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[*] posted on 22-3-2019 at 03:52 PM


Russia moves more strike assets to Eastern Mediterranean

Tim Ripley, London and Tony Roper, London - Jane's Defence Weekly

21 March 2019


A Russian Project 636.3 ‘Kilo’-class diesel-electric submarine – identified by Turkish ship spotters as - is escorted by a Turkish Coast Guard vessel as it makes a southbound transit through the Dardanelles on 15 March. Source: Burak Akay/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

Russia appears to be moving additional air and naval assets into Syria and the Eastern Mediterranean, giving its military commanders more options in the theatre.

A Project 636.3 'Kilo'-class diesel-electric submarine was seen transiting the Bosphorus form the Black Sea into the Mediterranean on 14 March. While Russian subs are unmarked, Turkish ship spotters identified it as Krasnodar .

A day later, the Russian Ministry of Defence reported that Stary Oskol , another Project 636.3 serving with the Black Sea Fleet's 4th Independent Submarine Brigade, was preparing to put to sea.

Earlier in March, the Commander of the 4th Independent Submarine Brigade stated in the Black Sea Fleet newspaper that both Krasnodar and Starry Oskol were preparing for long deployments, Jane's has been told.

The commander did not state where the two boats would go but suggested their destination could be the Syrian port of Tartus when he said that the two 636.3s currently stationed there, Kolpino and Velikiy Novgorod , were getting ready to sail to the Black Sea.

Although assigned to the Black Sea Fleet, these two boats have never been to their home base as they have been operating out of Tartus since September 2017, when they arrived in the Mediterranean from the Baltic after being commissioned.

The Black Sea Fleet's Project 1155 Udaloy-class destroyer Severomorsk was transiting the Bosphorus for the Mediterranean on 15 March. The modern Project 11356M Admiral Grigorovich-class frigate Admiral Essen made the same journey on 1 March.

The Russian Navy's newest frigate, the Project 22350 Admiral Gorshkov , and its support group passed through the Straits of Gibraltar into the Mediterranean on 12 March. However, AIS transponder data showing the movements of some of its support ships - the tug Nikolay Chiker and supply ship Elbrus - indicated that the group passed through the Suez Canal into the Red Sea on 20 March.

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[*] posted on 29-3-2019 at 02:53 PM


Shipbuilders Float Out Project 636.3 Submarine for Russias Pacific Fleet

(Source: TASS; published March 28, 2019)


Russias Admiralty Shipyards in St Petersburg has floated out the first diesel-electric submarine of the Russian navys new Project 636.3 Varshavyanka-class, of which six units are to be built for the Pacific Fleet by 2022. (Admiralty photo)

ST. PETERSBURG --- The first Project 636.3 submarine Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky has been floated out for Russias Pacific Fleet at the Admiralty Shipyard in St. Petersburg, TASS reports from the scene.

"A contract for the construction of submarines for the Pacific Fleet was signed in September 2016 at the Army forum. In 2019, the submarine will be delivered to the Pacific Fleet," Admiralty Shipyard CEO Alexander Buzakov said at the launch ceremony.

The Project 636.3 (Varshavyanka) is referred to the third generation of diesel-electric submarines. The submarines of this type have been designed by the Rubin Central Design Bureau. They develop a speed of up to 20 knots, have sea endurance of 45 days and a crew of 50 men. The submarines of this class displace over 2,000 tonnes in their surface position and about 4,000 tonnes under the water. Varshavyanka-class subs are armed with Kalibr cruise missiles.

The shipbuilders are planning to build six such submarines for the Pacific Fleet by 2022. The first series of six submarines for the Black Sea Fleet was under construction from 2010 to 2016. The first two subs have been named the Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and the Volkhov.

Project 636 submarines are considered to be the most noiseless among Russian conventional subs. They have been dubbed the Black Hole for their unique quietness. They are also furnished with modern radar and communications systems, sonars and 533mm torpedoes.

(ends)

Admiralty Shipyards Has Floated Out the First Submarine for the Pacific Fleet

(Source: Admiralty Shipyards JSC; issued March 28, 2019)

(Unofficial translation by Defense-Aerospace.com)

SAINT-PETERSBURG, Russia --- A ceremony for the launch of the large diesel-electric submarine Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky for the Russian Navy was held today at the Admiralty Shipyards JSC (part of the United Shipbuilding Corporation). The Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, Vice Admiral Igor Mukhametshin, took part in the event.

The company's general director Alexander Buzakov stressed the special significance of the event, in the year of the 315th anniversary of the Admiralty Shipyards: The transfer of the first submarine for the Pacific Fleet, which we launch today, will be a worthy gift and a significant contribution to our countrys defense capability.

The launch of the submarine Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky was called a significant event for the Navy by the Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, Vice Admiral Igor Mukhametshin: These submarines are very much awaited by the Pacific Fleet. Ships of this class have already confirmed their high efficiency, including when carrying out combat missions in the Mediterranean. We are confident that the Admiralty Shipyards will fulfill all contractual obligations on time, and we will work together to solve the tasks assigned to us by the Supreme Commander and the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation.

The submarine "Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky" was laid down in July 2017 and, in accordance with the terms of the contract, will be handed over to the customer by the end of this year. On the second ship in the Volkhov series, the process of docking the blocks into a single hull has begun today. The construction of two more ships, Magadan and Ufa, is at the stage of building blocks and conducting hydraulic tests.

The contract for the construction of the series was signed in September 2016, which was a continuation of the implementation of the long-term plan of the Ministry of Defense of Russia to enhance the combat readiness of the Russian Navy and the program to improve diesel-electric submarines.

At the direction of the Ministry of Defense of the TsBB Rubin, modernized the main systems of the ship of the basic Project 636: a complex of torpedo-missile launchers, armament information and control system, radar and hydroacoustic complexes. A number of improvements have been made to general ship systems in order to increase the stealth of the submarine and improve the living conditions for the crew.

Submarines of the modified project 636.3 have higher (compared to previous projects) combat effectiveness. The optimal combination of acoustic stealth and target detection range, the latest inertial navigation system, modern automated information and control system, powerful high-speed torpedo-missile armament ensure that ships of this class lead the world in the field of non-nuclear submarine construction. Admiralty shipyards are the undisputed leader in the construction of submarines of this class and have been successfully exporting them since 1983.

Admiralty shipyards also built in just six years, from August 2010 to November 2016, a series of submarines of this project for the Black Sea Fleet. Starting in 2014, the company delivered two ships to the Russian Navy each year.

It is important to note that the construction of a series of submarines takes place under conditions of full production load and large-scale reconstruction of the enterprise. The construction of new facilities, and the modernization of existing shops is carried out without interrupting production, and the construction of all orders is carried out clearly in accordance with contractual obligations.

Upon completion, the company will create a modern high-tech closed-cycle complex for the construction and repair of non-nuclear submarines, which will transfer up to 4 ships to customers annually and will expand the capabilities of shipyards to reduce construction and repair periods

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[*] posted on 10-4-2019 at 10:45 PM


Russian Defence Minister General of the Army Sergei Shoigu Holds Teleconference with Leadership of Armed Forces

(Source: Russian Ministry of Defence; issued April 09, 2019)

Today the National Centre for State Defence Control in Moscow hosted another teleconference of Defence Ministry chaired by the General of the Army Sergei Shoigu. There were two issues on the agenda.

The first one concerned the heavy aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov.

Defence Minister reminded that in last April last, the Ministry of Defence signed a government contract with the Zvezdochka Ship-building Centre to recover and upgrade the technical readiness of the ship.

At the moment, work is underway in accordance with the master schedule.

Technical readiness of the carrier is 25%. It will have been repaired and modernised by 2020. Sergei Shoigu proposed to discuss the progress of work on the ship.

The second question related to fitting military facilities with security equipment.

The Defence Minister said that security equipment has been installed in more than 16,000 objects. By the beginning of 2020 the number will reach 17,000.

Equipment systems ensure security and counter-terrorism safety for military units, so that military personnel do not have to distract from their combat training, Sergei Shoigu stressed.

The attendees also considered the process of fitting facilities with modern security equipment.

Afterwards, the Defence Minister drew attention to a number of upcoming significant events.

The keel laying ceremony of the far marine zone ships will take place on April 23 - two 22350 Project frigates in Saint-Petersburg at the Severnaya Verf shipyard and two 11711 Project amphibious ships in Kaliningrad at the Yantar shipyard.

Simultaneously, the docking of the large blocks of the 20386 Project corvettes hull will be conducted at Severnaya Verf.

The ship will be named after Merkuriy, the military Russian Fleet brig, which feat will mark 190th anniversary this May.

During the Russian-Turkish war it defeated two battleships of the enemy superior in weapons and size.

The Minister of Defence expressed confidence that revival of the name of the heroic brig will preserve the significant pages of the Navys history.

The mentioned ships are to have been commissioned by the Navy by 2025. They will significantly strengthen the surface action group of the far marine zone, Sergei Shoygu pointed out.

The VIII Moscow Conference on International Security will be held under the auspices of the Ministry of Defence from 23 to 25 April.

Its agenda includes burning issues concerned strengthening global and regional stability, comprising the consequences of the terrorist defeat in Syria, the political settlement in the country, the humanitarian aspects of post-conflict reconstruction and the repatriation of refugees.

It is also planned to discuss the problems of missile defence, peacekeeping and new approaches to international military cooperation.

For the first time a part of the program will be held at the Patriot Park in the suburbs of Moscow.

According to the Minister of Defence, military delegations and leading experts from more than 100 countries are expected to take part in the forum. Thirty-five heads of Departments of Defence have already confirmed their participation.

The most important event of this spring is the Victory Parade on Red Square on May 9.

Sergei Shoigu said that it will be attended by over 13,000 people and will involve up to 160 units of weapons and military equipment. An aviation group of 74 aircraft will fly over the main square of the country.

For the first time, the Moscow University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, a unit of female military personnel of Air and Space Defence Academy and Cadet Corps of the Investigative Committee were chosen to take part in the Parade.

The Minister of Defence drew the attention of the officials to the need to carry out all the preparations in full and on time.

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[*] posted on 24-4-2019 at 05:15 PM


Russian Black Sea Fleet operates new scout vessel of Project 18280

POSTED ON TUESDAY, 23 APRIL 2019 15:02

The Russian Black Sea fleet received the Ivan Khurs reconnaissance ship of project 18280 in 2018. It was built by Severnaya verf Shipyard in St. Petersburg. The St. Andrews flag was hoisted on it on June 25, 2018, the Zvezda weekly writes. The Ivan Khurs medium scout ship is the second reconnaissance warship of project 18280 designed by Iceberg Bureau.


The second Project 18280 intelligence ship, the Ivan Khurs, ready for sea trials in November 2017 (Picture Source: Alexey Akentyev / PJSC Shipyard "Severnaya Verf")

The first scout ship the Yuri Ivanov joined the Navy in 2014. "It was mostly an experimental ship which proved the viability of our ideas," Iceberg CEO Alexander Ryzhkov said.

"The project has to provide communications, reconnaissance and electronic warfare to the Navy and monitor the US missile shield. The warships are equipped with the latest electronic means. Open sources cannot disclose all the components of the scout ships. I can only say that we planned four warships, one for each fleet. Today two of them are operational. The project is upgraded as the series advances. Drawbacks are eliminated in any new warship and tactical and technical characteristics are improved. Thus, a set of improvements was introduced after the first ship was built. They increased combat and operational characteristics and improved comfort for the crew," he said.

Over 900 enterprises participated in the construction of the Ivan Khurs. They supplied various systems, hardware and equipment. Iceberg said the warship enjoys a major modernization resource.

The navigational, communications and reconnaissance complex of project 18280 comprises, firstly, MR-231-3 radar, secondly, Mostik-18280 positioning, localization, and detection electronic system, and thirdly, the basic electronic compatibility system Podzagolovok-23 for radars, detection and navigational stations, artillery and missile fire controls, and information exchange.

Modern communication and reconnaissance mean to develop the Ivan Khurs into the coordinator of a whole squadron or attack force of warships in interaction with aircraft and ground forces. The scout can receive and process a major volume of information by several channels. At present the Ivan Khurs crew are training to operate the scout ship in the Black Sea, the Zvezda said.

The Ivan Khurs is a completely new warship for the Russian Navy which exceeds all predecessors in tactical and technical characteristics. Its multirole character, a high automation and integration level of the systems allow suggesting the warship will become a key element of the fleet control which will be a component of the single automatic troops' control system headed by the Russian National Defense Command Center.

Copyright 2019 TASS. All rights reserved.
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[*] posted on 30-4-2019 at 09:03 AM


Russia builds new frigates, landing ships

Nikolai Novichkov, London - Jane's Defence Weekly

29 April 2019

The Russian shipbuilding industry has begun to build new frigates and landing ships, according to national officials.

The announcement follows the launch of the Project 09852 special-purpose nuclear-powered submarine Belgorod on 23 April.

Since 2012 the Russian Navy has received more than 80 new naval platforms, including three Project 955 nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines, a Project 885 nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine, six Project 636.1 diesel-electric submarines, and 21 surface combatants, President Vladimir Putin said during the Belgorod launch ceremony.

The Severnaya Verf has begun building the fifth and sixth Project 22350 (Gorshkov-class) frigates, Admiral Chichagov and Admiral Amelko, and has linked the sections of the Project 20386 corvette Merkuriy.

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[*] posted on 28-5-2019 at 03:26 PM


Russian surface warships to guide coastal missiles

POSTED ON MONDAY, 27 MAY 2019 14:25

Russian surface warships will be able to provide guidance to coastal missile complexes. The new capabilities will radically increase Navy potential and the defence of naval bases and the coast, the Izvestia daily writes.


An artist rendering of the Russian Zircon missile (Picture Source: Russian MoD)

Small missile ships trained this year near Kamchatka to guide coastal Bal and Bastion complexes, the main Navy command said. Onboard systems and radars were linked with the reconnaissance contour of the coastal forces and the fleet. The ship radars detected surface targets and transmitted the information to coastal missiles in real time. They were ready for launch in several seconds.

The new technique confirmed the high capabilities of the warships and was recognized as successful. It will be introduced in all fleets. In future, small missile ships will guide Tsirkon hypersonic missiles which are to be supplied to the coastal forces, Defense Ministry sources said.

Guiding by small missile boats will increase combat capabilities of the missiles, former Navy Chief-of-Staff Admiral Valentin Selivanov believes. "Small missile ships will approach the adversary to the maximum and will uninterruptedly report target coordinates to the command post in real time. Such a warship can track targets for two days. The command post will decide which weapons to engage. For example, coastal complexes are considered the most dangerous weapons as they hit a warship hundred percent," he said.

Upgraded Ovod-class warships of project 1234 also received a possibility to provide guidance to coastal missiles. The Navy currently has 12 Ovod and most of them are re-equipped. The Smerch is overhauled in Kamchatka and the Zyb of the Baltic fleet which stood idle for a long time is preparing for an overhaul at the 33rd shipyard. The machine-building enterprise in Kingisepp completed the overhaul of the Rassvet. It also upgraded the Iceberg and the Geyzer in late 2018.

Bastion and Bal are the backbones of modern coastal defence. Bal is a close-range weapon to control the waters around naval bases. Bastion destroys warships at a distance of 500 km. The complexes can engage new supersonic Onix antiship missiles.

Tsirkon hypersonic missiles pose the main danger for the adversary. They will be carried by surface warships and submarines. The speed provides them with a higher destruction capability up to an aircraft carrier.

The new information exchange system increases stealth characteristics of warships and coastal missile complexes and ensures their better interaction, expert Dmitry Boltenkov said. "The Navy has actually created a common information space. It updates the defence tactic and promotes mutual camouflage. Coastal complexes will receive information from warships rather than own radars and will not emit to expose themselves. It will make the strike unexpected and increase the survivability of the complexes. Their radars, in their turn, can guide warships. As a result, the adversary will encounter a surprise attack from a direction where it believes nobody is operating," he told the Izvestia.

Copyright 2019 TASS. All rights reserved.
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[*] posted on 28-5-2019 at 06:32 PM


Why don't they simply launch the missiles from the corvettes themselves? And what's to stop the corvettes from being targeted in return? Gotta say, I don't think they've fully thought through this one...



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[*] posted on 19-6-2019 at 06:27 PM


Russian Udaloy destroyer modernised for land-attack mission

Karl Soper, Washington, DC - Jane's Defence Weekly

18 June 2019

The Russian Navy will take delivery of its first modernised Project 1155 Udaloy-class destroyer before the end of 2019, the Izvestia newspaper reported on 29 May.

Upgrades to anti-submarine warfare (ASW) destroyer Marshal Shaposhnikov will convert the ship into a robust land-attack and anti-surface platform. Four more Udaloy ships will receive the same upgrade, the RIA Novosti news agency reported in January 2017.

A Navy Main Command source told Izvestia that Marshal Shaposhnikov had been modified to carry the Kalibr-NK land-attack and Kh-35U Uran anti-ship cruise missile (ASCM). The former has a range of 2,500 km against targets ashore and the latter 260 km against surface targets.

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[*] posted on 4-7-2019 at 02:06 PM


Putin Orders Defense Chief to Region After 14 Sailors Killed In Fire On Russian Submersible

(Source: Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty; posted July 02, 2019)

Russian President Vladimir Putin has ordered the countrys defense chief to travel to a northern naval base to conduct a probe after a fire on what the Kremlin described as a deep-sea "research submersible" killed 14 crew members.

Putin on July 2 called in the incident a terrific loss and told Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu to personally hear reports and direct the Investigative Committee to definitely establish the causes behind this tragedy."

Putins meeting with Shoigu came after the Defense Ministry said earlier in the day that 14 sailors were killed when a fire broke out on July 1 aboard a submersible that the ministry said was carrying out "research" work in Russian territorial waters.

Quote:



Sukhoi Su-57 frazor

Apparently, at the time of the fire bulkheads between the compartments had time to get up - a rigid law of survivability of the ship. The surviving part of the crew actually saved the nuclear submarine. Eternal memory of the fallen heroes...


It was one of the worst Russian naval disasters since 2000, when the Kursk nuclear-powered submarine sank following two explosions aboard the vessel, killing all 118 crew members aboard.

Russias RBC news outlet quoted a military source as identifying the vessel in the latest incident as the Losharik AS-12 nuclear-powered submarine, although the Defense Ministry has not identified the type of vessel involved.

When the Losharik was launched in the early 2000s, details of the vessels were considered highly secret. One report said it was capable of diving 2,500 meters under the sea.

Russian media reported that the Losharik is carried under the hull of a mother submarine, the nuclear-powered Belgorod.

Russia in April launched the special-purpose Belgorod, which is believed capable of carrying nuclear-tipped underwater drones capable of threatening U.S. coastal cities.

The RBC report said the incident occurred in the evening hours of July 1.

Per Strand, a director at the Norwegian Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, told Reuters that his agency had not seen any raised levels of radiation in the area of the submarine accident. He said Norwegian authorities had been told by their Russian counterparts that a gas explosion had occurred on board the vessel.

The Russian Defense Ministry later denied making any comment about a gas explosion. The discrepancy was not immediately explained.

A Russian Defense Ministry statement said that the sailors died as a result of inhaling combustible fumes aboard the research vessel, which was conducting measurements on the floor of the ocean.

The report did not say how many crew members were aboard. It said the fire was put out by other crew members.

The submersible is now at a navy base in the northwestern city of Severomorsk near Murmansk on the Barents Sea, officials said.

An investigation has been launched, the ministry said.

AFP cited a military expert speaking on condition of anonymity as doubting that the vessel was on a scientific research mission.

"Usually it's a cover for different type of work conducted on the seabed," like laying cables, the expert said.

Russia has suffered several deadly submarine incidents over the past two decades, as well as a rash of fires during decommissioning at ports.

In the deadliest submarine incident since the Kursk, 20 Russian sailors and shipyard workers died aboard the submarine K-152 Nerpa when the fire-extinguishing system accidentally activated, causing suffocation.

(ends)

Meeting with Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu

(Source: The Kremlin; issued July 02, 2019)

MOSCOW --- The Defence Minister reported to the Supreme Commander-in-Chief on the fire on the Northern Fleet deep-water research submersible in the Barents Sea, which killed 14 sailors.

Vladimir Putin conveyed his sincere condolences to the families of the dead and gave instructions on providing them with assistance and support.

* * *

(Transcript)

-- President of Russia Vladimir Putin: Mr Shoigu, go ahead please.

-- Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu: Mr President,

As we reported to you yesterday, a fire occurred aboard a deep-water research submersible in the Northern Fleet, which was carrying out seabed research in Russian territorial waters in the Barents Sea. Fourteen crew members died of smoke inhalation.

The crew extinguished the fire through their decisive action. At present, the deep water submersible is at the Severomorsk Navy Base. It is being inspected to establish the cause of the accident. A commission headed by Navy Admiral Yevmenov has been appointed to investigate this tragedy.

-- Vladimir Putin: Mr Shoigu, this is an unusual vessel. We both know that this is a research vessel with a highly professional crew. From your preliminary reports, of the 14 killed, seven were captains and two were Heroes of Russia. This is a huge loss for the fleet and the military in general.

I would like to convey my most sincere condolences to the families of the dead. We must do everything we can to provide assistance and support for them.

I would like to ask you to leave for Severomorsk to personally review the reports and make sure the commission reveals the cause of this tragedy by any means necessary. Please report to me personally on this issue upon your return.

-- Sergei Shoigu: Yes, sir.

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[*] posted on 2-8-2019 at 09:41 AM


First-in-class Gremyashchiy corvette debuts during Russias Navy Day

Miko Vranic, London - Jane's Defence Weekly

01 August 2019

The first-in-class Project 20385 corvette Gremyashchiy made its public debut in Russia's Navy Day parade in St Petersburg on 28 July.


First-in-class Project 20385 corvette "Gremyashchiy" in Russia's Navy Day parade rehearsal in St Petersburg on 25 July. (Russian MoD)

The corvette represents a further development of the Project 20380 Steregushchiy class, from which the Gremyashchiy 's sensors, communications, and fire control systems are not thought to be significantly different, if at all. The key difference is in the Project 20385's missile armament. While the Steregushchiy-class corvettes are armed with two quad launchers with containerised Kh-35 (3M24) anti-ship missiles and the 12-cell vertical launch system (VLS) for the Redut (9K96) shipborne surface-to-air missile (SAM) system, Gremyashchiy is fitted with the latest iteration of the Agat Concern's 3S14 modular VLS and 16-cell Redut SAM VLS.

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[*] posted on 27-8-2019 at 10:53 AM


Russian Cutting-Edge Missile Frigate Enters Final Stage of Shipbuilders Trials

(Source: TASS; published Aug. 23, 2019)


The first production Project 22350 frigate, Admiral Kasatonov, began the final phase of her builders sea trials on Aug. 24; they and the subsequent state trials will last through December, when the Russian Navy is due to decide on her acceptance. (SS photo)

MOSCOW --- The Project 22350 first serial-produced frigate Admiral Kasatonov armed with Kalibr cruise missiles has entered the final stage of shipbuilders trials, the Severnaya Shipyard reported on Friday.

"The shipbuilders and the subsequent state trials will last through December. Following the results of the trials and the conclusions by the state commission, Navy Commander-in-Chief Admiral Nikolai Yevmenov will make a decision on accepting the warship for service in the Northern Fleet," the press office said in a statement.

The frigates crew and the delivery team will check the operation of all the shipboard systems, mechanisms, equipment and weapon systems," the statement says.

The frigate displaces 5,000 tonnes and is 135 meters long. It carries the Kalibr cruise missile system as its main armament. Earlier, the Project 22350 lead frigate Admiral Gorshkov entered service with the Russian Navy.

Project 22350 frigates are expected to become the Russian Navys most advanced warships in their class. These frigates can develop a speed of 29 knots. They are armed with Oniks and Kalibr missiles and the Poliment-Redut air defense missile systems.

(ends)

The Frigate "Admiral of the Fleet Kasatonov" Went to the Final Stage of Factory Tests

(Source: Severnaya Shipyard; issued August 23, 2019)

(Unofficial translation by Defense-Aerospace.com)

ST. PETERSBURG, Russia --- The frigate Admiral of the Fleet of Kasatonov, built at the Northern Shipyard, went to the final stage of factory tests. During their conduct, the crew and the delivery team must verify the operation of all systems, mechanisms, equipment, technical means and systems, weapons and weapons.

Factory running and subsequent state tests will last until December. According to the results of tests and the conclusion of the state commission, the commander in chief of the Navy, Admiral Nikolai Evmenov will decide on the introduction of the ship into the Northern Fleet.

The captain of the ship, Captain I Rank Ivan Rogatin, said: We are leaving the sea for a sufficiently long time to prepare the ship for further service. I am sure that with the help of shipbuilders of the Northern Shipyard we will adequately fulfill all the numerous test tasks. The factory built a modern ship of the 21st century, and it has already been christened the "Master of the Seas." It is a great honor to serve on the latest ship, where many advanced technologies are applied.

The frigate Admiral of the Fleet of Kasatonov is the first serial ship of the project 22350. It is designed to perform a wide range of tasks, including the defeat of surface ships, convoys, landing troops, search and destruction of submarines and ground targets, anti-aircraft, anti-submarine and anti-missile defense of ships and ships, joint operations with amphibious assault forces, sentinel service, state border protection, participation in counter-terrorism and peacekeeping operations, ensuring the protection of civilian vessels and production facilities military activity in crisis and sailing areas of the oceans.

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[*] posted on 18-9-2019 at 08:10 PM


Russian nuclear-powered cruiser to return to fleet in 2022

Tim Ripley, London - Jane's Navy International

17 September 2019



Russia plans to return the Kirov-class (Project 1144) nuclear-powered guided-missile cruiser Admiral Nakhimov to frontline service in 2022 after more than 20 years being laid up at Sevmash shipyard in Severodvinsk.

According to Russian deputy defence minister Alexsey Krivoruchko, Admiral Nakhimov is on target to complete its overhaul and modernisation by the new date.

"It will be the most powerful navy warship," he said in comments reported by state news agency TASS on 10 September. "We inspected the project, the ship is now about 50% ready. As was agreed with Sevmash shipyard, we expect to receive the ship in late 2022.

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[*] posted on 18-9-2019 at 08:51 PM


Experts assess Crimean prospects for landing ship construction - take 1

Posted On Tuesday, 17 September 2019 16:28

The Russian Navy has long been trying to get new-generation landing ships. TASS reported in early September quoting industry sources that two universal landing ships with a displacement of 15000 tons are to be built in Kerch in Crimea.


Priboi amphibious landing ship (Picture source: Navy Recognition)

President of the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC) Alexey Rakhmanov later denied the report saying no decision had been made and no construction site had been chosen. However, Defense Ministry sources told the Izvestia daily the plans to build new-generation landing ships at Zaliv Shipyard, which was one of the biggest in the Soviet Union, can be implemented.

The contract for the construction of two Mistral universal landing ships seemed to be a real opportunity to reinforce the Navy.

However, France refused to hand them over to Russia under US pressure, cancelled the contract and paid the fine. The ships were sold to Egypt.

Russia did not actually sustain major losses. The money was paid back and nobody could strip Russia of technologies and equipment that is obtained according to the contract. The damage was the delayed renewal of the landing forces of the Navy.

Russia immediately began to speak about its own construction of the warships. However, political problems and the economic crisis, as well as reduced military appropriations barred the immediate implementation of the plans. It was reported in 2015 that Russia was designing two projects of landing ships: a helicopter-carrying dock with a displacement of 15000 tons and a universal landing ships with a displacement of 30000 tons. The former had the Dutch Rotterdam project as a likely prototype. The latter had to be bigger than the 20000-ton Mistral.

However, no contract for the construction has been signed. In the spring of 2019, two new and upgraded big landing ships of project 11711 were laid. The Vladimir Andreev and the Vasily Trushin differed from the initial project of the Ivan Gren which was handed over to the Navy in 2018 and the Petr Morgunov which is to become operational in 2020. They have bigger displacement, size and architecture with the superstructure in the bow and a bigger flight deck in the stern.

Specific characteristics of the ships are not disclosed, but the key difference of project 11711M is likely an increased 4-6 helicopter force for airborne assault and fire support by Ka-52K gunships.

The upgraded project 11711M provides bigger capabilities against the initial one which was designed according to Soviet perceptions of 1960-1970s about marine actions which had to support the sea flank of the ground forces and land tactical assaults from warships to the coast in the radius of operation of coastal aviation.

The perception has changed since then and in the past forty years, the leading sea powers radically changed the approach to seaborne assault and switched to the so-called over-horizon marine landing by boats and helicopters from a warship staying 20-30 miles outside the zone of adversary artillery and missile fire.

The over-horizon assault accelerates the process and most of the force can land in half an hour after the ship occupies a position outside the visibility from the coast and thus secures itself. Helicopters and boats have to provide fire support, as well as the weapons of the marines delivered to the coast by air or sea. Such a necessity was comprehended yet in the USSR and a new project 11780 was designed in the 1980s to build a 25000-ton high-speed landing ship of an aircraft-carrying architecture which would correspond to the US Tarawa amphibious assault ships.

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[*] posted on 20-9-2019 at 01:03 PM


Yeah yeah, yadda yadda yadda, come back when the Russian Navy has real money to spend, not promises and propaganda.



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[*] posted on 23-10-2019 at 12:31 PM


Russias Latest Missile Frigate Enters State Trials

(Source: TASS; published Oct. 21, 2019)


The Russian Navy frigate Admiral Kasatonov is the second Project 22350 warship built at the Severnaya Shipyard in St. Petersburg; after completing her acceptance sea trials, she is due to be commissioned by year-end. (USC photo)

MOSCOW --- The Project 22350 first serial-produced frigate Admiral Kasatonov armed with Kalibr cruise missiles has entered state trials, the press office of the Severnaya Shipyard reported on Monday.

"Along with ongoing shipbuilders sea trials, the ship has entered the stage of state tests. Under their program, the shipbuilders have closed 18 out of 80 performance certificates. In particular, the state acceptance commission checked the operation of the main propulsion unit, communications and navigation systems, deck machinery and crew habitability conditions," the press office said in a statement.

Besides, the frigate, which is currently within the area of the Northern Fleets responsibility, will start testing its armament and weapon systems in November, the statement says.

The frigate Fleet Admiral Kasatonov is the second (the first serial-produced) Project 22350 warship built at the Severnaya Shipyard (part of Russias United Shipbuilding Corporation). The cutting-edge frigate was laid down on November 26, 2009 and floated out on December 12, 2014. The frigate is set to be delivered to the Russian Navy this year.

The lead warship of this series, the Admiral Gorshkov, was delivered to the Navy in the summer of 2018 and the construction of two more frigates (the Admiral Golovko and the Admiral Isakov) continues at the slipways of the Severnaya Shipyard in St. Petersburg.

Project 22350 frigates are expected to become the Russian Navys most advanced warships in their class. These frigates displace 4,500 tonnes and can develop a speed of 29 knots. They are armed with Oniks and Kalibr missiles and the Poliment-Redut air defense missile systems.

(ends)

Frigate "Admiral of the Fleet of Kasatonov" Began State Tests

(Source: Severnaya Shipyard; issued October 21, 2019)

(Unofficial translation by Defense-Aerospace.com)

ST. PETERSBURG, Russia --- The frigate of Project 22350 Admiral of the Fleet of Kasatonov, built by the Northern Shipyard (part of the United Shipbuilding Corporation), began state acceptance tests today.

Currently, 18 out of 80 certificates are closed. The State Acceptance Commission checked the operation of the main power plant, communication and navigation systems, deck mechanisms, crew living conditions.

The frigate, which is now in the area of responsibility of the Northern Fleet, is preparing for the testing of weapons, military equipment and aircraft equipment scheduled for November.

Key features of the project 22350:
-- Displacement: 5000 tons
-- Length: 135 meters
-- Width: 16 meters
-- Speed: up to 29 knots
-- Cruising Range: 4,500 nautical miles
-- Endurance: 30 days

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[*] posted on 30-10-2019 at 08:08 PM


Russia reinforces Arctic naval group

Posted On Tuesday, 29 October 2019 13:03

Russia continues to build warships for the Arctic naval force. The Ivan Papanin lead patrol ice-class ship of project 23550 was floated on October 25. The gala ceremony took place at the Admiralty Shipyard in St. Petersburg, the Military-Industrial Courier writes.


Russian navy Arctic patrol vessel Project 23550 (Picture source: Russian MoD )

The Ivan Papanin is designed for constant monitoring of the environment in a complicated ice situation and for escorting and towing detained vessels to seaports, accompanying and supporting supply vessels, participating in rescue operations, transporting special cargoes. The displacement is close to 8500 tons. The ship is over a hundred meters long and close to 20 meters wide. The cruising capacity is 60 days. The warship is armed with AK-176MA artillery gun.

"The ship was designed by Almaz bureau on the basis of available experience. It is very successful," expert Mikhail Nenashev said. "The Ivan Papanin will operate in the Arctic. The warship will protect the Northern Sea Route, it can break ice and tow ships. Such a combination of functions in one ship is very important in the Arctic," he said.

The Ivan Papanin is another link in the maritime security of Russia in the strategic Arctic region where the struggle to control resources is developing. Washington leads the standoff and wants to dictate to the world, mostly Russia, its terms of operation in the Arctic. Thus, Commander of the US Naval Forces Europe - Naval Forces Africa James Foggo told the Washington Examiner in February 2019 that Russia considers the Arctic as its own space, while it is an international territory and should be free and open for all. The Arctic and the Northern Sea Route should be equally used by all countries of the Arctic Council and nobody should claim a monopoly to it, the admiral said.

NATO's Supreme Allied Commander Europe Curtis Scaparotti told the US Senate armed forces committee in March 2019 that the Northern Sea Route was becoming open for a longer time.

Thus, its commercial and resource value is growing and creates competition. As the Northern Sea Route goes close to Russia, it reopened airfields in the region, installed radars and periodically deploys various arms to control the region, the general said.

It remains for Russia to strengthen the defense. The Ivan Papanin is a modern warship of the Russian Arctic naval force. The United States has to understand there is international law and Washington cannot dictate to Russia how to develop the Northern Sea Route, first deputy chair of the State Duma defense committee Andrey Krasov said.

"Russia does not violate the norms of international law. A part of the Northern Sea Route goes in our territorial waters. We are not compelling the USA to do something close to the coast of Alaska. We only want to observe the existing norms and everybody, including the USA, have to comply with them," he said.

He recalled article 234 of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea which says that "Costal States have the right to adopt and enforce non-discriminatory laws and regulations for the prevention, reduction and control of marine pollution from vessels in ice-covered areas within the limits of the exclusive economic zone, where particularly severe climatic conditions and the presence of ice covering such areas for most of the year create obstructions or exceptional hazards to navigation, and pollution of the marine environment could cause major harm to or irreversible disturbance of the ecological balance."

"It means Russia can toughen the passage rules for foreign ships in the Northern Sea Route to protect the environment," Krasov said.

Russia is protecting the Northern Sea Route. The government drafted the rules for foreign ships in the Northern Sea Route. The countries of origin have to notify about the sorties 45 days ahead. It is necessary to give the vessel name, route, aim and time of the navigation. Access may be denied in case of unsanctioned navigation in the Northern Sea Route. Russia may resort to extreme measures up to an arrest of the vessel, the Military-Industrial Courier said.

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[*] posted on 31-10-2019 at 09:49 AM


Russian Subs Honing Stealth Skills In Major North Atlantic Drill, Says Norwegian Intel (excerpt)

(Source: The Barents Observer; posted October 29, 2019)

By Thomas Nilsen

At least eight nuclear-powered submarines sailed out from their homeports on the Kola Peninsula last week, the Norwegian military intelligence [told] NRK.

The aim of the massive operation is to get as far out to the North Atlantic as possible without being discovered by NATO, the intelligence service [informed] NRK. Such maneuvers havent been seen from the Northern Fleet since the days of the Cold War.

The operation started early last week, before Russias Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and Commander of the Northern Fleet, Vice-Admiral Aleksandr Moiseyev visited Kirkenes in northern Norway last Friday.

Lavrov had bilateral talks with his Norwegian counterpart Ine Eriksen Sreide and the two said at the following press conference that security situation in northern Europe was one talking point.

On Saturday, the Barents Observer reported about two of the Sierra-class submarines of the Northern Fleet sailing towards the Norwegian Sea for deep-sea dive tests and weapon tests. The two submarines are the Pskov and Nizhny Novgorod, both built with a titanium-hull.

Eight of the ten submarines now at sea are nuclear-powered, the intelligence service [told] NRK. (end of excerpt)

Click here for the full story, on the Barents Observer website.

https://thebarentsobserver.com/en/security/2019/10/russian-n...

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[*] posted on 1-11-2019 at 09:08 AM


Borei-A class submarine fires SLBM for first time

Nicholas Fiorenza, London - Jane's Defence Weekly

31 October 2019

Russia's first Borei-A class boat Knyaz Vladimir has test fired a Bulava submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) for the first time, the Russian Ministry of Defence announced on its Facebook page on 30 October.

The submerged launch was conducted from the White Sea, targeting the Kura Range on the Kamchatka Peninsula, the ministry said.

Knyaz Vladimir is the first of the Borei-A submarines, launched on 17 November 2017 and due to be commissioned this year. The test launch could be part of the commissioning process.

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[*] posted on 7-11-2019 at 02:54 PM


Corvette Gremyashchiy to Carry Tsirkon Hypersonic Missiles, Says Putin

(Source: TASS; published Oct. 31, 2019)



KALININGRAD, Russia --- The corvette Gremyashchiy will be equipped with cutting-edge hypersonic anti-ship missiles Tsirkon, President Vladimir Putin said as he toured the vessel in Russias northwestern city of Kaliningrad on Thursday.

Getting on board the corvette, the president examined it, as well as familiarized himself with the weapons systems and equipment. The corvettes commander, Captain 2nd Rank Roman Dovgailov drew attention of the president to the bow section, where the launch containers for Kalibr missiles are located, saying that Tsirkon missiles could be placed there in the future.

"It will certainly have Tsirkon," the president replied, addressing Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu. The minister smiled and nodded. Then, the president wished the commander happy sailing and successful state trials.

The work on the advanced Tsirkon hypersonic missile capable of developing a speed of up to Mach 9 is proceeding smoothly and will be completed on time, Russian President Vladimir Putin said during his annual Address to the Federal Assembly in February.

As the Russian leader reported, this missile is capable of developing a flight speed of about Mach 9 and its range capability may reach over 1,000 km. The missile can hit both naval and ground targets, he added.

The carriers of Tsirkon missiles will be naval ships and submarines equipped with Kalibr missile systems. According to experts, it is impossible to intercept this missile with the existing missile interceptor means.

The Gremyashchiy is the Project 20385 lead corvette laid down on February 1, 2012 and floated out in June 2017. The corvettes of this Project developed by the Almaz Central Marine Design Bureau are designated to detect and destroy enemy submarines and surface ships, provide for troop landing and cope with numerous green-water tasks.

The corvette Gremyashchiy will become the first warship in the Pacific Fleet to carry Kalibr cruise missiles. The warship is expected to enter service with the Pacific Fleet by the end of 2019. Project 20385 envisages a hangar for a Ka-27 helicopter.

Project 20385 corvettes displace 2,200 tonnes, have an operating range of 3,500 miles and their sea endurance is 15 days. They are armed with Kalibr-NK universal missile systems, Redut anti-aircraft missile complexes and Paket anti-submarine warfare technology.

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[*] posted on 7-11-2019 at 02:56 PM


Thus seems to be Russia's "new" approach to surface naval warfare, lots of Corvettes and Light Frigates firing small numbers of large and/or hypersonic missiles......
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[*] posted on 7-11-2019 at 03:48 PM


Given the loss of their shipbuilding infrastructure following from the unpleasantness with Ukraine, I don't think they have much of a choice in the matter.

Plus there is the obvious point that it no longer takes large ships to operate a relatively large offensive missile arsenal. Defensive capabilities may be another matter, but I guess that is yet another hint at where Russia is heading...




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[*] posted on 7-11-2019 at 07:20 PM


Quote: Originally posted by bug2  
Thus seems to be Russia's "new" approach to surface naval warfare, lots of Corvettes and Light Frigates firing small numbers of large and/or hypersonic missiles......

But I thought the Russians were going to be building at least 40 nuclear powered aircraft carriers in the next ten years.
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[*] posted on 7-11-2019 at 09:10 PM


Russia lays keels of two new diesel-electric submarines

Nikolai Novichkov, Moscow - Jane's Defence Weekly

06 November 2019


The first Project 636.3 submarine, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, was laid on 28 July 2017 and launched on 28 March 2019. Source: Admiralty Shipyards

Russia's Admiralty Shipyards, a subsidiary of United Shipbuilding Corporation, laid keels of two new Project 636.3 diesel-electric submarines, Ufa and Magadan, for the Russian Navy's (VMF's) Pacific Fleet on 1 November.

The boats are being built under a contract for six submarines for the Pacific Fleet signed with the Ministry of Defence (MoD) in September 2016. Ufa and Magadan are the third and fourth boats, respectively, of the series. The first submarine of the series, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, was laid on 28 July 2017 and launched on 28 March 2019, with delivery to the VMF scheduled for 25 November. The second boat, Volkhov, is planned to be launched in December, while construction of the fifth and sixth submarines is being prepared. The entire series is scheduled to be completed in 2022. With construction taking 28 months, the recently laid Ufa and Magadan are to be delivered in late 2021 and the first half of 2022, respectively.

Construction of the first boat of the class for the Black Sea Fleet, Novorossiysk, took 49 months (August 2010-September 2014), while Krasnodar took 21 months (February 2014-November 2015), and Rostov-on-Don took 37 months (November 2011-December 2014).

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[*] posted on 9-11-2019 at 02:38 PM


Quote: Originally posted by bug2  
The corvettes commander, Captain 2nd Rank Roman Dovgailov drew attention of the president to the bow section, where the launch containers for Kalibr missiles are located, saying that Tsirkon missiles could be placed there in the future.


"Could", but won't. How are they going to handle terminal sensing and target ID against a moving target, 24/7, in all WX, during a battle? Keeping the dream alive.
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[*] posted on 16-11-2019 at 01:27 PM


Northern Fleet New Corvette Gremyashii to be Tested in White Sea

(Source: Russian Ministry of Defence; issued Nov 13, 2019)


The Russian Navys new Project 20385 corvette, RFS Gremyashii, built at the Severnaya Verf shipyard in St. Petersburg, arrived Nov. 13 at the White Sea Naval Base of the Northern Fleet for state tests. (RUS MOD photo)

Today, the major corvette of project 20385, built at the Severnaya Verf shipyard in St. Petersburg, arrived at the White Sea Naval Base of the Northern Fleet for state tests.

On the berth, the ship was met by Rear Admiral Konstantin Kabantsov, commander of the Belomorsky naval base. After receiving the report of the corvette commander on the successful completion of the inter-naval transition and the readiness to conduct tests in the White Sea, Rear Admiral Konstantin Kabantsov congratulated the crew of Gremyashii on their arrival at the White Sea base and examined the ship.

Sailing was a good test of crew training.

Search and rescue support for the passage of the ship in the northern seas was performed by the rescue tug Nikolai Chiker, as well as the forces of the White Sea Naval Forces, which will also provide testing of the corvette in the White Sea.

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