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[*] posted on 12-5-2017 at 09:42 AM
Artillery in the 21st Century


IDEF 2017: Boran lightweight towed howitzer nears qualification

Christopher F Foss, Istanbul - IHS Jane's International Defence Review

11 May 2017


MKEK Boran 105 mm Air Transportable Light Towed Howitzer viewed from the rear and showing the laser rangefinder mounted on right of the ordnance. Source: Christopher F Foss

The Turkish company of Makina ve Kimya Endustrisi Kurumu (MKEK) has completed two prototypes of its 105 mm Boran Air Transportable Light Towed Howitzer (ATLTH), which it is developing to meet the requirements of the Turkish Land Forces Command (TLFC).

According to MKEK qualification trials will begin in May and are expected to be completed by October.

No details of the quantities of the Boran ATLTH required by the TLFC have been released but these would replace some of the ageing 105 mm M101A1 towed howitzers which were originally developed before the Second World War.

The Boran ATLTH is armed with a 105 mm/30-calibre ordnance fitted with a three-part muzzle brake and a vertical sliding breech mechanism.

When in the travelling position the complete upper part of the gun and its 105 mm ordnance is released and traversed to the rear and locked in position over the bow type trail.

It has a variable recoil system, which provides a short recoil length of 800 mm and a long recoil length of 1,200 mm.

It is fitted with an onboard Aselsan fire control system (FCS) and inertial navigation system (INS). A muzzle velocity radar is mounted above the 105 mm ordnance and feeds information to the FCS.

Standard direct and indirect fire sights are on the left side of the carriage with an example at IDEF 2017 displaying an Aselsan laser rangefinder mounted on the right side for increased accuracy in the direct fire role.

MKEK is quoting a combat weight of 1,710 kg complete with the FCS and a maximum rate of fire typically being 6 rds/min. The gun is normally operated by a crew of five and can be brought into action in 60 seconds.

It has a manual traverse of 8° and elevation from -3 to 70°.

Maximum range depends on the projectile and charge system but MKEK is quoting a maximum range of 17,000 m at sea level for the high-explosive (HE) projectile with other natures including illuminating and smoke.

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[*] posted on 13-5-2017 at 12:57 PM


IDEF 2017: Turkey develops wheeled 155 mm self-propelled artillery system

Christopher F Foss, Istanbul - IHS Jane's International Defence Review

12 May 2017


Rear view of the 155 mm/52 calibre KMO self-propelled artillery system with its large hydraulically operated spade lowered at the rear. Source: Christopher F Foss

Aselsan and the Army GeneraláDirectorateáof Military Factory - or Askeri Fabrikalar Genel Mudurlugu (AFGM) - have developed a self-propelled (SP) artillery system called the Kamyona Monteli Obius (KMO) to meet a potential requirement by the Turkish Army.

The KMO is essentially a 6x6 cross-country truck chassis with a two-door forward control cab that carries and deploys a 155 mm/52 calibre ordnance derived from the MKEK Panter towed howitzer, which was developed in the 1990s and has entered service with the army.

Elevation and traverse of the 155 mm/52 calibre weapon of the KMO is electric with manual back up controls. The controls and the sighting system are mounted on the left side of the ordnance.

When being readied for firing a large hydraulically operated space is lowered at the rear of the platform to increase stability, while providing a platform for the gun crew.

Like the Panter towed howitzer, the KMO is fitted with a flick rammer to increase its rate of fire and reduce crew fatigue.

Aselsan has included a computerised fire control system (FCS) which is coupled to an inertial navigation system (INS).

This is essentially similar to the system equipping the Panter and the tracked Furtina 155 mm/52 calibre self-propelled artillery system.

Maximum range depends on the projectile charge system employed but a range of 40 km has been claimed using the MKEK 155 mm high-explosive extended-range full-bore (HE ERFB) projectile.

In contrast, the old 155 mm M107 HE projectile can only achieve a maximum range of 18 km although this can be increased to 30 km using the M549A1 rocket assisted projectile (RAP).

A total of 21 155 mm projectiles and associated modular charge system (MCS) are carried and these are stowed in boxes on either side of the KMO.

According to Aselsan, the KMO takes about one minute to come into action and two minutes to come out of action which improves its survivability against counterbattery fire.

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[*] posted on 15-5-2017 at 12:45 PM


Published: Friday, 12 May 2017 13:21

Russia to launch production of counter-artillery radar "penicillin" in 2019

The Ruselectronics Group, part of Russia’s Rostec state hi-tech corporation, will launch the serial production of the advanced artillery reconnaissance system Penicillin in 2019, the group’s press office said.The system can locate hostile guns five seconds after a gun shot, the press office added.
 
 
 
"The state trials of the system are nearing completion. Its serial production is planned to begin in January 2019. The system is being developed by the Vektor Research Institute that is a Ruselectronics Group subsidiary," the press office said.

The acoustic-thermal artillery reconnaissance system Penicillin is designed to search for the firing positions of guns, mortars and multiple launch rocket systems and the launch sites of air defense and tactical missile systems and adjust friendly artillery fire simultaneously.

According to the developers, artillery fire is traditionally adjusted by scouts operating on the frontline at the risk of their lives. "Compared to them, the Penicillin can operate at a safe distance from the enemy without an operator in automatic mode, which minimizes the effect of the human factor," the press office said. The system accomplishes combat missions within an area of 25 kilometers (15.5 miles) wide. The system comprises several ground-installed sound receivers and an electro-optical module.

The Penicillin receives and processes acoustic signals from gun shots (explosions) and transmits information on the place of shell bursts, strike accuracy and the location of weapons. It takes the system less than five seconds to locate a single target.
 
© Copyright 2017 TASS. All rights reserved.
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[*] posted on 15-5-2017 at 01:20 PM


Published: Sunday, 14 May 2017 12:21
 
MKE from Turkey unveils Yavuz new 155mm wheeled self-propelled howitzer at IDEF 2017.

Turkey is on the process to select a wheeled self-propelled howitzer to increase mobility of artillery units of Turkish armed forces. To meet this need, the Turkish Company MKE has developed the Yavuz, a 155mm wheeled self-propelled howitzer that was unveiled at IDEF 2017, the International Defense Exhibition in Istanbul, Turkey.
 

The new Yavuz 155mm 6x6 self-propelled howitzer on MKE booth at IDEF 2017, International Defense Exhibition in Istanbul, Turkey.
  
The Yavuz 155mmm wheeled self-propelled howitzer is an new artillery system developed jointly by the Turkish companies MKE and Yol-Bak to response to the need of the Turkish army for a new howitzer offering more mobility and fast deployment.
 
The MKE Yavuz is based on an German-made MAN 6x6 military truck chassis with a 155mm 52 calibre howitzer mounted at the rear of the chassis. The main weapon is a truck-mounted solution of the Panter 155mm towed howitzer also manufactured by MKE that is already in service with the Turkish army.

The MKE Yavuz is developed based on a chassis and engine of commercial MAN truck converted to be used for military applications, but the cabin and layout are fully designed by MKE and Yol-Bak .

A double cab is located at the front of the MKE Yavuz 155mm 6x6 self-propelled howitzer able to accommodate the crew which consists of five people including driver, commander, gunner and two loaders. The crew cab is fully armoured to provide protection against firing of small arms and shell splinters.

The MKE Yavuz is fitted with a semi-automatic loading system and a total of 18 ammunition are stored in storage box located on each side of the truck chassis. It can fire at a maximum range of 40 km and need only 60 seconds to be ready to fire.

According to MKE engineers, first firing tests with the Yavuz artillery howitzer were performed on April 2017.


Rear view of the Yavuz 155mm wheeled sel-propelled howitzer
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[*] posted on 15-5-2017 at 02:16 PM


IMI to unveil C-Lynx lightweight multiple rocket launcher

Yaakov Lappin, Tel Aviv and Jeremy Binnie, London - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

12 May 2017

Israel Military Industries (IMI) Systems will officially unveil a new vehicle-based light rocket launching system called the C-Lynx on 15 May.


A computer generated image shows the IMI C-Lynx mounted on a Humvee and firing an ACCULAR 12 guided munition. (IMI)

The system has eight launch tubes and advanced navigation and command-and-control systems that allow it to "provide fire response immediately according to the combat forces' requirements," the IMI statement said.

Rather than the 160 mm rockets usually launched from IMI's Lynx system, it uses smaller 122 mm ACCULAR 12 GPS-guided projectiles so that the launcher can be mounted on a jeep-like vehicle. The ACCULAR 12 can be fitted with either a 20 kg penetrating or controlled fragmentation warhead and has a range of 35 km.

Brigadier General (reserves) Eli Raiter, the director of IMI's Firepower Division and head of its Advanced Artillery and Missile Systems, told Jane's on 11 May that the system is designed for special forces operating behind enemy lines.

"We identified among clients that we are in touch with a very big operational need relating to elite small forces manoeuvring in the depth of enemy territory, which are often flown in to missions," he said.

"Using the ACCULAR 12, we get the same precision as bigger rockets and, although the warhead is smaller, it is still very powerful," he said. "It can strike and destroy targets, with the advantage being that the launcher is with the fighting forces. It goes where artillery guns cannot reach."

Raiter noted that until now elite forces could carry mortars, but not much else in the way of indirect fire support weapons. The C-Lynx's "light weight, speed, flexibility, and rocket capabilities that are more advanced than artillery, means units can use less munitions to attain good results".

C-Lynx will be unveiled at the Special Operations Forces Industry Conference held in Tampa, Florida from 15-18 May. It will also be displayed at the Ground Warfare and Logistics Conference in Latrun, Israel.

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[*] posted on 16-5-2017 at 12:44 PM


India's Larsen & Toubro to deliver 100 howitzers to Indian Army

By: Vivek Raghuvanshi, May 14, 2017



NEW DELHI - In the first Howitzer order to a domestic private sector company, the Indian Ministry of Defence signed a $700 million contract  defense company Larsen & Toubro (L&T). L&T will produce 100 155mm /52 caliber tracked Howitzer guns at Indian facilities for the Indian Army jointly with Hanwha Tech Win of South Korea. 

No official of the South Korean company would comment on the level of transfer of technology that will be given to domestic company to manufacture the tracked guns, but a senior official with the Indian Army said, “The South Korean company is unlikely to transfer technology fully in the K-9 gun with a low order of only 100 numbers.”

"L&T could get additional orders ahead as there is a requirement of more tracked artillery guns,” the source added.

The L&T- Samsung team with the K9 Vajra-T Howitzer gun beat the 2S19 MSTA howitzer from Rosoboroexport of Russia in response to a 2011 global tender. Defense News announced plans for the award in 2016.

An executive of L&T said: "More than 50 percent of the work share is with L&T, and HTW Samsung will supply the turret of the gun."

The guns will be made at L&T's newly set up Armoured Systems Complex at Hazira in the central Indian state of Gujarat.

As part of the Field Artillery Rationalization Plan, The Indian Army plans to replace all existing field artillery guns with a variety of 155mm/52 caliber artillery guns at a cost of over $6 billion. One piece of that buy will be a mix of around 3600 155mm/52 caliber artillery guns by 2025.
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[*] posted on 20-5-2017 at 01:43 PM


Indian Army receives first two of 145 M777 howitzers from US

Rahul Bedi, New Delhi - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

19 May 2017

The Indian Army (IA) has received the first two of the 145 BAE Systems M777 155 mm/39-calibre lightweight howitzers (LWHs) it acquired from the United States in November 2016 for USD737 million.

Officials told Jane's that the two LWHs, along with Selex Laser Inertial Artillery Pointing Systems, landed in New Delhi aboard a chartered aircraft on 18 May, several weeks ahead of schedule.

The weapon systems, which were acquired under the US Foreign Military Sales (FMS) programme, will now be taken to Pokhran in the northwestern Indian state of Rajasthan for testing with Indian ammunition and the preparation of 'firing tables', according to senior IA artillery officers.

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[*] posted on 23-5-2017 at 11:38 AM


Denmark cuts $45M deal with Nexter for Caesar truck-mounted artillery

By: Pierre Tran, May 22, 2017



PARIS — Nexter has signed a contract with Denmark for the sale of 15 Caesar 155mm truck-mounted artillery with options for six more units, the land weapons company said.

“Nexter … has been awarded a contract by the Danish Defence Acquisition and Logistics Organization (DALO) for the supply of 15 (plus 6 as an option) 8x8 Caesar artillery systems to the Danish Army,” the company said in a May 22 statement. 

Denmark signed the Caesar contract on Monday, a Nexter spokeswoman told Defense News. That Danish deal is the company’s first sale of its eight-wheel drive version, mounted on a Tatra truck chassis. The sale was also to a NATO ally, seen as significant. 

The sale to Denmark was worth €40.3 million (U.S. $45.2 million), Army Recognition's website reported March 15.

Denmark picked Nexter in March for exclusive talks after a tender that included Elbit Systems.

The French Army has deployed its six-wheel drive Caesar in the Wagram task force, a French artillery unit in the allied Operation Inherent Resolve supporting the Iraqi Army in Mosul, Iraq. The first deployments were in Afghanistan and Mali.

The eight-wheel drive version offers “improved operational autonomy and a platform offering significant growth potential for further adaptation,” Nexter said. Danish industry will be “essential” in the 10-year service of the artillery. No further details were available.

Nexter put the eight-wheel drive version on display at the Defence and Security Equipment International trade show in London in 2015.
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[*] posted on 24-5-2017 at 11:28 AM


ITEC 2017: Van Halteren Defence unveils howitzer turret trainer

Giles Ebbutt, Rotterdam - IHS Jane's International Defence Review

23 May 2017

Van Halteren Defence has developed a new PzH 2000 self-propelled 155 mm howitzer advanced turret trainer (ATT) for Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW) as part of the latter's development of an indirect fire support tactical training centre for Qatar, which was revealed at the 2017 International Training and Education Conference (ITEC) in Rotterdam.


A photo-impression of the new Van Halteren PzH 2000 artillery simulator. (Giles Ebbutt/Van Halteren)

The ATT is based on an existing PzH 2000 hull and turret and is an evolutionary development of Van Halteren's existing howitzer trainers with an innovative system to recycle used training ammunition. It can be used inside and outside a building.

The turret has an elevation range of 5° to 65°, which enables training to fire at high angles for Multiple Rounds Simultaneous Impact (MRSI). It provides a realistic firing rate including delivering the first three rounds in nine seconds.

The ATT uses Van Halteren's Ammunition Recognition System (ARES), which records ammunition data before and during firing and enables the simulator to detect the type of ammunition and charge loaded. This, together with elevation, direction, and meteorological data, enables the simulator to calculate the exact fall of shot.

Van Halteren has supplied howitzer crew trainers (HCT) to 13 countries. It has integrated HCTs at Israel's National Training Centre at Ze-elim Base with Bagira Systems' JOint-fire BattleSpace Simulator (JOBSS), using Bagira's Digital Dust core technology software. The facility opened in February 2017 and JOBSS has also been installed at the Israel Defense Forces' (IDF) artillery school at Shivta Base, at the Combat Intelligence Collection Corps school, and the IDF Officers' Academy.

JOBSS is part of the IDF Artillery Corps' Artillery and Fire Control Training System (AFCTS) project, which provides facilities for fire direction, call-for-fire, and joint fires management training. JOBSS includes classroom and dome trainers as well as portable facilities.

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[*] posted on 24-5-2017 at 01:02 PM


Lockheed Martin's Modernized TACMS Missile Successfully Completes Sixth Consecutive Flight Test

(Source: Lockheed Martin; issued May 22, 2017)

DALLAS --- Lockheed Martin's modernized Tactical Missile System (TACMS) missile successfully completed a long-range mission in its sixth consecutive successful flight at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico.

The TACMS missile used in this test, launched from a High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS) launcher, was "hot-conditioned" (the launcher was held in an environmental chamber until just prior to launch to simulate hot launch conditions), flew approximately 240 kilometers and successfully engaged the target. The test further confirmed that the missile functions as designed and meets the contract and performance requirements of the Engineering & Manufacturing Development (EMD) program.

"During this test, we demonstrated a successful proximity detonation of the TACMS missile, as well as confirmed numerous performance improvements to these rounds," said Scott Greene, vice president of Precision Fires & Combat Maneuver Systems at Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control. "This sixth consecutive success further demonstrates that our customers can have full confidence that Modernized TACMS is going to perform reliably when called upon."

The missile used in the test was produced at Lockheed Martin's Precision Fires Production Center of Excellence in Camden, Arkansas.

As part of the U.S. Army's TACMS Service Life Extension Program, the modernized missile includes new state-of-the-art guidance electronics and added capability to defeat area targets without leaving behind unexploded ordnance. The TACMS modernization process disassembles and demilitarizes TACMS Block 1 and 1A submunition warheads, replacing them with new unitary warheads. The modernization process also resets the missile's 10+ year shelf life.

The TACMS platform provides maximum flexibility to quickly integrate new payloads and capabilities to meet current and future demands.

With unsurpassed performance and a longstanding record of production excellence, TACMS is the only long-range tactical surface-to-surface missile ever employed by the U.S. Army in combat. TACMS missiles can be fired from the entire family of Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) launchers.

Headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland, Lockheed Martin is a global security and aerospace company that employs approximately 97,000 people worldwide and is principally engaged in the research, design, development, manufacture, integration and sustainment of advanced technology systems, products and services.

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[*] posted on 25-5-2017 at 04:40 PM


IDF takes TopGun artillery guidance system into service

Andrew Galer, London - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

24 May 2017


A still from an IAI video shows TopGun guidance kits fitted to 155 mm artillery shells being prepared for firing from an M109. Source: Israel Aerospace Industries

The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) has taken into service the Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) TopGun course correction fuze, IAI's Brigadier General (rtd) Benny Mehr told the IPQC Future Artillery Conference in London on 22-24 May. He said the IDF has ordered 5,000 units and the system will be fully operational by 2019.

Attached to standard 155 mm artillery rounds where the fuze is normally screwed in, the TopGun is essentially an add-on guidance kit that also performs the role of a fuze. IAI says it uses a GPS receiver to adjust the trajectory of the shell in flight and is capable of achieving a circular error probable (CEP) of 10 m at up to 40 km with a unit cost of USD20,000.

Mehr said the IDF's requirement was for a munition that can operate in a degraded GPS environment, but declined to provide further details of the TopGun's anti-jamming capabilities.

The fuze has been designed for all 155 mm guns with 52 calibre-long barrels. IAI has announced that it will shortly be producing a version that can be fitted to standard 122 mm Grad-type artillery rockets.

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[*] posted on 25-5-2017 at 05:55 PM


Belarus to develop new long-range MRL

Nikolai Novichkov, Minsk - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

24 May 2017


A Polonez B-200BM combat vehicle at MILEX 2017. As well as a longer-range version being developed, the system may also be adapted to fire the 750 mm M20 guided missile (shown in the foreground). Source: N Novichkov

The Belarusian defence industry is developing a multiple rocket launcher (MRL) with a range of up to 300 km, an official spokesperson for the State Military Industry Committee (GKVP) told Jane's at MILEX 2017, which took place in Minsk from 20-22 May.

"In accordance with an order by GKVP, the Precision Electro-Mechanics Plant [ZTEM] has started the development of an MRL with a firing range of up to 300 km within the framework of the established co-operation. The localisation of its manufacturing is supposed to reach 85%," the spokesperson said. He added that the first live-firing trials of the new system are scheduled for October.

The official pointed out that deliveries to the Belarusian armed forces of the B-200 Polonez MRL, which has a 200 km range, had been among the pivotal achievements of the country's defence industry in 2016. The system was produced in Belarus with assistance from China and is based on the Chinese A200 MRL.

The upgraded 300-km-range variant will be designated the B-300. Offered for export by state-owned foreign trading enterprise Belspetsvneshtekhnika, the system might also be tested and certified for the Belarusian military.

The Polonez system, which was unveiled at MILEX 2017, incorporates the B-200BM combat vehicle, the B-200TZM transporter-loader vehicle, and the B-200BMU mobile command-and-control (C2) post vehicle. The system is designed to engage mechanised units, infrastructure, signal hubs and other weapon systems. The B-200 has a firing range of 50-200 km and a combat readiness time of 10 minutes. A division of Polonez MRLs has an ammunition load of 144 rockets.

The B-200BM combat vehicle is armed with eight ready-to-launch 301 mm missiles in two containerised pods. The missiles are mounted on an MZKT-7930-300 8x8 heavy truck produced by Minsk Wheeled Tractor, which has a fully laden weight of about 46 tonnes, a crew of three and a maximum road speed of 70 km/h.

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[*] posted on 26-5-2017 at 12:06 PM


Nammo working on ramjet-powered 155 mm artillery round

Christopher F Foss, London - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

25 May 2017

Nordic munitions house Nammo is developing a new 155 mm artillery projectile that is expected to have a maximum range of 90 km.

Brief details of the new 155 mm round, which is being funded internally, were given by Thomas Danbolt, Nammo's product director for tank and artillery ammunition, during the IQPC Future Artillery conference held in London from 22 to 24 May.

The new projectile will have a streamlined shape and be machined to much tighter manufacturing standards than conventional artillery projectiles. A ramjet propulsion system will enable it to achieve a range well beyond conventional 155 rounds, while a course correction fuze will give a circular error of probability (CEP) of well under 30 m.

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