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Author: Subject: Wheeled Armour
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[*] posted on 30-10-2018 at 11:13 AM


I’m sure it fdoes it’s job, it just looks too ‘busy...’

I also wonder about the idea of arming it with a 40mm CTA gun and a pair of MMP anti-armour missiles and then only armouring it up to 14.5mm rounds?





In a low speed post-merge manoeuvring fight, with a high off-boresight 4th generation missile and Helmet Mounted Display, the Super Hornet will be a very difficult opponent for any current Russian fighter, even the Su-27/30
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[*] posted on 30-10-2018 at 12:53 PM


Yeah the armour levels are a mystery. That turret is shot-trap waiting to happen..........
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[*] posted on 30-10-2018 at 08:14 PM


Taiwan to start mass production of Clouded Leopard IFV variant

POSTED ON MONDAY, 29 OCTOBER 2018 16:11

Four prototypes of CM-32 "Clouded Leopard" 8x8 infantry fighting vehicle Taiwan is developing have passed qualification tests and are soon to enter mass production, Lieutenant General Fang Mao-hung, head of the Armaments Bureau, told lawmakers.


CM-32 IFV (Picture source: army Recognition)

The vehicles have passed all 62 categories in the primary pre-mass production tests while failing only two categories in the secondary pre-mass production tests, General Fang said.

Thanks to these achievements, the army has initiated mass production of the vehicle — a variant of the CM-32 Clouded Leopard — equipped with a 30mm chain gun, he said. A total of 284 vehicles are expected to be made in the coming years, Fang said, without elaborating. A military official said that Taiwan has ordered Orbital ATK 30mm Mk.44 Bushmaster II cannons to be mounted on the armored vehicle.

Compared with the 378 CM-32s currently in service that are armed with 40mm automatic grenade launchers, the 30mm cannon offers better anti-tank capabilities and precision firing of several rounds in rapid succession, the source said on condition of anonymity because the person was not authorized to comment on the issue publicly.

Asked if mass production of the CM-32 variant would affect the nation’s plan to buy M1A2 tanks from the US, Army General Yang Hai-ming said it would not, because the new prototype and the M1A2 are complementary. The military in July announced plans to allocate US$969.4 million to procure 108 M1A2 tanks.
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[*] posted on 9-11-2018 at 08:34 PM


Combat-proven [ID18D3]

CHRISTOPHER F FOSS

09 November 2018



In addition to promoting its artillery systems, such as the CAESAR 155mm/52 calibre system in service with the Indonesian Army, Nexter (Hall A, Stand A035) is promoting its combat-proven VBCI (8x8) in the region.

The French Army has already taken delivery of 630 VBCIs, of which 520 are in the infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) configuration and 110 in the command post (CP) configuration. These have replaced the tracked AMX-10P IFV as the French Army has moved away from tracked vehicles to a mainly wheeled armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) fleet because these have greater strategic mobility and do not require heavy equipment transporters.

French Army VBCI IFV versions are fitted with a Nexter one-person turret armed with a 25mm dual-feed cannon and a 7.62mm co-axial machine gun (MG), which can also be laid onto the target by the commander using a stabilised panoramic sighting system. The CP version has a remote-controlled weapon station (RCWS) armed with a .50 MG.

Other weapon stations that can be fitted to the VBCI include its own T40 turret, which is armed with the 40mm Case Telescoped Armament System (CTAS), now in production for France and the UK, and a 7.62mm co-axial MG. If required, anti-tank guided weapons (ATGWs) can also be integrated into the T40 turret to enable tanks and other targets to be engaged beyond the range of the 40mm CTAS.

For the export market, additional VBCI variants have been proposed by Nexter, including a model with a higher roof line with greater internal volume for more specialised missions such as ambulance or command post vehicle.

The production line in Roanne will reopen following the selection of the VBCI by Qatar; 490 vehicles are to be delivered in various configurations. The IFV is to have the Kongsberg Medium Calibre Turret (MCT) armed with a 30mm cannon and a 7.62 mm co-axial MG.

(308 words)
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[*] posted on 16-11-2018 at 06:31 PM


Royal Jordanian Army Awards SDLE A Multi-Million Euros Contract

(Source: Star Defence Logistics & Engineering; issued Nov 15, 2018)


Spain’s Star Defence has been awarded a contract for the modernization of the Jordanian Army’s first-generation Centauro 8x8 armored vehicles, built in Italy and also in service with the Spanish Army. (SDL&E photo)

Star Defence Logistics & Engineering (SDLE) has won a multi-million Euros contract for the reactivation, maintenance and modernization of 80 first-generation Centauro Cavalry Reconnaissance Vehicles (CRV) of the Royal Jordanian Army.

This is the first time in the last twenty years that a company from the Spanish defense industry has obtained an export contract of this magnitude for maintenance, modernization of military armoured military vehicles and associated training.

The fleet of 80 Centauro CRVs, originating from Italy, will have its operational relevance extended through the modernization of the fire control system and the thermal cameras.

SDLE was selected in an international tender which also included the Centauro CRV manufacturer, the Iveco-Oto Melara (CIO) consortium.

The contract was signed a few months ago, after two years of negotiations, during which SDLE and the Jordan Army Forces (JAF) – in the Knowledge of the Spanish Ministry of Defense – have set the contractual scope.

The contract constitutes an integral service for which SDLE is committed with the JAF for provide technical assistance during the entire life cycle of these vehicles.

Training for the Jordanian Army

In addition to the modernization and supply of spare parts and special tools for the Centauro CRV, SDLE will provide the necessary advice and training for the reactivation of the vehicles by the Royal Jordanian forces.

In order to provide an Integrated Logistic Support (ILS), SDLE has dispatched a team of between 10 and 20 technicians and engineers to the facilities of the Royal Jordanian Army.

Star Defense Logistics & Engineering has an extensive experience as independent distributor of spare parts for military vehicles and equipment. SDLE is one of the main suppliers of the military sector in Spain, and is already exporting products and services to more than 25 countries.

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[*] posted on 16-11-2018 at 10:09 PM


Israeli 8x8 APC Eitan scheduled for series production in 2021

POSTED ON FRIDAY, 16 NOVEMBER 2018 10:27

Israel’s new Eitan armored personnel carrier is in final field testing with the Nahal infantry brigade. Its series production is scheduled to start in 2021. Once the Israeli army has received enough Eitans to replace the last of their old M113s, the vehicle will be made available for export.


The Eitan APC will first equip the IDF units before being proposed for export (Picture source: Wikimedia Commons)

The Eitan is an Israeli-made 8x8 armoured vehicle personnel carrier which was unveiled in August 2016 by the Israeli Ministry of Defense. The vehicle is designed to replace the old fleet of M113 tracked armoured personnel carrier in service with the Israeli Defence Forces (IDF) for several decades. The Eitan is being developed by the Ministry of Defense Tank Administration in cooperation with the IDF Ground Forces. The vehicle was developed following of the lessons learned during the Gaza war Operation Protective Edge in 2014. It's a new vehicle based on scratch offering a new configurable multirole platform.

The Eitan is a new generation of wheeled combat vehicle which offers high mobility and firepower. While it was developed by the Israeli government for Israeli needs, 60 percent of the vehicle will be manufactured in the US, Paglin told Breaking Defense in an interview. In 2024, he said, when the US no longer allows Israel to convert Foreign Military Financing (FMF) grants to local currency, the US-made portion may rise to 70 percent — part of a wider move by Israeli arms makers to use American subcontractors and subsidiaries.

Israeli Merkava 4 main battle tanks and Namer armored personnel carriers played a major role in Operation Protective Edge in Gaza in 2014. But while the Namer, built on the Merkava tank chassis, is heavier and better protected than almost any other troop carrier, the Israeli Defense Force has relatively few of them. That meant many troops had to ride in the IDF’s aging M113s, a US design dating back to 1962 that troops consider dangerously underarmored as far back as Vietnam, often riding on the top because a landmine would kill everyone inside. To improve the protection of the M113s in Protective Edge, the Israelis covered the floor with sandbags. (The US replaced its M113s in frontline roles with M2 Bradleys back in the 1980s.

The Eitan 8x8 armoured personnel carrier can be fitted with a wide range of weapon stations. The APC (Armoured Personnel Carrier) version is fitted with a remote weapon station armed with a 12.7mm heavy machine gun. The IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle) version can be fitted with remotely operated turrets armed with 30/40mm automatic cannon. This turret can be also armed with anti-tank guided missile launchers.
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[*] posted on 26-11-2018 at 11:16 AM


First pic I've seen of the Lithuanian BOXER's with the Israeli 30mm RCWS turret that is not a photoshop:




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[*] posted on 6-12-2018 at 09:07 AM


Centauro II Mobile Gun Systems takes shape

Christopher F Foss, London - Jane's International Defence Review

05 December 2018


The first example of the CIO Centauro II 8×8 MGS showing its 120 mm smoothbore gun fitted with muzzle brake, muzzle reference system, and fume extractor. Source: Leonardo Defence Systems

Leonardo Defence Systems has confirmed that the Italian Army placed its first contract for 11 Centauro II 8×8 Mobile Gun Systems (MGSs) in July. Details about the contract were revealed to Jane's in November.

This order comprises the single prototype to be brought up to full production standard, as well as 10 new Centauro II vehicles and a two-year support package.

Extensive user trials resulted in several suggested improvements, and these are being fitted to the prototype that will be completed in 2019 for final test and evaluation.

Improvements include installing an identification, friend-or-foe (IFF) system, latest generation radios, and new grenade launchers that are to meet the European environmental requirements.

The commander and loader's hatches are to be capable of being lifted through 180°, and the driver's situational awareness is to be improved for driving in the closed-hatch position. The roof-mounted Hitrole remote weapon system (RWS), armed with a 12.7 mm machine gun (MG), will be repositioned because its location on the forward part of the turret roof can restrict the view through the commander's Leonardo Attila stabilised day (colour charge device camera)/third-generation thermal sighting system that includes a laser rangefinder.

Production of the complete hull and running gear will be undertaken at Iveco Defence Vehicles Bolzano facility, while the turret is to be manufactured at the Leonardo Defence Systems facility in La Spezia.

The first four production Centauro II 8×8 MGSs are slated to be complete in the last half of 2020, followed by another six in 2021. The Italian Army's total requirement for the Centauro II 8×8 MGS, funding permitting, is for 148 units in two batches of 74, with tranches within these batches.

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[*] posted on 10-12-2018 at 08:41 PM


Belarus upgrades APC fleet with new BTR-70MB1 variant

Dmitry Fediushko, Moscow - Jane's International Defence Review

07 December 2018


The BTR-70MB1 APC during an Independence Day parade in Minsk. Source: Dmitry Fediushko

The Belarusian armed forces are upgrading their fleet of armoured personnel carriers (APCs), a Belarusian military source told Jane's .

"The military's BTR-70 APCs are being modernised to the BTR-70MB1 level, and 32 more carriers will have been delivered to the troops by the end of 2019," the source said. The BTR-70MB1s will replace older APCs, such as the BTR-70 and BTR-60PB, in the Belarusian army's first-tier units.

The BTR-70MB1 is an upgraded variant of the BTR-70, and the upgrade converts it to a standard similar to the BTR-80, Jane's has learned. "Belarusian industry produces no armour hulls, and we have to rebuild aging APCs, bringing them to a relatively modern level," a source from 140 Repair Plant, the manufacturer of the BTR-70MB1, told Jane's .

The BTR-70MB1 weighs about 13 tonnes and is 7.7 m long, 2.9 m wide, and 2.32 m high. The troop compartment has protection to Level 1/Level 2 STANAG 4569, and the 14.5 mm KPVT and Kalashnikov 7.62 mm PKT weapons have remained the same from the original.

Compared with the baseline BTR-70, however, the BTR-70MB1 replaces the legacy two ZMZ-4905 petroleum engines with a 260-hp KAMAZ-7403 Russian-made diesel engine that also powers the BTR-80.

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[*] posted on 15-12-2018 at 02:19 PM


European Boxer programmes take final shape

Nicholas Fiorenza, Vienna - Jane's Defence Weekly

14 December 2018


The Slovenian and Lithuanian Boxers will be similar, with the same Rafael Samson Mk II remote weapon station (photo of the Lithuanian version on trials). Source: Artec

European Boxer programmes are taking final form, with offers to the UK and Slovenia expected in 2019.

Klaas Krause, head of sales Eastern Europe for Rheinmetall, which formed the Artec joint venture with Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW) to produce the Boxer, said on 12 December that the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) is negotiating the procurement of the vehicles via the Organisation for Joint Armament Cooperation (OCCAR).

According to Krause, the UK is considering four variants: the armoured personnel carrier (APC), C4I command post, ambulance, and repair versions. He gave a timeline of 2018-19 for negotiations and the main gate, 2020-22 for the demonstration phase, and 2023-25 for the delivery of the first vehicles and the declaration of their initial operational capability, with deliveries continuing to 2030.

Krause said the vehicles would use the existing designs, with "limited essential UK modifications" like the Bowman communications system and UK electronic countermeasures. He expressed the intention of negotiations to deliver at least 60% of programme value to the UK, including manufacturing, assembly, systems integration, and testing and verification. Through the programme, the UK "will regain the ability to weld steel and produce armoured vehicles independently", he said.

Krause identified UK demand of at least 500 vehicles worth EUR2 billion (USD2.3 billion), with the likelihood of follow-up orders that would increase the total to 800. He expected the contract to be signed during the second half of 2019.

Krause was also confident that a revised offer would be made to Slovenia soon. He expected the use of existing solutions for the Boxer to drive down prices and the similarity between the Slovenian and the Lithuanian versions to reduce recurring costs, such as by having the same Rafael Samson Mk II remote weapon station.

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[*] posted on 26-12-2018 at 02:40 PM


Lazar 3 8x8 armored APC enters in service with Serbian army

POSTED ON MONDAY, 24 DECEMBER 2018 09:17

Chassis and running gear was designed by TIMONEY in Ireland. They at least built the initial production units, although whether they have a production contract, I don't know.........I find it weird that they have vision blocks along the side............

The Lazar 3 8x8 wheeled armored vehicle is now in service with the Serbian armed forces. On December 20, 2018, Serbian Minister of Defence Aleksandar Vulin and Chief of General Staff of the Serbian Armed Forces Lieutenant General Milan Mojsilović visited members of the Serbian Armed Forces who are in charge for the use and maintenance of the new Lazar 3.


New Lazar 3 in APC Armored Personnel Carrier version of the Serbian army. (Picture source Serbian MoD)

Serbian Chief of General Staff pointed out that it was a final phase of the training of the members of the Serbian Armed Forces in the use of the new fighting vehicle Lazar 3.

According to the Assistant Director of Jugoimport SDPR JP Aleksandar Lijaković, "The Lazar 3, after this demonstration and training of the members of the Serbian Armed Forces, has been officialy introduced in the Serbian Armed Forces".

The Lazar 3 is not only a new vehicle, but it's a new concept in the field of combat armored vehicle. This is an 8x8 armoured fighting vehicle manufactured under the criteria of the leading vehicles of western production, which encompasses a rather modern approach to armoured protection, movability, fire power and capability for long-lasting combat in conflicts of different intensity, antiterrorist fight, anti-guerrilla fight, peacekeeping operations, and in classical conflicts of medium intensity, added Aleksandar Lijaković.

The Lazar 3 is the latest generation of 8x8 APC (Armoured Personnel Carrier) in the Lazar vehicle family designed and manufactured by the State Company Yugoimport. The LAZAR 3 was unveiled in February 2017 during the defense exhibition IDEX 2017 which was held in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

The Lazar 3 is available in APC and IFV configuration, it uses the same chassis but equipped with different type of weapon station. The APC version is fitted with a remotely operated weapon station armed with a 7.62mm or 12.7mm machine gun, while the IFV version has a one-man turret armed with an M86 automatic 30mm cannon with double-feed mechanism coupled to one 7.62mm coaxial machine gun.

The layout of the Lazar 3 IFV is very similar to Lazar 2, with driver and commander position located in the front left side of the hull with the engine at the right side. The vehicle can carried a total of 12 military personnel including commander, driver, gunner and 9 soldiers.

The Lazar 3 has a ballistic protection Level 3 STANAG 4569 against firing of small arms 7.62×51mm caliber AP (Amor-Piercing) at 30 meters and anti-mine protection levels 3a and 3b STANAG 4569, mine explosion pressure activated under any wheel or track location (Level 3a), mine explosion under center (Level 3b).

VIDEO: https://youtu.be/l3VMWdOvFpY
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[*] posted on 26-12-2018 at 10:42 PM


Primary role will be internal security and perhaps the odd peace-keeping mission, so the armour requirements aren’t that high. Plus vision blocks are a much cheaper way of adding to the crews situational awareness than all-round CCTV...



In a low speed post-merge manoeuvring fight, with a high off-boresight 4th generation missile and Helmet Mounted Display, the Super Hornet will be a very difficult opponent for any current Russian fighter, even the Su-27/30
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[*] posted on 2-1-2019 at 10:54 PM


Patria 6×6 development continues

Oscar Widlund, London - Jane's Defence Weekly

20 December 2018

Two further prototypes of Patria Land's new 6×6 armoured vehicle are being built and will be ready for the spring, according to the company.

Speaking to Jane's on 14 December after a demonstration of the vehicle at Sodankylä, just inside the Arctic Circle in Finnish Lapland, Janne Räkköläinen, vice president of Vehicle Systems at Patria Land, said that the base technology, such as the driveline and chassis of the vehicle, is ready and that the new Patria 6×6 prototypes will differ slightly from the original in layout and the size of the driver's area, based on feedback from trials. These prototypes will be used for company testing and customer demonstrations, both vehicles will have an amphibious capability, and one will be ready for amphibious testing, Räkköläinen confirmed.


The Patria 6×6 viewed from the front. (IHS Markit/Oscar Widlund)

Patria Land will also be looking to test a mortar variant based on the Patria NEMO 120 mm turreted mortar system as part of the vehicle's development plan. Räkköläinen added that potential variants for the Patria 6×6 in addition to the armoured personnel carrier (APC) variant would draw on those already existing for the company's AMV 8×8, reducing the required design and testing work.

Development of the Patria 6×6 began in 2016, but drew on knowledge and concepts from the company's earlier work on armoured vehicles. Testing of the vehicle continued after its launch at Eurosatory 2018, including 'end runs testing' that involved endurance testing in different conditions and increasing the distance the vehicle has driven, as well as off-road testing in different land environments including hard and soft soil, slopes, and different types of forest.

Räkköläinen said that the modular nature of the vehicle meant that it can be fitted for various configurations depending on customer requirements. For example, the base configuration has STANAG Level 2 protection, which could be increased to Level 4 if required; or the rear compartment could be fitted for the command post, reconnaissance, casualty evacuation, or engineering role.

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[*] posted on 4-1-2019 at 02:38 PM


Taiwainese CM-34 armored vehicles production to start this year

POSTED ON THURSDAY, 03 JANUARY 2019 16:03

Twelve year after the production of the first CM-32, Taiwan will begin mass production of its indigenous CM-34 "Clouded Leopard" eight-wheeled armored vehicles in 2019 and is scheduled to have produced 284 other CM-34 by 2023, a Ministry of National Defense (MND) official said Monday. The CM-34 will be also manufactured by the Ordnance Readiness Development Centre.



Four prototypes of the armored vehicle, officially called the "Taiwan Infantry Fighting Vehicle" (TIFV), passed pre-mass production tests on the 19th October, allowing it to enter mass production.

The prototypes have passed all 62 categories in the primary pre-mass production tests, but failed in two categories in secondary tests.

Improvements have since been made, so the MND has decided to proceed with mass production of the vehicle model equipped with a 30mm chain gun, the official said.

He said that Taiwan has ordered Orbital ATK 30mm Mk44 Bushmaster II cannons to be mounted on the vehicle.

Compared with the CM-32 models that are armed with 40 mm automatic grenade launchers, the 30mm cannon has better anti-tank capabilities and can fire several accurate rounds in rapid succession.
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[*] posted on 8-1-2019 at 02:07 PM


Ghana: Kantanka unveils armored vehicle and exoskeleton

POSTED ON MONDAY, 07 JANUARY 2019 17:42

The Ghanaian news agency GraphicOnLine has tweeted pictures of a public event, possibly a military parade, in which "interesting" inventions are dynamically displayed, among which an armored personnel (somehow imposing and certainly limited in off-road performances) and exoskeletons that probably don't challenge US, Russian and Chinese ones.


Armored personnel carrier designed and made in Ghana (Picture source: GraphicOnLine)

Unfortunately, no technical details are available about these home-designed and home-made achievements. Among the several tweets saluting this dynamic display in Ghana, we only reproduce one hereunder.

Quote:

okay‏ @kentotheworld 2 janv.
Plus Replying to @Graphicgh @kofii_ii and 2 others
Ghana needs weaponry like this .These are futuristic technologies made by our native inventors that needs the right capital to be produced on a large scale. Our armed forces would benefit greatly from this.



Exoskeleton designed and made in Ghana (Picture source: GraphicOnLine)
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[*] posted on 22-1-2019 at 03:49 PM


Effort Underway to Update, Give Light Armored Vehicles Extended Service Life

(Source: US Marine Corps Systems Command; issued Jan. 15, 2019)

QUANTICO, Va. --- The fleet of Marine Corps Light Armored Vehicles will begin receiving a number of necessary upgrades under the terms of a $37.2 million contract awarded Jan. 4. General Dynamics Land Systems-Canada will perform the work, which includes the procurement of 60 hardware kits in support of the Light Armored Vehicle Reset Program. The enhancements are designed to extend the service life of the LAV into the 2030s.

Embedded in their original design, LAVs combine speed, maneuverability and firepower to perform a variety of functions, including security, command and control, reconnaissance and assault. The first LAVs were initially fielded in 1983.

The reset effort will focus on five key areas:

-- modernized powerpack to improve reliability, cooling capacity and diagnostics with the added benefit of better fuel economy
-- new drive train which will improve towing capability
-- steering dampener to improve road feel and usability
-- digitized drivers’ instrument panel
-- LAV 25 slip rings—doubling power supply capability to the turret and modernized to handle additional channels for gigabit Ethernet, video and fiber optics

“The Marine Corps is committed to ensuring this platform remains viable into the 2030s,” said Steve Myers, LAV program manager.

Active light armored reconnaissance battalions will be the first units to receive the upgraded vehicles, which will become LAV A3s.

The hardware kits will be installed at Marine Corps Depots, with Initial Operational Capability targeted for the second quarter of fiscal 2021.

The contract was awarded through the Army Contracting Command in Warren, Michigan.

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[*] posted on 30-1-2019 at 12:36 PM


Kazakhstan manufacturer of armored vehicles relies on Allison automatic transmissions

POSTED ON TUESDAY, 29 JANUARY 2019 15:32

Requiring a transmission that is easy to integrate and can handle extremes of climate and terrain, Kazakhstan Paramount Engineering (KPE) has chosen the Allison Transmission 3000 Serie for its newest armored vehicles.


KPE Barys 8x8 APC (Picture source: Army Recognition)

KPE currently produces or plan to produce the Arlan AWV (armored wheel vehicle) 4x4, the Nomad AWV 4х4, and the Barys armored personnel carrier 6х6 and 8х8. These armored vehicles are mine-resistant ambush-protected (MRAP). They are equipped with Cummins diesel engines and 6-speed Allison fully automatic transmissions.

According to Deputy Director General at Kazakhstan Paramount Engineering, Johan Delport, the development of the drivetrain began in 2006. The company’s engineers compared several transmission solutions offered by various manufacturers by testing them in real-life scenarios.

“When selecting the transmission to pair with the Cummins diesel engine, we focused on two basic factors. The first one is the simplicity and speed of integration, which impacts the production and maintenance speed. In this regard, the fully-automated Allison transmission was a very successful solution as it is quite popular and widespread, and it has shown good results in combination with this engine,” said Delport.

Transmission weight was another consideration. “You see, armored vehicles are rather heavy themselves. So we had to use any opportunity to reduce the total weight of our vehicles. The Allison automatics have enabled us to achieve this goal as well. In general, we have had no serious problems with Allison transmissions during the many years of use on different types of vehicles and in various global operating conditions.”

Another important factor is that operating conditions in Kazakhstan are quite peculiar. The annual temperature range is about 100 °C, literally from +50 °C in summer to –50 °C in winter. This is the reason why the cooling system of the engine and the transmission and the power supply system have been significantly improved especially for Kazakhstan.

“Taking into account such tough temperature conditions and the terrain changing depending on the region – from southern mountains, central flats to northern hills – the transmission has to be exceptionally reliable and efficient,” Delport added. “Our experience of operating Allison automatics showed that they are perfect for such conditions. In particular, they have a second operating mode intended for mountainous areas, and you can switch between modes with a single button. Moreover, all transmissions used in our armored vehicles are configured by Allison engineers for a sandy terrain, which ensures improved off-road performance.”

However, one of the main advantages of fully-automatic Allison transmissions is the ease of operation in military vehicles: Allison automatics ensure an exceptional ease of handling, maneuverability and quick acceleration by smoothly multiplying engine torque and delivering more power to the wheels. The driver can concentrate on the road without paying attention to gear change, which is highly important in combat conditions when every second counts.

“It is important that you can easily get used to new armored vehicles due to Allison transmissions. Not only trained drivers, but any person with basic driving skills can do it,” Delport explained. Our employees drive AWVs: all of them easily manage it on the fly, without any problems.”

The armed forces of Kazakhstan (the Ministry of Defense of Kazakhstan is the major customer of these vehicles) duly appreciated the new armored vehicles; they are reliable, efficient and easy to use. “Modern military vehicles know no compromises because of the peculiarity of their scope of application,” Delport summarizes. “This is why they are equipped with Allison transmissions that ensure the ultimate combination of reliability, excellent performance and ease of operation.”
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[*] posted on 1-2-2019 at 09:59 PM


Thailand looks to procure more VN1 APCs from China

Jon Grevatt - Jane's Defence Industry

01 February 2019



The Royal Thai Army’s (RTA’s) ordnance department has published details about a potential procurement of another batch of 8x8 VN1 armoured personnel carriers (APCs) from China North Industries Corporation (Norinco).

The stated requirement features a total of 41 vehicles, the majority of which are VN1 and its variants, as well as associated equipment, ammunition, and projectiles. The value of the procurement is THB2.25 billion (USD72 million).

The notice, issued by the ordnance department in late January, outlines a plan to acquire three VN1 vehicles in the basic configuration, as well as 12 120 mm self-propelled mortar systems based on the VN1, nine “VS27” recovery armoured vehicles, two maintenance vehicles, 12 VN1 command post vehicles, and three VN1-based medical vehicles.

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[*] posted on 6-2-2019 at 09:04 PM


Images emerge of new Chinese 8×8 assault gun

Richard D Fisher Jr, Washington DC - Jane's Defence Weekly

05 February 2019


Images emerged in late January of a new Chinese 8×8 assault gun being tested by the PLAGF. Source: Via lt.cjdby.net

Images have emerged showing what appears to be a new Chinese 8×8 assault gun equipped with a 105 mm main armament and a remote-controlled weapon station reportedly being trialled at what local media identified as the Baicheng Weapons Test Centre in northeastern China.

First released in late January by state-owned China Central Television (CCTV), the images show that the platform's chassis appears to be based on a new development of that used in the Type 09 (the export version of which is known as VN1) family of wheeled armoured vehicles supplied by China North Industries Corporation (Norinco).

In November 2018 an image had emerged on Chinese online forums showing the new chassis armed with a radar-directed 35 mm anti-aircraft cannon. The new chassis seems to be lower than that used by the VN1 armoured vehicle, although it features the same front-engine configuration. The lower height suggests that the new platform has a lower centre of gravity, thus providing more stability when equipped with heavy weapon systems.

No official information has yet to emerge about the designation, size, and performance of the new assault gun. That said, the CCTV images suggest that, given the small size of the 105 mm gun turret, the platform may use an auto-loading system for shells and gun-launched missiles. The assault gun chassis also makes generous use of externally mounted armour that could be upgraded when needed.

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[*] posted on 7-2-2019 at 05:26 PM


Opportunities for European Collaboration In Armoured Vehicles

(Source: Rand Corporation; issued Jan 23, 2019)

Europe is experiencing an increase in investment in land capabilities after more than a decade of limited spending in this area. A number of EU member states have indicated interest and planned investments in acquisition and modernisation of armoured vehicles.

Researchers identified five potential collaboration models and analysed the potential costs and benefits of each. This analysis will support the European Defence Agency’s (EDA) consideration of future collaborative armoured vehicle programmes.

The European Defence Agency is undertaking an effort to identify and promote collaboration opportunities across military domains, develop European defence capabilities and promote armaments cooperation. The Agency observed that existing fleets and current and planned procurement, upgrade, and maintenance programmes of their participating member states (pMS) and partner countries afforded opportunities for more efficient use of resources through collaboration, while fulfilling capability requirements.

Goals

The EDA commissioned RAND Europe to examine the scope for collaboration between European states in three types of armoured vehicles (tracked, wheeled and protected transport vehicles).

The goal was to outline potential collaborative approaches to armoured vehicle capability development and support throughout their full life-cycle.

The study identified five potential collaboration models that could offer financial, operational, and strategic benefits compared to purely national efforts:

1. Pooling and sharing of spare parts — jointly managed pool of spare parts, from which fleets of participating countries can be provisioned

2. Joint level 4 maintenance repair and overhaul (MRO) — complete overhaul of the vehicle (level 4 MRO) performed at a fixed multinational facility

3. Joint modular upgrade — joint development and procurement of a common system upgrade for the same vehicle or vehicle type

4. Joint off-the-shelf procurement — joint purchase of a commercially-available armoured vehicle with little or no modification to meet national-level requirements from the same industry supplier in a single, collaborative order

5. Joint platform development — joint design, prototyping, testing and production of a new armoured vehicle platform.

Benefits of multinational collaboration may include cost savings for each participating country, due to increased economies of scale, shared investments and streamlined processes. It may also improve interoperability, trust, and standardisation and provide opportunities for knowledge sharing and learning.

There are also challenges associated with developing and implementing multinational collaboration in armoured vehicles. These include difficulties in agreeing on requirements and configurations of vehicles, and aligning MRO approaches and timelines, divergent legal frameworks and economic interests. Importantly, collaboration may require relatively close armoured vehicle capability integration and an acceptance of at least some level of strategic dependence by the participating countries.

Finally, several cross-cutting demand and supply-related factors may impact the effectiveness of multinational collaboration. These include the levels of:
-- shared threat perceptions,
-- alignment in vehicle procurement plans and programmes,
-- commonalities across national vehicle fleets,
-- existing collaboration formats, and
-- capacity and fragmentation in the European armoured vehicle manufacturing base.

Click here for the full report (13 PDF pages) on the Rand website.

https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/research_reports/...

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[*] posted on 13-2-2019 at 11:36 AM


Bulgaria delays armoured vehicle tender

Aleksandar Mladenov, Sofia and Krasimir Grozev, Sofia - Jane's Defence Weekly

12 February 2019

The Bulgarian Ministry of Defence (MoD) has delayed the competitive procurement of 150 new wheeled armoured vehicles to equip three battalion-size battlegroups for a mechanised brigade.

The delay was apparently caused by the MoD’s failure to complete the technical specifications because of a continuing lack of clarity regarding some important design parameters.

A request for proposals originally planned for the end of 2018 was never issued. Bulgarian Defence Minister Krasimir Karakachanov told reporters on 6 February that much work had to be done by his ministry on the armoured vehicle tender paperwork and that it would have taken a serious effort for the tender to be launched by the end of the year.

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[*] posted on 13-2-2019 at 01:22 PM


The U.S. Army's New Up-Gunned Stryker Armored Vehicles Have Been Hacked (excerpt)

(Source: The Drive.com; posted Feb 11, 2019)

By Joseph Trevithick


The Pentagon’s chief weapons tester has revealed that the US Army’s Stryker Dragoon combat vehicles deployed in Europe have been hacked by unspecified “adversaries” who were able to disrupt certain systems “on at least one occasion.” (US Army photo)

A Pentagon report says 'adversaries' launched successful cyber attacks against systems on the new 30mm cannon-armed vehicles.

It’s been more than a year since the first up-gunned Stryker Dragoon armored vehicles arrived in Europe, giving elements of the U.S. Army’s forward-deployed 2nd Cavalry Regiment a much-needed boost in firepower against potential threats.

Since then, unfortunately, unspecified “adversaries” – a term the U.S. military has used in the past to describe the Russians, but that could also mean surrogate opponents during an exercise – have also been able to disrupt certain systems on the vehicles with a cyber attack on at least one occasion.

The Pentagon’s Office of the Director of Test and Evaluation, or DOT&E, revealed the existence of the Stryker Dragoon’s cyber vulnerabilities in its most recent annual report on the status of the vehicle’s ongoing development during the 2018 Fiscal Year.

The initial batch of these vehicles, also known as the XM1296 or the Infantry Carrier Vehicle-Dragoon (ICV-D), touched down in Germany in December 2017. The Army had begun developing the new variant, which features a new turret with a 30mm automatic cannon, directly in response to a request from the 2nd Cavalry Regiment in 2015.

“Adversaries demonstrated the ability to degrade select capabilities of the ICV-D when operating in a contested cyber environment,” DOT&E’s report, which the office released in January 2019, said. “In most cases, the exploited vulnerabilities pre-date the integration of the lethality upgrades.”

The report does not say where the cyber attack or attacks occurred or what specific systems they impacted. It seems most likely that the attacks had an effect on the vehicle’s data-sharing, navigation, or digital communications capabilities. Disrupting any of these systems, or adding false or confusing information into the networks, can hamper or slow U.S. operations or create added risks for American forces. (end of excerpt)

Click here for the DOT&E report on the Stryker ICVD, on the DOT&E website.

http://www.dote.osd.mil/pub/reports/FY2018/pdf/army/2018stry...

Click here for the full story, on the Drive.com website.

http://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/26458/the-u-s-armys-new...

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[*] posted on 18-2-2019 at 07:29 PM


IDEX 2019 : Patria AMV extended payload, performance and protection

17 FEBRUARY 2019

At IDEX 2019, Patria showcases Patria AMV 8x8 armed with Patria Nemo 120 mm mortar system turret equipped with 120 mm smoothbore mortar and Fire Management System. In addition to this, Patria AMVXP armoured wheeled vehicle integrated with Leonardo HITFACT I turret is featured.


Patria AMV 8x8 fitted with Patria Nemo 120 mm mortar system turret (Picture source : Army Recognition)

The weapon system consists of 120 mm smoothbore L 45 caliber low-recoil cannon capable of firing all NATO 120 mm standard ammunitions and a 7,62 mm Coaxial Machine Gun. The Fire Control System includes commander's independent observation day/thermal sight and gunners primary stabilized day/thermal sight with a full hunter-killer capability. The weapon system is completed with a 7,62 mm pintle mount machine-gun operated by the vehicle commander and a 12,7 mm HMG operated by the loader. Patria AMVXP provides further strength to the company's product range. The abbreviation XP stands for Extra Payload, Extra Performance and Extra Protection.

Patria's expertise is based on decades of experience and major investment in product development. Patria AMV product family and Patria Nemo mortar system are the highest-profile products in this range. Both AMV and Nemo are market leaders in their product segments.

AMV products are under continuous development and are fitted with the latest technology. Patria AMV's structural solutions enable a high payload capacity, a high level of protection and the integration of heavy weapons systems. The vehicle has received excellent feedback from customers for its performance in combat and crisis management operations in Afghanistan and Chad.

Patria works in close cooperation with its customers and its extensive network of international industrial partners. Patria's products and services are NATO compatible and customised on an individual, customer-by-customer basis. Nearly 1,600 Patria AMV vehicles have already been ordered. They are used in challenging conditions by customers in seven countries.
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[*] posted on 18-2-2019 at 10:03 PM


IDEX 2019: RABDAN 8x8 IFV with BMP-3 turret in service with UAE armed forces

17 FEBRUARY 2019

The new RABDAN 8x8 IFV Infantry Fighting Vehicle is now in service with the UAE (United Arab Emirates) armed forces. During the live demonstration for the opening ceremony of IDEX 2019, the defense exhibition in Abu Dhabi, the RABDAN was showed for the first time to the public fitted with a Russian-made BMP-3 turret.


The New RABDAN 8x8 IFV Infantry Fighting Vehicle fitted with a Russian-made BMP-3 turret at the live demonstration of IDEX 2019, the defense exhibition in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, February 17, 2019. (Picture source Army Recognition)

In 2016, Otokar Land Systems’ joint venture company Al Jasoor signed a significant 8x8 armored vehicle contract for UAE Armed Forces for RABDAN 8x8 Armoured Vehicles.

Some few years ago, the UAE armed forces have launched a request for a new combat vehicle to replace the BMP-3 with a more mobile 8x8 armored vehicle. The UAE is the largest international military operator of BMP-3 IFV. Between 1992 and 2000 around 600 BMP-3s were delivered to UAE.

According first specifications released by the UAE Company Al Jasoor Heavy Vehicles Industries, the Rabdan has the capacity to carry a total 12 military personnel including driver and commander. It has gross vehicle weight (GVW) from 28,000 kg to 30,000 kg.

The Rabdan is motorized with a Caterpillar 12.5 liter diesel engine developing 600 hp. coupled to an Allison 4500 automatic transmission with 6 forward and 1 reverse gears. The vehicle can run at a maximum speed of 105 km/h with a maximum cruising range of 700 km.

The Rabdan offers ballistic protection up to STANAG Level 4 and mine protection up to STANAG Level 4a/b. The vehicle is fully amphibious and propelled in the water at a maximum speed of 10 km/h thanks to two propellers mounted under the hull rear.

The BMP-3 weapon station is two-man turret armed with one 100mm 2A70 semi-automatic rifled gun / missile launcher, which is stabilized in two axes and can fire either 3UOF HE-FRAG rounds or 3UBK10 anti-tank guided missiles. Second armament includes one 30 mm 2A72 coaxial cannon and one 7.62 mm PKT coaxial machine gun.
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[*] posted on 18-2-2019 at 10:25 PM


IDEX: OTOKAR WILL FOCUS ON ARMA 6X6 AND COBRA II

During IDEX Otokar will focus visitor attention on its ARMA 6x6 vehicle with BOZOK turret and the COBRA II mounting a KESKIN turret.

The ARMA 6x6 modular armoured vehicle offers superior mobility, couple with high mine and ballistic protection, and options for the integration of medium- and high-calibre weapon systems. Offering high tactical and technical performance, ARMA comes with an amphibious option for peacekeeping and humanitarian assistance operations in the most demanding terrain and climatic conditions. The ARMA 6x6 stands out for its high payload capacity and large internal volume. It can be equipped with a variety of weapons and turrets, according to the customer’s specific needs and the whole family can be used for a wide variety of missions: as an armoured personnel carrier, armoured combat vehicle, command and control or CBRN reconnaissance vehicle.

The COBRA II, displayed with the KESKIN turret system at IDEX, offers users high protection and mobility in operations, as well as a significant internal volume. In addition to superior mobility, COBRA II can accommodate nine personnel, including driver and commander, and delivers high performance in the toughest terrain and climatic conditions, having been rigorously tested in several testing environments worldwide. The vehicle has an amphibious option and, with a wide variety of potential weapons and mission systems fits, is successfully used in border protection as well as internal security and peacekeeping missions. Its modular structure gives COBRA II the flexcibility to be used as personnel carrier, weapons platform, ground surveillance radar vehicle, CBRN reconnaissance vehicle, command and control vehicle and ambulance. COBRA II is already in service with the Turkish armed and security forces, as well as with export customers.

With the expansion of its vehicle family, Otokar has now turned its focus to turret and weapon station development. With over 30 years’ expertise in turret systems design and integration, the company has developed the MIZRAK, BOZOK, BASOK, UCOK and KESKIN remote controlled turrets, with weapon fits ranging from 7.62-30 mm. With its high-performance, high-tech turret systems, Otokar aims to strengthen its platforms and maintain competitive advantage in the global market.

“Apart from being the leading supplier of the Turkish military and security forces for land systems, over 30,000 Otokar military vehicles serve almost 55 different end users in 32 countries. Our strength in the defence industry is driven by our experience, engineering and R&D capabilities, and successful use of technology," stated General Manager, Serdar Görgüç.

The GCC countries represent a particularly important market for Otokar: a variety of vehicles from across the company’s wide range have been serving in regional forces since the early 2000s. A broad range of activities in the UAE led to the establishment of Otokar Land Systems there in 2016 and that has helped enormously in strengthening relationships, according to Mr Görgüç. The company now plays a wider role, he says, having transformed from being a simple supplier of product to a more comprehensive solutions provider, offering maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) services as well as technology and transfer and sharing of expertise. The Al Jasoor joint venture company signed a significant contract with the UAE armed forces for the RABDAN 8x8 armoured vehicle last year – and the vehicle will be on display during IDEX.

“With the aim of increasing our presence in the region, IDEX is an important opportunity for us to meet our existing users as well as potential users. We believe that our vehicles serving worldwide are the most important reference for our potential users. We will use our unique experience in response to the unique needs of the region in the best possible way,” Mr Görgüç added.


The ARMA 6x6, which offers a number of different weapons and mission systems options, provides potential users with a flexible protected platform capable of undertaking a wide variety of missions. (Image: Otokar)


The COBRA II offers very high mobility coupled with significant protection, giving operators flexibility in mission execution. (Photo: Otokar)

Published: 17 February 2019
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