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Author: Subject: High Mobility Trucks and Other vehicles
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[*] posted on 12-9-2019 at 10:50 PM


DSEI 2019: General Dynamics Land Systems–UK showcases EAGLE

Posted On Thursday, 12 September 2019 08:18

General Dynamics Land Systems–UK and General Dynamics European Land Systems will showcase its EAGLE 6x6, which is a contender for the UK’s Multi Role Vehicle–Protected (MRV-P) Group 2 programme, at Defence and Security Equipment International (DSEI) 2019.


Eagle 6x6 showcased at DSEI 2019 (Picture source: Army Recognition)

EAGLE, fitted as a Troop Carrier variant at DSEI 2019, features a unique suspension and driveline, offering superior tactical mobility, reliability and the highest-protection in its class.

The EAGLE has been developed from the EAGLE / DURO family of vehicles that are currently in-service with the British, German, Danish and Swiss Armies and proved on operations worldwide. It is available in a range of 4x4 and 6x6 configurations and can fulfil roles such as a Troop Carrier, Ambulance, Recovery, Command, Reconnaissance and Logistics. EAGLE provides logistic commonality across its range of variants to offer lower maintenance and lifecycle costs.

Carew Wilks, vice president and general manager of General Dynamics Land Systems–UK, said: “The EAGLE 6x6 is an outstanding tactical wheeled vehicle that is ideally suited to troop transport and the rapid, safe carriage of injured personnel. EAGLE is highly-survivable with the mobility performance characteristics the British Army needs on operations worldwide. We have a highly-skilled team at Merthyr Tydfil that stands ready to undertake the assembly, integration and test of these vehicles – helping sustain this unique capability for the nation. The British Army can be assured it is getting the right platform for its requirements.”

General Dynamics Land Systems and General Dynamics European Land Systems has a long pedigree and worldwide experience in delivering tracked and wheeled military vehicles, alongside specialist knowledge in complex, scalable Electronic Architectures. It delivers, amongst others, the AJAX family of vehicles, the Abrams main battle tank, LAV (Light Armoured Vehicle), Piranha and Stryker Family of Vehicles, and the Cougar Mine Resistant Ambush–Protected (MRAP).
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[*] posted on 13-9-2019 at 11:12 AM


DSEI 2019: Ricardo displays Ford Ranger General Service Vehicle

Posted On Thursday, 12 September 2019 21:01

Ricardo plc is a global, world-class, multi-industry consultancy for engineering, technology, project innovation and strategy and have been delivering projects to the defense market for over 30 years. Projects include clean-sheet design and development of the F350 weapons platform, Foxhound LPPV and Land Rover WIMIK.


Ford Ranger as converted by Ricardo plc. (Picture source: Army Recognition)

The Ford Ranger is a vehicle conceived and converted by Ricardo at Shoreham Technical Centre, UK. The robust and dependable AWD Ranger is available with a range of powertrain options including Ford’s powerful and refined 213 PS 2.0-litre EcoBlue bi-turbo diesel powertrain producing 500 Nm of torque for greater load-hauling capacity mated to an advanced new 10-speed automatic transmission.

Available with both two- and four-door cabins, the rugged pickup truck is available with a wide range of standard and bespoke adaptations for government and peacekeeping roles.


Ford Ranger as converted by Ricardo plc. (Picture source: Army Recognition)
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[*] posted on 13-9-2019 at 05:12 PM


Marines Still Using Their Polaris ATVs After Fires in Civilian Versions Prompt Recalls


Marines with Kilo company, 3rd Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment, rush to provide support for other Marines in a MRZR at Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms, Calif., July 31, 2016. (U.S. Marine Corps photo/Julien Rodarte)

12 Sep 2019

Military.com | By Gina Harkins

Marine special operators are still using the militarized version of a lightweight off-roading vehicle that has reportedly caught fire more than 180 times, killing four people and injuring 30.

Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command has not received any manufacturing recalls on the more than 50 Polaris MRZR vehicles Marine Raiders began using in 2014, said Gunnery Sgt. Lynn Kinney, a command spokeswoman.

The New York Times reported last week on the 10 recalls Polaris Industries had issued for fire hazards on its RZR vehicles between 2013 and 2018. There are dozens of social media posts showing the vehicles burning, the paper reported, and the accidents have led to a host of lawsuits, including wrongful death and personal injury claims.

Kinney said MARSOC takes the safety and security of Raiders seriously at all times.

The command is still using its MRZRs for training and overseas missions, she said, along with some commercial Polaris vehicles MARSOC has in its inventory. They haven't had problems with any of the vehicles, she added.

Polaris company officials said that, while branding between the MRZR and RZR versions are similar, the Marine Corps models are “designed in cooperation with our partners to meet the needs of the government and military customers.”

“We are not aware of fires involving the MRZR,” they added.

The company also hit back against the recent article by The New York Times, saying the allegations, inferences are, they believe, “misleading, lack full context and, at times, are simply inaccurate.”

“Polaris employees, from our senior leaders to our assembly workers on the line, put our riders at the center of our vehicle designs,” the company said in a statement. “With them in mind, we take measures to comprehensively and proactively address safety and quality across the board, which includes vehicle design and assembly, a methodical review of warranty claims, and customer issues for vehicles that have left our control. We have invested, and continue to invest, heavily in safety.”

The gas- and diesel-powered vehicles come in four models that can carry between 1,000 and 1,500 pounds. The unarmored vehicles can fit either four or six people, depending on the model, and can fit into an MV-22B Osprey aircraft.

The Marine Corps buys only the diesel-powered models, Polaris officials said.

MARSOC had its first MRZR death earlier this year when Staff Sgt. Joshua Braica was killed in a rollover accident. Two others were injured in the crash, which remains under investigation.

There were no reports of fire being involved in that mishap.

Kinney said MARSOC has extensive training and licensing requirements to "ensure maintainers and operators follow the provided technical manual, which include manufacturer warnings regarding safe vehicle operation."

"The operator's manual has fire safety warnings for exhaust systems and refueling operations, and each vehicle is equipped with a fire extinguisher," she added.

Marines recently used a weapon system that includes an MRZR to take out an Iranian drone from aboard the amphibious assault ship Boxer, as first reported by Military.com. Marines attach an anti-drone system called LMADIS -- or the Light Marine Air Defense Integrated System -- to tactical vehicles, including the MRZR, to scan the skies for enemy aircraft.

The system has been used on ships' flight decks and on land.

Editor's Note: This story has been updated with comments from the manufacturer.

-- Gina Harkins can be reached at gina.harkins@military.com. Follow her on Twitter @ginaaharkins.
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[*] posted on 14-9-2019 at 02:40 PM


Iveco Defence Vehicles Awarded Contract to Deliver A New Generation of Medium Multirole Protected Vehicles to Dutch Armed Forces

(Source: Iveco Defence Vehicles; issued September 12, 2019)



BOLZANO, Italy --- Iveco Defence Vehicles announced today that it has been awarded a contract by the Dutch Ministry of Defence to provide 1275 medium multirole protected vehicles denominated “12kN”.

The acquisition is part of the Defence-wide Replacement Programme of Wheeled Vehicles (DVOW - Defensiebrede Vervanging Operationele Wielvoertuigen), with deliveries from 2022 through 2026.

The Iveco Defence Vehicles’ MTV – Medium Tactical Vehicle, is designed to combine high tactical 4x4 mobility, optimal off-road performance and high crew protection, together with an excellent payload capability. Outstanding modularity and system integration capabilities are guaranteed across all range variants such as hard top, soft top, pick up, casualty transport and personnel transport, in order to support all different Military users, from Army to Marines, Navy, Air Force, Special Operational Units and Military Police.

High reliability, ease of maintenance and low through life cycle costs were core requirements during the design of MTV, guiding the choice of the main assemblies towards components with proven performance and reliability over many million kilometers in the most diversified and demanding environmental conditions.

Over the years, Iveco Defence Vehicles has delivered many vehicles to the Dutch Army from its wide commercial and military product range such as the Iveco Stralis 6x2 long haulage lorries, the Trakker 8x8 for the Army’s Fire Department and the EuroCargo 4x4 delivered to the Dutch Marines for the Caribbean territories.

This award represents an important milestone in the consolidation of the strategic partnership between the Dutch MoD and Iveco Defence Vehicles, confirming once again the leadership of the company in the multirole vehicle segment for defense and homeland security missions.

Iveco Defence Vehicles is a brand of CNH Industrial N.V., a world leader in capital goods listed on the New York Stock Exchange and on the Mercato Telematico Azionario of the Borsa Italiana. Iveco Defence Vehicles is dedicated to delivering innovative automotive and protection solutions to meet the needs of military customers worldwide. The company manufactures specialist logistic, protected and armoured vehicles in its facility in Bolzano in Northern Italy, as well as marketing Iveco’s full commercial range, adapted as necessary to meet the demands of the military user.

In consequence, Iveco Defence Vehicles has a full range of vehicles to meet a broad spectrum of defence applications.

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[*] posted on 14-9-2019 at 02:50 PM


Defence Forces to Procure New All-Terrain Trucks

(Source: Finnish Ministry of Defence; issued Set. 13, 2019)

Minister of Defence Antti Kaikkonen has authorised the Defence Forces, on 12th of September 2019, to procure all-terrain trucks from Scania Suomi Oy and Veho Oy Ab.

The procurement supports the Defence Forces’ logistics development programme; all-terrain trucks are an essential part of the Defence Forces logistics system needed, for example, for transporting supplies.

They will be used to equip the Army’s logistics troops and the logistics units of different branches. All-terrain trucks will be used to transport personnel and materiel and as hauling equipment.

The overall value of the procurement that is carried out in line with the framework agreement of Hansel is about EUR 13 million incl. VAT. The employment effect of the construction work, equipment and subcontracting of vehicle pallet and hook equipment in Finland will be 12 person-years.

While a total of 54 all-terrain trucks will be purchased the contract also includes a provision for supplementary procurement.

The trucks will be delivered to the Defence Forces over 2020-2022.

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[*] posted on 17-9-2019 at 07:20 PM


Paramount Group Mbombe 4 APC exceeds NATO STANAG 4569 protection level

Posted On Tuesday, 17 September 2019 08:59

Paramount Group has announced that the Mbombe 4x4, the newest addition to its advanced Armoured Personnel Carrier (APC) family of vehicles, has received final certification for the independently verified blast tests which exceeded the criteria for NATO STANAG 4569 – one of the highest levels of protection that can be achieved by an armoured vehicle in its class.


Mbombe 4 displayed in Abu Dhabi for IDEX 2019 (Picture source: Army Recognition)

This announcement follows the exceptional performance of the Mbombe 4x4, which features unique flat-floor mine protection technologies pioneered by Paramount Group, during a series of explosives tests designed and executed by Landward Sciences, a programme of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), South Africa's leading and independent scientific research body.

The blast tests are performed in accordance with the highest international specifications, namely, STANAG 4569, a NATO standardisation agreement that institutes benchmarks for occupant protections in vehicles such as the Mbombe 4x4, in this case including three 10 kg TNT explosions under the wheels and the hull, and one 50kg side blast test, carried out at a 5 meter distance to imitate an Improvised Explosive Device (IED).

The Mbombe 4 was designed and developed specifically for local manufacturing in customer countries, in response to the increasing requirement from Governments for the development of their own defence industrial capabilities.

The vehicle has successfully completed a series of summer trials with several armed forces around the world. Featuring next-generation design, advanced technologies and highest levels of protection, the result of decades of real-world battlefield and asymmetrical warfare experience, the Mbombe 4x4 is ready to serve customers.

Though the Mbombe 4 is equipped for full mission capability and maximum versatility, it has a singular mission – soldier survivability. Protecting the lives of combat personnel is our utmost priority; our commitment to this cause is reflected throughout our entire portfolio. In doing so, we today serve proudly as world leaders in the research, development and manufacturing of protection technologies.

As part of the blast testing programme, the integrity of the Mbombe 4 was subjected to both intense experimentations and post-test evaluations that took several months to complete, with final inspections of the Mbombe 4 yielding outstanding results. Each of these tests is intended to validate explosives resistance and occupant protection capacities for logistics and light-armoured vehicles by pushing unmodified units to their functional limits, using expertly controlled trials and post-test evaluations.

Key features of Mbombe 4 also include an unique, rear-door ramp design, which has been proven in combat on 6x6 and 8x8 IFVs. The ease of access provided by the rear-door ensures the rapid deployment of the crew while the vehicle is static or on the move.

The Mbombe 4 performs with a burst speed of 140km/hr, an 800km operating range and an independent suspension system designed to optimally meet the increasing demand for outstanding protection yet adaptability in conventional and asymmetrical warfare alike. The mine resistant carrier is functionally versatile over challenging terrains and fully operational across a myriad of contemporary and diverse counter-terrorism, border patrol, counter-insurgency, internal security and peacekeeping missions.

Both the launch of Paramount Group's Mbombe 4 and its first customer, the United Arab Emirates were announced at the 2019 International Defence Exhibition and Conference (IDEX) in Abu Dhabi.
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[*] posted on 21-9-2019 at 01:24 PM


Slovak Zetor Gerlach 4x4 armored will be fitted with armor protection of Rheinmetall

Posted On Friday, 20 September 2019 13:07

Zetor Engineering Slovakia, a.s. and Rheinmetall Protection Systems GmbH have agreed on strategic cooperation in the further development of ballistic and anti-mine protection solutions as part of the Zetor Gerlach 4x4 ATV tactical armored vehicle project.


Zetor Gerlach 4x4 ATV tactical armored vehicle at MSPO 2019, defense exhibition in Kielce, Poland. (Picture source Army Recognition)

Slovak Company Zetor engineering has unveiled a prototype of its new 4x4 armored vehicle called GERLACH during the defense exhibition IDEB 2018 that takes place in Bratislava, Slovakia.

The vehicle was fully developed by the Company based on the experience of troops deployed during modern combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan using similar wheeled armored vehicles.

“It is a great benefit for the Gerlach project that we can work with a world leader in this field. It is a great experience for our team and for the customer a guarantee of the highest quality and technological level, ”says project manager Pavel Bušta.

“The combination of protection, mobility and other benefits makes this vehicle an extremely competitive solution. We will be pleased to take part in the further development of the project, ”said Dr. Manfred Salk, CEO Rheinmetall Protection Systems GmbH.

Both sides also confirmed their interest in cooperation in other areas such as Rapid Obscuring System, Smoke Vehicle Protection System, Active Defense System, Weapon Stations, etc.

The German partner also expressed an interest in transferring to Slovakia the production of additional ceramic armor systems.
Based on the strategic agreement, Rheinmetall Protection Systems becomes the supplier of the safety armored cab solution. The German protection systems manufacturer provides a comprehensive and certified solution. The entire process, starting with the selection of materials, through welding and construction work, including technological processes, is subject to strict military standards MIL-TL (number to be specified).

These standards will subsequently be applied to cab production in Slovakia or any other country where the vehicle will be manufactured.

Crew protection of Zetor Gerlach 4x4 ATV armored was the main priority of the project from the beginning. The aim was to maximize safety while maintaining a high level of comfort, as well as defined dynamics parameters and vehicle main dimensions.

Cooperation with the German side got the ground already in the design and construction of the vehicle prototype.

“The German side provided expertise and suggested a number of improvements in the field of ballistic and anti-mine protection. Subsequently, intensive cooperation on engineering and construction activities started, ”explains P. Bušta.

All modifications were subsequently subjected to simulations and rigorous tests in the German state-owned test laboratory Beschussamt Ulm. The result is a solution that provides the vehicle with ballistic protection at NATO level STANAG 4569 Volume 1 Level 3 and antimine resistance at NATO level STANAG 4569 Volume 2 Level 3a, 3b.
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[*] posted on 30-9-2019 at 04:07 PM


Army of Lithuania takes delivery of 110 Unimog U5000 light trucks

Posted On Sunday, 29 September 2019 06:02

On September 26, 2019, the Lithuanian Armed Forces accepted 110 Unimog U5000 trucks of 5t payload manufactured by Germany’s Daimler AG as it is updating its truck fleet with vehicles of the same make as there already are in the fleet.


The new Unimog U5000 of Lithuanian army. (Picture source Lithuania MoD)

The trucks are delivered on the basis of a contract signed back in 2015 though continuing successful cooperation of the Ministry of National Defence and the NATO Support and Procurement Agency (NSPA). 88 such trucks have already been delivered to the Lithuanian Armed Forces; the contract covers the acquisition of the total of 340 new Unimog trucks.

“The NSPA collects demand applications from all NATO allies and is able to carry out acquisitions in bulk which cuts the price of one unit significantly,” Director of the Defence Materiel Agency under the Ministry of National Defence Sigitas Dzekunskas said.

Head of the Daimler AG truck project Dr Martin R. Maier underscored at the handover ceremony the reliability of the trucks and their exceptionally long service life.

The contract between the Lithuanian Armed Forces and the Daimler AG German manufacturer foresees logistical support in the first 15 years of operation, specialized tools and testing equipment, and other guarantees. The value of the contract in total is EUR 70 million.

The 110 have been delivered to the Lithuanian Armed Forces on the basis of the contract on the Unimog truck acquisition between the Defence Materiel Agency under the MoD and the NATO Support and Procurement Agency updated in 2018.

Daimler AG is committed to delivering the remaining 142 trucks in 2020-2021.

The new tactical 5-ton trucks will be assigned to the Lithuanian Land Force and other units to supplement equipment fleets of the same technical characteristics that Lithuanian troops are well familiar with.

A truck is one of the most common vehicles in the military that is in great demand. This type of vehicle is used for completion of soldiers’ tasks, logistical support, personnel transportation.
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[*] posted on 5-10-2019 at 04:42 PM


New NATO Buyer For JLTV; More Buyers On The Way?

The sale to Montenegro might be small, but the US push into the Balkans will not make Moscow happy.

By Paul McLeary

on October 04, 2019 at 3:49 PM



WASHINGTON: In a sign the floodgates may be opening for allies to buy the Army’s newest tactical vehicle, the US appears to be finalizing a $36 million agreement with Montenegro to sell them dozens of brand-new Joint Light Tactical Vehicles.

The tipoff came this morning when Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, who is visiting the country, said the US “offered an agreement to Montenegro for the largest sale of military equipment in the history between our two nations. The United States looks forward to delivering $36 million worth of light tactical vehicles to our NATO ally once this agreement is finalized.”

A defense official confirmed the deal is for 67 Oshkosh-made JLTVs.

If the deal goes through, Montenegro would become the fourth NATO ally to express interest or actually buy into the program, though so far Lithuania is the only country to receive US approval after the State Department signed off on a $170 million deal with the Baltic nation for 500 JLTVs in August.

Mike Ivy, Oshkosh’s senior VP for international programs, wouldn’t comment on the Montenegro deal, but told me via email the “JLTV was intended from the beginning to be an international program,” pointing out the common systems on the vehicle make it easier for allies to work together in the field.

A vastly larger sale is in the works with the UK, which is considering buying 2,747 JLTVs as part of its Multi Role Vehicle-Protected program. British Army officials acknowledged for the first time earlier this month that Oshkosh has been working on a UK variant. In October 2018, Slovenia also signed a Letter of Offer and Acceptance for 38 JLTVs, though no deal has been finalized.

Montenegro joined NATO in 2017, and is a critical part of the Balkan region’s slow turn away from their Russian-dominated past, which Washington and NATO have taken pains to nurture. “It is of strategic importance for Montenegro to have US and EU presence in the Balkans so there would be no space for those countries who do not share the same values,” Montenegro Prime Minister Dusko Markovic said alongside Pompeo Friday.

Like so many DoD programs, the JLTV has had an exceptionally long and checkered past. The effort kicked off in 2006, eventually enduring a series of fits and starts before being forced to undergo a full requirements overhaul in 2011 after the Army realized the design would need to change to meet demands beyond those of counterinsurgency warfare.

In 2015, Oshkosh was awarded a $6.7 billion contract for the initial 16,901 vehicles. In June the Army declared the JLTV was finally ready for full production, clearing the way for the sale of the truck to allies.

Although the program spent 13 years churning through the development cycle, the JLTV has recently come under fire from the Army for being built for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and not the potential conflicts of tomorrow against peer adversaries like China and Russia.

In April, then-Army Secretary and now Defense Secretary Mark Esper said the JLTV, like the Chinook helicopter, was “designed for a different conflict,” but could still play a role on the battlefield. That shot came around the same time that the service slashed $800 million from its planned JLTV purchases, which translates to at least 1,500 vehicles over the next five years. The cut is only a dent in the massive program’s armor, however. The Army has not backed off plans to acquire almost 50,000 JLTVs over the life of the program, which will run into the 2030s.

The Marine Corps is also slated to buy about 9,100 JLTVs in the coming years.

The Army and Marine Corps are planning to buy four versions of the truck, a general purpose model, a turreted gun truck, a TOW anti-tank missile launcher and a two-door utility variant, basically a militarized pickup truck.
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[*] posted on 7-10-2019 at 07:09 PM


Saudi Arabia to recapitalise 4×4 fleet

Charles Forrester, London - Jane's Defence Industry

04 October 2019

Saudi Arabia has begun efforts to acquire a new range of 4×4 vehicles for use by multiple government organisations in a significant procurement programme.

Speaking to Jane's , SAMI CEO Andreas Schwer said that "by the end of the year, we will have selected a partner for the 4×4 vehicle and the future demands of Saudi Arabia, covering all the potential user groups such as the Ministry of Defence, Ministry of the Interior, [Saudi Arabian] National Guard, and other special services".

The procurement programme will also cover other user groups, such as the country's critical national infrastructure security force.


South Africa's Denel was invited to test the RG-31 as part of Saudi Arabia's summer trials for the potential procurement. (IHS Markit/Patrick Allen)

SAMI is to act as the system integrator for the new platform, with the Saudi government also working to get the wider supply chain ecosystem into the country.

"We will try to get the supply chain for the major subsystems into the country because of the economies of scale," Schwer said, adding that the supply chain should be able to come with the OEM to avoid having to requalify the product.

"We expect the OEM to bring their supply chain with them, and they will then form partnerships with other Saudi companies or private investors to complement our activity. This should be formed on more system-level work," Schwer said.

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[*] posted on 11-10-2019 at 12:32 PM


FED: Arquus presents its new 8x8 logistics truck

Posted On Thursday, 10 October 2019 10:03

Exhibitor at the Forum Enterprise Defense 2019 currently underway at Satory, Arquus presents his vision of the logistic truck of the armed forces of tomorrow. This 8x8 truck is the first element of the all-new Arquus logistics range, specially developed to meet the military needs.


Arquus' new 8x8 logistics truck with fuel tank module (Picture source: Army Recognition)

Arquus' story is also the story of troop and equipment transport vehicles that have been serving in the French Army for more than a century. Supplier of the first motor vehicle of the Army (the 1898 Panhard), of the Berliet and Renault Trucks of the Voie Sacrée, vital to the defense of Verdun, and the Latil tractors, ARQUUS is also the manufacturer of the legendary VLRA, which have been serving on all theaters of operations.

The company has also been supplying the GBC 8KT and GBC 180, as well as the TRM, which have been the workhorses of the armies for decades, and which still take charge of a large part of the Army logistics. Supporting the armies, Arquus still supports and modernizes these fleets, many of which have been in service for more than 40 years.

The 8x8 base for this new ARQUUS logistics truck is manufactured in France and has been specifically designed for military applications. Its innovative driveline has been developed on own equity by ARQUUS with the Group’s support and know-how. The vehicle benefits from an electronic management system for the driveline, the ATC (Automatic Traction Control). This new generation system automatically switches on and off the forward axles’ motricity. It also manages the differential locks on all axles. The vehicle thus benefits from optimal mobility on all grounds, while also limiting the tire wear and fuel consumption. This feature reduces the need for maintenance and support.

Versatile, this 8x8 truck is available for all kinds of missions for the armies, from logistics and strategic transport to tank or systems transport, as well as breakdown truck missions.

Depending on these missions, ARQUUS can offer two different versions for the cabin: unprotected, and protected against ballistic and mine threats according to STANAG 4569 standard.


Arquus' logistics 8x8 truck with ballistic/mine-protected cabin in accordance with the STANAG 4569 standard (Picture source: Arquus)

The 8x8 can accommodate a ring-mounted weapon, or a remote-controlled weapon system as the Hornet Lite, the weapon of choice for self-defense. The new 8x8 has also been designed to accommodate new-generation information and communication systems. It is notably Scorpion-equipment ready. It can be equipped with all the automation solutions developed within the Group, notably the platooning solutions. It is also ready for the most advanced technologies regarding energy management and maintenance. These proven solutions, first developed for important civilian duty trucks, are available for the armies, thanks to Arquus’ experience in terms of dual technology militarization, adaptation and integration.

Arquus’ historical know-how in the fields of support, based on long-term support for wide kinds of fleets, allows for significant cuts in maintenance costs and optimized availability. In order to get closer to the armies, Arquus also benefits from its logistics network, in France as all over the world.


Arquus' new 8x8 logistics truck with fuel tank module (Picture source: Arquus)
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[*] posted on 12-10-2019 at 12:51 PM


Arquus presents new logistics truck

Nicholas Fiorenza, London - Jane's Defence Weekly

11 October 2019

Arquus announced on 9 October that it presented its new 8×8 logistics truck at the Forum Entreprise Défense held in Satory, France, on 9-10 October.


Arquus presented its new 8×8 logistics truck at the Forum Entreprise Défense. (Arquus)

The company said the vehicle is designed specifically for military applications and features an automatic traction control driveline developed with its own funding.

The vehicle is designed for logistics and strategic transport, tank or systems transport, and truck recovery. Depending on the mission, it is offered with either an unprotected or protected cabin, the latter with STANAG 4569 ballistic and mine protection. It can accommodate a ring-mounted weapon or remote-controlled weapon station.

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[*] posted on 15-10-2019 at 07:34 PM


AUSA 2019: DAGOR A1 platforms in demonstrations, tests for potential customers

Daniel Wasserbly, Washington, DC - Jane's Defence Weekly

14 October 2019

Polaris Government and Defense is marketing its DAGOR A1 ultra-light tactical vehicle with added payload capacity, and has platforms out for trials with possible customers.

The A1 variant makes several improvements on the original model, most notably in payload at 4,000 lb (1,814 kg), up from 3,250 lb, Jed Leonard, vice-president at Polaris Government and Defense, told Jane’s at the annual Association of the United States Army (AUSA) conference in October.

The DAGOR has been sold to Pentagon customers, Canada, and an unmanned US ally. Canada has purchased the DAGOR A1 variant as well, Leonard said. The company said in 2018 that it was under contract “to provide [Canadian Special Operations Forces Command] CANSOFCOM with the DAGOR A1 with a specialty ULCV package”.

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[*] posted on 15-10-2019 at 08:04 PM


U.S. Army to test Chevrolet Colorado ZR2 based Infantry Squad Vehicle

Posted On Tuesday, 15 October 2019 08:28

General Motors has landed an exploratory $1 million contract with the US Army for its Infantry Squad Vehicle, based on the Chevrolet Colorado ZR2.


Chevrolet's ZR-2 based prototype for U.S. Army's Infantry Squad Vehicle competition (Picture source: GM Defense)

After successful field tests at Fort Bragg in North Carolina, the U.S. Army has ordered two more diesel-powered prototypes for further competitive trials beginning later this fall. The ISV may not look like a Colorado, though GM says 70% of its components are commercial 4x4 Colorado ZR2 off-the-shelf parts. The truck benefits from the ZR2 Bison's Multimatic DSSV dampers, long-travel leaf springs, underbody skid plates and other off-road gear originally developed for racing and sports cars. Their advanced design allows for high-speed running as well as high-jumping. While the ZR2 is available with a gasoline V6, the test trucks use its optional 2.8-liter four-cylinder turbodiesel engine, which is rated at 186 hp and 369 lb-ft of torque.

The competition requires each ISV candidate to be light enough for sling-loading from a UH-60 Blackhawk helicopter, compact enough to fit inside a CH-47 Chinook, and capable of carrying nine soldiers and their gear at highway speeds. The ISV winner will receive a contract for 650 units.

Testing of the prototypes will start in November at the U.S. Army’s Aberdeen Test Center in Maryland, where they will be competing against submissions from the teams of Oshkosh/Flyer Defense and SAIC/Polaris for a contract to be awarded in March to build 651 vehicles through 2024. The final per-vehicle price for the program has not been announced, but the production ZR2 starts at $42,000.
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[*] posted on 15-10-2019 at 10:35 PM


AUSA 2019: Oshkosh Defense exhibits L-ATV Command and Control capabilities

Posted On Tuesday, 15 October 2019 10:23

At AUSA 2019, Oshkosh Defense is displaying three Joint Light Tactical Vehicles (JLTV) and for the first time ever, a Light Combat Tactical All-Terrain Vehicle Command and Control (L-ATV C2).


Light Combat Tactical All-Terrain Vehicle Command and Control (L-ATV C2) (Picture source Army Recognition)

“The JLTV fleet provides our armed forces a critical combination of protection and extreme off-road mobility to ensure reliable maneuverability within combat formations,” said George Mansfield, Vice President and General Manager of Joint Programs for Oshkosh Defense. “The L-ATV C2 provides the same level of protection and extreme off-road mobility as our already fielded JLTV platform. In addition, the L-ATV C2 houses a robust communications suite, giving our armed forces the unique and highly-desirable advantage of staying well-connected while on-the-move.”

Oshkosh Defense partnered with L3Harris Technologies to demonstrate a communications suite capability, representing just one of the ways a mobile command center can be configured on the back of a highly mobile light tactical wheeled vehicle. The L-ATV C2 has ample available power and configuration flexibility to adjust and modify its interior – depending on the needs of the commander and the crew. “The L-ATV C2 allows commanders to quickly maneuver on the battlefield, directing dismounted units using assured communications provided by the integrated C4 equipment,” concluded Mansfield. Further, the modular nature of the interior can accommodate any number of workstations and/or communications equipment rack locations to provide optional layouts that work for personalized missions and the crew carrying them out.

The L-ATV C2 will also feature a Black Hornet Vehicle Reconnaissance System (VRS) made by FLIR. The Black Hornet equips armored or mechanized vehicles with an immediate, organic, and self-contained surveillance and reconnaissance system.
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[*] posted on 15-10-2019 at 10:42 PM


AUSA 2019: AM General focuses on current readiness and future technologies

Posted On Tuesday, 15 October 2019 10:22

At AUSA 2019, global mobility solutions provider AM General is featuring products and services that demonstrate readiness now and its investments to deliver the innovation required to win on future battlefields.


Humvee Hawkeye 105mm Mobile Howitzer system and HUMVEE support vehicle. (Picture source: Army Recognition)

“AM General has been a trusted partner to our military customers and we’re proud of our tremendous history of providing advanced, cost-effective, and dependable capabilities on the battlefield,” said AM General President and CEO, Andy Hove. “This year, at AUSA, we are further demonstrating to our customers that we are ready now and show how we are investing in the future.”

The company is displaying a diverse lineup of products that highlight its continuous innovative spirit and its commitment to future technologies. With the iconic and proven Humvee light tactical vehicle, the company points to more than 35 years of upgrades and improvements, making it even better. Today’s modern Humvee is a far cry from the vehicles that first deployed to Panama. The versatile Humvee, deployed around the globe right now, continues to meet multiple mission sets, from Fire Support Vehicle, Special Operations Tactical Vehicle, Life Saving Ambulance, or Mobile Howitzer to a Mission Command Vehicle, all of which can be transported in the same manner as the military members on the front lines. The heart of the Humvee, the current production chassis with updated powertrain, is easily integrated into customers’ existing fleet via modernization efforts without adversely impacting existing logistics systems directly from the factory or through Public-Private Partnerships.

AM General is also showcasing cutting-edge innovation through the patented soft recoil technology that is integrated into the Humvee Hawkeye 105mm Mobile Howitzer system. The company’s ability to scale this same technology will also be on display with the Brutus 155mm Mobile Howitzer– currently mounted onto a Medium Tactical Vehicle.

AM General continues to capitalize on its strategic partnerships to develop products and technology that meet the requirements to win in an ever-changing world. In current collaboration with Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, the company will debut a new concept military Jeep for customers in need of a rugged, lightweight vehicle. This light tactical vehicle rounds out the company’s offerings along the capability weight spectrum.

Through a partnership with BC Customs, AM General is also displaying the X-LT3, an ultralight tactical vehicle offering superior off-road mobility and agility that will be running the Baja 1000 in November.
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[*] posted on 15-10-2019 at 11:59 PM


AUSA 2019: AM General Jeep Gladiator MXT proposed as U.S. Army light tactical vehicle

Posted On Tuesday, 15 October 2019 11:35

The Jeep Gladiator XMT (Extreme Military-Grade Truck) could make its U.S. military debut in the coming years as a light tactical vehicle after AM General and Jeep's corporate parent Fiat-Chrysler Automobiles announced a co-developed MXT concept truck on Monday morning, The Drive reports.


Jeep Gladiator MXT in open-top variant (Picture source: AM General)

The two companies envision Jeep's midsize pickup transformed to suit a variety of applications for troops out in the field as a glorious reunion that hearkens back to the days of World War II with the Willys MB model, should the U.S. Army be actually interested.

AM General showcased two potential forms for the Gladiator MXT in its release, an open-doored convertible version that looks like a light transport vehicle and a closed-off one with a large box in the bed designed to houses logistical equipment The company claims it's using “custom-built and commercially available military-grade parts,” though it doesn't disclose any specifics. The standard Gladiator that the concepts are based on uses a 3.6-liter V-6 that makes 285 horsepower and 260 pound-feet of torque and can tow up to 7,650 pounds with the Max Towing package. It's also possible that a future military application could sport Jeep's new diesel engine.

Pending positive feedback, the Gladiator could go into production as a military vehicle as early as 2020, AM General said.


Jeep Gladiator MXT in logistical vehicle variant (Picture source: AM General)
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[*] posted on 16-10-2019 at 02:46 PM


AUSA NEWS: Oshkosh Incorporates JLTV Upgrades Into Production

10/15/2019

By Connie Lee


Photo: Defense Dept.

Oshkosh Defense has begun upgrading the joint light tactical vehicle in response to a critical Pentagon report issued earlier this year, a company executive said Oct. 15.

The Defense Department's Director of Operational Test and Evaluation Robert Behler said in his 2018 annual report published in January that the JLTV was “not operationally suitable because of deficiencies in reliability, maintainability, training, manuals, crew situational awareness and safety.”

To address some of these problems, Oshkosh modified the vehicle with bigger windows, a front-facing camera and a muffler, George Mansfield, vice president and general manager of joint programs at Oshkosh Defense, said in an interview at the Association of the United States Army annual meeting in Washington, D.C.

“They weren't contractual requirements, but they did want improvements to them,” he said.

The company is also doing additional work to reduce the vehicle’s interior noise. “We're actually looking at a different alternator that's a little quieter,” he noted.

The Army authorized full-rate production of the JLTV in June. The research, development, test and evaluation and procurement fiscal year 2020 budget request for all four services called for $1.641 billion to be spent on 4,090 of the vehicles, according to the Congressional Research Service. The Marine Corps is looking to purchase over 9,000 JLTVs over the life of the program.

The upgrades will also be included onto trucks already fielded, so they can "touch every truck," Mansfield noted. In April, over 300 vehicles were fielded with the 1st Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division at Fort Stewart, Georgia.

The vehicle has also received international interest from the United Kingdom, Slovenia and Lithuania.

Additionally, the company unveiled a new variant dubbed the light combat tactical all-terrain vehicle command and control at the annual meeting. Oshkosh worked with L3 Harris on the vehicle, which integrated the command-and-control suite, Manfield noted. An ambulance variant of the JLTV was also unveiled in March.

“This is the very first light tactical wheeled vehicle that has protected on-the-move command and control,” he said. This will allow commanders to keep up with combat formations without needing to stop to hook up equipment, he said. Oshkosh spent internal research and development dollars to fund the upgrade, he added.

The vehicle was built with modularity in mind and can accommodate different configurations of communications equipment, according to the company.

“We'll go back and tweak it because this is very customizable and so we're very flexible of what equipment goes in there, how much equipment goes in there,” Mansfield said. “We've got an electronic rack that goes from the floor to the ceilings. We can put all sorts of different equipment in there.”
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[*] posted on 16-10-2019 at 06:35 PM


AUSA 2019: SAIC and Polaris are teaming with Dagor for US Army Infantry Squad Vehicle

Posted On Wednesday, 16 October 2019 02:34

Science Applications International Corp. and Polaris Government and Defense, a division of Polaris are teaming up for the U.S. Army’s Infantry Squad Vehicle (ISV) vehicle program. SAIC, a leading technology integrator, joined with Polaris, the industry leader in ultralight mobility platforms, to offer the proven Dagor vehicle. Dagor provides the warfighter superior operational capability, crew area, mobility and maneuverability in a tactical environment.


Polaris Dagor all-terrain vehicle at the booth of SAIC at AUSA 2019 (Picture source: Army Recognition)

“SAIC has a long history of performing vehicle engineering and platform integration work, and the Army has a need for small-unit mobility and maneuverability that can be easily met with the proven Dagor vehicle that has been deployed around the world,” said Jim Scanlon, executive vice president and general manager of SAIC’s Defense Systems Group. “Working with Polaris, SAIC will provide comprehensive systems engineering and integration using state-of-the-art tools and processes that leverage domain understanding gained through extensive field support and advanced experimentation in support of the Army to give the ISV a technological edge on the battlefields of tomorrow.”

“The DAGOR was designed to meet a squad’s payload and off-road mobility demands while meeting weight and size restrictions that maximize air transportability,” said Jed Leonard, vice president, Polaris Government and Defense. “The lightweight and highly mobile platform supports the Army’s expeditionary missions providing a key capability needed on the ever-changing battlefield.”

The SAIC-Polaris team has delivered a baseline vehicle sample to soldiers in the 82nd Airborne Division for soldier assessment.

The Dagor vehicle can carry up to nine soldiers with their equipment and supplies. It provides the speed, mobility and communications support Army small units require to obtain and maintain situational awareness of the battlefield.

SAIC’s expertise in C4ISR integration onto ground vehicles could provide additional capabilities such as cybersecurity, enhanced surveillance, secure communications, and non-kinetic fires. The Dagor ISV will leverage and further enhance the already proven, production-ready solution that has been tested, certified, and fielded to operational units in the U.S. Military and its Allies since 2015.
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[*] posted on 17-10-2019 at 09:57 PM


France: first tests of the VBMR Serval reconnaissance armored vehicle

Posted On Thursday, 17 October 2019 08:25

The first tests of the Serval, light VBMR of the Scorpion program, took place on the proving ground of the DGA Center of Expertise and Field Testing in Angers at the beginning of September 2019. These tests were carried out on different types of terrain to test all the movement conditions.


The Serval during its first testing phase (Picture source: screenshot from DGA's video)

The prototype has proven adapted to all these situations and suggests very good mobility capabilities. More tests are planned in 2020: in particular, it will be a question of characterizing the wear of the vehicle thanks to an accelerated aging test equivalent to several years of use.

The DGA awarded the contract development and realization of Serval to Nexter and Texelis in February 2018. The Military Planning Act 2019-2025 provides that 50% of new Scorpion program vehicles will be delivered on the period, which represents 489 Serval vehicles. The first deliveries of Serval will take place in 2022.

Foreseen to intervene in the contact area, the Serval is intended primarily for reconnaissance and intelligence units and may also equip the support and support units. An armored 4x4 vehicle of the 15 to 17 tons category according to its load, the Serval integrates various equipment common to Scorpion vehicles, in particular, the electronic heart of the vehicle, a remotely controlled machine gun, threat detectors and the Scorpion Combat Information System (SICS). It is available in four main versions: Patrol, Intelligence and Reconnaissance, Communications Relay, Electronic Warfare.

The Scorpion program

The Scorpion program is intended to renew and modernize the combat capabilities of the French Army with modern and interconnected armored vehicles. It mainly includes the following bricks:

* the Scorpion Combat Information System (SICS) designed to provide tactical command and control in collaborative combat (the heart of the "Scorpion Revolution");
* 2 multi-role armored vehicles (the Griffon and the Serval) available in several versions and intended to replace the VAB currently in service;
* 1 armored reconnaissance and combat vehicle (the Jaguar), intended to replace the AMX10RC, the ERC Sagaie, and the VAB HOT (antitank);
* the renovation of the Leclerc main battle tank (integration with the Scorpion system, reinforcement of tank protection and increase of offensive capabilities, leading to the Leclerc XLR variant).

To accelerate the renewal and modernization of the Army, the LPM 2019-2025 provides for an increase in armored vehicle orders and the acceleration of delivery schedules: 50% of the new medium armored vehicles (Griffon, Jaguar, Serval) will be delivered by 2025.
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[*] posted on 22-10-2019 at 11:04 AM


Army Begins Reception Process for New VAMTAC ST5 Armored Light Tactical Vehicles

(Source: Portuguese Army; issued Oct. 15, 2019)

(Unofficial translation by Defense-Aerospace.com)


The Portuguese Army has begun the inspection, technical compliance check and track tests of the operational capabilities of its new tactical armored vehicle, the locally-developed VAMTAC. (PT Army photo)

The Portuguese Army, through the Army General Matériel Support Unit in Benavente, has begun the process of receiving VAMTAC ST5 Armored Light Tactical Vehicles (VTLB), following the arrival of the first four vehicles from the first batch of ten due to arrive by the end of the week.

The acceptance process of the first VAMTAC ST5 consists of the inspection and verification of technical compliance of the VTLB by the Multidisciplinary Inspection Team, consisting of members of the Material and Transport Directorate, the Rapid Reaction Brigade and the Communications and Systems Directorate. of information.

As part of this process, vehicles are also subjected to a series of tests and tests of their operational capabilities on the UAGME Aberdeen Proving Ground type test track.

The acquisition of a new family of vehicles imposes the need to qualify drivers to drive them, so the 1st VTLB VAMTAC ST5 Driver Trainer Training Course was held yesterday at UAGME.

-ends-
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[*] posted on 22-10-2019 at 07:56 PM


ADEX 2019: Kia Motors unveils new 2.5- and 5-tonne trucks

Sunil Nair, Seoul - Jane's Defence Weekly

21 October 2019


Kia Motors displayed its new 2.5 tonne, 4×4 cargo truck at the ADEX 2019 exhibition. Source: IHS Markit/Sunil Nair

South Korean company Kia Motors Corporation has unveiled 2.5- and 5-tonne trucks to compete in tenders aimed at replacing the Republic of Korea Army's (RoKA's) in-service KM250 and KM500 vehicles, respectively.

The new vehicles, both of which were displayed at the 2019 Seoul International Aerospace and Defense Exhibition (ADEX), have a cab-over-engine (COE) configuration; unlike the KM250 and KM500 trucks, both of which are 6×6 and have a bonneted cab.

Kia Motors' new 5-tonne 6×6 truck, which is called the Medium Tactical Vehicle (MTV), has an armoured cabin and armour protected side walls in the rear cargo area. According to Yonki Chae from the special-vehicle segment of Kia Motors, the cab has STANAG 4569 Level 2 armour protection and is powered by the same 7-litre diesel engine - generating 325 hp - that powers Hyundai Motors' recently launched 5.5-tonne Pavise commercial truck.

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[*] posted on 26-10-2019 at 10:53 AM


Nigeria unveils Ezugwu new 4×4 Armored Personnel Carrier

Posted On Friday, 25 October 2019 13:30

The Defence Industries Corporation of Nigeria unveiled a new locally developed 4×4 Armored Personnel Carrier, the Ezugwu. Shmuel Yosef Agnon reports on Strategic Intelligence.


Unveiling of Ezugwu, Nigeria's new indigenous APC (Picture source: Strategic Intelligence Service)

The APC is named after Major General Victor Ezugwu, who earned recognition for his efforts in combating Boko Haram terrorists. End 2018, Major General Victor Ezugwu was appointed as the Managing Director of the Defence Industries Corporation of Nigeria.

The APC has been described by the company as an MRAP (mine-protected, ambush resistant armored vehicle). The armored vehicle is manufactured in collaboration with the Nigerian Army Command Engineering Depot (CED). It is armored against small arms fire and uses flat-bottom armor technology. Its body can withstand a 7 kg TNT explosion whereas each wheel can withstand a 12 kg TNT explosion. The vehicle also has two weapons turrets which can traverse 360 degrees and a telescopic long-range camera for improved situational awareness. The 4×4 Ezugwu is fitted with an independent suspension system and is powered by a Chinese WD615 turbo diesel engine.

The Nigerian military has been increasing its share of locally produced weapons, with Proforce delivering its domestically manufactured Ara APCs to the Nigeria Army. The recently established Nigerian Army Vehicle Manufacturing Company (NAVMC) manufactures Infantry Patrol Vehicles (IPVs) which are fitted with a mounted heavy machine-gun, Tactical Patrol Vehicles with capacity for eight personnel, and a Light Tactical Vehicle Armored Personnel Carrier.
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[*] posted on 26-10-2019 at 10:31 PM


Volvo’s crab-walking diesel-hybrid Scarabée may become France’s Humvee


(Arquus)

by Alex Hollings · 15 mins ago

Volvo’s French defense and security vehicle firm Arquus recently unveiled their candidate to become France’s new general-purpose troop-carrying vehicle: the Scarabée. While this platform has a lot in common with America’s long-serving workhorse Humvee, it’s got a few tricks up its sleeve that have never been seen on the battlefield before.

The goal behind developing the Scarabée was renegotiating the compromise inherent to all armored vehicles: as the level of protection for the occupant increases, the platform’s mobility decreases. As anyone that’s ever gone for a rip in an up-armored Humvee can attest, the protection provided by the Humvee comes at a significant cost when you stomp on the pedal — during my days in uniform, we regularly joked that the Humvee’s 0-60 time and quarter mile time were actually exactly the same… kidding (somewhat honestly) that it would take at least a full quarter mile for the heavy lug to reach 60 miles per hour at all. The Humvee’s poor acceleration can be attributed to physics and simple arithmetic: when you divide it’s weight by its power, you get a paltry 20 horsepower to push each ton.


Arquus

“We really worked on the speed because that is also a form of protection,” Emmanuel Levacher, the chief executive of Arquus, explains. “If you put a lot of protective armor on a vehicle it makes it very heavy, big, and therefore slow unless you give it a large, powerful engine—in which case you no longer have a small, agile military vehicle.”

The Scarabée weighs in at 6.6 tons empty, meaning it’s not particularly light either, but the combination of its 300-horsepower diesel engine and supplemental 103 horsepower electric motor offers it a far superior 60 horsepower per ton. Its top speed may not be all that much better than the Humvee’s (Arquus claims 75 miles per hour) but its acceleration is.

According to its designers, you can engage both diesel and electric powerplants simultaneously to get the vehicle moving fast enough to evade an incoming anti-tank missile from a dead stop.

But if that sort of acceleration alone isn’t enough to get the job done, the Scarabée offers another unique capability: it can crab walk (at least sort of). The Scarabée is a four-wheel drive vehicle, meaning power is distributed to all four wheels while the truck is in motion. By creating an independent steering linkage for the real wheels, the Scarabée can turn them in the same or opposite directions as compared to the front wheels — giving it the ability to “sidestep” obstacles in front of it by pointing them all in the same direction, or make incredibly tight turns by pointing the front and rear wheels in opposite directions.

“That way you can approach the enemy without either turning your back to him or being full front on, but you could also drive crab-like behind a ridge, for example, and yet still have your roof-top gun with its limited turn radius pointing at the enemy,” a spokesperson for the company says.

The vehicle uses two sliding doors with no handles on the outside. The idea here is to make it easier to embark and disembark in cramped quarters, while having no handles (which sounds tactically dangerous to me) is intended to make the occupants safer from attack. On the roof, the Scarabée can carry radar units, a 12.7mm heavy machine-gun turret, a 30mm gun to fire anti-tank shells, or a medium-range missile launcher.

It also comes with an electric trailer that can move independently of the truck itself, serving as a gear and weapons mule that can also haul up for four tons of equipment.

France has yet to decide what platform that will field as their next light-armored vehicle, but the Scarabée is among the front runners. France hopes to begin fielding the vehicle of their choice by 2025.
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[*] posted on 13-11-2019 at 09:08 AM


Eagle V 6×6 awaits production green light

Christopher F Foss, London - Jane's International Defence Review

12 November 2019


An Eagle 6×6 developed to meet Swiss army requirements, showing a protected four-door compartment, mast-mounted sensor pack, and Kongsberg remote weapon station. Source: GDELS-MOWAG

General Dynamics European Land Systems - MOWAG said it has completed development of its latest Eagle 6×6 and is awaiting a production contract, with the Swiss army likely the first customer.

The Swiss army has said the Eagle 6×6 will meet its requirement for 100 reconnaissance vehicles, and GDELS-MOWAG confirmed that the Swiss army has received a pre-series Eagle 6×6 that has gone through user trials.

A contract is expected to be placed late in 2019, according to GDELS-MOWAG. These are to be fitted with a four-door protected cab, load area at the rear, retractable mast-mounted surveillance package, and a Kongsberg Protector remote weapon station armed with a stabilised .50 calibre M2 HB machine gun.
The 6×6 is the latest member of the Eagle family of vehicles and a further development of the Eagle 4×4. The additional steered third axle increases payload and interior volume while retaining the same manoeuvrability as the 4×4, the company told Jane's .

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