turret with the gun increases the precision of the system compared with aligning the two if they were separate. The Boxer with an Mk4 turret can carry 252 ready-to-fire rounds fired at a rate of 1,000 per minute.

The test firings were conducted using only Skyranger’s tracking function as the search function will only be ready in two years’ time, according to Gerber. Command and control was provided from a shelter by a Norwegian Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile System (NASAMS) fire distribution centre (FDC) together with a Skymaster system. Fabian Ochsner, vice-president of Rheinmetall Air Defence, said the UAVs could be targeted when intersecting the beacons from two Aaronia passive emitter locators.

The destruction of the jet UAV was preceded by Skymaster queueing an Oerlikon GDF009 EO unmanned twin 35 mm gun to shoot down a quadricopter UAV seen by the FDC.

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bug2 - 22-9-2018 at 12:58 AM

DVD 2018: Supacat unveils HMT 600 Coyote fitted with AUDS

Oscar Widlund, London - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

21 September 2018

A Supacat HMT 600 Coyote was shown at DVD 2018 fitted with a counter-UAV system produced by Chess Dynamics (IHS Markit/Oscar Widlund)

UK companies Supacat and Chess Dynamics displayed the former's HMT 600 Coyote tactical support vehicle in the counter-unmanned aerial vehicle (C-UAV) role fitted with the latter’s Anti-UAV Defence System (AUDS) at DVD 2018, held at Millbrook in Bedfordshire, on 19–20 September.

According to a company press release, the AUDS is the only operationally proven counter-UAV system. The press release added that the AUDS-equipped Coyote would participate in the UK Ministry of Defence’s upcoming Autonomous Warrior ‘Army Warfighting Experiment’. This four-week exercise, which will begin on 12 November, will allow British soldiers to test and evaluate the effectiveness of robotic and autonomous systems on the battlefield.

Speaking to Jane’s at DVD 2018, Toby Cox, deputy head of support programmes at Supacat, and Dave Eldridge, sales director at Chess Dynamics, said that the Coyote/AUDS combination is being actively marketed to current HMT users.

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bug2 - 24-9-2018 at 01:13 PM

Germany clears Egypt to buy 7 sets of IRIS-T SLM; Meteor parts for Qatar

Germany has agreed to sell seven sets of the IRIS-T SLM air defense missile system to Egypt.

By Boevaya mashina [CC BY-SA 4.0 ], from Wikimedia Commons

The same article mentioned that Qatar will be allowed to buy components of the Meteor air-to-air missile as well.

bug2 - 26-9-2018 at 07:51 PM

Lockheed Martin develops generic 8x8 SkyKeeper C2 module

Giles Ebbutt, Millbrook - Jane's International Defence Review

25 September 2018

The interior of Lockheed Martin’s SkyKeeper generic 8x8 module. The twin workstation installation fits over the seats on the left of the compartment. Source: Giles Ebbutt

Lockheed Martin UK (LMUK) has developed a generic 8x8 mission module for its SkyKeeper battlespace management command-and-control (C2) system, which was showcased at the DVD 2018 exhibition in September.

The new mission module is designed for easy installation in the crew compartment of an 8x8 armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) without the need to remove the seats. The lightweight twin-workstation configuration only requires a power supply and access to communications; it does not breach the perimeter of the vehicle. Transfer to another vehicle if necessary is therefore relatively simple.

SkyKeeper currently provides the core of the British Army’s Land Environment Air Picture Provision (LEAPP) capability, integrated with the Saab Giraffe Agile Multi-Beam (AMB) 3D surveillance radar. Located at formation headquarters level, this provides a fused recognised air picture (RAP) utilising Link 16, together with integrated weapon engagement management.

The module will be integrated with the new Saab Giraffe1X stacked beam 3D radar, mounted on the vehicle roof. This has a digital beam-forming active electronically scanned array (AESA) antenna, an elevation coverage of more than 70°, a rotation rate of 60 rpm, and a claimed instrumented range of 75 km. It has a capacity for more than 100 air tracks and 200 surface tracks.

The radar weighs less than 300 kg and the roof mounting contains a scissor lift, which can elevate the antenna to 3 m.

The mounting baseplate is designed for installation on generic vehicle mounting points. Integration with the internal module only requires a power and signal line.

Graeme Forsyth, programme manager for LMUK, told Jane’s that while the range of the 1X radar would be less than the Giraffe AMB this was a deliberate decision to trade range for speed and mobility.

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bug2 - 28-9-2018 at 08:31 PM

IBCS tracks and engages air targets during three-week exercise

Geoff Fein, Washington, DC - Jane's International Defence Review

27 September 2018

Northrop Grumman’s Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) Battle Command System (IBCS) has completed another round of Soldier Check Out events (SCOEs), demonstrating the system’s ability to detect, track, and simulate air target engagements during testing at White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico.

IBCS is a mobile ad hoc network that will link sensors and shooters on the battlefield, regardless of the system’s manufacturer, as nodes can come in and out of the network at will. IBCS is an element of the US Army’s Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) programme. The complete IAMD capability is expected to undergo a ‘Milestone C’ production decision in 2020.

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bug2 - 3-10-2018 at 08:42 PM

Rheinmetall demonstrates Skyranger Gun air defense system anti-UAV capabilities

Posted On Wednesday, 03 October 2018 07:59

The fourth edition of the 35mm Air Defence Systems Group took place at the Rheinmetall facilities in Zurich, Switzerland, from 17 to 19 September 2018. The highlight of the event was a live firing demonstration of the Oerlikon Skyranger Gun and the Oerlikon Twin Gun GDF009 EO at the Ochsenboden firing range.

VIDEO: Rheinmetall Defence - Air Defence Days 2018:

In partnership with Raytheon and Kongsberg, the German defense giant also introduced a new “Patriot and Below Concept” to existing and potential customers and to journalists.

A layered air defense system, the Patriot and Below Concept involves the Raytheon Patriot, Kongsberg’s NASAMS and the Rheinmetall Oerlikon Skyranger Gun. The three companies demonstrated their system capabilities within a detailed war game, using multiple air defense systems to annihilate short-range and medium-range ballistic targets, while simultaneously conducting an anti-aircraft and anti-cruise missile operation.

The scenario successfully concluded with Rheinmetall’ systems automatically targeting and destroying moving and static small UAVs. Command and control capability was provided from a NASAMS fire distribution centre (FDC) together with a Skymaster system.

This concept came as Germany and Switzerland both issued requirement for a new Air Defense System. Switzerland issued a tender on September 21, 2018, to the Company Rafael for the David's Sling, to France for the Eurosam SAMP/T and to United States for the Patriot. All three Companies will have to send their offer by the end of March 2019.

Rheinmetall's Oerlikon Skyranger Gun Mobile 35 mm Air Defence Gun, based on the Boxer 8x8 multirole armoured vehicle personnel carrier

Unveiled during Eurosatory 2018, the Oerlikon Skyranger Gun is a high-mobility, highly effective, future-proof wheeled armoured air defence vehicle based on the battle-tested Boxer, born and bred for network-enabled operations.

The heart of the new Oerlikon Skyranger Boxer is the air defence module, equipped with an Oerlikon Revolver Gun Mk3 turret. The system features an integrated sensor unit with X-band tracking radar and electro-optical sensors as well as electronic warfare components. This enables swift, autonomous engagement of externally assigned targets.

The Skyranger can receive and process target data from both 2D and 3D search radars. Furthermore, the integrated search sensor technology and Oerlikon Skymaster battle management system give the Skyranger an autonomous sector-monitoring and target engagement capability. The tried-and-tested 35mm x 228 cal. Revolver Gun delivers massive firepower and excellent precision. Teamed with Rheinmetall’s proprietary Ahead airburst ammunition, the Oerlikon Revolver Gun Mk3 is extremely effective against low altitude aerial targets of virtually every type.

The GDF009 EO twin-gun air defense system is a new modification of the 35-mm anti-aircraft guns manufactured in 1961 and purchased no less than 36 countries. The GDF009 EO in the standard configuration consist of two 35-mm automatic cannon Oerlikon KDC with a rate of fire of 550 rounds per minute per gun. It fires 35 x 228 mm standard projectiles and has an effective range of 4,000 m in the air defence role. Target information is fed to the weapon by an associated fire-control unit (FCU) such as the Oerlikon Skyguard, with a Skyguard FCU typically managing two GDF-009 AAGs.

bug2 - 3-10-2018 at 08:48 PM

MBDA Mistral ATLAS missiles on ACMAT VLRA 2 delivered to Georgia

Posted On Tuesday, 02 October 2018 13:24

On 1 October 2018, events took place at Aleksevka Air Base near Tbilisi on the occasion of Georgian Air Force Day in the presence of Georgian Prime Minister Mamuka Bakhtadze and Georgian Defense Minister Levan Izoria, and the Chief of Staff of the Georgian Armed Forces, Major General Vladimir Chachibaya.

During the events, the Mistral Atlas short-range air missile systems manufactured by MBDA was displayed on French-made ACMAT VLRA 2 vehicles.

MBDA Mistral ATLAS short-range anti-aircraft missile systems on Arquus ACMAT VLRA 2 chassis received by Georgia. On the left: TRS Ground Master GM403 on Renault Trucks Defense chassis. Aleksevka, 1st October 2018. (Picture source: Ministry of Defense of Georgia)

On 15 June 2015, the Georgian Ministry of Defense had concluded contracts with France for an amount exceeding 100 million euros for the purchase of air defense systems. A € 56.14 million contract with ThalesRaytheonSystems (TRS, a joint venture between the American company Raytheon and the French group Thales) provided for the delivery of a mobile ground-based warning radar to detect and monitor Ground Master GM403 air targets, and two mobile radars for mid-range detection of Ground Master GM200 air targets, as well as Thales mobile air defense command posts.

The second contract, worth more than 50 million euros, was for the supply of MBDA Mistral ATLAS anti-aircraft missile systems (initial report on Georgia's acquisition of the French air defense system MICA VL). The Mistral MANPADS is a short range (6.5 km) air defence weapon system, firing the Mistral, latest generation fire-and-forget missile (infrared homing). It features a lightweight man-portable launcher. It can easily be transported and operated from the ground, a vehicle, a building or a ship. It is normally operated by a gunner and a crew commander. However, if the mission is carried out in a simple tactical environment, it can be operated by one single soldier.

The Mistral itself is a man-portable, fully digital, heat-seeking missile, designed to meet the requirements of all branches of the armed forces. It boasts a 97% proven success rate and higher reliability than any other existing low-level air defence missile. The high-explosive warhead, which contains high density tungsten ballswarhead, weighs 2.95 kg. The missile flies at 800 m/s, approximatively Mach 2.6 (high supersonic).

The Mistral ATLAS dual launchers purchased by Georgia are installed on Arquus VLRA 2 chassis in 4x4 version.The French company Acmat, now belonging to Arquus, developed a top-class family of 4x4 and 6x6 tactical vehicles. The ALTV is air transportable by plane and suitable for parachuting. Many versions of this 3.5-tonne gross weight, 4-wheel drive liaison vehicle are available. The 1.3-tonne payload capacity enables up to ten people to be carried. The ACMAT ALTV can be fitted with weapons support, mounted to the back sides of the vehicle, as 12,7 mm machine gun circular station, 7,62 mm swivel stations or 40 mm grenade launchers. The ACMAT Defense ALTV has an extremely robust chassis, designed for mobile light army and police units. The vehicle is motorized with a 2.5-liter turbodiesel coupled to a manual gearbox with 6 forward and 1 reverse, or automatic gearbox with 5 forward and 1 reverse. The ALTV can reach a maximum speed of 170 km/h with a range of 1,600 km.

The implementation of the contracts with Georgia was delayed for political and financial reasons. It was not until 2017 that the French leaders gave their agreement for its implementation, following which the French bank Societe Generale granted a loan to Georgia of about 100 million euros. euros to finance contracts. Authorization for the shipment of the equipment was given in Paris in early 2018.

The GM403 Ground Master was the subject of a first military exhibition on 26 May 2018 on the Freedom Square in Tbilisi as part of the 100th anniversary of the proclamation of Georgia's independence; it has just been exposed again on October 1 in Aleksevka. The Ground Master GM200 radar, which is part of the Air Defense Command, was first shown in Aleksevka on 31 May 2018. The equipment supplied under this contract is mounted on an Arquus chassis (ex-Renault Trucks Defense) type K in 8x8 version.

bug2 - 4-10-2018 at 06:51 PM

Ukrainian Remote-Controlled ZU-23 Autocannon

Posted 1 min ago in Daily News, Defense, News by Hrachya H with 25 Comments

On September 21, Oleksandr Turchynov, the Secretary of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine, took part in an event where the latest developments of the Ukrainian defense industry were demonstrated. Among a variety of new and upgraded weapon systems and vehicles (helicopters, armored vehicles, UAVs etc.), they also revealed a remote-controlled conversion of the ZU-23 autocannon.

ZU-23 is a twin-barrelled 23mm autocannon initially developed for anti-aircraft use. More than half a century after its development, this autocannon is still in service in the armed forces of post-Soviet and many other countries. Although it is not too useful against modern military jets, it can be very successfully used against UAVs. Also, this autocannon is widely used in the Ukrainian and Middle Eastern conflicts as an anti-materiel and anti-personnel weapon system. With an extremely high rate of fire (2,000 rpm) and quite a potent cartridge, it is a devastating tool for the mentioned applications.

By designing the remote control conversion of the ZU-23 autocannon, Ukrainian arms designers probably try to further adapt this weapon system to the requirements of the modern warfare. According to the Ukrainian officials who demonstrate this weapon in the video embedded below, a single operator can control up to six remote-controlled ZU-23 autocannons. Apparently, the manual operation is still retained and upgraded, too.


Another tendency observed in the current wars is the almost exclusive use of the ZU-23 autocannon in a mounted configuration. If you watch combat footage from the Ukrainian or Syrian conflicts, you’ll see that these autocannons are mostly mounted on pickup trucks, BMP and MTLB chassis etc. Mobile ZU-23 autocannons are even more effective anti-materiel and anti-personnel weapons. So the mobility became pretty much a must-have feature for this weapon in the modern combat. That being said, I think this new remote-controlled version of the ZU-23 autocannon could possibly be even more effective if mounted onto an unmanned ground vehicle.

bug2 - 5-10-2018 at 06:58 PM

Crotale: How the Leader in Air Defence Missile Systems Keeps Its Edge

(Source: Thales; issued Oct 04, 2018)

The Finnish Army has operated the Thales Crotale-NG surface-to-air missile for several years. It is mounted on the Finnish-made Sisu Pasi XA-180 six-wheeled armored vehicle, seen here jacked up into firing position with radar extended. (FI Army photo)

How has the Crotale air defence missile system maintained its invincible reputation even after thirty years of ever-changing incoming threats?

The question is even more pertinent today coming just after France and Finland issued a joint declaration calling for a common European strategy on defence cooperation.

“Crotale was the first land air defence missile system designed with both radar and infrared sensors to provide the best view of the situation– and it still is,” says Pascal L’ebrellec, Air Defence Sales Manager at Thales. “It’s also a very stable, reliable, compact multi-sensor system with everything integrated on one vehicle from detection to interception, in order to respond to threats from planes, helicopters, or drones.”

This “all in one” missile launcher was designed to protect and reassure Finland against the rumblings of the neighbouring Soviet Union. Throughout the decades, Thales has continually upgraded the Crotale with new features including improved connectivity and electronics.

In its most recent upgrade, the Crotale NG (New Generation), features a state-of-the-art thermal camera that provides the Finnish Defence Forces with a dependable real-time image in daylight or at night. The system is effective helicopters, drones, and rockets, and it can protect fixed or moving civil or military sites. The Crotale NG can fire 13-kilogram warheads at Mach 3.5 speed at ranges of at least 11 kilometres.

“The camera gives you much more information than radar,” says L’ebrellec. “Radar allows you to see something on a screen, but you don’t know what it is. It can only tell you whether something is flying according to the flight plan. But with the infrared camera, you can see whether the object is, a dangerous aircraft, or just a toy drone. It can distinguish between a Finnish aircraft and a Russian, giving you “friend or foe” capacity.”

This capacity to make fine distinctions is an example of how Thales has been keeping Crotale up with the times. “The trend in the military is to use more and more small drones with electronic equipment. We’re coming back to the Cold War world where the targets were small cruise missiles.” This has fuelled strong demand for anti-drone systems around the world, L’ebrellec says.

The Crotale NG has demonstrated that technical decisions made over 30 years ago are still very relevant and make it capable of engaging the targets of today, which weren’t even envisaged when it was designed.

Crotale NG entered production in 1990. Following Finland and France it quickly received a vote of confidence when other countries including Greece, Oman, and South Korea adopted the system.

Faced with increasing and multifaceted threats, Crotale NG will continue to contribute to a stronger and more secure Europe.


bug2 - 5-10-2018 at 11:50 PM

MBDA confirms plans for VL MICA NG

Richard Scott, London - IHS Jane's Missiles & Rockets

05 October 2018

European missile house MBDA has confirmed plans to develop a vertical launch (VL) variant of the new-generation MICA NG missile, with the expectation that the new effector will offer double the range of the existing VL MICA missile.

The French government's ministerial investment committee in July approved plans for industry to move forward with the development of the MICA NG air-to-air missile to replace existing MICA medium-range imaging infrared (IIR) and radio frequency (RF) missiles as they reach end-of-life. MICA NG is intended to recapitalise on the medium-range interception, close combat, and self-protection capabilities of Mirage 2000 aircraft operated by the Armée de l'air, and Rafale multirole fighters in service with the Armée de l'air and the Aeronautique Navale.

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bug2 - 27-10-2018 at 07:45 PM

£93 Million Missile Project Secures Over 100 Belfast Jobs

(Source: UK Ministry of Defence; issued Oct 25, 2018)

Defence Minister Stuart Andrew has announced a multi-million-pound deal to modernise and boost the British Army and Royal Marines’ very short-range air defence capability.

The £93 million Future Air Defence Availability Project (F-ADAPT) was awarded to Thales UK during Minister Andrew’s visit to Belfast today. The contract will secure over 100 jobs in the city and provide the UK Armed Forces with a potent defensive ability.

The project will enhance the High Velocity and Lightweight Multi-role Missile systems which are designed to intercept a wide range of air and surface threats such as enemy drones, helicopters and armoured vehicles. The upgrades include thermal imaging which ensures the High Velocity Missile system can be used 24 hours a day and ‘Friend or Foe’ identification, which will maximise intelligence on potential threats and targets.

The F-ADAPT, secured by the MOD’s procurement agency Defence Equipment and Support (DE&S), will ensure that this critical capability is maintained during peacetime training but can also be rapidly deployed for operations into the 2020s.

Defence Minister Stuart Andrew said: “Defence investment benefits every corner of our United Kingdom and Northern Ireland is no exception. This £93 million deal will secure over 100 local jobs and demonstrates the ingenuity and skill of Northern Irish industry.

“In these uncertain times, it is crucial we protect ourselves from the rapidly evolving spectrum of global threats. These cutting-edge missile systems will fortify our military advantage over adversaries and help protect UK Armed Forces across the world and into the next decade.”

DE&S Director Weapons, Richard Smart said: “The F-ADAPT is crucial in safeguarding our Very Short-Range Air Defence capability and the team at DE&S has worked collaboratively with industry to deliver the enhancements needed to ensure this project continues to support our troops for years to come.”

Thales has a long and illustrious presence in Belfast dating back to 1952. Thales in Belfast is a world leader in the design and development of light weight weapon systems for tactical air, land and sea platforms. The company has over 500 local employees and has secured contracts worth hundreds of millions from the Ministry of Defence in recent years.

The Belfast office contributed to Thales UK’s record exports in 2017 which were worth over £500 million. The local economy also benefitted from a £6 million investment from Thales Alenia Space in 2016 which transformed the capital city into a global centre for excellence in electric propulsion systems.

Northern Ireland plays an important role in UK defence, providing over 4,000 regulars and reserves to the Armed Forces, supporting over 600 industry jobs and is renowned for its defence manufacturing industry. Industry has committed to more than double its revenue from the aerospace, defence, security and space activities in the region to over £2 billion a year. Northern Ireland companies are part of the overall Ministry of Defence equipment and support plan to spend £180 billion over the decade to 2026-27 which will enhance prosperity across the UK.


Keeping the UK Armed Forces Operational Wherever and Whenever Required

(Source: Thales; issued Oct 25, 2018)

We can all be rightly proud of our armed forces. Efficient, versatile and responsive, we rely on them to protect our national interests, day in, day out. Thales helps the UK Armed Forces with its very short-range air defence capability worldwide during peacetime and whilst on operations.

The story starts back in 2008, when the UK Ministry of Defence set up the Air Defence Availability ProjecT (ADAPT). Thales’s weapon systems operation in Belfast was awarded the STARStreak high velocity missiles (HVM) ADAPT contract, which gave Thales the responsibility of providing the Royal Regiment of Artillery and the Royal Marines with their air defence weapon systems.

The Regiment plays a vital role in the Army, providing close air defence protection for Armoured Infantry Brigades, as well as maintaining a shoulder-launched and lightweight multiple launcher capability to 16 Air Assault Brigade, which is capable of being deployed worldwide at extremely short notice. ADAPT provides them with the availability and readiness for all aspects of the capability, including the vehicle and missile systems. The army will then take delivery of the equipment and take it on exercise. Once the exercise is over, the equipment is returned to Thales for servicing and restoring to readiness.

The missile provided for these challenging operations is the STARStreak HVM. Operating at a speed in excess of Mach 3, it is designed to defeat fast-moving threats and those with short unmasking times. The three-dart ‘hittile’ configuration maximises lethality and the highly-accurate laser beam riding guidance enables engagement of low-signature targets and is immune to all known countermeasures.

As the world is forever changing and innovations continue, new asymmetric threats evolve and Thales is continually working alongside the customer and user to meet their changing needs and ensure our troops are equipped with a modernised capability.

Providing modernised potent defence ability Stuart Andrew MP, Minister for Defence Procurement, visited Thales’s air operations and weapon systems facility in Belfast along with a number of defence suppliers, announcing the Ministry of Defence has awarded a £93 million pound contract to Thales to modernise and boost the critical air defence capability of the British Army and Royal Marines.

The Future Air Defence Availability ProjecT (F-ADAPT) will provide the customer with a modernised and fully supported availability solution with enhanced capabilities. The upgrades include thermal imaging, ensuring the HVM system can be used 24 hours a day for ‘friend or foe’ identification, maximising intelligence on potential threats and targets.

With the ever-evolving threats come new innovations and weapon systems – capabilities are being continually developed. The lightweight multirole missile (LMM) is Thales’s latest missile with a true multirole capability. LMM will now come into service with the Royal Artillery in 2019 and is designed to provide rapid reaction to a wide range of evolving asymmetric threats, both in the air and on the surface.

The weapon systems available to front line soldiers are now capable of defeating the complete target set from enemy drones to helicopters and armoured vehicles. They also have increased flexibility as both STARStreak HVM and LMM systems are designed to be fired from the in-service tactical platforms such as the Stormer fighting vehicle, lightweight multiple launcher and can also be shoulder launched.

Stuart Andrew MP says: “In these uncertain times, it is crucial that we protect ourselves from the rapidly evolving spectrum of global threats. These cutting-edge missile systems will fortify our military advantage over adversaries and help protect UK Armed Forces across the world and into the next decade.”

Richard Smart, DE&S Director Weapons, says: “F-ADAPT is crucial in safeguarding our very short-range air defence capability and the team at DE&S has worked collaboratively with industry to deliver the enhancements needed to ensure this project continues to support our troops for years to come.”

Thales will continue to provide its customers with enhanced capabilities to ensure they are efficient, versatile and responsive, wherever and whenever required.


bug2 - 3-11-2018 at 11:33 AM

German Air Force to Test Covert Radar In Large-Scale Demo Over Bavaria (excerpt)

(Source: Defense News; posted Oct 31, 2018)

By Sebastian Sprenger

COLOGNE, Germany --- The German Air Force and electronics specialist Hensoldt are gearing up to deploy a new sensing technology in southern Germany that promises to target enemy aircraft without pilots knowing they are being tracked.

The company first unveiled its TwInvis passive radar system at the Berlin Air Show in April, where it was rumored as a technology with the potential to detect stealthy aircraft like the F-35.

The upcoming test in early November is part of what the German Air Force considers a “measuring campaign” to evaluate the technology, a service spokesman said. The Air Force expects to participate in the event with aircraft and personnel.

Passive radar systems rely on commercial airwaves to watch a given airspace. In a nutshell, the sensors can compute the positions of aerial objects based only on their reflections in the buzz of broadcast signals over populated areas.

The lack of a dedicated emitter against which reflections are tracked in traditional radar setups means the system cannot be detected by anti-radar weapons. At the same time, a key drawback for passive radars is that they must have sufficiently strong commercial broadcast activity in the targeted area to work at all.

Click here for the full story, on the website.


ADMK2 - 3-11-2018 at 01:09 PM

Or hope to god there isn’t a Growler anywhere near because then they won’t have any radar at all...

bug2 - 3-11-2018 at 06:42 PM

Turkey hires 3 companies to build indigenous long-range air defense system

By: Burak Ege Bekdil   13 hours ago

ANKARA, Turkey — A three-strong team of Turkish companies has been tapped to build the country’s first indigenous long-range air and anti-missile system, according to President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

The president said the first deliveries under the “Siper” program, or “Ditch” in Turkish, are expected at the end of 2021.

The program partners are state-controlled military electronics specialist Aselsan, Turkey’s largest defense company; state-controlled missile-maker Roketsan; and Tubitak Sage, a defense specialist and part of Turkey’s state scientific research institute.

“This system is crucial for Turkey’s defense and they (the partners) are taking a new step with this project that will upgrade Turkey in the league of defense systems,” Erdogan said.

To augment its long-range defenses, Turkey decided in December to buy the Russian-made S-400 system. When the system is deployed on Turkish soil, the country will become the first NATO member to operate the S-400. Turkish Defence Minister Hulusi Akar has said deployment of the S-400 will begin by October 2019.

Erdogan’s announcement comes as Aselsan and Roketsan are in talks with Franco-Italian company Eurosam for the co-production of its SAMP/T system in Turkey. The talks are ongoing under a conceptual definition contract with the European producer.

Scheduled to last 18 months, the definition study is meant to prepare a development and production contract for the future system, which is expected to meet operational requirements of the Turkish Air Force.

bug2 - 6-11-2018 at 07:39 PM

Chinese New Mini Robot Carries Micro Intelligent Missiles

By News Desk -Nov 6, 201810

This light robotic vehicle carries four ‘Micro Intelligent Missiles’, capable of hitting armored targets two kilometers away. Photo: Defense-Update

A new robotic vehicle displayed at ‘Airshow China’ defense expo in Zhuhai this week is equipped with a missile called by its developers a ‘micro-intelligent missile’. The tube-launched weapon weighs only one kilogram but is equipped with energetic rocket propulsion powerful enough to carry it on a flight up to 2,000 meters, and a warhead, (likely shaped charge) designed to defeat light armor. The missile that measures 40mm in diameter and 500mm in length looks similar in size and shape to Raytheon’s Pike missile designed that is also launched from 40mm grenade launchers. The weapon uses electro-optical guidance to deliver an accuracy of 0.5 meters with a lethality radius of 1.2 meters (against human targets). The term ‘intelligent’ probably refers to the missile’s ‘fire and forget’ capability, with targets acquired by the controller through the vehicle’s electro-optical unit and transferred to the missile’s seeker before launch.

This micro intelligent missile weighs only one kilogram and can be launched by a robot against light armored vehicles at a range of 2000 meters. Photo: Defense-Update

bug2 - 7-11-2018 at 02:50 PM

China Shows Off First Quantum Radar Prototype

Nov 5, 2018 Steve Trimble | Aerospace Daily & Defense Report

ZHUHAI, China—A potentially breakthrough quantum radar prototype is making a debut appearance at the Zhuhai Airshow.

In displaying the unique device, China Electronics Technology Group Corporation (CETC) is offering a tantalizing glimpse of one of its most ambitious technologies.

In theory, integrating the principle of quantum entanglement in a radar system can vastly improve performance, making the sensor significantly less vulnerable to radio frequency jamming and more adept at detecting targets.

Underscoring the sensitive nature of the technology, CETC limited a press conference at the Zhuhai Airshow on Nov. 5 to Chinese journalists. An American journalist for Aerospace DAILY was mistakenly allowed to be seated, but then ordered to leave before the event began.

CETC’s 14th Research Institute has not been quiet about its achievements in the quantum radar field, however.

Starting in 2015, the institute’s researchers achieved a “detection breakthrough” of 100 km (60 mi.) with a prototype quantum radar on China’s Northwestern Plateau, according to materials distributed before the press conference began.

In more recent tests, the institute adapted the system to work in daylight and performed detection tests against slow-moving targets on the sea, CETC’s marketing documents state.

A quantum radar “is expected to solve the traditional bottleneck [of] detection of low observable target detection, survival under electronic warfare conditions, platform load limitations, etc.,” according to the CETC brochure.

The principle of quantum radar is well understood. The device creates a stream of entangled photons, which is then split into two streams. One of them is converted into a microwave frequency that is transmitted and reflected like a traditional radar. The other stream of photons remains in that state as an “idler beam.”

As microwave energy from the first stream returns to the radar’s receiver, the energy particles are compared with the entangled photons in the idler beam to filter out unrelated signals, or radio frequency noise.

Such an approach could render radio frequency jamming systems useless. It also sharpens the radar’s sensitivity to low-observable objects that are designed to be difficult to detect against background clutter.

Although highlighting the 14th Research Institute’s rapid progress, CETC stops short of suggesting its quantum radar prototype has progressed beyond the laboratory.

The tests so far have “laid an important theoretical and experimental basis for further research,” the CETC said.

bug2 - 7-11-2018 at 06:37 PM

AirShow China 2018: CPMIEC undiscloses LW-30 laser weapon system


The Chinese company CPMIEC has undisclosed a new laser weapon system at AirShow China 2018. The LW-30 is a modern short-range precision laserweapon designed for tracking and destroying UAVs, light aircraft and commercial drone.

(Picture source Army Recognition)

The LW-30 is a short-range precision interception laser weapon. It basically consists of a 30kW laser weapon vehicle, a command and communication vehicle, and other support vehicles. It is designed to strike photoelectric guidance equipment, UAV, aerospace aircraft models and RAM.

It is highly responsive; it features a high interception rate and multi-target strike capability, and can shift and aim at a new target within six seconds; it is cost-effective and consumes electricity only, with the cost of less than $1 per firing; it doesn't use ammunition, so there is no need for ammunition transportation and storage; it has small collateral damages and doesn't generate a lot of fragments. According to the designer, LW-30 laser weapon is efficient against land, air and sea targets.

The truck-based system can damage targets from as much as 25 km away with a power beam of as much as 30 kilowatts.

The LW-30 system is similar to Poly Technologies' Silent Hunter The SilentHunter offers four power patterns: 5kW, 10kW, 20kW and 30kW, its interception radius ranges from 200m to 4,000m and the target capture radius is more than 4,000m. It is able to intercept targets with the diameter of less than 2m and flying speed of less than 60m/s. The laser is said to be able to pierce five layers of 2-mm-thick steel plates at a distance of 800m, or 5-mm-thick steel plate from 1,000m away.

(Picture source Army Recognition)

bug2 - 8-11-2018 at 06:44 PM

CPMIEC FM-2000 Short Range Air Defense System at Air Show China 2018


China Precision Machinery Import-Export Corporation (CPMIEC) unveiled another locally-made version of Russia's Tor short-range air defense system called "FM-2000" and similar to the Tor-M2K system.

FM-2000 SHORAD (Picture source Army Recognition)

China ordered 14 TOR-M1 systems in 1996, which it received in 1997-1998, and completed an additional order of 13 systems in 1999-2000. Later the country presented the HQ-17 copy. Key differences include an indigenous all terrain tracked launcher, a new Identify Friend Foe (IFF) antenna on top the search radar, and electronically scanned radars for better performance against enemy jamming.The FM-2000 appears to be its wheeled version.

The FM-2000 is very similar to the Russia-made Tor-M2K. This wheeled variant is based on the 9А331МК chassis developed by the Belarusian company «MZKT» mounting two 9M334 missile modules, each with four 9М9331 missiles.

The FM-2000 short-range air defense weapon system is mainly used to provide air defense support for mechanized troops and key military sites.

It is designed to intercept various fixed wing aircraft, helicopters, air-to-ground missiles, and cruise missils in an operational range of 1.5 to 15 km and altitudes from 10 to 10,000 m.

The FM-2000 air defense missile (Picture source Army Recognition)

bug2 - 9-11-2018 at 09:11 AM

Indo Defence 2018: Indonesia acquires follow-on batch of Skyshield air-defence system

Ridzwan Rahmat, Jakarta - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

08 November 2018

The TNI-AU’s Skyshield air defence system, seen here at a military parade in Surabaya. Source: IHS Markit/Ridzwan Rahmat

Key Points

- Indonesia has signed a second contract for the Skyshield air-defence system with Rheinmetall
- Deliveries, which are scheduled to begin in 2019, will bolster the air force’s base-defence capabilities

The Indonesian Air Force (Tentara Nasional Indonesia – Angkatan Udara or TNI-AU) is scheduled to begin receiving its second batch of Oerlikon Skyshield air-defence effectors and sensors from late-2019, a representative from Rheinmetall confirmed with Jane’s on 8 November at the Indo Defence 2018 exhibition in Jakarta.

The equipment will be delivered under a contract that was signed by the Indonesian government in mid-2017, but became effective only in 2018. It is Indonesia’s second contract for a similar air-defence system with Rheinmetall, and the disparity between its signing date, and its effective date was due to funding issues, said the company.

Rheinmetall has declined to reveal the number of effectors and sensors that have been acquired under the second contract, citing customer confidentiality issues.

The Skyshield air-defence system is operated by the TNI-AU’s special forces ground corps known as the Korps Pasukan Khas (PASKHAS). The system, which was first acquired by the Indonesian government in 2009, is deployed primarily for protection of airstrips, and other critical infrastructure.

Jane’s understands that TNI-AU infrastructure currently utilising the system are the Supadio, Halim Perdanakusuma, and Hasanuddin air bases.

Skyshield is a short-range air-defence system that can engage low-level threats from air-launched weapons, as well as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), helicopters, and ground attack aircraft.

The system’s typical setup includes a tracking and surveillance radar unit, a remote command post, and 35 mm revolver gun mounts that fire the programmable Advanced Hit Efficiency and Destruction (AHEAD) ammunition rounds.

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bug2 - 9-11-2018 at 09:36 AM

Indo Defence 2018: PT Len unveils locally developed air surveillance radar

Ridzwan Rahmat, Jakarta - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

08 November 2018

Key Points

- Indonesia is showcasing a locally developed air surveillance radar for the first time
- The system is undergoing further validations on an island near the country’s maritime boundary

PT Len’s air surveillance radar unit, on display to the public for the first time at Indo Defence 2018. (IHS Markit/Ridzwan Rahmat)

Indonesia’s state-owned defence electronics company PT Len has unveiled a locally developed solid-state air surveillance radar.

Initial tests of the system were completed on 31 October and the equipment is being showcased to the public for the first time at the Indo Defence 2018 exhibition in Jakarta, a company representative told Jane’s at the event.

“During its initial tests, which were conducted near our office in Bandung, we ran it at a fraction of its power capacity and we managed to detect aerial contacts at ranges of up to 15 km,” said a PT Len representative from the company’s Center for Technology and Innovation Division.

“Should the system run on its full-power capacity, it will have a range of about 200 km,” he said, adding that full-power trials are scheduled to be conducted on another evaluation unit that has been deployed on Pulau Nipa, a small island that lies close to the maritime border with Singapore.

PT Len’s air surveillance radar operates on the S-band, and features a rotating cosecant squared pattern antenna that can operate at 6, 10, 12, or 20 rotations per minute (rpm). The system incorporates an identification friend-or-foe (IFF) system that can interrogate contacts in Modes 1 to 4 for military aircraft, and Modes A and C for civilian aircraft.

Tracking of targets is achieved with monopulse signals and an inbuilt pulse compression feature improves the system’s low probability of interception (LPI) functions. The radar incorporates a constant false alarm rate (CFAR), and moving target indicator (MTI) algorithms to aid in the accuracy of target detection.

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bug2 - 9-11-2018 at 08:21 PM

Iran shows engagement radar for Talash air-defence system

Jeremy Binnie, London - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

08 November 2018

The engagement radar (possibly the Ofogh) for a Talash system is seen between two Sayyad-2 SAM launchers and a Kavosh surveillance radar. Source: Tasnim News Agency

The clearest images to date of the target engagement radar used with the new Talash air-defence system were released during Iran's 'Defenders of the Velayat Skies 97' exercise.

The Talash is an Iranian system that uses the Sayyad-2 surface-to-air missile (SAM), which resembles the RIM-66 (SM-1) shipborne SAM that is in service with the Iranian navy. The Iranian military announced in November 2013 that the Sayyad-2 had entered production, saying it has a maximum range of 120 km and a maximum altitude of 27 km.

Although photographs and video footage of Sayyad-2s being launched were subsequently released, its target engagement radar, which is reportedly called the Ofogh, has only been seen in parades with its antenna in a folded position.

The images showing the latest exercise showed what appeared to be a complete Talash fire unit with two launchers and an engagement radar that had a circular reflector antenna that resembled - but was not identical to - the AN/SPG-51 that was used with the RIM-66 on many warships, most of which have now been retired.

While the Iranian navy acquired SM-1s, it has never operated any ships with the AN/SPG-51 as the US cancelled the delivery of the four Kidd-class destroyers that it ordered after the 1979 Iranian revolution.

The surveillance radar seen with the Talash battery was an Iranian vehicle-mounted Kavosh version of the AN/MPQ-50 pulse acquisition radar used with its Mersad derivative of the MIM-23 Hawk SAM system.

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bug2 - 14-11-2018 at 08:20 PM

Iran unveils new Seraj indigenous 35 mm automatic gun


Indigenous my arse, it's a poor copy of the Swiss original.............:no:

During the 5 November wargames held in the Central, Eastern, Northern and Western parts of Iran, Seraj successfully intercepted and destroyed a mock-up drone in flight. Seraj is a 35-mm artillery system with an optimized cannon which uses radar and a new optic system to intercept enemy targets, specially tiny flying objects.

Seraj is a 35-mm artillery system with an optimized cannon which uses radar and a new optic system (Picture source: Tasnim)

Also in the wargames, the home-made Khordad 3 air defense missile system which can trace and hit aircraft and cruise missiles up to 25,000 meters intercepted a simulated enemy flying object with Sayyad (Hunter) missiles designed for mid-range and high-altitude air defense systems.

ADMK2 - 14-11-2018 at 11:22 PM

Smile. For the Israeli missile coming your way in the VERY near future. You’ll look happier that way on the Israeli optical feeds...

bug2 - 20-11-2018 at 10:13 PM

Nammo pursues C-UAV ammunition development

Grant Turnbull, London - Jane's International Defence Review

20 November 2018

Conceptual art of the 40 mm counter-UAV round under development by Nammo. Source: Nammo

Ammunition manufacturer Nammo is looking to expand its range of 40 mm grenades to include non-lethal examples optimised for counter-unmanned aerial vehicle (C-UAV) applications in military peacetime operations or in crowded urban environments.

Company funded development is under way exploring the integration of non-lethal payloads into a 40 mm grenade, with one particular option being a 'net' that is deployed close to a UAV to neutralise it in flight. This is considered a potential option for military or civil customers that may not be able to use kinetic rounds or radio frequency (RF) jamming, especially in urban areas.

Gard Ødegårdsstuen, director of ammunition research and development at Nammo Raufoss, told Jane's that the company has leveraged technology from its 40×53 mm High-Explosive Dual-Purpose Airburst-Radio Frequency (HEDP-RF) round, which is programmable via a fire-control system and provides a fragmentation effect on target out to 500 m when fired from an automatic grenade launcher (AGL).

"What we want to do now is instead of using high explosives we would like to use a net or wiring system that releases with the spin force of the projectile," said Ødegårdsstuen. "We have different solutions because this ammunition is rotating around 200 revolutions a second, so we have a lot of force to throw out a net or wiring system."

The non-lethal version is still programmable, ensuring the payload is deployed at the correct moment, and a small opening charge "about the size of a firecracker" is required to release the net. The grenades retain the same range as standard rounds fired from AGL, enabling a significant range boost over existing net-based solutions on the market, according to Nammo.

This type of non-lethal payload could also be utilised in medium velocity 40×51mm ammunition, commonly found on soldier-fired grenade launchers.

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bug2 - 21-11-2018 at 04:43 PM

India to Buy Russian Igla-S MANPADS Missiles — Media

(Source: TASS; posted Nov 20, 2018)

NEW DELHI --- India plans to purchase Russia's man-portable air defense missile system (MANPADS), the Economic Times reported on Tuesday.

According to the report, the deal is valued at $1.5 bln with the Russian bid considerably undercutting offers by Sweden's SAAB RBS70 NG and France's MBDA Mistral.

The Financial Express in turn stated that the contract would be to the tune of $3 bln.

The Indian media further reported that the new missiles should replace the Russian Igla-M systems. The Igla-S system is considered critical for defense against incoming helicopters, UAVs and ground attack aircraft.


ADMK2 - 28-11-2018 at 10:50 AM

Qatar – Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missiles (AMRAAM) and Related Equipment and Support for NASAMS

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Transmittal No:
WASHINGTON, November 27, 2018 - The State Department has made a determination approving a possible Foreign Military Sale to Qatar of defense articles and services in support of a Direct Commercial Sale of the National Advanced Surface to Air Missile System (NASAMS) for an estimated cost of $215 million. The Defense Security Cooperation Agency delivered the required certification notifying Congress of this possible sale today.

The Government of Qatar has requested to buy defense articles and services from the U.S. Government in support of a Direct Commercial Sale of the National Advanced Surface to Air Missile System (NASAMS). The items Qatar requests include the following: forty (40) AIM 120C-7 AMRAAM missiles, one (1) spare AIM 120C-7 AMRAAM guidance section, one (1) spare AIM-120C-7 control section, eight (8) AMRAAM Captive Air Training Missile (CATM-120C), missile containers, classified software for the AN/MPQ-64F1 Sentinel Radar, spare and repair parts, cryptographic and communication security devices, precision navigation equipment, other software, site surveys, weapons system equipment and computer software support, publications and technical documentation, common munitions and test equipment, repair and return services and equipment, personnel training and training equipment, integration support and test equipment, and U.S. Government and contractor, engineering, technical and logistics support services, and other related elements of logistical and program support. The estimated cost is $215 million.

This proposed sale supports the foreign policy and national security objectives of the United States by helping improve the security of a key partner which has been, and continues to be, a significant host and member of coalition forces in the Middle East.

This proposed sale improves Qatar's defense capability to deter regional threats and strengthen its homeland defense. The NASAMS capability would provide a full range of protection from imminent hostile cruise missile, unmanned aerial vehicle, rotary wing, and fixed wing threats. Qatar will have no difficulty in absorbing this equipment.

The proposed sale will not alter the basic military balance in the region.

The principal contractor and integrator will be Raytheon Missiles Systems of Tucson, Arizona. There are no known offset agreements proposed in connection with this potential sale.

Implementation of this proposed sale will not require the assignment of additional U.S. Government and contractor representatives to Qatar.

There will be no adverse impact on U.S. defense readiness as a result of this proposed sale.

This notice of a potential sale is required by law and does not mean the sale has been concluded.

All questions regarding this proposed Foreign Military Sale should be directed to the State Department's Bureau of Political Military Affairs, Office of Congressional and Public Affairs,


bug2 - 28-11-2018 at 08:13 PM

Raytheon, Rheinmetall press Germany to focus on full-spectrum ground-based air defence

Gareth Jennings, Berlin - Jane's Defence Weekly

27 November 2018

Raytheon and Rheinmetall are proposing combining the Patriot medium- and long-range air defence system (pictured) with a short-range system for a full-spectrum ground-based air defence solution for Germany. Source: Raytheon

Germany should delay its medium- and long-range ground-based air defence (GBAD) effort to focus instead on a full-spectrum solution that includes the more pressing short-range requirement also, Raytheon and Rheinmetall told Jane's on 27 November.

Speaking to Jane's at the Berlin Security Conference, industry officials said that, with a contract for the Tactical Air Defence System (Taktische Luftverteidigungssystem: TLVS) designed to counter high-end threats such as ballistic missiles not yet awarded, the Bundeswehr should shift if efforts to acquiring a more rounded GBAD solution that includes the short-range threats of small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), as well as mortar and rocket fire.

"Before 2016 [when the decision was taken to select the MBDA and Lockheed Martin Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS) for TLVS], it was all about the high-end threats. What has happened in Crimea and elsewhere though has shown that there is an inner-layer gap when it comes to ground-based air defence," Michael Tronlone, Raytheon's Director Germany Integrated Air and Missile Defense said, adding, "Instead of stove-piping the different [ground-based] air defence requirements [into separate procurement programmes], there needs to be a full-spectrum concept."

To deliver this full-spectrum concept to the Bundeswehr, Raytheon and Rheinmetall have leveraged the global partnership agreement they signed in February 2017 to come to a German-specific agreement launched in June 2017. Under this agreement, Raytheon is continuing to bid its Next-Generation Patriot for TLVS (covering GBAD out to 2,000 km), while Rheinmetall and partner Diehl Defence are to offer a combination of sensors and effectors for the upcoming Nah-und Nächstbereichsschutzsystem (NNbS) short-range (out to 15 km) GBAD programme as part of an 'in-the-round' solution.

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bug2 - 30-11-2018 at 09:58 PM

Latvia seeks medium-range GBADS as part of wider military revamp

Gareth Jennings, Berlin - Jane's Defence Weekly

30 November 2018

Latvia is seeking to field a medium-range ground-based air-defence system (GBADS) as part of a wider modernisation of its armed forces, Jane’s was told on 28 November.

The Kongsberg NASAMS could be a suitable medium-range GBADS solution for Latvia, given that it has a shorter range than the Patriot and is already on order for Lithuania. (Kongsberg)

Speaking at the Berlin Security Conference in the German capital, Jãnis Garisons, State Secretary for the Latvian Ministry of Defence (MoD) said the Baltic nation wants to acquire a medium-range GBADS to augment the short-range Raytheon FIM-92 Stinger manportable air-defence system (MANPADS) and Saab RBS-70 very short-range air-defence (VSHORAD) system it has previously procured.

“We have asked NATO to conduct market research into a suitable system to join the hundreds of Stingers we already have,” Garisons said.

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bug2 - 1-12-2018 at 02:12 PM

Lockheed Martin conducts initial flight test of new M-SHORAD Future Interceptor

Robin Hughes, London - Jane's Missiles & Rockets

30 November 2018

Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control on 14 November conducted a successful initial ballistic flight test of its new M-SHORAD Future Interceptor from a Stryker Maneuver SHORAD Launcher (MSL) at the White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico. Lockheed Martin conducted an initial ballistic flight test of its new M-SHORAD Future Interceptor on 14 November 2018.

The M-SHORAD Future Interceptor leverages Lockheed Martin and government technology investment in a 6 ft-class hit-to-kill interceptor designed to defeat unmanned aircraft systems (UASs), fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft, and cruise missiles.

"The 5 inch diameter interceptor fits in the same envelope as the AGM-114L Longbow Hellfire missile currently being integrated on the MSL for the US Army's Stryker-based interim manoeuvre SHORAD [short-range air-defence] capability, and provides significantly more range and manoeuvrability," a Lockheed Martin spokesperson told Jane's .

"The internally funded test objectives were to demonstrate key technologies, vehicle stability, and range. The Interceptor performance matched our predictions," the spokesperson said.

"The driver for this development is how to address air-breathing threats for US Army manoeuvre forces beyond its current Stinger/Stryker capability," Tim Cahill, Vice President, Integrated Air and Missile Defense, at Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control told Jane's . "We've designed a medium-size hit-to-kill for what we believe will be the [US] Army's range requirement for an M-SHORAD missile. The imperative of M-SHORAD is range and capability in the size of a missile that is manageable and affordable; Stinger is performance limited, other missiles are too long. So I believe it should be a hit-to-kill missile for M-SHORAD, and we will follow the PAC-3 MSE formula for both future land and sea applications," he added.

Lockheed Martin has not disclosed additional specific detail on the M-SHORAD Future Interceptor, including its interception range, weight, and homing guidance.

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bug2 - 5-12-2018 at 09:55 AM

France Prepares Sale of Aster 30 SAMP / T and VL Mica ZRK

(Source:; posted Dec 01, 2018)

(Unofficial English translation by

Negotiations on purchase and sale of ASTER 30 SAMP / T and VL Mica air defense systems are expected to be finalized soon.

AzeriDefense magazine has been informed by MBDA Systems representative.

According to representatives of the company, which is close to the idea between the parties, discussions are continuing since 2014. However, due to falling oil prices and financial problems in the past, there have been some delays in the process.

"The Azerbaijani side has been informed of the capabilities of these systems and is happy. We have received permission from the French government for export. We think that this system will provide the best protection for Azerbaijan from air attacks," the company said.

Surface-based ASTER 30 SAMP / T complexes can neutralize targets up to 120 km. Both complexes use short- and long-range missiles, and have a high probability of hitting high-speed targets, of between 96% and -98%.

(EDITOR’S NOTE: This report has been picked up by several Azeri and Central Asian media outlets, and has not been denied.
A spokesman for MBDA said that he had no knowledge of the sale of air-defense systems to Azerbaijan, and could not comment on the report.
The Franch ambassy un Baku did not respond to our request for comment.
France is negotiating the sale of Gowind corvettes, whose armament can include MICA VL air-defense missiles, to Azerbaijan, so an extension to include the ground-based air-defense SAMP/T system would not appear illogical.)


bug2 - 6-12-2018 at 12:20 PM

NATO Delivers Two New Radars to Go Live in Lithuania

(Source: NCI Agency; issued Dec 04, 2018)

Lithuania has now brought online two new radars are produced by Spain’s Indra, and they are now contributing to NATO's air surveillance capability as part of the NATO Integrated Air and Missile Defence System. (Indra photo)

The NATO Communications and Information Agency (NCIA) successfully handed off two new radars to the Lithuanian Air Force on 4 December 2018.

The milestone, marked by a formal ceremony in Aukštadvaris, Lithuania, was reached after years of collaboration with Lithuania to procure fixed air defence radars. The NCI Agency brought expertise from managing the same work for other NATO Nations including the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland.

The Lithuanian radars are now contributing to NATO's air surveillance capability as part of the NATO Integrated Air and Missile Defence System. In return, Lithuania receives the combined NATO Air Surveillance data, allowing visibility on air traffic way beyond the nation's borders.

"Today's event – the initiation of this radar system – continues Lithuania's steadfast endeavour to secure its freedom and to never allow the atrocities of the past to be repeated. NATO stands with you in this endeavour," said NCI Agency General Manager Kevin J. Scheid at the ceremony.

"The operational launch of the two long-range radars marks a huge qualitative leap in strengthening both Lithuania's national and NATO's air surveillance capability, a part of the NATO Integrated Air and Missile Defence System," Deputy Defence Minister Edvinas Kerza said on 4 December, during a visit to the Airspace Surveillance and Control post in Antaveršis.

"In this regard, this is not just a state-of-the-art radar system, but a technological declaration of independence. And how appropriate that this declaration comes on the 100th anniversary of Lithuanian Independence," said Mr Scheid.

"We have a wealth of experience, not just in the procurement domain but also in the technical domain," noted Rene Thaens, Head of the Electronic Warfare and Sensors Branch for the NCI Agency. Mr Thaens is also the project manager for the Lithuanian Air Surveillance project.

Prior Lithuanian radars dated back to the era before the nation acceded to NATO in 2004. The capabilities of these systems could not meet NATO's needs, leading Lithuania to seek a modern air surveillance capability. The nearly 40 million EUR project began with a study, conducted by the Agency, on the country's radar capabilities. Based on the study's outcome, the Lithuanian Ministry of Defence requested the Agency run the procurement, which began in 2010.

Spanish company Indra provided the radar systems. The NCI Agency conducted factory acceptance tests, site acceptance tests and live flying tests, where an aircraft will fly against the radar to see if it can perform against a target.

Work to arrange secure communications was added to the scope of the project over time, Mr Thaens said. Communications must be secured between the radar and the central node digesting the data, which requires particular cryptographic equipment.

The Lithuanian government also chose to exercise an option for a third radar. The Agency expects to complete work on the third radar by around 2020.

Utilizing NATO's best practices and standards to complete the project has several benefits, including interoperability, Mr Thaens added. Nations can do such work independently, but that route can be difficult because the radars must be integrated into NATO's air surveillance system.

Nations who choose to standardize on a particular radar can also benefit from collective buying power around maintenance.


Most Advanced Military Radars in the Region Enter Service in Lithuania

(Source: Lithuanian Ministry of Defence; issued Dec 04, 2018)

Airspace Surveillance and Control Command of the Lithuanian Air Force begins conducting air surveillance tasks with two long-range 3D radars from a NATO manufacturer located in Antaveršis (Southern Lithuania) and Degučiai (Western Lithuania).

New infrastructure and radars is Lithuania’s largest contribution so far to the development of both, national and NATO collective defence capabilities.

“The operational launch of the two long-range radars marks a huge qualitative leap in strengthening both, Lithuania’s national and NATO’s air surveillance capability, a part of the NATO Integrated Air and Missile Defence System,” Deputy Defence Minister Edvinas Kerza said during a visit to the Airspace Surveillance and Control post in Antaveršis on December 4.

“Today’s event – initiation of the radar system – continues Lithuania’s steadfast endeavour to secure its freedom and to never allow the atrocities of the past to be repeated. NATO stands with you in this endeavour”, NATO Communications and Information Agency General Manager Kevin J. Scheid said.

The upgrade of radar post infrastructure encompasses building new premises, installation of new communication systems and new NATO standard long-range radars, manufactured by Spanish company INDRA, which will replace outdated Soviet era radars that the Lithuanian Armed Forces operated until present.

“Cutting-edge systems installed in the radars will help ensure uninterrupted and effective airspace and border area surveillance, air policing functions, response to possible airspace violation, and warning of potential threats,” Commander of the Airspace Surveillance and Control Command Lieutenant Colonel Aras Rimkus said.

Lithuania will receive the combined NATO Air Surveillance data, allowing visibility on air traffic way beyond the nation’s borders. According to Commander, the new radars will allow Lithuania to improve operational conditions for military aviation of NATO allies, as well as for SAR operations.

The Airspace Surveillance and Control posts in Antaveršis and Degučiai are planned to become fully operationally capable as of 2019.

The project of Airspace Surveillance modernisation has been developed by the Ministry of National Defence, NATO Communications and Information Agency (NCIA) and the NATO Support Agency (NSPA) for over a decade now.


-- Through the enhancement and strengthening of the peacetime airspace surveillance system, Lithuania Armed Forces will upgrade three Airspace Surveillance and Control Command radar posts: 1st (Antaveršis village, Prienai district), 3rd (Degučiai village, Šilutė district) and 4th (Ceikiškės village, Ignalina district). The 4th post in Ignalina where construction works began in 2017 is scheduled to reach full operational capability in 2020.

-- The project has been running since 2007, the radar acquisition procedures were conducted and contract signed between a NATO country manufacturer and the NATO Communications and Information Agency (NCIA) together with the NATO Support Agency (NSPA) on behalf of the Ministry of National Defence of Lithuania. The total value of the project, incl. radar systems and infrastructure, is approximately € 60 million euro.

-- The provision of an effective airspace surveillance and control system is an essential Lithuanian national security task and North Atlantic Treaty Articles 3 and 5 obligations.


bug2 - 11-12-2018 at 10:03 PM

Azerbaijan will buy French MBDA VL Mica air defense systems


A source close to the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry said that Baku and Paris have agreed in principle that France would supply air defense systems to Azerbaijan, reported the Turan news agency on 11 December. MBDA Systems, manufacturer of the air defense missiles, informed the Turan that negotiations on procurement had begun in 2014. The Azerbaijani side reportedly became acquainted with the tactical and technical data of these systems and was pleased. The value of the transaction was not reported.

MBDA VL MICA air defense system (Picture source: Army Recognition)

The VL MICA (Vertical Launch MICA) is a short range, ground-based air defense system deploying the MICA fire-and-forget missile, currently the only missile in the world capable of being fitted with either a heatseeking homing head (VL MICA IR) or with an active radar (VL MICA RF). This unique capability ensures an outstanding kill probability, even in severe IRCM-ECM environments.

Organisation of a typical VL MICA unit is based on a vehicle-mounted shelter-protected Tactical Operations Centre (TOC) also known as the Platoon Command Post (PCP). This is capable of carrying out all Command, Control and Coordination functions, including real-time engagement, mission planning, system monitoring and connection with the higher level of command. The TOC remotely controls a tri-dimensional radar mounted on a separate vehicle and three to six vertical launcher units also mounted on vehicles. The VL MICA has a high rate of fire and minimal response time (8 missiles can be launched in just 10 seconds), while the complex is able to simultaneously accompany up to 10 different targets and is controlled by a crew of 2 people. It can intercept a target at an altitude of up to 20 km.

bug2 - 11-12-2018 at 10:09 PM

EDEX 2018: New Hanwha Biho II mobile air defense system based on 8x8 armored


At EDEX 2018, the first Egypt Defense Exhibition, South Korean Company Hanwha unveils a scale model of its new BiHo II mobile air defense system based on the 8x8 wheeled chassis of the Tigon armored vehicle. The vehicle is a new concept of air defense vehicle compared to the previous version of the Biho using a single 30 or 40mm automatic cannon able to fire airburst ammunition.

Scale model of the new Hanwha Biho II at EDEX 2018, first Egypt Defense Exhibition that was held in Cairo in December 2018. (Picture source Army Recognition)

The Biho II is based on the 8x8 wheeled chassis of the Tigon armored vehicle that was unveiled during the Defense Exhibition DX Korea in September 2018. The hull of the vehicle is of all-welded steel armor but can be fitted with applique armor to improve protection against ballistic and mine threats.

The Biho II vehicle is powered by a newly powerpack developed by the Company Caterpillar including a turbocharged and intercooled 6-cylinder inline diesel developing 525 hp. coupled to a 4500SP electronically controlled automatic transmission with six forward and one reverse gears from Allison.

The BiHo II is fitted with an unmanned turret that can be armed with one 30 or 40mm cannon able to fire airburst ammunition, a new type of tactical anti-personnel explosive ammunition that detonates in midair, causing air burst effect fragment damage to an enemy. The vehicle has a crew of three including driver, commander and gunner.

In addition to the main armament, the Biho II can be armed with surface-to-air missile launchers that can be mounted to the roof side of the turret.

The turret of the Biho II is fitted with on-board small target radar mounted to the right side of the turret which has a maximum range of 15 km and a surveillance radar mounted on the roof of the turret which has a maximum range of 35 km. It has a maximum tracking range of 7 km for fighter aircraft and 3 km for UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Systems).

According to a video released on the Hanwha booth at EDEX 2018, the new unmanned air defense turret can be also fitted to the chassis of the new tracked armored vehicle AS21 Redback.

The unmanned turret of the Hanwha Biho II can be also mounted on the new AS21 Redback. (Picture source Army Recognition)

bug2 - 13-12-2018 at 11:05 PM

Saab Receives Order from Ireland for RBS 70 Missiles

(Source: Saab; issued Dec 12, 2018)

The Bolide supersonic missile provides a de facto upgrade for the RBS-70 short-range air-defense system, seen here is Swedish service fitted with a night sight. (Saab photo)

Saab has received an order for RBS 70 BOLIDE missiles from Irish Defence Forces, the total order value is approximately 60 MSEK and deliveries will take place in 2019-2022.

Ireland has been a RBS 70 customer for more than 30 years; this order contains the BOLIDE missile, which is latest missile available for the RBS 70 system.

“With this order Ireland continues to improve their air defence capability. The BOLIDE missile is our most advanced RBS 70 missile yet, with a top speed of Mach 2 and an effective range for up to 9000 meters, it provides excellent protection for their forces and a deterrent to opponents”, says Görgen Johansson, Head of Saab business area Dynamics.

The Saab portfolio of short-range ground-based air defence missile systems includes the RBS 70 and the latest version, RBS 70 NG. The RBS 70 system has an impressive track-record on the market with more than 1,600 launchers and over 17,000 missiles delivered to nineteen countries.

Saab serves the global market with world-leading products, services and solutions within military defence and civil security. Saab has operations and employees on all continents around the world. Through innovative, collaborative and pragmatic thinking, Saab develops, adopts and improves new technology to meet customers’ changing needs.


bug2 - 14-12-2018 at 09:46 PM

Lockheed Martin readies its latest L-band radar for production

Geoff Fein, Washington, DC - Jane's International Defence Review

13 December 2018

TPY-X is Lockheed Martin's next-generation long-range multimission radar. The company has completed the final full-scale prototype and is readying the radar system for production. Source: Lockheed Martin

Lockheed Martin has completed the final full-scale prototype of its TPY-X multimission ground-based radar system and is now preparing to begin production.

TPY-X was developed as part of Lockheed Martin's long-term vision of continuous support and service for its existing long-range surveillance products, addressing obsolescence and enhancing performance as the threat has evolved.

The L-band radar is scalable, has a modern digital architecture, a distributed architecture with digital beam forming, and uses gallium nitride semiconductors. The radar will be available in fixed and mobile variants. It is transportable via C-130 or C-17 cargo aircraft, truck, rail, or helicopter.

TPY-X is designed to provide increased performance against smaller threats in the clutter and electromagnetic attack environments that ground-based radars operate in, Mark Mekker, director of next-generation radars for Lockheed Martin, told Jane's .

Since initially introducing the radar in mid-2016, Lockheed Martin has completed several designs and releases of system builds at various levels, he said.

"Each one was used to flush out improvements for performance and manufacturability as part of our affordability initiatives," he said. "The final version provided what was needed to begin the production process for initial release."

For its new radar, Lockheed Martin leveraged development and production radar programmes that offered direct-use technology, such as the leveling legs and rapid emplacement capability from the TPQ-53 radar system, Mekkor said.

Lockheed Martin continues to utilise the prototype TPY-X system to validate and qualify hardware designs leading into a production release. The system also serves as an asset to use as software baselines are finalised.

"We can use the actual AESA [Active Electronically Scanned Array] antenna to test our SW [short-wave] functionality and control instead of relying on models and simulations," Mekker said.

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bug2 - 18-12-2018 at 07:37 PM

The Swiss Army Knife of Radars: the KuRFS radar does it all and all at once

(Source: Raytheon Co.; issued Nov 02, 2018)

Designed and built by Raytheon, the KuRFS AESA radar is being deployed as part of a counter-unmanned aircraft system. It can use the expendable Coyote UAS, KuRFS becomes a hit-to-kill kinetic interceptor against small, consumer-sized drones. (Raytheon photo)

Raytheon's KuRFS radar uses advanced electronically scanned array, or AESA, technology to provide precise, persistent surveillance of airborne objects.

A small object takes flight, picks up speed, turns and heads south — directly toward a U.S. military base.

It could be anything from a guided rocket to an explosive-strapped quadcopter. Back at the post, a Ku-band, or KuRFS radar detects and tracks the object so soldiers can make the call: It’s nothing to worry about. Just another bird.

One of the radar’s many important jobs is to know the difference.

“It’s like a Swiss Army knife with all the components out and being used at once; the corkscrew, the knife — everything,” said Don Williams, manager of Raytheon’s Multifunction RF Systems product line. “The Army recognizes it as a true multi-mission radar because, unlike other radars, which can do multiple things but not at the same time, KuRFS does them all simultaneously.”

Designed and built by Raytheon, KuRFS is an advanced electronically scanned array, or AESA, radar that uses the ku-band frequency for precision tracking. One of its main missions is to provide nonstop surveillance of airborne objects, while another is to sense incoming threats such as rockets, artillery or mortars and warn soldiers so they can take cover.

The radar is being deployed as part of a counter-unmanned aircraft system for the battlefield. When paired with Raytheon’s small, expendable Coyote UAS, normally an intelligence and surveillance drone, KuRFS becomes a hit-to-kill kinetic interceptor that can take out small, consumer-sized drones.

The U.S. Army has taken the unique combination a step further, putting Coyote and KuRFS on an armored vehicle to create a mobile defense system. In addition, Raytheon has successfully integrated the radar into or tested it with a 50-caliber gun, the AI3 interceptor, land-based Phalanx weapon system and more.

“Soldiers will now be able to take this defense against drones into the field with them, in addition to having it on their base,” Williams said. “Drone threats are spiking and becoming more creative, and they’re hard to see. That’s one reason why this radar is so important.”

In August and September, KuRFS also cued targets during a test with Raytheon’s high-energy laser weapons systems.

“Before the laser system can destroy small drones from far away, it first needs to be able to know they are there,” said Dr. Ben Allison, product line director for Raytheon high-energy laser weapons systems. “KuRFS provides cue accuracy at long range. That level of precision, paired with the ability to simultaneously track multiple targets, makes high-energy lasers more lethal.”

Perhaps the best trick up KuRFS’ sleeve is its ability to add more tools for future needs. In 2009, the Army put out an urgent request for a way to better warn about incoming rockets and mortars; just 19 months later, KuRFS went from Raytheon idea to deployed product.

Raytheon met the timeline by scaling down the larger Ka-MRFS radar, using open-architecture software, tapping its vast pre-existing line of radars for proven parts like processors, and adding new technology taken from its internal research and development efforts.

The result was KuRFS. Today’s version includes several upgrades over the original, and the radar system itself is nearing its millionth hour of operational time. As such, it’s become a prime example of how the Army’s vision for faster development of adaptable technology is already taking place.

“We talk with the Army users on a regular basis, and they tell us what else they now need it to do,” Williams said. “One cool factor with this setup is that we can now develop and deploy a critical, software-based capability to them in just three months, instead of the year it used to take. It makes all the difference to keeping soldiers on the ground safe.”


bug2 - 19-12-2018 at 02:39 PM

Indian Army issues global RFI for 938 air-defence guns

Rahul Bedi, New Delhi - Jane's Defence Weekly

18 December 2018

SMART 3P ammo means 40mm cannons does it not?

The Indian Army (IA) has invited responses by 17 January from foreign manufacturers to its request for information (RFI) for 938 air-defence guns and 505,920 rounds of ammunition to plug an operational gap in its inventory.

The RFI, which was issued on 27 November, requires the ammunition to comprise 342,720 high-explosive rounds and 163,200 Smart 3P all-target rounds.

The air-defence guns, which must not weigh more than 5,000 kg, are required to fire 300 rds/min and be able to engage aerial targets to a range of more than 4 km and an altitude of 2,500 m.

They should also be able to engage targets moving at speeds of 500 m/s and above, and have a “minimum hit probability of 0.6 during an engagement cycle”.

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bug2 - 19-12-2018 at 03:12 PM

Saab Receives RBS 70 NG Order for the Czech Republic’s Armed Forces

(Source: Saab; issued Dec 18, 2018)

Saab’s RBS 70 NG short-range air-defense system fires during a demonstration for the Czech armed forces, which have now awarded an initial contract for this system. (Saab photo)

Saab has signed a contract to supply the Armed Forces of the Czech Republic with RBS 70 NG, the latest generation of the RBS 70 man-portable air defence system. The order is valued at 365 MSEK and deliveries will take place in 2020 and 2021.

In addition to the system itself, the order also includes integration with Czech Air Defence, test equipment and training. The Armed Forces of the Czech Republic is already a user of RBS 70, the preceding version of the system.

“We are happy to provide the Armed Forces of the Czech Republic with Saab's newest short-range air defence system; RBS 70 NG. The fact that a NATO country decides to invest in Saab’s RBS 70 NG system is the best possible assessment it can get and proof that Saab is a leading provider of Air Defence solutions,” says Görgen Johansson, Head of Saab business area Dynamics.

“We are very pleased with our experience of the RBS 70 System and Saab´s support. The RBS 70 is the backbone to provide surface-based Air Defence in NATO´s Multinational Task Force and from 2019 a part of the Very High Readiness Joint Task Force (VJTF). The completely new RBS 70 NG entails crucial system developments which significantly will add to our current capabilities for threats against Czech Republic and NATO´s sovereignty”, says Ján Sedliačik, Commander of 25th Air Defence Regiment, Czech Armed Forces.

Automatic tracking, extensive operator aids, the possibility of the firing sequence to be aborted (missile self-destruct), hit-point selection, possibilities to identify friend or foe, and optical target tracking all increase an RBS 70 NG operator's chance of striking the correct target, while also significantly increasing safety during critical actions. The RBS 70 NG operator has full control over what and where the missile hits or does not hit, which eliminates the risk of friendly fire.

Saab serves the global market with world-leading products, services and solutions within military defence and civil security. Saab has operations and employees on all continents around the world. Through innovative, collaborative and pragmatic thinking, Saab develops, adopts and improves new technology to meet customers’ changing needs.


bug2 - 19-12-2018 at 04:54 PM

Russia wants back in on India’s gun and missile system competition

By: Vivek Raghuvanshi   15 hours ago

A picture shows a Russian Pantsir-S1 anti-aircraft defence system at the Russian Hmeimim military base in Latakia province, in the northwest of Syria, on December 16, 2015. The Indian army said a Pantsir system did not quality for a competition for a gun and missile system currently underway. (Photo credit should read PAUL GYPTEAU/AFP/Getty Images)

NEW DELHI — Russia has lodged a protest over India’s decision to disquality its two munitions systems from the $1.6 billion Army program, spurring newfound tensions between the two allies.

During a meeting of the India-Russia Inter-Governmental Commission on Military Technical Cooperation in New Delhi Thursday, visiting Russia Defence Minister Gen. Sergei Shoigu made clear his displeasure about the upgraded Tunguska system and a system from Pantsir being kicked out of the pending program, a source from the India Ministry of Defence confirmed.

In October, the Indian Army officially declared Hanwha Defense Systems of South Korea as the only qualified company for the gun and missile system program. In the 2013 global tender, Indian Army shortlisted three companies — Hanwha Defense Systems, which offered its Hybrid Biho system, and Russian companies Almaz Ante, which offered its upgraded Tunguska system, and KBP Tula, which offer its Pantsir system. During the IRIGC-MTC, Gen. Shoigu accused the Indian Army trial teams of purposely not completing the full trials last year. A Russian diplomat said on condition of anonymity that the two defense companies and the Russian defense ministry issued separate letters to MoD last month to reevaluate the entire selection process before making a final call.

However, a senior Indian Army official said both the upgraded Tunguska system fielded by Almaz Ante and Pantsir by KBP Tula systems were not fully compliant during the trials. The program calls for procurement of five regiments, or 104 systems, of gun missiles systems, including 4,928 missiles and 172,260 rounds of ammunition costing $1.6 billion. The winner will have to provide full maintenance technology transfer for missiles to state-owned Ordnance Factory Board. The proposed gun and missile system should have a day and night camera functionality and a built-in simulator, and the gun should engage a target at 350 rounds per second, while the missile should have a range of five kilometers. The system should be able to operate up to 50 kilometers on a single fuel tank, and should have a minimum operation endurance of eight hours without refueling.

The Indian Army is looking for a mix of both gun and missiles mounted on one or separate high mobility vehicles. In addition, the gun as well as the missile should be able to engage aerial targets both with and without the fire control radar, either independently or simultaneously.

bug2 - 21-12-2018 at 03:34 PM

Czech Republic signs for RBS 70 NG

Robin Hughes, London - Jane's Missiles & Rockets

20 December 2018

The RBS 70 NG manportable VSHORAD system will replace the legacy S-10M systems in ACR service, and complement its existing RBS 70 capability. Source: Saab Dynamics

The Czech Republic Ministry of Defence (MoD) has signed a SEK365 million (USD42.3 million) contract with Saab Dynamics to acquire the new RBS 70 NG manportable very short-range air defence (VSHORAD) system.

The contract, signed on 18 December at the headquarters of the Armed Forces of the Czech Republic's (Armáda České republiky: ACR) 25th Air Defence Missile Regiment/ 252nd Air Defence Missile Group in Strakonice, provides for the delivery of 16 RBS 70 NG systems with the Bolide laser-beam riding surface-to-air missile, and includes integration with existing Czech air-defence assets along with the provision of test equipment and training. Deliveries of the new RBS 70 NG systems from Saab will begin in 2020 and will be finalised in 2021.

The Czech MoD issued a request for proposals in March 2017 to evaluate a replacement solution for its legacy S-10M systems - the local designation for the Russian 9K35 Strela-10 (SA-13 'Gopher') low-altitude, short-range surface-to-air missile systems. Responses were received from Saab (RBS 70 NG), Raytheon (FIM-92 Stinger), MBDA (Mistral), and PGZ of Poland (Piorun). In July 2017 the MoD confirmed that it intended to acquire the RBS 70 NG system within the "next three years".

The RBS 70 NG procurement is part of a wider Czech defence acquisition initiative unveiled in June 2018 by ACR Chief of the General Staff, Lieutenant General Ales Opata, which allocates CZK100 billion (USD4.5 billion) to what he described as the largest military modernisation programme in the history of the Czech Republic.

Under the provisions of the 18 December contract, Saab will integrate the RBS 70 NG system with the ACR's ReVISOR X-band 2D 360° short-range surveillance radar, and the ACR's RACCOS mobile command-and-control (C2) system. The ReVISOR sensor, which can detect and track airborne targets out to ranges of 30 km at altitudes of up to 16,404 ft (5,000 m), is produced by local company Retia, which also manufactures the RACCOS C2 system.

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bug2 - 26-12-2018 at 04:12 PM

It looks like the Philippines Airforce has chosen the Israeli SPYDER GBADS-MR system as it's new ground-based missile defence system, formal contract to be announced soon.

This will use both PYTHON 5 and DERBY MR missiles, although there is talk about them also buying SR systems and missiles.

These two missiles will also be procured for, and used by the FA-50 LIFT/light fighters, although whether standard Python 5 and Derby or the extended range versions, is open to question at the moment.............

Above shows the missiles that can be used by the SPYDER ADS: From left to right: Python 5 short range IIR missile and Derby medium range missile both of which are used by the SPYDER-SR system; the Python-5 MR and Derby-MR which are both used by the SPYDER-MR system. The Stunner missile is another type of missile that can be fired by a modified SPYDER-MR system and is used in the David's Sling ABM system. Definitely a future capability worth looking at by the PAF and AFP in general. Photo taken from

bug2 - 27-12-2018 at 03:21 PM

Philippines has selected Israeli SPYDER as new air defense missile system


According to the Blog Mintfo, Philippines has selected the SPYDER from Israel as new ground based air defense systems (GBDAS) for its armed forces. The SPYDER (Surface-to-air PYthon and DERby) is an Israeli-made short and medium range mobile air defence system developed by the Company Rafael Advanced Defense Systems with the collaboration of IAI (Israel Aerospace Industries).

Rafael Spyder MR medium-range air defense missile system at Paris Show, June 2013. (Picture source Army Recognition)

The SPYDER (Surface-To-Air Python & DERBY) is a quick reaction, low level surface-to-air missile system designed to counter attacks by aircraft, helicopters UAVs and precision guided munitions. The system provides effective protection of valuable assets, as well as first-class defense for forces located in the combat area.

SPYDER incorporates RAFAEL's most advanced, proven performance air-to-air missiles - the Derby active radar (RF) missile and Python-5, a dual waveband Imaging Infra Red (IIR) missile. The SPYDER family includes SPYDER-SR (Short Range) and SPYDER-MR (Medium Range) systems.

The SPYDER's truck-mounted Missile Firing Units (MFU) are equipped with both IIR and RF missiles. The MFU carries any combination (IIR/RF) of missiles on a rotatable launcher assembly. The system's high mobility allows quick deployment and operational agility. SPYDER has 360° day/night all-weather engagement capability. The system can also engage multiple threats simultaneously. It has Lock-On-Before Launch (LOBL) and Lock-On-After Launch (LOAL) modes of operation. SPYDER’s intercept envelope spans from less than 1km to 15 km against targets flying at altitudes between 20 m and 9,000 m.

The SPYDER-SR (Short-Range) is a combat-proven, quick reaction, low level surface-to-air missile system designed to effectively counter attacks by aircraft, helicopters UAVs stand-off weapons and precision guided munitions. The SPYDER-SR provides excellent protection of valuable assets, as well as first-class defense for forces located in the combat area.

The SPYDER-MR Medium Range Air Defense Missile System (MRADMS) shares SPYDER-SR’s cutting-edge technology. The SPYDER-MR engages and destroys the same wide spectrum of threats at medium ranges. SPYDER-MR protects high-value assets (capital areas, air force bases, etc.) as well as maneuvering combat forces.

bug2 - 2-1-2019 at 11:10 PM

PEMZ from Russia first export contract for Samum 23mm anti-aircraft vehicle


The Podolsk Electromechanical Plant (PEMZ) has signed the first export contract for its new Samum self-propelled anti-aircraft gun (SPAAG), Designer General of the system Umahan Umakhanov told TASS.

Samum 23mm anti-aicraft vehicle at Army-2017 defense exhibition near Moscow, August 2017 (Picture source Army Recognition)

We have a partner for the Samum program, and the plant has already signed the first contract for the system," said Umakhanov. According to him, potential foreign customers have already shown keen interest in the new SPAAG. "We are conducting negotiations over the acquisition of the Samum with some 12 countries through JSC Rosoboronexport, a subsidiary of Rostec," said Umakhanov.

The Samum SPAAG is primarily intended for special forces. "The vehicle is armed with an upgraded ZU-23-2 twin-barrel anti-aircraft gun that is being produced by the PEMZ. The system provides sufficient fire support and can shoot down low-flying aerial targets, including multirole combat aircraft, helicopters, and some types of unmanned aerial vehicles [UAVs]," said Umakhanov. The Samum can also engage air-droppable targets, ground and surface soft-skin or light armoured targets, and manpower. "The optical-electronic suite of the Samum allows the system to operate in automatic, semi-automatic, or manually controlled modes," said the designer.

The Samum is mounted on a 4x4 wheeled chassis that is armed at Level 3-5 GOST (protection against 5.45 mm, 5.56 mm, and 7.62 mm steel core and armor-piercing bullets). The vehicle has retained its conventional cab that has three workseats for the crew. The updated ZU-23/30M1-4 anti-aircraft gun is mounted in the rear. The SPAAG carries an ammunition load of 1,000 armor-piercing, high explosive-fragmentation, and shrapnel rounds. According to the PEMZ, the Samum is 5,000 mm long, 2,750 mm wide and 2,700 mm high and weighs some 6,500 kg. The SPAAG can transport a 1,500-kg payload. The all-terrain vehicle has a wheelbase of 3,100 mm, a wheel track of 2,600 mm, and a ground clearance of 500 mm. The SPAAG is powered by a 200-hp engine, producing a speed of up to 160 km/h and a cruising range of some 1,000 km.

According to Umakhanov, the Samum features high target acquisition and engagement performance. "The system can detect aerial targets at a distance of no less than 8 km. The SPAAG engages an aerial target flying at an altitude of up to 1,500 m and at a distance of up to 2,500 m," said the designer.

The Samum is armed with the ZU-23/30M1-4 anti-aircraft gun that is a deeply upgraded variant of the venerable ZU-23-2 23 mm twin-barrel automatic cannon. "Unlike the baseline weapon, the updated anti-aircraft gun is fitted with a digital fire control system and optical-electronic sensor suite. We have developed two modifications of the gun, namely, an artillery variant [ZU-23/30M1-4] and a modification armed with a twin launcher for the Igla-family surface-to-air missiles," said Umakhanov.

According to the designer, the upgraded ZU-23-2 is in high demand on the global arms market. "In 2011-2016, we delivered more than 200 upgraded ZU-23-2 weapons to a foreign customer. We have a contract, under which we should ship 20 such systems in 2019," said Umakhanov. A source from the PEMZ told TASS that a MENA (the Middle East and North Africa) country had contracted 600 upgraded ZU-23-2s. The PEMZ can produce the weapon at a rate of 100 items per year.

The upgraded ZU-23-2 anti-aircraft gun features very high cost-effectiveness ratio, the designer pointed out. "The modernized weapon can engage new types of targets, such as UAVs, and it fires less expensive 23 mm rounds," said Umakhanov.

He emphasized that the PEMZ had conducted a deep modernization of the baseline gun. "The proportion of new components integrated with the ZU-23/30M1-3/4 reaches 75-78%. The system is being produced at the plant, and subcontractors supply only 5% of the weapon`s components, namely, electronic units," said Umakhanov

© Copyright 2019 TASS / Army Recognition Group SPRL .

bug2 - 3-1-2019 at 01:53 PM

Laos displays Chinese-made Yitian, or Tianlong 6, air defense missile system


The Lao People's Army has begun its extensive modernization through the purchase of a new generation of weapons and equipment originating from many different countries, namely Chinese-made Yitian (Tianlong 6) air defense systems.

Yitian (Tianlong 6) SHORAD missile defense system (picture source: Army Recognition)

In addition to Russian-made weapons such as the Yak-130 trainer and the T-72B "White Eagle" main battle tank, the proportion of Chinese weapons in the Lao Army is also increasing. Since the Lao special forces soldiers marched with carbine QBZ-97B, this changing trend has also been mentioned, followed by "surprise" to reveal CS/SH1 self-propelled self-propelled guns. And most surprisingly, recently in the parade preparation for the 70th day of the army's establishment, the Yitian low-range air defense missile system (Tianlong 6) appeared.

The Yitian anti-aircraft missile complex consists of a combat module mounted on a 6x6 WZ-551 armored vehicle chassis built by NORINCO (China). The system is equipped with 8 Tianlong 6 short-range surface-to-air missiles, which is a modified version of the air-to-air missile TY-90 (Sky Swallow-90) with an effective range of 300-6,000m, high combat operation 4,000 m. The shooting for the TY-90 is a fairly passive, multi-phase array radar placed on the top of the operational module, the armored WZ-551 chassis still retaining a heavy 12.7 mm machine gun for self-defense. The Chinese-made Yitian low-range anti-aircraft missile systems are rated to be more technically superior to the existing Strela-10 in the military service in both range and accuracy of radar. The Lao People's Army will however not eliminate the Strela-10 used in parallel with Yitian. Both systems will be the two vehicles that play the role of protecting the lineup of armored units.

bug2 - 5-1-2019 at 06:48 PM

Laser Weapons Ready as China Creates Cutting-Edge Military Hardware

(Source: China Daily; issued December 28, 2018)

The newest members of China's military arsenal are a host of laser weapons, as the country makes a serious commitment to cutting-edge hardware.

China Aerospace Science and Industry Corp, the nation's largest missile maker, has developed a road-mobile laser defense system called the LW-30, which the company is promoting to international markets.

The LW-30 uses a high-energy laser beam to destroy targets ranging from drones and guided bombs to mortar shells. It features high efficiency, rapid response, a good hit rate and flexibility, according to CASIC.

An LW-30 combat unit is composed of one radar-equipped vehicle for communications and control on the battlefield, at least one laser gun-carrying vehicle and one logistical support vehicle.

The laser gun can be deployed with close-in weapons systems and air-defense missiles to form a defensive network free of blind spots, the company said.

It said that in a typical scenario, the LW-30's radar will scan, detect and track an incoming target before transmitting the information to the laser gun. The gun will analyze the most vulnerable part of the target and then direct a laser beam onto it. Destruction takes place in a matter of seconds.

Fast-moving targets such as guided bombs and mortar shells are difficult to intercept with most types of existing weapons because they are too fast to be caught and usually come in large quantities, said Wu Peixin, an observer of advanced weaponry in Beijing, adding that while advanced air-defense missiles are capable of hitting such targets, it is unreasonable to use an expensive missile to bring down a bomb or shell.

"Therefore, a laser gun is the most suitable weapon to defend against these threats," he said. "Every military power in the world has been striving to develop laser weapons. They have bright prospects in the international arms market."

In addition to CASIC, other State-owned defense conglomerates are ready to take their laser weapon systems to market.

China Shipbuilding Industry Corp, the world's largest shipbuilder, has made another vehicle-mounted laser weapon that integrates detection and control devices and the laser gun in one six-wheeled vehicle. Observers said the system should be fielded to deal with low-flying targets such as small unmanned aircraft.

China South Industries Group, a major manufacturer of ground weapons for the military, is trying to attract buyers for its mine-clearing laser gun, which is carried by a light-duty armored vehicle. Designers said the system is able to dispose of land mines from a distance, avoiding hazards to personnel.


bug2 - 8-1-2019 at 02:29 PM

Russia Screws Up Korea’s Arms Sales to India (excerpt)

(Source: Korea Joongang Daily; published Jan 04, 2019)

By Lee Keun-Pyung

The Russian government is attempting to slam the brakes on Korea’s sale of 3 trillion won (around $2.66 billion) in anti-aircraft arms to India, according to official sources in Seoul.

The Indian military selected a Korean-built anti-aircraft system as a candidate for acquisition last October after a bidding process involving a number of foreign arms makers as part of a recent plan by New Delhi to upgrade its air defenses.

The weapon in question - the K30 Biho - was developed by Korea’s Agency for Defense Development in 2013 as a short range anti-aircraft and anti-missile system. In the bidding process, it beat out an upgraded Tunguska-M1 model built by the Russian state-owned defense company Almaz-Antey and the Pantsir missile system from the Russian KPB Instrument Design Bureau. The K30 Biho was judged the most capable of dual purpose use as an anti-missile and anti-aircraft defense system.

If a final contract is signed for the acquisition of the K30 Biho - paired with the surface-to-air Chiron missile developed by the Korean aerospace manufacturer LIG Nex1 - India plans to deploy the system by 2020 along a point on its border with Pakistan where five brigades are stationed.

The bidding was first officially announced in 2013, and the candidate weapons were evaluated throughout 2015 and tested in 2017. The Korean defense industry was eyeing the Indian market as a chance to move away from domestic sales to exports. The contract involves exporting 104 Biho systems, 97 ammunition carriers, 39 command vehicles, 4,928 missiles and 172,260 rounds of ammunition, bringing the contract’s total value to 2.5 to 3 trillion won. (end of excerpt)

Click here for the full story, on the Korea Joongang Daily website.


bug2 - 15-1-2019 at 02:00 PM

Saab Receives RBS 70 NG Order from the Brazilian Army

(Source: Saab; issued Jan 14, 2019)

Saab has signed a contract with the Brazilian Army for deliveries of RBS 70 NG – the latest generation of the RBS 70 man-portable air defence system.

In addition to the RBS 70 NG system, the order also includes training systems, camouflage systems and other associated equipment. This is the Brazilian Army’s first order of the latest RBS 70 NG version and marks a significant upgrade to their air defence capability. Their existing RBS 70 inventory has been in service with the Brazilian Army since 2014. The system had a big role in 2016 as it was a part of the protection of the 2016 Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

“We welcome the Brazilian Army as our latest customer for the RBS 70 NG. We see their decision to continue to select us as clear proof of their confidence in Saab’s state of the art air defence solution. The RBS 70 NG offers a day/night capability, unjammable laser guidance and an automatic target tracker that ensures the missile hits its target,” says Görgen Johansson, Head of Saab business area Dynamics.

The Saab portfolio of short-range ground-based air defence missile systems includes the RBS 70 and the latest version, RBS 70 NG. The RBS 70 system has an impressive track-record on the market with more than 1,600 launchers and over 17,000 missiles delivered to nineteen countries.

This order was booked during Q4 2018.

Saab serves the global market with world-leading products, services and solutions within military defence and civil security. Saab has operations and employees on all continents around the world. Through innovative, collaborative and pragmatic thinking, Saab develops, adopts and improves new technology to meet customers’ changing needs.


bug2 - 19-1-2019 at 08:41 PM

Saab Signs Support Contract for Land-based Radars with the UK

(Source: Saab; issued Jan 18, 2019)

A Saab Giraffe AMB land-based radar operated by the British Army. (Saab photo)

Saab has signed a contract with the UK Ministry of Defence for support and services related to the land-based Giraffe AMB radar systems. The contract period runs from 2019 to 2024.

The contract includes provisions to supply spares, repairs, maintenance and Field Service Representative (FSR) services as well as design assurance and configuration management. Saab will carry out the work on site at Baker Barracks in Thorney Island, UK and at Saab in Gothenburg, Sweden.

“Top-tier support is an important part of Saab’s offer. Our support offer has in-built flexibility to enable high readiness and availability as well as long-term sustainability. We are proud to assist the British Army with further enhancing their air situational awareness” says Anders Carp, Head of Saab’s business area Surveillance.

Saab’s multi-function Giraffe AMB radars have been in operation with the UK armed forces since 2007, contributing both to force protection through the detection of incoming rockets, artillery shells and mortars and to air situational awareness and air defence on operations and at public events.

The UK’s fleet of land-based Giraffe AMB, the largest in the world, has been upgraded to the latest build standard, with features including Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) Mode 5 and integration with the Link 16 data network. The radars will support the Land Environment Air Picture Provision (LEAPP) as part of the future Sky Sabre system.

Saab serves the global market with world-leading products, services and solutions within military defence and civil security. Saab has operations and employees on all continents around the world. Through innovative, collaborative and pragmatic thinking, Saab develops, adopts and improves new technology to meet customers’ changing needs.


bug2 - 22-1-2019 at 02:20 PM

Finland orders ELM-2311 C-MMR radars from IAI Elta Systems

Yaakov Lappin, Tel Aviv and Nicholas Fiorenza, London - Jane's Defence Weekly

21 January 2019

Finland is ordering ELM-2311 Compact Multi-Mission Radars (C-MMRs) from Israel Aerospace Industries’ (IAI’s) Elta Systems division, Jane’s learned on 21 January.

Finland is procuring ELM-2311 C-MMR radars from IAI’s Elta Systems division. (IAI Elta Systems)

The Finnish Ministry of Defence (MoD) announced on its website on 11 January that Defence Minister Jussi Niinistö had tasked the Defence Forces’ Logistic Command to procure counter-battery radars from IAI Elta Systems. The number of systems was not disclosed, but the ministry said they would also be used for fire observation and air surveillance.

Deliveries are scheduled for 2021, according to the Finnish MoD, which added that the contract would include options for ordering an undisclosed number of additional systems and would cover training and spare parts.

(133 of 173 words)

bug2 - 24-1-2019 at 07:50 PM

704th Test Group Successfully Leads Directed Energy Experimentation Campaign

(Source: US Air Force; issued Jan 22, 2019)

The directed energy system emits an adjustable energy beam that, when aimed at airborne targets such as drones, renders them unable to fly. During tests in October 2018, it shot down small UAVs using high-power microwaves. (US Army photo)

KIRTLAND AFB, N.M. --- After the success of the first range experiment of the Directed Energy Experimentation Campaign at White Sands Missile Range, in October 2018, the 704th Test Group’s Directed Energy Combined Test Force is now planning future experiments in support of the campaign.

The Air Force Strategic Development Planning and Experimentation office at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, tasked the 704th TG Directed Energy Combined Task Force at Kirtland Air Force Base to execute the DE Experimentation Campaign. The task force is an operating unit of Arnold Engineering Development Complex, which is headquartered at Arnold AFB, Tennessee.

The Directed Energy Combined Task Force was developed after the secretary of the Air Force signed the Air Force Directed Energy Weapons Flight Plan, charting a course to transition DE weapons to operational users. Part of the flight plan, headed by the SDPE office, is to execute the DE Experimentation Campaign.

According to John Cao, director of the DE CTF, the objective of the initial DE experiment was to understand capabilities and limitations offered by existing, off-the-shelf high-power microwave and high energy laser systems against group 1 and group 2 unmanned aerial systems.

“The test scenario was air base defense against small unmanned aerial systems,” he said. “Two industry systems, one high power microwave and one high energy laser, were evaluated, with more than 220 vertical-lift and fixed-wing UAS sorties flown as threats.”

To obtain operator feedback, Air Force security force members from Kirtland AFB, Joint Base Andrews, Maryland, and Edwards AFB, California, operated the DE systems.

“Valuable data were collected to address the experiment’s objective,” Cao said. “Now we’re in the planning stages of conducting more DE experiments.”

The DE experiments are meant to provide further understanding on how DE capabilities can be used and progressed.

“The Department of Defense has demonstrated that DE weapons can negate threats,” Cao said. “However, transitioning the DE technology is a different story. We must also understand concept of operations, tactics, techniques and procedures along with the potential implications to doctrine, organization, training, materiel, leadership and education, personnel, facilities and policy. The campaign’s primary goal is to understand these areas.”

Col. Scott Cain, AEDC commander, recently praised the work being done by the DE CTF team.

“The 704th Test Group’s Directed Energy CTF did a phenomenal job representing the Air Force Test Center and demonstrating their leadership in the Directed Energy experimentation at White Sands Missile Range,” he said. “Mr. John Cao, the Directed Energy CTF Director, led a live counter-UAS test demonstration to multiple senior executive service and general officers from across the Air Force, and he gave a great talk on the CTF construct the 704th has built that's the engine behind this experiment.

“John and several others in the 704th, and one member of the 96th were singled out by Mr. Thomas Lockhart, SDPE Director, for their contributions to the experiment. I have received many compliments from the office of the Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition and the Air Force Research Laboratory, among others, on how the 704th is making another experiment happen for the Air Force.”

Brig. Gen. Christopher Azzano, Air Force Test Center commander, said the 704th TG is “synonymous with ‘experimentation.”

The 704th TG has also supported other SDPE experimentation campaigns, such as the Air Force Light Attack Experiment, a series of trials using light aircraft in attack roles.


bug2 - 13-2-2019 at 01:14 PM

South China Sea Countries Boost Air Surveillance

Feb 13, 2019 Marhalim Abas | Aviation Week & Space Technology

Step by step, Southeast Asian countries are improving their air defense surveillance. The Philippines military is finally regaining an ability to monitor the country’s skies with ground radars, while Indonesia is planning more such sensors, and Thailand is updating its equipment. Singapore has deployed an aerostat that should serve as an economical supplement to airborne early warning (AEW) aircraft.

A need to keep an eye on China’s aircraft, as that country seeks to annex the South China Sea, is an obvious motivation behind the programs. But others include plans to set up air defense identification zones (ADIZ) and simply to replace old radars with better ones.

The Philippine Air Force will receive two air defense radars this year, says former chief Lt. Gen. Galileo Gerard Kintanar. They are likely to be the second and third of three Elta ELM-2288s ordered in 2016. The country is especially keen to monitor airspace around its main island, Luzon.

- More ground radars are on the way
- But AEW requirements are unfunded

Delivery of the first ELM-2288 in 2018 ended a quarter century for the Philippines without air defense radar coverage. Until 1992, it could rely on the U.S. for air surveillance, but then the Americans left. From that point until 2018, the Philippines used only civilian air traffic control radars to watch aircraft in and near its airspace.

Since 2013, the Philippines has had a requirement for at least two AEW aircraft. Indonesia initially needs at least six such aircraft, says that country’s armed forces chief, Air Marshal Hadi Tjahjanto. Neither country has provided funds for such equipment, but Saab has offered its Erieye system to both, suggesting it be mounted in converted turboprop airliners.

Thailand has ordered an undisclosed number of Indra Lanza long-range radars. Credit: Indra

Indonesia has ordered a locally developed 2D air-surveillance radar but has ambitions for many more sensors to watch its airspace. The immediate program, apparently including the indigenous sensor, requires five air defense radars and two passive sensors; air force chief Air Marshal Yuyu Sutisna pledged in early 2018 to make the acquisition. Since Sutisna’s other promise, to conclude the contract to buy eight Sukhoi Su-35 fighters, was quickly realized, prospects for funding the new surveillance sensors look good.

Tjahjanto said last year that 32 ground-based air defense radars were needed; this appears to be a longer-term requirement. The country has 20 radar-operating units, he says. Whether each unit has a long-range air defense radar is unclear, but the air force is known to operate at least 10 such radars and an unknown number of passive radio sensors that can locate emitting air and surface targets by triangulation.

Indonesia’s declaration of an ADIZ in March 2018 is a factor. The air force followed up the announcement by saying the ADIZ would imminently be expanded to cover the whole Indonesian archipelago, but this was unlikely to happen before the installation of new air defense radars. The initial ADIZ covers only the most populous Indonesian island, Java.

Singapore began using its 55-m-long (180-ft.) aerostat in November 2016. The unmanned balloon was built by U.S. manufacturer TCOM, and is reportedly fitted with an Elta radar. Floating as high as 600 m, it is tied to a mooring station and built to withstand strong winds and lightning strikes. The government has said the aerostat will watch maritime as well as air targets.

Singapore already had four G550 CAEW air-surveillance aircraft built by Gulfstream and Israel Aerospace Industries, raising the question of why it needed the aerostat. An obvious but unstated reason is that the aerostat can economically provide continuous coverage, though its survivability in wartime must be questioned. Alternatively, it may be imagined as a high-mounted and therefore far-seeing ground radar. From 600-m altitude, the sea-level horizon is 88 km (55 mi.) away, almost double the distance that could be achieved if a radar were emplaced on the highest point in Singapore, Bukit Timah Hill.

Thailand contracted Saab in August 2018 to upgrade an air command-and-control system, which has been operational since 2010 and links two Saab 340 AEWs, a force of Gripen fighters and ground-based radars. In the following month Spanish company Indra said the air force had contracted them to supply an undisclosed number of Lanza 3D long-range radars and another air command-and-control system. Why Thailand needs two such systems is unclear. The Indra contract includes training, spares and a warranty.

The Lanzas will probably replace BAE Systems S-743D Martellos and other radars bought in the 1990s. Thailand also operates at least two Northrop Grumman TPS-78 long-range surveillance radars; the latest was delivered in 2015.

—With Bradley Perrett in Beijing

bug2 - 13-2-2019 at 01:31 PM

Hypermodern Radar Systems Are New Eyes for the Army

(Source: Netherlands Ministry of Defence; issued Feb 11, 2019)

A Thales Nederland Multi Mission Radar (MMR) on a truck during the contract signing ceremony. According to Dutch media reports, the contract is worth between 100 million and 250 million euros. (NL Army photo)

Every second counts during military missions. A radar that detects and tracks enemy actions extremely quickly is therefore of vital importance. And that is exactly what the so-called Multi Mission Radar (MMR) can do. Today the army and Thales signed the contract for the delivery of 9 systems.

The MMR will become the new eyes of the army. The MMR sees and registers everything, from drones and unmanned reconnaissance aircraft to planes, helicopters and missiles. Thanks to its simplicity and high degree of automation, the radar saves a lot of time. This applies to training, installation on vehicles, but also the actual deployment. Within two minutes, the radar is installed and ready for use.

The development of this hypermodern radar was preceded by years of study and testing by specialists of both parties. It is the latest version of the Thales 4D AESA radar family which includes, for example, the Dutch Navy’s SMART-L radar. The MMR has been adapted for use on land.

Versatile and mobile

The MMR can be used for a large number of tasks: artillery support, 3D airspace surveillance and air defense. Also consider other security applications, such as locating weapons. The system can simultaneously detect, track and fully classify a large number of air targets. It can even distinguish individual tracks in a fire salvo. Its size has been limited by applying the most modern technologies, so the MMR is therefore particularly mobile and is easy to transport on a standard truck.

Decisive and future-proof

The Commander of Land Forces, Lieutenant General Leo Beulen, said: "The exact reference of the MMR can be decisive for winning battles at great distances. In addition, it strengthens the army’s air defense capabilities. This is possible because the system can respond to the constantly evolving air threat.

"It is all about so-called 'software-defined systems'. This means that they can be constantly updated on the basis of the latest state of missions, threats and technology. This makes them very future-proof.”


bug2 - 14-2-2019 at 09:17 AM

Netherlands orders Thales MMR

Matteo Natalucci, London - Jane's Defence Weekly

12 February 2019

The Dutch MoD announced on 11 February that it had awarded Thales a contract for the delivery of nine MMRs. Source: Thales

The Dutch Ministry of Defence (MoD) announced on 11 February that it had awarded Thales a contract for the delivery of nine Multi Mission Radars (MMRs). The radars are designed for artillery, air surveillance, air defence, and security applications, according to Thales.

The contract value was not disclosed, but the Dutch government gave a range of EUR100-250 million (USD113-282 million) in its November 2018 Defence Industry Strategy.

The radars will be delivered to the Royal Netherlands Army (RNLA) starting in mid-2021.

The MMR - marketed as the GM200 MM/Compact - is the latest version of the T- and S-band active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar family (like the NS100, NS200, and SM400) developed for ground applications including air surveillance, weapon locating, and counter-battery missions.

The MMR can be transported by truck and is claimed to be deployable within two minutes. The radar is fully automatic, designed to detect, track, and classify a large number of targets including rockets, artillery shells, mortar rounds, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), aircraft, helicopters, and cruise missiles. In the counter-battery role, the MMR is capable of distinguishing the individual tracks in a salvo firing, according to Thales.

Thales said the system is 'future-proof', able "to keep pace with changes in missions and threats".

"Due to its unique true multi-mission capability, the MMR will not only set the conditions for winning battles at long range by accurate target acquisition, the MMR will also enhance the RNLA air-defence capability by addressing the evolving air threat, including rocket, artillery, and mortar and unmanned air systems," said RNLA Commander Lieutenant General L J A Beulen.

This project is part of the 'Nederland Radarland' platform launched in 2002 to ensure the coherency of radar research by the Dutch science and technology community, and alignment and co-ordination of research programmes to achieve maximum synergies.

(326 of 391 words)

bug2 - 19-2-2019 at 08:43 AM


MBDA is promoting the ATLAS-RC/LIC2ORNE combination at IDEX this week. Used in tandem with the MISTRAL short-range air defence missile, the combination offers substantial protection to mobile units, carried on light armoured vehicles while also integrating into the theatre air defence network.

The MISTRAL is an extremely reliable fire-and-forget air defence missile, with a success rate of nearly 95%. Equipped with an infrared imaging seeker and advanced image processing capabilities, the missile offers excellent countermeasures resistance and can engage low thermal-signature targets such as UAS and turbojet-powered missiles at long range, in addition to the usual combat aircraft and helicopter targets.

The ATLAS-RC is an automated turret, carrying two ready-to-fire MISTRALs controlled from within the vehicle. It is equipped with day/night sensors for fire control and tracking.

LIC²ORNE is a command and control (C2) unit, developed from a set of software already proven on MBDA's MISTRAL and VL MICA air defence systems. It can coordinate up to 8 ATLAS-RC systems and connect them to higher-level command systems, including using advanced connections such as Link 16 or satellite links. With its ability to use radar or electro-optic sensors, LIC²ORNE ensures that the ATLAS-RC turret has sufficient early warning to make full use of the MISTRAL’s firing envelope.

Thanks to LIC²ORNE's open architecture, MBDA has been able to build in defences against mini- and micro-UAS in just a few months. These defensive systems can now protect the firing unit against terrorist actions or asymmetric attacks.

“Drawing on the lessons of recent conflicts in Europe or the Middle East, the ATLAS-RC/LIC²ORNE combination is designed to provide a real air defence and engagement capability in the lower layer, while ensuring very high mobility to accompany and protect mobile detachments and front-line units. The deployment of an air defence system as close as possible to ground units is once again becoming a necessity, and a key survivability factor for ground forces,” explained MBDA’s Military Advisor, Land Systems, Francis Bordachar.

ATLAS-RC makes use of the MISTRAL fire-and-forget air defence missile. (Photo: MBDA Systems)

Published: 18 February 2019

bug2 - 19-2-2019 at 02:18 PM

MBDA Packs Fully Integrated Air Defence Capability on Light Armoured Vehicles

(Source: MBDA; issued Feb 17, 2019)

By combining its Mistral fire-and-forget anti-aircraft missile with the Atlas RC/Licorne fire-control system into a single unit, MBDA can provide permanent and autonomous Shorad capabilities to very small and very mobile units. (MBDA photo)

MBDA presents the Atlas-RC/LIC²ORNE combination which, together with the Mistral missile, provides a substantial protection to mobile units, while fully integrated into the theatre air defence network and portable on light armoured vehicles.

The Mistral is an extremely reliable fire-and-forget air defence missile, with a success rate of nearly 95%. Equipped with an infrared imaging seeker and advanced image processing capabilities, the Mistral offers excellent countermeasure resistance and can engage low thermal signature targets such as UAVs and turbojet-powered missiles at long range, in addition to the usual combat aircraft and helicopter targets.

The Atlas-RC is an automated turret, carrying two ready-to-fire Mistrals and controlled from the cabin of the vehicle. It is equipped with day/night sensors for fire control and tracking.

LIC²ORNE is a command and control unit, developed from a set of software components that have already been proven on MBDA's Mistral and VL MICA air defence systems. It can coordinate up to 8 Atlas-RC systems and connect them to higher-level command systems, including via advanced links such as Link 16 or satellite links. With its ability to use radar or electro-optic sensors, LIC²ORNE ensures that the Atlas-RC turret has sufficient early warning to make full use of the Mistral’s firing envelope.

Thanks to LIC²ORNE's open architecture, MBDA has been able, in just a few months, to build in defences against mini and micro UAVs. These defensive systems can now protect the firing unit against terrorist actions or asymmetric commando attacks.

“Drawing on the lessons of recent conflicts in Europe or the Middle East,” says Francis Bordachar, MBDA’s Military Advisor Land Systems, “the Atlas-RC/LIC²ORNE combination is designed to provide a real air defence and engagement capability in the lower layer while ensuring very high mobility to accompany and protect mobile detachments and front-line units. The deployment of an air defence system as close as possible to ground units is once again becoming a necessity, and a key survivability factor for ground forces."


bug2 - 19-2-2019 at 02:57 PM

IDEX 2019: Development of Denel Cheetah C-RAM, C-PGM missile on track

18 FEBRUARY 2019

Making its official debut at the 2016 African Aerospace and Defence (AAD) show in Pretoria, the Denel Cheetah C-RAM/C-PGM missile has already passed a number of important development milestones. The product can be integrated into the Oerlikon Skynex, Skyranger, Skyshield or Skyguard gun-based air defence systems made by Rheinmetall.

Cheetah C-RAM/C-PGM countermissile (Picture source: Army Recognition)

The Cheetah C-RAM/C-PGM missile constitutes an enhanced, highly effective force protection system for countering conventional, unconventional and terrorist attacks, specifically assuring low-cost neutralization of the threat posed by guided aerial bombs, mortars and rockets. The capability will be a major pillar of future full-spectrum air defence solutions such as the “Patriot and Below Concept” unveiled by a team comprising Raytheon, Kongsberg and Rheinmetall at the 2018 Air Defence Systems Group and Full Spectrum Air Defence conference in Switzerland.

In partnership with Rheinmetall Denel Munition, Denel Dynamics and Rheinmetall Air Defence and Radar Systems, the Cheetah missile is currently being developed as a countermissile to be deployed against RAM projectiles – rockets, artillery and mortars – often used by militias and terrorist groups.

These weapons are used in hit-and-run tactics which are difficult to counter and defeat. Moreover, recent conflicts like the one in the Donbas region in eastern Ukraine have shown that force protection against artillery rockets is an urgent priority, and the day when forces will have to fend off aerial guided bombs seems bound to come. Analysts at the three companies see a significant capability gap if the defence against RAM combined with aerial bombs and precision guided munition (PGM) becomes part of the future threat to be managed by ground-based air defence systems. Some countries are already factoring this into their requirements for future air defence systems.

A number of field tests at South African firing ranges have confirmed initial simulations of a new threat-defeating concept which will enable extremely high-precision, highly efficient engagement of incoming threats. High accuracy guidance and control coupled with a specialized warhead allows the missile to destroy hardened RAM and PGM targets.

Cheetah will be integrated into the inner layer of the Patriot and Below Concept, and queued in along with other inner-tier shooters from the overarching command and control system, generating the necessary situational awareness. Automated target assignment algorithms select the best effectors to engage targets in rapid succession. Cheetah will be available in containers of up to 60 missiles and can be integrated into mobile platforms such as trucks or armoured vehicles.

Working in conjunction with other inner-tier effectors such as future high-energy lasers and the famous 35mm Oerlikon guns using Rheinmetall’s proprietary Ahead ammunition technology, Cheetah will form part of a solid, ruggedized system for protecting vital assets, units on the move, and small areas from a full spectrum of symmetric and asymmetric threats at distances of up to 6 kilometres with maximum resistance against saturation. Larger targets such as fixed-wing and rotary aircraft can be engaged at distances of up to 10 km.

Rheinmetall Denel Munition, Denel Dynamics and Rheinmetall Air Defence and Radar Systems are currently finalizing a plan to achieve the technology readiness level TRL 4 with a first set of semi-dynamic warhead tests by the end of 2019, and are in discussion with various potential customers to secure the timeline for the reminder of the development programme.

bug2 - 21-2-2019 at 09:04 AM

IDEX 2019: ALIT displays small MANPADS for UAVs

Jeremy Binnie, Abu Dhabi - Jane's Defence Weekly

20 February 2019

China Aerospace Long-March International (ALIT) displayed what was labelled as the FN-M Multi-role Missile System at the IDEX show held in Abu Dhabi on 17–21 February.

The FN-M was displayed on the first day of IDEX, before its sight became disconnected from the launcher. (IHS Markit/Jeremy Binnie)

An ALIT official said it is primarily designed for shooting down unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), making it a manportable air-defence system (MANPADS).

The launcher has an optical sight for acquiring targets, at which point the missile seeker can be locked on before launch. The seeker uses a CCD camera rather than infrared to make it cheaper, the ALIT official said.

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bug2 - 21-2-2019 at 08:12 PM

Russian SAMs get mobility [IDEX19D5]

21 February 2019

The Russian KBM Joint Stock Company (High Precision Industries Stand 09-C20, Russian Pavilion) is now marketing overseas its latest Gibka-S mobile air defence system. This is based on the Russian Tigr (4x4) light vehicle, which is already used in large numbers by the Russian Army for a variety of battlefield missions.

There are two elements to the Gibka-S: the 9A332 Combat Vehicle for MANPADS Squad and the 9S937 Reconnaissance and Control Vehicle for MANPADS Platoon Commander.

Mounted on the roof of the 9A332 is a retractable mast with four Verba or Igla-S fire-and-forget surface-to-air missiles (SAMs) in the ready-to-launch position. There are an additional four replacement SAMs carried internally for manual reloading or for being deployed in the normal ground air defence role.

The 9A332 has a crew of three consisting of driver and two air defence gunners, so in theory the system could potentially engage three targets at once. One 9S937 can control up to six 9A332 units and this is fitted with a roof-mounted radar scanner that can be lowered into the horizontal position when not required.

According to the KBM JSC, the 9S937 can receive information from a higher chain of command at ranges of up to 8km on the move and up to 17km while stationary.

In a typical target engagement, the 9S937 detects the target and then passes this information onto the best positioned 9A332 to carry out the engagement. Target engagement capability depends on the actual SAM, but Russian sources are claiming the Verba can engage targets operating at an altitude from 10m to 3,500m, and with a maximum engagement range of 6,000m.

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bug2 - 21-2-2019 at 08:33 PM

IDEX 2019: Rheinmetall Air Defence – comprehensive, next-generation air defence solutions

20 FEBRUARY 2019

Successful air defence demands a holistic approach. As Europe’s foremost maker of military systems and equipment, Rheinmetall’s approach involves networking all relevant sensors, effectors and C4I assets into a single, scalable “system of systems”. This creates a highly effective, modular and flexible ground-based air defence system covering the full mission spectrum. Here the Düsseldorf-based high-tech group is cooperating closely with America’s Raytheon.

Oerlikon Revolver Gun Mk3 (Picture source: Army Recognition)

Effective short-range air defence (SHORAD) requires a total system concept. As an experienced SHORAD supplier, Rheinmetall’s approach calls for a mix of automatic cannons and guided missiles, soon to be augmented with high-energy laser weapons as well as directed energy (high-power microwave). At IDEX 2019, Rheinmetall is showcasing its new total system concept.

Forming the basis here is the Oerlikon Skynex, the Rheinmetall Group’s ground-based, fully networked future air defence system. It features open, modular architecture, forging a wide array of sensors and effectors into a highly effective, extensively automated system. Centralized and decentralized operation and command are equally possible, and the system can be configured for either a tactical or an operational role. Highly mobile, Skynex is ready for action in very short order. This makes it ideal for defending sensitive infrastructure and areas from virtually every form of aerial threat, both symmetric and asymmetric – around the clock and in all weather conditions. It instantly detects incoming rockets and artillery and mortar (RAM) rounds and even very small drones, engaging them with scalable intensity.

The core element of Skynex is the Oerlikon Skymaster command and control system, which stays in contact with the other subsystems via a tactical communications network. This means that Rheinmetall can integrate assets such as Skyshield or Skyguard fire units, guided missile launchers or even high-energy laser (HEL) effectors into the system.

At IDEX 2019, Rheinmetall is presenting its innovative Skynex air defence system teamed with the X-TAR3D search radar, the Oerlikon Revolver Gun Mk3, a Cheetah guided missile launcher and a HEL effector.

The Oerlikon Revolver Gun Mk3 is designed first and foremost for short- and very shortrange ground-based air defence. Remotely operated and network-capable, the system can receive and process target data from both 2D and 3D search radars and is equipped with tracking sensors such as an X-band tracking radar as well as electro-optical sensors and electronic warfare components. This assures fast, autonomous processing of externally assigned target data and enables swift, autonomous engagement of such targets.

Furthermore, the integrated search sensor technology gives the gun system an autonomous sector-monitoring and target engagement capability. The tried-and-tested cal. 35 mm x 228 revolver gun delivers massive firepower and excellent precision. Teamed with Rheinmetall’s proprietary Ahead airburst ammunition, the Oerlikon Revolver Gun Mk3 is extremely effective
against low altitude aerial targets of virtually every type. It can neutralize incoming rockets as well as mortar rounds – but also unmanned aerial systems, including the low, slow and small (LSS) kind, e.g. quadrocopter drones and it is also highly effective against low-flying aircraft. It can be deployed in a multitude of ways. At IDEX 2019, visitors can see it mounted on a high-mobility HX77 hook lift truck.

Owing to its innovative warhead, the Cheetah short-range guided missile is capable of countering RAM and LSS threats even at very short distances – as well as a wide variety of other aerial targets. The Cheetah is fired from a multiple launcher with a capacity of sixty guided missiles. Controlled from the system, several guided missiles can be launched at the same time, enabling simultaneous engagement of multiple targets at ranges of up to six kilometres.

Rheinmetall’s HEL effector is a scalable, high-precision, silent weapon system, with a virtually inexhaustible supply of ammunition.

Electronic warfare components and other sensors (for example against LSS targets) can also bolster the system’s performance. Moreover, the Oerlikon Skynex can be connected via interfaces to higher echelon command levels or other air defence systems.

bug2 - 26-2-2019 at 10:49 AM

IDEX 2019: Chinese company Poly Defence displays Silent Hunter laser defense system

25 FEBRUARY 2019

A major “attraction” of IDEX 2019 was the Chinese Silent Hunter, a laser defense system mounted on a 6x6 truck. It is basically an anti-drone laser weapon developed in China by Poly Technologies. It is an improved version of the 30 kilowatt Low-Altitude Laser Defending System (LASS) and is available in both fixed and mobile versions.

Poly Defence "Silent Hunter" (Picture source: Army Recognition)

The Silent Hunter uses an electrically powered fiber optic laser. At IDEX 2019, three ranges were indicated on a screen: 200 to 2,000 meters at 10 kw, 200 to 3,000 meters at 20 kw, and 200 to 4,000 meters at 30 kw. The detection/capture range of a target is 4 km.

Although it is primarily designed to search, track, and destroy low-flying drones at speeds not exceeding 60 m/s at 200 meters, it is powerful enough to "ablate" or penetrate five 2 millimeter steel plates at a range of 800 meters or a single 5 millimeter steel plate at 1000 meters. The sheer bulk of the Silent Hunter prevents its use on an aerial platform.

A Poly official claimed that the Silent Hunter was used to safe guard the September 2016 G-20 Summit in Hangzhou, China, but this laser weapon was first unveiled at IDEX 2017. It was again showcased at the International Exhibition of Weapons Systems and Military Equipment (KADEX) in Kazakhstan in 2018. So, IDEX 2019 seems to be its third public appearance.

Closeup on the laser head of the Poly Defence "Silent Hunter" (Picture source: Army Recognition)

bug2 - 27-2-2019 at 09:46 PM

IGG, Valhalla Turrets team to develop 57 mm Desert Spider

Christopher F Foss, London - Jane's International Defence Review

26 February 2019

The 57 mm Desert Spider shown as it would be deployed to protect HVTs. Source: Valhalla Turrets

The United Arab Emirates' International Golden Group (IGG) teamed with Slovenia's Valhalla Turrets to develop a 57 mm Desert Spider remote-controlled weapon system (RCWS).

Now in a prototype stage, the system was designed to protect high-value targets (HVTs) such as conventional and nuclear power stations, oil fields, or forward operating bases.

According to a spokesperson, "We are currently at Technology Readiness Level 6 [TRL 6] but working to achieve TRL 8 in the future and with funding permitting." The five-tonne Desert Spider is mounted on four extendable arms that can be adjusted to suit the terrain.

Its main armament comprises the 57 mm L/76.6 rifled weapon from Russia's S-60 towed anti-aircraft gun (AAG) that is fitted with a pepper pot muzzle brake and mounts the Russian 14.5 mm KPV heavy machine gun (HMG) co-axially. Heavier targets would be engaged using with the 57 mm gun, and lighter protected targets or dismounted infantry with the 14.5 mm HMG. The standard Russian S-60 57 mm AAG is fed with clips of four rounds of ammunition from the left side, with the empty cartridge cases ejected to the right.

For the Desert Spider application, a chain-driven mechanical ammunition handling system was developed. It holds 92 rounds of 57×348 mm ready-use ammunition. The weapon's maximum range is being quoted as 6,000 m, and its maximum cyclic rate of fire is 120 rds/min.

Types of 57 mm ammunition that could be fired include the BR-281 series of armour piercing high-explosive - tracer (APHE-T) with a muzzle velocity of 1,000 m/s, which could penetrate 96 mm of steel armour at a range of 1,000 m.

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ADMK2 - 27-2-2019 at 11:53 PM

Why do I picture this being deployed to the Hoth system? Preparing against a surface attack?


ARH - 28-2-2019 at 02:03 AM


bug2 - 28-2-2019 at 06:15 PM

Twin Success for Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile

(Source: India Ministry of Defence; issued Feb 26, 2019)

India has conducted a second, double trial of the Quick-Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile (QRSAM) firing two missiles different target altitudes and speeds. (DRDO photo)

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully test fired indigenously developed Quick Reach Surface-to-Air missiles (QRSAM) from ITR Chandipur, off the Odisha Coast today.

The two missiles were tested for different altitude and conditions. The test flights successfully demonstrated the robust Control, Aerodynamics, Propulsion, Structural performance and high manoeuvering capabilities thus proving the design configuration.

Radars, electro optical systems, telemetry and other stations have tracked the Missiles and monitored through the entire flights. All the mission objectives have been met.

Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman congratulated DRDO on the successful test flights and said the indigenously developed state-of-the-art QRSAM will significantly boost the defence capabilities of our armed forces.


bug2 - 2-3-2019 at 05:51 PM


This could provide an effective CRAM system to suit our needs.........NOT sure if the hot weather/sunlight conditions prevalent in Australia and surrounding regions affect the Laser or not?

Rheinmetall continues to make headway in the laser weapons domain and has recently completed a successful series of comprehensive trials with a new weapon station, the company announced on 28 February. The test combined the weapon station with a beam director and high-performance Rheinmetall lasers.

Capable of mounting a laser in the 100 kW output power range, the weapon station demonstrated its speed and precision in tests conducted in December 2018. During the tests, conducted in Switzerland at the company’s Ochsenboden test centre near Zürich, drones and mortar rounds were successfully engaged at operationally relevant ranges.

The laser weapon station is the latest stage in – and the logical continuation of – the process in which Rheinmetall has transformed laser weapon technology into a fully functional weapon system. It consists of four main components: the laser source, a beam director with the telescope and a tracker. It is also designed to be combined with a soon-to-be-available 20 kW laser source, also developed by Rheinmetall.

The mobile weapon station mechanically aims the laser toward the target. Now that a weapon station specifically designed to meet the requirements of a laser weapon station has been successfully tested, Rheinmetall has all the principal assemblies for a future laser weapon system at its own disposal.

Equally suitable for ground, air and naval operations, these assemblies are modular and scalable in design and can be deployed, regardless of the threat situation, on military platforms of all types.

Among the laser weapon station’s performance parameters are its extremely accurate mechanical aiming function, coupled with an unlimited, 360° traversing zone and an elevation range in excess of 270°. The system architecture (EN DIN 61508) is closely oriented to the MANTIS air defence system now in service with the Bundeswehr, and thus also offers interfaces for connecting it to higher-echelon air defence systems.

The compact laser weapon station could be integrated with a wide range of existing and future platforms. (Photo: Rheinmetall)

Published: 28 February 2019

bug2 - 3-3-2019 at 02:27 PM

Rheinmetall Tests a Weapon Station for Laser Weapons

By News Desk -Mar 1, 2019439

A new laser weapon station developed by Rheinmetall conducted successful trials in Switzerland in December 2019, demonstrating the the speed and precision of the weapon system assembly along with laser operation, along with laser operation the laser system's capability to engage mortar rounds and unmanned vehicles. Photo: Rheinmetall

Rheinmetall has tested a new laser weapon station that can carry laser weapons up to 100 kW power level and be integrated on combat vehicles. In recent tests, the system successfully engaged drones and mortar rounds at operationally relevant ranges. Suitable for ground, air, and naval operations, the assemblies are modular and scalable in design, to meet different applications.

The laser weapon station consists of four main components: the laser source, beam director with the telescope, and coarse tracker (weapon station). The system employed a beam director that has already been tested by Rheinmetall with other high-performance lasers. According to the company, it will get a new 20 kW laser source made by Rheinmetall.

In December 2018 the company conducted successful trials of the new system in which the system demonstrated the laser operation, along with the speed and precision of the weapon system assembly. The tests were conducted at the company’s Ochsenboden test center near Zürich, Switzerland.

The new laser weapon system is seen here during tests at the company’s Ochsenboden test center near Zürich, Switzerland. Photo: Rheinmetall

The mobile weapon station performs the task of mechanically aiming the laser toward the target. What differentiates this system from other weapon stations are an extremely accurate mechanical aiming function, unlimited 360° traversing zone and an elevation range in excess of 270°. According to Rheinmetall, with a weapon station that meets laser weapon performance capability in hand, the company has all of the principal assemblies for a future laser weapon system at its own disposal.

The system architecture (EN DIN 61508) is closely oriented to the MANTIS counter-rocket, artillery, and missile (C-RAM) air defense system now in service with the Bundeswehr, and thus also offers interfaces for connecting it to higher-echelon air defense systems.

Rheinmetall is developing several short and very short air defense solutions based on canons and missiles, that such a laser weapon could augment. The company also collaborates with Raytheon to enhance the Patriot air defense system with these short-range gap fillers and mobile air defenses.

The weapon station can be mounted on combat vehicles such as this Boxer chassis, augmenting mobile, very short-range air defense systems with the laser’s ‘unlimited magazine’ advantage. Image: Rheinmetall

bug2 - 3-3-2019 at 02:28 PM

Rheinmetall Tests a Weapon Station for Laser Weapons

By News Desk -Mar 1, 2019439

A new laser weapon station developed by Rheinmetall conducted successful trials in Switzerland in December 2019, demonstrating the the speed and precision of the weapon system assembly along with laser operation, along with laser operation the laser system's capability to engage mortar rounds and unmanned vehicles. Photo: Rheinmetall

Rheinmetall has tested a new laser weapon station that can carry laser weapons up to 100 kW power level and be integrated on combat vehicles. In recent tests, the system successfully engaged drones and mortar rounds at operationally relevant ranges. Suitable for ground, air, and naval operations, the assemblies are modular and scalable in design, to meet different applications.

The laser weapon station consists of four main components: the laser source, beam director with the telescope, and coarse tracker (weapon station). The system employed a beam director that has already been tested by Rheinmetall with other high-performance lasers. According to the company, it will get a new 20 kW laser source made by Rheinmetall.

In December 2018 the company conducted successful trials of the new system in which the system demonstrated the laser operation, along with the speed and precision of the weapon system assembly. The tests were conducted at the company’s Ochsenboden test center near Zürich, Switzerland.

The new laser weapon system is seen here during tests at the company’s Ochsenboden test center near Zürich, Switzerland. Photo: Rheinmetall

The mobile weapon station performs the task of mechanically aiming the laser toward the target. What differentiates this system from other weapon stations are an extremely accurate mechanical aiming function, unlimited 360° traversing zone and an elevation range in excess of 270°. According to Rheinmetall, with a weapon station that meets laser weapon performance capability in hand, the company has all of the principal assemblies for a future laser weapon system at its own disposal.

The system architecture (EN DIN 61508) is closely oriented to the MANTIS counter-rocket, artillery, and missile (C-RAM) air defense system now in service with the Bundeswehr, and thus also offers interfaces for connecting it to higher-echelon air defense systems.

Rheinmetall is developing several short and very short air defense solutions based on canons and missiles, that such a laser weapon could augment. The company also collaborates with Raytheon to enhance the Patriot air defense system with these short-range gap fillers and mobile air defenses.

The weapon station can be mounted on combat vehicles such as this Boxer chassis, augmenting mobile, very short-range air defense systems with the laser’s ‘unlimited magazine’ advantage. Image: Rheinmetall

bug2 - 9-3-2019 at 03:47 PM

MOD Will Enter into Negotiations with France, Israel and USA on Procurement of 3D Radar Systems

(Source: Slovakian Ministry of Defence; issued March 05, 2019)

Among the ten countries which responded to its RFGP, Slovakia has short-listed France, Israel and the US for further negotiations to provide 17 three-D radars; a final decision is planned by the end of June. (SVK MoD photo)

The SVK MOD has completed the evaluation phase of the submitted official proposals in response to the SVK radar systems replacement Request for Government Proposals (RGP).

Under the modernization programme, the MOD seeks to procure a total of 17 3D RL radars – medium (6), short (5), and very short range (6) – so far as consistent with the 2030 Long-Term Defence Development Plan, endorsed by the SVK Government in 2017.

Based on the RGPs, the MOD received offers from 10 countries: France, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States of America.

A project team, consisting of subject matter specialists from the SVK Ministry of Defence, the SVK General Staff, and the SVK Air Force with responsibility for frequency bands, operation of radar systems, surface-based air defence (SBAD), logistics, legislation, procurement, and finance, have evaluated all aspects of the submitted offers in terms of technical and operational specifications, price offers, delivery schedules, NATO interoperability, training, logistics, and the SVK defence industry’s role in the modernization programme.

Of the submitted offers, the G2G proposals from the Governments of the French Republic, the State of Israel, and the United States of America have been evaluated as the most advantageous solutions.

As part of the next phase of the procedure, the SVK MOD will enter into bilateral negotiations with representatives of the countries on the 3D radar systems replacement shortlist. At the same time, consultations will be held with respective NATO agencies on the integration of the 3D radars into Alliance systems, as well as with the Value of Money Unit, of the SVK Ministry of Finance, to make sure that financial resources are invested to the best effect.

As a result of the SVK Government’s decision of July 2018, a Draft Government-to-Government Agreement for Implementation of “Slovak Air Force (Medium, Short, and Very Short Range) Radar Systems Replacement”, detailing precise technical specifications of individual radar systems based on the requirements of the SVK Armed Forces, a delivery schedule, and a feasibility study compatible with the objects and purposes of the Public Investment Project Evaluation Framework, will be presented to the SVK Government no later than 30 June 2019.


bug2 - 12-3-2019 at 10:15 PM

Russian MoD reinforces VSHORAD

Dmitry Fediushko, Moscow - Jane's Defence Weekly

12 March 2019

The Russian MoD announced on 8 March 2019 that state trials of the Derivatsiya-PVO 57 mm SPAAG system are set to be completed in November. Source: UVZ

The Russian Ministry of Defence (MoD) has said that it is reinforcing its land forces' very short-range air defence (VSHORAD).

"State trials of the Derivatsiya-PVO 57 mm self-propelled anti-aircraft gun [SPAAG] system are set to be completed this November," the MoD announced on 8 March, adding that the SPAAG's ammunition consisted of five types of rounds, including air-burst multipurpose. "The system is designed to engage aircraft, drones, high-precision weapons, and single rockets of multiple rocket launch systems."

In 2019, the MoD will also test the Gibka-S VSHORAD system developed by Rostec's High-Precision Weapons' KBM design bureau. "The Gibka-S vehicle that can fire all Russian-made man-portable surface-to-air missiles [SAMs] will enter state trials in early summer. The Gibka-S is integrated with the YeSU TZ combat-management system, while its command and control vehicle carries a compact radar and automation unit," the MoD said on 9 March.

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bug2 - 16-3-2019 at 02:02 PM

Saab to Deliver RBS 70 Mk II Missiles to the Czech Army

(Source: Saab; issued March 14, 2019)

Saab has received an order to deliver the Mk II missile for RBS 70 to the Army of the Czech Republic. The deliveries will take place in 2019.

The order was placed by the NATO Support and Procurement Agency (NSPA), responsible for acquisitions for NATO members. The Czech Republic is a user of the RBS 70 as well as the new RBS 70 NG system, both systems are compatible with the Mk II missile.

“Through the order from NSPA, we see NATO’s continued interest in our missile systems. The Mk II missile is a capable missile with an altitude coverage of 4 km and a range of 7 km,” says Görgen Johansson, head of Saab business area Dynamics.

The Saab portfolio of short-range ground-based air defence missile systems includes the RBS 70 and the latest version, RBS 70 NG. The RBS 70 system has an impressive track-record on the market with more than 1,600 launchers and over 18,000 missiles delivered to nineteen countries.

Saab serves the global market with world-leading products, services and solutions within military defence and civil security. Saab has operations and employees on all continents around the world. Through innovative, collaborative and pragmatic thinking, Saab develops, adopts and improves new technology to meet customers’ changing needs.


bug2 - 21-3-2019 at 01:26 PM

Thales boosts new Ground Master 200 MMA and MMC multimission radars


The complexity of battlefield environments is evolving, as is the threat-scape armed forces must face during air surveillance and weapons coordination operations. Modern combat includes smaller and more agile targets, low flying threats that can quickly change speeds to evade radar detection and tracking. In this ecosystem, timeliness and quality of information are crucial, which is why Thales has developed a new radar in the 4D AESA family, the Ground Master 200 Multi-Mission.

GM 200 MMC radar on Scania 6x6 chassis (Picture source: Thales)

The Ground Master 200 establishes tracks faster and keeps them locked for longer, thus maximizing time on target. This gives units the time to evaluate the threat and take appropriate action. Because it makes full use of Thales's digital technology capabilities, it also manages to acquire smaller and slower targets.

At the core of Ground Master 200 is the technological legacy of the entire 4D AESA family products (NS100/200, Ground Master 200 Multi-Mission, SM400, SMART-L MM, Sea Fire and Ground Fire), the fruit of years of user experiences in operations by over 20 armed forces. It includes Thales' scalable and upgradable antenna architecture and software-defined radar technology that offers upgrade capacity over the whole life cycle. It also features "dual-axis multi-beam", which gives unrestricted steering flexibility in elevation and bearing.

The system will be offered in two versions, an "all in one" for air surveillance and ground-based air defense up to medium range, and a "compact" version scalable to specific missions like artillery Counter Battery and Weapon Locating (2nd note). Both versions are very user-friendly, highly automated, and easy to transport. Both are also in an advanced stage of development with first serial unit deliveries expected in 2021. Notice that the Royal Netherlands Army / Defence Materiel Organisation (DMO) has signed the first contract for 9 Ground Master 200 Multi-Mission "compact", under the project 'Counter-Rocket Artillery Mortar and Class 1-UAV detection capacity'.


(*) The "all in one" version, abbreviated GM200 MM/A, is mainly targeting Air Surveillance as well as Ground Based Air Defense operations up to entry-level Medium Range Air Defense (MRAD). It maintains the well-known Ground Master 200 integrated C2 shelter including the radar mast to gain elevation for low-level air surveillance and 2 operators on board.

The "compact" version, abbreviated GM200 MM/C, is a pallet version offering higher tactical mobility and quicker deployment as required by some specific missions like artillery Counter Battery and Weapon Locating. It also suits well Air Defense missions at very short or short range (VSHORAD/SHORAD) like its brother version, the Ground Master 200 Multi-Mission "all in one".

Thales introduces new Ground Master 200 multimission radar GM 200 MMA radar on Renault Kerax 8x8 chassis (Picture source: Thales)

bug2 - 21-3-2019 at 07:26 PM

Turkey carries out vertical test fire of Hisar-A SAM

Kerry Herschelman, Washington, DC - Jane's Defence Weekly

20 March 2019

Turkey has successfully vertically test fired missiles for the locally developed short-range Hisar-A surface-to-air missile (SAM) system, the Presidency of the Turkish Defence Industries (SSB) announced on 20 March.

"Hisar-A, during its first vertical firing test from a missile launching system, scored a 100% success against a target aircraft flying fast at a high altitude. We plan to deliver Hisar-A in 2021 and [the medium-range] Hisar-O in 2022 to the Turkish Land Forces Command," the SSB said in a tweet.

Developed by Aselsan and Roketsan, the Hisar-A system will be carried by an ACV-30 tracked armoured vehicle and will have a range of 15 km.

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bug2 - 28-3-2019 at 09:31 AM

China working on terahertz radar prototypes

Andrew Tate, London - Jane's Defence Weekly

27 March 2019

Several prototype terahertz radars have recently been built and tested by Chinas research and development institutes, according to a report published by the state-owned Global Times newspaper on 18 March.

The report described the radars as anti-stealth radars, highlighting that one of the attributes of radars operating in the 300 GHz 3 THz band is their ability to penetrate many materials to reveal objects under the surface.

This applies to the skin of stealth aircraft, resulting in return signals reflected from the aircraft structure that negate its stealthy properties. However, the report acknowledged that the atmospheric absorption of signals at these frequencies results in very short detection ranges that are insufficient to detect hostile stealth aircraft before they are in striking range.

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bug2 - 30-3-2019 at 08:47 PM

LAAD Evolves to Counter Modern Threats

(Source: US Marine Corps; issued March 28,2019)

UNDISCLOSED LOCATION --- 2nd Low Altitude Air Defense Counter Unmanned Aerial Systems Detachment, attached to Special Purpose Marine Air Ground Task Force Crisis Response Central Command, tested a new Counter Unmanned Aerial System during a live-fire range using the Marine Air Defense Integrated System in Camp Buehring, Kuwait.

In early 2013, commercial off the shelf drones started appearing in United Sates Central Commands area of operations. At that time, commercial drones had a flight time of fifteen minutes; negating a substantial threat.

It was not until a drone was shot down in 2015, that the U.S. discovered enemy combatants were utilizing drones to conduct intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance against U.S. forces.

Every year, a new generation of drones hits the shelves boasting longer ranges, better cameras, and intricate features that can be modified, exploited and weaponized. Combatants have even gone as far as modifying consumer drones capable of carrying and dropping homemade ordnance to military grade payloads at specific locations.

The Department of Defense defines CUAS as a system that can detect, track, identify, and defeat an Unmanned Aerial System. This CUAS increment of the MADIS is driving the deployment of future MADIS increments, which enhance LAADs current capability to counter manned aviation.

The MADIS is the first CUAS with systems in place capable of all four objectives. This is an improvement upon previous CUAS systems such as the Drone Defender and Drone Buster; both hand-held, point-directional CUAS systems which rely heavily on the Marine operators. The MADIS was developed specifically to combat the weaponized commercial drone development. It is equipped with state-of-the-art sensors, optics to track and monitor targets at extensive ranges, and kinetic capabilities to physically disable a UAS on approach.

This is the first time that fleet marines are going to be utilizing the MADIS to go through the full kill-chain from detection to destruction with kinetic and non-kinetic means in a forward location. said Capt. Traver Mayfield, the 2nd LAAD CUAS Detachment officer in charge.

The MADIS drastically increases the range we can detect a UAS, said Gunnery Sgt. Jermaine Vereen, 2nd LAAD CUAS Detachment staff non-commissioned officer in charge. We can engage hostile drones even before they enter the forward operating base instead of waiting for them to come to us.

Marines with the 2nd LAAD CUAS Battalion provide close-in, low-altitude, surface-to-air weapons fire in defense of forward combat areas in the Central Command area of operations. LAAD is confident and ready to combat the makeshift air force.

Our basis is in fighting conventional aircraft, but we arent fighting a conventional enemy, said Sgt. Brandon Stuart, a gunner with 2nd LAAD CUAS Detachment. This is literally in our job title; the skills we learn within our military operational specialty translates flawlessly to this.

2nd LAADs update from conventional aircraft defense to more non-conventional aerial threats put more Marines in the fight and enhances regional theater security.

We havent fought conventional aircraft in quite some time, it makes sense and it makes us more relevant, said Vereen. It really puts us to good use. The enemy is evolving, its only natural that we do too.


bug2 - 9-4-2019 at 07:45 PM

Russia tested latest Pantsir-SM air defense system


The Russian army tested the latest Pantsir-SM antiaircraft missile-guns system at Ashuluk range, in Astrakhan region, last March, Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Aerospace Forces Yuri Grekhov said. "Pantsir-SM displayed its effectiveness against super small targets of quadcopter type," he told Echo Moskvy radio station, adding a device was also tested to divert or land a drone.

Pantsir-SM on KamAZ K-53958 88 chassis (Picture source: Russian TV)

The Pantsir-SM is to replace the Pantsir-S1 but remains compatible with it. The Pantsir-SM is superior to the Pantsir-S1 by 1.5-2 times. It incorporates a multi-functional targeting radar station, increasing target detection range from 40 to 75 km and engagement range from 20 to 40 km, thus twice more efficient than the current Pantsir-S1. The weapon station is fitted on a new KamAZ K-53958 88 chassis with armored cab.

First drawing released in 2017 to illustrate the Pantsir-SM

Pantsir-SM spotted for the first time at Army-2017 (Picture source: Vitaly Kuzmin)

bug2 - 12-4-2019 at 06:47 PM

Raising awareness: Giraffe 4A multirole radar keeps watch for ground-based air defence

Richard Scott, London - Jane's International Defence Review

12 April 2019

Key Points

- Giraffe 4A is a new medium-to-long-range radar based on gallium nitride AESA technology
- Saab announced an initial order from Sweden's Defence Material Administration for an undisclosed number of truck-mounted Giraffe 4A radar systems in 2018

Saab's Radar Solutions business unit is completing the build and integration of the first production-standard Giraffe 4A S-band 3D active electronically scanned array (AESA) multifunction surveillance radar for the Swedish Armed Forces (Frsvarsmakten).

Introduced to market in 2014, and building on technology already used in Saab's Arthur weapon locating radar and Giraffe AMB medium-range surveillance radar product families, Giraffe 4A introduces an all-new medium-to-long range sensor based on gallium nitride (GaN) AESA technology.

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bug2 - 22-4-2019 at 12:27 PM

New 35mm anti-aircraft weapon system Seraj Sadegh 10 unveiled by Iranian army


New Iranian-made 35mm anti-aircraft air defense system "Seraj Sadegh 10" showed for the first time to the public during the military parade for National Army Day that was held on April 18, 2019. According to our first analysis, this new air defense system seems to use the Swiss Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon mounted on a new 6x6 truck chassis.

Seraj Sadegh 10, new Iranian-made 35mm anti-aircraft at a military parade in Iran, April 18, 2019. (Picture source RT Ruptly PrintScreen)

Since many years, Iran has developed many new air defense systems using local-made weapons. According to a video released on YouTube, in November 2018, this new anti-aircraft system is dubbed "Seraj Sadegh 10" and was already tested by the Iranian armed forces.

The new Iranian-made anti-aircraft mobile weapon system is based on a new 6x6 military truck vehicle with the crew cabin at the front, a command and control cabin in the middle and the weapon system at the rear of the chassis.

The crew from inside of the command and control cabin can detect and tracks targets with the radar and while developing a local air picture, evaluates threats and assigns targets to the weapon system.

The Seraj Sadegh 10 anti-aircraft weapon system consists of an Iranian version of the Swiss Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon which is also used for the anti-aircraft towed gun Samavat and the Seraj, an enhanced version of the Samavat equipped with radar and a new optical target acquisition system, designed to destroy a wide range of aerial targets in particularly drones and other small flying threats.

The 35mm Oerlikon is a short-range air defense system which has a maximum range of 4 km and can fire at a rate of 1,100 rounds per minute. It can hit cruise missiles automatically and UAVs at low altitudes.

Mupp - 23-4-2019 at 03:47 AM

Did they just use an airport tug truck as the basis for that?

bug2 - 23-4-2019 at 10:41 AM

Looks like, another house brick as far as cross-country ability is concerned.

bug2 - 24-4-2019 at 08:16 PM

Thales signs strategic MOU with PT Len for Indonesian radar development


With over 17,000 islands and a territory stretching across 1.9 million square kilometers, ensuring air sovereignty is a strategic priority for Indonesia. Over the last 35 years, Thales has been supporting the ambitions of the Indonesian Air Force (TNI-AU) through the supply of air defense radars and air operation centers throughout the country.

At IndoDefense 2018 in Jakarta, Thales was displaying its offer for ground radar stations adapted to Indonesia's geography (Picture source: Army Recognition)

Thales is now reinforcing its support to TNI-AU with a memorandum of understanding signed with PT Len in the area of radar development, a key pillar and one of the "seven strategic industries" to be developed in Indonesia as outlined by the Ministry of Defense.

Indonesia's radar strategic project is designed to enhance, expand and strengthen national radar coverage across the country's extensive land and sea territory. Through this MoU, Thales will be providing maintenance to its existing fleet of air defense radars currently in operation with the Air Force, as well as support PT Len in training and transfer-of-technology, to build up local expertise in radar management and maintenance. Thanks to Thales' expertise in high-technology, PT Len will be able to help Indonesian operators make the best decisions when life is at stake.

The MoU further extends Thales and PT Len's years of collaboration in the defense sector, which includes earlier MoUs signed for research and transfer-of-technology in naval combat management systems. Outside of the defense sector, Thales and PT Len are also collaborating on delivering advanced signaling systems for railway projects in Indonesia and the export market, through a separate MoU signed in 2018. "Thales aligns with Indonesia's ambitions to upgrade its military capabilities while building local capabilities in R&D, system maintenance and manufacturing. We are deeply involved in the strategic defense industries in Indonesia, and this MoU enables us to support PT Len, Indonesia's leading defense electronics partner, in their goal of becoming the country's foremost experts in radars and air defense technologies," Erik-Jan Raatgerink, Country Director, Thales in Indonesia.

bug2 - 1-5-2019 at 09:06 AM

UK orders new deployable air defence radar

Richard Scott, London - Jane's Defence Weekly

30 April 2019

The UK Royal Air Force (RAF) will receive a new deployable long-range air-defence radar system from Spanish systems and sensors house Indra, the UK Ministry of Defence announced in its Military Contracts Bulletin on 24 April.

The company, which was awarded a GBP13.16 million (USD17 million) contract by the Air Defence and Electronic Warfare Systems team in Defence Equipment and Support (DE&S) in February, is supplying a single example of its LANZA D-band 3D long-range radar system. Delivery is scheduled by the end of December.

Key user requirements specified by DE&S included worldwide operation; self-sustainment; the capability to detect and track co-operative and non-co-operative targets; interoperability with UK or air command-and-control systems to enable compilation of the recognised air picture; the provision of assured air traffic radar services; and resilience against certain atmospheric conditions affecting radar performance and complex clutter, including effects associated with wind turbines.

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bug2 - 3-5-2019 at 09:15 AM

Argentinas INVAP develops new radars

Santiago Rivas, Buenos Aires - Jane's Defence Weekly

02 May 2019

INVAPs RMF-200V is a tactical air-defence radar designed to be mounted on a light vehicle. Source: INVAP

Argentine company INVAP is developing two new families of radars for which it expects to have prototypes tested before the end of 2020.

The first of these is the RVT series of three portable radars for land and coastal surveillance, which have been designed for use mainly by infantry units but also other security forces and government agencies.

The three models offer ranges of 30, 50, and 80 km, according to the size of their antenna and transmitting power. Employing digital beamforming and multibeam technology, they are said to provide persistent surveillance to instantaneously detect and track very small and slow-moving targets with extremely low false alarm rates.

In Argentina they are expected to be used by infantry units and also to detect smugglers and drug traffickers along the country's northern border.

The radars will be available in portable and fixed-installation versions and will offer a 90 field-of-view in fixed mode or full azimuthal coverage using a single unit when mechanically scanned. Their weight ranges from 15 to 45 kg and the first prototype is expected to be ready this year, with production to start in 2020.

INVAP's other project is the RMF-200V: a tactical air-defence radar designed to be mounted on a light vehicle of which a prototype is expected to be ready in 2020. The system is a short-range (up to 100 km) active electronically scanned-array (AESA), 3D multirole radar with a compact design that weighs less than 250 kg. It will cover more than 70 in elevation and have a scan rate of less than a second, providing continuous tracking of targets, including slow-moving ones.

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bug2 - 11-5-2019 at 05:05 PM

Hanwha K-30 Biho mobile air defense system for Indian Army

POSTED ON FRIDAY, 10 MAY 2019 12:46

India has finally selected the South Korean-made Hanwha K-30 Biho, designed mainly to protect forward maneuver units. Further official confirmation properly documented is expected.

Hanwha K-30 Biho (Picture source: Army Recognition)

Hanwha's K-30 Biho (Flying Tiger) twin 30mm short range, mobile self-propelled anti-aircraft system, manufactured by Hanwha, has been selected by the Indian Army following a competition that included Russias Tunguska-M1 which has a range of up to 10 kilometers, and the Pantsir-S1 Greyhound.

The weapon was developed to meet the operational requirements of the Republic of Korea Armed Forces for a highly mobile short-range air defense system suited to the operational and terrain conditions of the Korean peninsula. It combines an electro-optically guided 30 mm gun system with a surveillance radar system on a K200 chassis. It supplements the K263A1 Chungung, a self-propelled 20 mm Vulcan system. The K30 is primarily built by Hanwha Defense Systems.

The K-30 Biho, in addition to its 30mm auto-cannon, has LIG NX1 Chiron missiles, a TPS-830K search and tracking radar, and advanced electro-optical sights fire control. The expected quantities are 104 K-30 Biho systems, plus 97 ammunition carriers, 39 command vehicles and ammunition with a value of KRW 3 trillion $2.6 billion (KRW 3 trillion). This is the first export sale of the system by Korea. Biho also participated in US Army firing demonstrations held in 2017.

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