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Author: Subject: Chinese Navy 2017 onwards
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[*] posted on 11-11-2017 at 02:51 PM


China claims breakthrough in electromagnetic launch system for aircraft carrier

By: Mike Yeo   1 day ago

MELBOURNE, Australia — China has reportedly achieved a breakthrough on a conventional propulsion system for its next carrier, which would allow it to operate advanced catapults for launching aircraft without necessitating the use of nuclear propulsion.

Hong Kong’s South China Morning Post newspaper, quoting sources close to China’s People’s Liberation Army, reported that a team led by China’s top naval engineer, Rear Adm. Ma Weiming, has developed a medium-voltage, direct-current transmission network to replace an earlier system based on alternating current.

Forming part of an integrated propulsion system, the new system would allow a conventionally powered aircraft carrier to operate an Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System, or EMALS, which conveys a number of advantages over traditional steam catapults that include increased efficiency, precision and shortening aircraft launch cycles.

The source also said the Central Military Commission, chaired by President Xi Jinping, had wanted China’s next aircraft carrier to be fitted with EMALS, but designers had up to now been stymied by the power requirements of the system and whether a non-nuclear-powered ship will be able to generate enough power to operate it.

With this breakthrough, China will now be able to proceed with plans to build its third aircraft carrier, which is expected to be in the 80,000-ton range and capable of carrying a more well-rounded air group if it is fitted with catapults as planned.

The People’s Liberation Army Navy, or PLAN, has been operating a pair of catapults at its carrier training base at Huangdicun since the second half of 2016. The pair are believed to consist of a single steam catapult and one EMALS. The service is evaluating both systems and carrying out test launches using a modified Shenyang J-15 (Flying Shark) carrierborne fighter jet.

The PLAN currently has one aircraft carrier — the Liaoning, which is a refurbished and modernized Soviet-era Kuznetsov-class carrier — in service with another, locally built ship currently fitting out. The latter ship is a slightly modified version of the Liaoning, and both are equipped with a ski jump, which is used to launch the J-15.

However, the use of ski jumps places operational limitations to the PLAN’s carriers, as they are unable to launch larger and heavier aircraft like the U.S. Navy’s E-2 Hawkeye airborne early warning aircraft or the C-2 Greyhound carrier on-board delivery aircraft. The PLAN currently operates a version of the Changhe Z-18 transport helicopter fitted with a multimode active electronically scanned array radar on board the Liaoning as its airborne early warning platform.

However, compared to a fixed-wing turboprop aircraft like the Hawkeye, a helicopter has significantly reduced endurance and operating altitude, which results in a significantly reduced time on station and radar range, respectively.

The new power-generating system could allow PLAN warships to be armed with modern weapons like electromagnetic rail guns and directed-energy weapons. In March, Ma had told state broadcaster CCTV that the “ultimate aim” of his work on the integrated propulsion system was to “solve the problem of deploying high-energy weapons” from its ships.

He has also subsequently claimed that China’s EMALS technology was more advanced and more reliable than the system used on the U.S. Navy’s aircraft carrier Gerald R. Ford. The Ford marked its first aircraft launches using EMALS during post-commissioning trials in July.

Its development in the U.S. Navy has, however, been beset with problems, particularly concerning reliability while testing modifications of EMALS, which are meant to allow it to launch the Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet and EA-18G Growler while carrying external fuel tanks.
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[*] posted on 11-11-2017 at 02:53 PM


I always distrust Chinese announcements like this. For a nation that has still failed to produce a Fighter Engine worth a shit, we are supposed to believe they have "magically" derived now EMALS or submarine power systems? Right.............................................................
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[*] posted on 12-11-2017 at 09:27 AM


Most of it is chest beating for domestic comsumption, or to impress credulous outsiders.



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[*] posted on 29-11-2017 at 03:35 PM


China's Manned Submersible Completes Key Stage, Nears 2020 Test

(Source: Global Times; issued Nov 28, 2017)

Chinese engineers have completed a key stage in China's manned submersible that can descend as low as 10,000 meters, and hope to begin trials by 2020.

Chinese scientists finished the trepanning in the entrance and the cabin's observation window, the China Central Television (CCTV) reported on Monday, adding that the cabin is the key part of the submersible as it is where aquanauts stay.

The submersible can carry humans to the deepest oceans, which is about 10,000 meters below sea level, and the submersible is set for deep-sea explorations in 2020, the report said.

"Descending more than 10,000 meters enables the submersible to dive anywhere undersea, and it's significant for our marine research and data collection," Gao Shu, dean of the School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences at Nanjing University, told the Global Times on Monday.

Gao said that once the trials are completed, the submersible will be one of the world's most developed, and can dive the deepest.

It will help Chinese people see the "true bottom of the sea" with the naked eye, Gao said.

Trepanning the entrance and the cabin's observation window is one of the most important and challenging procedures. This one is meant to descend over 10,000 meters, and poses a great challenge to these scientists.

"The submersible will be used for 30 years, so it has to be rust-resistant. Our company can make a titanium alloy that's almost corrosion-free," Wang Dingchun, general manager of the Baoji Titanium Industry Corporation, the company building a titanium sphere, told CCTV.

"The elasticity of the metal is also important," Wang added. "It offers much better protection against the massive pressure under the sea [than steel]."

In addition, unlike the traditional way of building a sphere by welding several pieces together, only two hemispheres will be pieced together, making the sphere more solid.

The sphere's quality is the best in the country and is believed to have a leading position in the world, CCTV reported.

China became the third country after Japan and the US to build submersibles capable of reaching depths in excess of 10,000 meters, the Xinhua News Agency reported.

China made several breakthroughs in deep sea exploration as a team sailed 7,929 nautical miles to explore the trenches in the west Pacific Ocean, the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) was quoted by Xinhua as saying.

The 68-day expedition made China the first to obtain 10,000-meter-deep artificial seismic profile data with a domestic ocean bottom seismograph, at the Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench, the CAS said.

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[*] posted on 29-11-2017 at 08:11 PM


China looks to quantum technologies to boost naval programmes

Jon Grevatt - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

29 November 2017

The China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC) and the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) have signed a landmark agreement to collaborate on quantum technologies supporting the development of advanced naval mission systems.

Under the joint programme, the two parties will establish three laboratories in Wuhan, central China, which will be focused on developing quantum navigation, quantum communications, and quantum detection respectively.

Citing CSIC, the government’s State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (SASTIND) said on 28 November that the project will be funded by the state-owned shipbuilder and represents “a significant move to increase investment and promote industrialisation in forward-looking and disruptive technologies”.

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[*] posted on 22-12-2017 at 05:24 PM


Speculation Grows Over China's First Homemade Aircraft Carrier

(Source: Global Times; issued Dec 20, 2017)

"China can make aircraft carriers of any type," Hu Wenming, general director of construction of China's first homemade aircraft carrier said in November, bringing the topic under the spotlight once again after the ship reportedly hit the water in April.

Military enthusiasts were thrilled by Hu's remarks, speculating that China may be building a nuclear-powered carrier equipped with an electromagnetic catapult system for launching fighter jets.

The ship, which began construction in 2013, will be China's first homemade carrier. The country's first carrier, the Liaoning, was rebuilt from a Soviet Navy cruiser and commissioned to China's navy in 2012.

News and photos of the new carrier have circulated online recently, and Hu has told the media that construction "is ahead of schedule."

"China's second carrier will be based on the Liaoning and will be among the world's most advanced, further improving China's research and development of aircraft carriers," Hu was quoted by China Central Television in April as saying.

Trial phase

"Sea trials could be held at the beginning of 2018. The results of those trials will determine when the carrier is commissioned into the Chinese Navy," said Li Jie, a Beijing-based naval expert.

The carrier is currently reported to be undergoing mooring trials, which determine whether its engine and weapon systems are operating properly.

The carrier is not as long as the Liaoning, but has a greater height, according to pictures circulated on social media.

Military experts said that the new carrier is expected to be 315 meters in length and 75 meters wide. It will also be able to hold more fighter jets and a number of other planes.

"The weapons of an aircraft carrier and its battle capability will decide the capability of the aircraft," Hou Jianjun, an expert from an institution that studies the equipment of the People's Liberation Army Navy, told the PLA Daily.

Li said that the carrier is expected to carry J-15 fighter jets since "the wings and horizontal tails can be folded," which will save on the limited space available. The fighter jets are also equipped with dual turbofans that will enable them to fly from the deck even if one of them is damaged.

Chen Hu, a military expert, said the carrier will carry 10 percent more carrier-based aircraft than the Liaoning and would not be adopting a catapult takeoff system.

However, it is believed that China has acquired electromagnetic catapult technology, which can launch fighter jets as well as early warning planes and miniature aerial vehicles.

Li believes the carrier may adopt an electromagnetic catapult system.

As to whether the carrier will be nuclear-powered, Du Wenlong, a military expert, said that the experience China has gained from making nuclear-powered submarines means this would not present a problem in terms of technology.

"The point is whether China needs a nuclear-powered carrier right now," Du said.

However, Li said that building a nuclear-powered carrier is an all-round project, referring to problems regarding the safe use of nuclear power.

"A nuclear-powered carrier cannot be accomplished in a day," said Liu Jiangping, a military expert from the Modern Navy magazine, adding that China should develop its aircraft carriers step by step.

Protecting interests

"We can accomplish more overseas missions in a more efficient way when an aircraft carrier is commissioned to the PLA Navy," said Huang Jiafu, who participated in two tours of the Gulf of Aden.

China is currently using destroyers, frigate and landing ships to perform cruise missions, and PLA soldiers are looking forward to having the aircraft carrier join them, he added.

Experts agreed that China needs to develop its maritime power in order to protect its overseas interests as more Chinese enterprises explore overseas markets.

China's aircraft carriers should take on more responsibilities and their power and functions are similar to atomic and hydrogen bombs and man-made satellites on the sea, in that they have great deterrent, combat and defense capabilities, Li said.

"The 21st century is a maritime era. All the great powers are drawing up maritime strategies and developing their navies. China also needs to have maritime powers aligned with its great power status. Having aircraft carriers is the first step to China becoming a maritime power," Hu Bo, an expert from the Institute of Ocean Research of Peking University, said.

Yan Xuetong, director of the Institute of International Studies, Tsinghua University, predicted in his book written in 2013 that China will have at least three aircraft carriers by 2023.

Some experts believe that as it has taken China just four years to bring its first homemade carrier to the sea trial stage, it is capable of making two or even three nuclear-powered carriers by 2035.

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[*] posted on 10-1-2018 at 07:08 PM


China's Second Aircraft Carrier to Hold First Sea Trials: Expert

(Source: Global Times; issued Jan 09, 2018)


The first sea-trails for China’s second aircraft carrier, dubbed Type 002 carrier, are rumoured to be imminent, and it looks as if the yard is indeed preparing for them as the new crew-accommodation ship has arrived. (photo by Rupprecht/Twitter)

China's second aircraft carrier might conduct its first sea trials in February, military analysts said after Taiwan media reported that China's first aircraft carrier the Liaoning sailed near the island on Friday.

China launched its second aircraft carrier in April 2017 after the Liaoning, a refitted Soviet Union-made carrier that went into commission in 2012.

China's second aircraft carrier is the country's first domestically made carrier.

"China's first homemade aircraft carrier might conduct its sea trials around Spring Festival in mid-February," Li Jie, a Beijing-based naval expert, told the Global Times on Sunday.

Li believed that it was possible the Liaoning could carry training personnel from China's second aircraft carrier for them to study and gain experience.

Taiwan's defence authorities on Friday said in a statement on its website that the Liaoning passed the west side of the Taiwan Straits on Friday, after indicating on Thursday that Liaoning left harbor and was expected to embark on a long-distance voyage.

The Taiwan military source said that the Liaoning was accompanied by Type 052C destroyers the Zhengzhou and Jinan, Taiwan's chinanews.com reported.

A J-15 fighter jet took off from the Liaoning on Wednesday to conduct training, according to Modern Navy, the official magazine of the Chinese navy, on its WeChat platform.

Chinese mainland military did not announce the event, probably as the "cross-sea area" training exercises of the aircraft carrier and its naval formation have been normalized, Li said.

The Liaoning conducted three cross-sea area training exercises in 2013, 2016 and 2017. Passing the Taiwan Straits is not strange for the aircraft carrier and its naval formation, Li stressed.

Li said that this time the Liaoning might go through Miyako Strait to complete another circle of Taiwan.

Chinese bombers, jet fighters, surveillance aircraft, early warning planes and refueling aircraft last month conducted "routine training" over the Bashi Channel and Miyako Strait near the island of Taiwan that included an "island circling" mission, said a military spokesperson.

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[*] posted on 12-1-2018 at 06:42 PM


China’s New Landing Ship Useful in Island Dispute: Expert

(Source: Global Times; issued Jan 11, 2018)


The Chinese navy has already commissioned four Type 071 landing ships, and is now fitting out the fifth one. Illustrated here is Changbai Shan (LSD-989), photographed during a port visit to Rotterdam last year. (Wikipedia photo)

Another Type 071 landing ship from the People's Liberation Army (PLA) Navy came into the limelight on Wednesday with military experts saying such ships could enhance military advantages in dealing with potential island disputes.

With a maximum displacement of 29,000 tons, the 210-meter-long, 28-meter-wide Longhushanis the largest domestically designed amphibious warfare ship in China, news site thepaper.cn reported on Wednesday.

Longhushanwas named after a mountain in Yingtan, Jiangxi Province. The civil affairs bureau of the East China city released a notice on January 2 in an effort to collect a song for the new ship from the public.

The song needs to represent thoughts of enhancing the PLA and display the image of Longhushan, according to the notice.

"China is developing Type 071 ships to meet requirements of possible wars involved with islands in the future, which could help it gain advantages in solving disputes on islands as well as questions involved with Taiwan," Song Zhongping, a Chinese military expert, told the Global Times on Wednesday.

China owns four or five amphibious warfare ships, Song said. Type 071 have helicopters that can land on islands from the sea.

The Type 071 can work with Type 075 amphibious assault ships and help the navy win control of the air during landing operations, according to Song.

"The Type 071 ships are equipped with defensive weaponry to deal with enemy attacks," said Song.

"It could also deliver the navy and the army to the target island. The expanding number of this type of ships could greatly enhance the PLA Navy's amphibious warfare capability," Song said.

Zhang Junshe, a senior research fellow at the PLA Naval Military Studies Research Institute, told the Global Times on Wednesday that aside from its use in landing operations, Type 071 ships have joined PLA Navy escort missions since the year of 2008.

"China has fewer landing ships than that of the US. And the PLA Navy is expanding the groups as it develops," Zhang said.

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[*] posted on 16-1-2018 at 01:28 PM


PLAN inducts Type 054A frigate into North Sea Fleet

Gabriel Dominguez, London - Jane's Defence Weekly

15 January 2018


The Chinese navy commissioned its latest Jiangkai II (Type 054A)-class frigate on 12 January in Dalian. Source: Via China Military Online

China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) commissioned its latest Jiangkai II (Type 054A)-class guided-missile frigate on 12 January, according to a report published on the PLA-sponsored China Military Online website.

Named Rizhao (with pennant number 598), the 134 m long vessel was commissioned into the PLAN’s North Sea Fleet during a ceremony held at a naval port in the city of Dalian in China’s northeastern Liaoning Province.

The 3,500-tonne platform, which is understood to be the 26th frigate of the class to have entered service with the PLAN, was built at the Huangpu shipyard in Guangzhou and launched in April 2017, according to the report.

The announcement came after the Hudong-Zhonghua shipyard in Shanghai launched on 16 December the 29th frigate of the class on order for the PLAN.

Each Type 054A vessel is powered by four SEMT Pielstick diesel engines driving two propeller shafts, and has a top speed of 27 kt with a standard range of 3,800 n miles (7,037 km) at 18 kt, according to Jane’s Fighting Ships .

The anti-surface capabilities of these frigates are provided by one 76 mm naval gun, and two quadruple launchers that can launch C-802 anti-ship missiles.

Defence against aerial threats is provided by two Type 730A 30 mm close-in weapon systems (CIWSs) and a foredeck-sited 32-cell vertical launching system (VLS) that can deploy the HHQ-16 medium-range surface-to-air missile (SAM).

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[*] posted on 18-1-2018 at 06:34 PM


China's 2nd Barracks Ship Appears in Dalian

(Source:China Military Online; issued Jan 16, 2018)

BEIJING --- China's 2nd homegrown barracks ship has arrived in Dalian city of north-eastern China's Liaoning Province to meet with China's 2nd aircraft carrier, according to recent reports.

As a unique type of warship in the aircraft carrier vessels battle groups (CVBG) of the PLA Navy, the ship has very advanced living support facilities including plastic runway, basketball court, gym, arena, Internet cafe and supermarket.

The ship is mainly used for accommodation for crew members, pilots, aviation crews and engineering and technical personnel during sea trial periods. It is a military quasi-luxury cruise ship.

The performance of the new barracks ship is similar to that of ship XuXiake (Hull 88), a China's first homegrown barracks ship commissioned in 2011.

XuXiake ship is about 219 meters long, 28 meters wide and has a draft of 8 meters with full loaded displacement of nearly 30,000 tons and maximum speed of 17 knots (1 knot equals to 1 nautical mile/hr), and its maximum range is 8,000 nautical miles.

In addition, XuXiake ship is equipped with two 57 mm twin-barreled naval guns, two 30 mm twin-barreled naval guns and two rockets launcher systems. The helicopter platform of the ship can carry one Z-8 medium transport helicopter.

The new barracks ship is designed to support 2,500 people for 30 days at sea before needing resupply.

It's known to all that its many global bases have helped the U.S. to have the most powerful aircraft carrier force in the world. The U.S. aircraft carriers can have supplies from the bases and the crews can also have rest periods on land during far sea training or combat.

China lacks overseas support bases and therefore constructing barracks ships is one of the solutions. Although a barracks ship cannot completely replace overseas base, it can reduce the aircraft carrier's requirements for land bases.

The combat effectiveness and cost-effectiveness ratio of the entire aircraft carrier battle groups can be enhanced through a combination of barracks ship and land base rotation. After all, the maintenance cost of an overseas base is far greater than that of a barracks ship.

The barracks ship can also be deployed as a training ship when necessary. XuXiake ship is equipped with a large number of simulators similar to those in Chinese aircraft carrier Liaoning. The sea trial data of the aircraft carrier Liaoning can be transmitted to various devices on the barracks ship through data links for trainees to carry out simultaneous simulation.

According to reports, XuXiake ship will undergo renovation as soon as the new barracks ship is commissioned. The new barracks ship will follow China's 2nd aircraft carrier to carry out sea trials and form rapid combat capability.

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[*] posted on 20-1-2018 at 03:16 PM


China Readying New Catapult for 3rd Aircraft Carrier: Experts

(Source: Global Times; issued Jan 19, 2018)

China is likely to use an electromagnetic catapult for fighter jets on its third aircraft carrier, experts said on Thursday.

The world's leading electromagnetic catapult technology was developed by a team led by Ma Weiming, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, a Beijing-based expert, who asked for anonymity, told the Global Times on Thursday.

The technology will likely be used on China's third aircraft carrier - and second domestically made carrier - to revitalize the army through science and technology, he said.

The expert also said that the Central Military Commission has sent signals to adopt scientific achievements to enhance the military's combat capabilities and narrow the gap between China and other powers.

Li Jie, a Beijing-based naval expert, told the Global Times that security is the main concern for those who prefer steam-driven to electromagnetic catapults.

Globally, carriers launch aircraft via three basic methods: steam-driven catapult, electromagnetic catapult or ski jump.

China's first aircraft carrier, Liaoning, adopted the ski jump approach. Ten of 11 US aircraft carriers use steam catapults.

The USS Gerald R Ford is the only aircraft carrier that uses an electromagnetic catapult, experts said. The new catapult is believed to be more efficient and less damaging to planes.

Ma told media his team had conducted successful tests on the technology and are confident about its practical use.

As China has overcome the core technological problems of electromagnetic catapults, the technological advantage should be used to enhance combat capability, Li said.

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[*] posted on 21-1-2018 at 09:41 AM


Hoepefully the US has penetrated the Chinese computer systems and is stripping out any useful info on this Chinese EMALS for their own use.

Turnabout is fair play after all




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[*] posted on 21-1-2018 at 10:52 AM


Quote: Originally posted by unicorn  
Hoepefully the US has penetrated the Chinese computer systems and is stripping out any useful info on this Chinese EMALS for their own use.

Turnabout is fair play after all


I think the only way to get this info from the Chinese would be to leave the building with a flash drive.

Thanks to a generation of IT wonks who thought connecting everything to everything was universally cool and had no consequences, only the west is a technology supermarket.
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[*] posted on 21-1-2018 at 11:26 PM


Quote: Originally posted by DEW  
Quote: Originally posted by unicorn  
Hoepefully the US has penetrated the Chinese computer systems and is stripping out any useful info on this Chinese EMALS for their own use.

Turnabout is fair play after all


I think the only way to get this info from the Chinese would be to leave the building with a flash drive.

Thanks to a generation of IT wonks who thought connecting everything to everything was universally cool and had no consequences, only the west is a technology supermarket.


Not really...

The difference is the Chinese usually don’t report it when they get pwned and on the odd occasion when they do, the difference is staggering...

http://thehill.com/policy/technology/323151-china-to-us-stop...




In a low speed post-merge manoeuvring fight, with a high off-boresight 4th generation missile and Helmet Mounted Display, the Super Hornet will be a very difficult opponent for any current Russian fighter, even the Su-27/30
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[*] posted on 22-1-2018 at 09:27 AM


Quote: Originally posted by ADMK2  

Not really...

The difference is the Chinese usually don’t report it when they get pwned and on the odd occasion when they do, the difference is staggering...

http://thehill.com/policy/technology/323151-china-to-us-stop...


I'm not sure what this is really saying, other than here is a little more Wikileaks enabled Chinese "look what THEY'RE doing" propaganda, and perhaps, oh the irony. A bit like China complaining about other people threatening the "peace and tranquility" of the South China Sea.

Most of the technology security fails in the west seem to have occurred within commercial entities that serve the military. I would be surprised (pleasantly) if the Chinese military/industrial components operated with such freedom to stuff up.

Still, if they are successfully penetrated, we should hope that we don't hear about it from our side, and certainly not via Wikileaks.
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[*] posted on 22-1-2018 at 02:52 PM


Quote: Originally posted by DEW  
Quote: Originally posted by ADMK2  

Not really...

The difference is the Chinese usually don’t report it when they get pwned and on the odd occasion when they do, the difference is staggering...

http://thehill.com/policy/technology/323151-china-to-us-stop...


I'm not sure what this is really saying, other than here is a little more Wikileaks enabled Chinese "look what THEY'RE doing" propaganda, and perhaps, oh the irony. A bit like China complaining about other people threatening the "peace and tranquility" of the South China Sea.

Most of the technology security fails in the west seem to have occurred within commercial entities that serve the military. I would be surprised (pleasantly) if the Chinese military/industrial components operated with such freedom to stuff up.

Still, if they are successfully penetrated, we should hope that we don't hear about it from our side, and certainly not via Wikileaks.


Simply the Chinese aforeign Ministry openly admitting they have been getting owned by the United States and asking them publicly to stop...




In a low speed post-merge manoeuvring fight, with a high off-boresight 4th generation missile and Helmet Mounted Display, the Super Hornet will be a very difficult opponent for any current Russian fighter, even the Su-27/30
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[*] posted on 22-1-2018 at 10:07 PM


China launches sixth Type 071 LPD

Ridzwan Rahmat, Singapore - Jane's Navy International

22 January 2018


China’s Hudong-Zhonghua shipyard has launched the sixth vessel on order for the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN).

The platform entered the water on 21 January, according to reputable online Chinese sources, corroborated with a notice from Shanghai’s Maritime Safety Administration agency that prohibited shipping in the vicinity of Hudong-Zhonghua’s facilities citing the launch of a 25,000-tonne landing craft on the day.

Its launch is the first for a PLAN ship in 2018, and comes approximately seven months after the fifth Type 071 entered the water in June 2017. The PLAN currently operates a class of four Type 071 LPDs that were commissioned between November 2007 and February 2016.

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[*] posted on 23-1-2018 at 01:55 PM


PLA Navy Deploys ‘New Type of Electronic Warfare Aircraft’

(Source: Global Times; issued Jan 22, 2018)

The People's Liberation Army (PLA) Navy's South China Sea Fleet deployed a "new type of electronic warfare aircraft" in its recent combat maneuvers, a move to greatly enhance the navy's capabilities in modern warfare to safeguard the country's sea rights, said Chinese military experts.

The new aircraft is the H-6G bomber developed for 10 years with the Electronic Countermeasures (ECM) pods being equipped underneath its wings. It was the first time the bomber played "a supporting role in the electronic warfare," according to Military Time, a China Central Television CCTV military program on Saturday.

The modified H-6G fitted with ECM pods can engage in combat missions using electronic jamming, suppression, and anti-radiation, the program said.

"The main role of the electronic fighters is to obstruct the enemies' electronic jamming devices - for example, radar, to temporarily or permanently, if powerful enough, cover the surveillance devices and to hide our combat platforms' track," Song Zhongping, a military expert and TV commentator, told the Global Times.

Song added that "the H-6G electronic warfare aircraft boasts of high electronic jamming power and can cover relatively bigger combat areas such as the South China Sea and East China Sea."

China has developed advanced and standardized ECM pods to modify multiple types of fighter jets for such combat requirements, such as the J-15 type fighter jets. Using the ECM pods in fighters is the most efficient and effective way, Song noted.

China's JH-7 fighter bomber was also seen carrying such ECM pods in previous PLA Air Force military practices, according to CCTV.

China's PLA Navy deploys such EMC pods carrying aircraft together with its warships and other combat vessels for electronic combat missions and to enhance combat capabilities, Song said.

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[*] posted on 23-1-2018 at 08:45 PM


ADECS 2018: Chinese EW capabilities roll inexorably onwards

23rd January 2018 - 01:01 GMT | by Gordon Arthur in Hong Kong

The People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) is on the verge of commissioning its seventh intelligence collection vessel. The Type 815A spy ship was launched at the Hudong-Zhonghua Shipyard in Shanghai on 8 September last year.

There is speculation that this newest ship is able to fix the position of a US Navy carrier strike group up to 700km away. In addition, the Dongdiao class can perform ballistic-missile tracking.

These 130m-long ships displace 6,096t. The first Type 815 was commissioned in 1999, with a long wait until 2010 before the improved Type 815G appeared. Since then, three Type 815G ships were commissioned in 2015 and, most recently, a Type 815A on 10 January 2017.

The latter features further improvements, including a cylindrical radome above the pilothouse. These auxiliary general intelligence ships are crewed by a complement of 250, and they are evenly distributed between the three fleets of the PLAN.

Last July the PLAN was simultaneously monitoring US exercises near Australia, Guam and Alaska with three different ships.

Regarding the one monitoring Exercise Talisman Saber, Australia’s DoD commented that it ‘has remained outside Australia’s territorial waters but inside the Australian EEZ in the Coral Sea’. One infamously gate-crashed the RIMPAC 2014 exercise near Hawaii too.

The PLA Air Force (PLAAF) has been busy conducting its own electronic intelligence collection operations too. Indeed, in early December, Snr Col Shen Jinke, PLAAF spokesperson, said the air force had been staging drills through ‘routes and areas it has never flown before’, including the Yellow and East seas adjacent to the Korean peninsula.

Shen mentioned that such drills would become routine. In fact, last month the Japanese MoD announced the PLAAF had flown combat aircraft, including two EW types, through international airspace between Okinawa and Miyako on 11 December.

The EW aircraft included a Shaanxi Y-8 and Tupolev Tu-154M/D.

The latter features a belly-mounted synthetic aperture radar and BM/KZ 800 electronic intelligence collection system. The PLAAF could be operating around half a dozen Tu-154M/D ELINT aircraft in its shadowy 102nd Air Regiment of the 34th Transport Division.

It is unclear which Y-8 variant Japan spotted. It could be a Y-8CB electronic countermeasures platform (for jamming enemy radars and radios) or the Y-8JB ELINT collection aircraft.

Such flights can gather information about the routine electromagnetic environment, which is a critical preface to identifying extraordinary emissions in the future. China’s military has been conducting evermore frequent flights with strategic intent into the Western Pacific.

Earlier this month the PLAN also deployed a modified H-6G bomber fitted with a new kind of ECM pod during drills over the South China Sea. Thus equipped, the plane could perform electronic jamming, suppression and anti-radiation tasks.

Clearly, the PLA is rapidly outplaying regional militaries in the EW sphere.

In other news, it appears from satellite imagery that the PLAAF is testing a new variant of the KJ-200 airborne early warning aircraft, tentatively labelled a KJ-200B, at the China Flight Test Establishment at Yanliang Air Base.

The new variant includes an extra SATCOM antenna on top of its forward fuselage. There is also an EW antenna atop the vertical tail fin. Though not confirmed, the KJ-200B could possess side-looking radar arrays with 360º coverage on the forward fuselage, as well as side-looking ESM antennas at the rear.

The PLAAF and PLA Navy operate three different kinds of AEW aircraft – the KJ-200, KJ-500 and KJ-2000. Satellite imagery taken last month indicated the immense effort that China is placing on such platforms, with no fewer than eight new KJ-500s seen lined up at Shaanxi’s production facility ready for future delivery.
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[*] posted on 24-1-2018 at 04:38 PM


No slowdown for China’s Navy aspirations

By: Mike Yeo   15 hours ago


Chinese J-15 fighter jets are launched from the deck of the Liaoning aircraft carrier during military drills in the South China Sea on Jan. 2, 2017. (STR/AFP via Getty Images)

MELBOURNE, Australia — China’s carrier aviation programs continue apace with the focus starting to shift toward the development and introduction of training and specialized aircraft as China’s first domestically built carrier approaches the start of sea trials.

The reported decision to proceed with China’s version of the Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System will also have an impact on these programs, and will allow China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy, or PLAN, to operate a wider variety of aircraft from onboard its carriers, allowing it to have better-rounded carrier air wings and enhance its capabilities.

Flying Shark growth

Currently, the PLAN only has a single type of fixed-wing carrierborne aircraft in service. This is the Shenyang J-15 Flying Shark multirole fighter. The J-15 is one of several Chinese-developed derivatives of Russia’s Sukhoi Su-27 Flanker family. Like the land-based J-11 and J-16, the J-15s are equipped with indigenous avionics and weapons, although the engines are still the Russian Saturn AL-31 turbofans.

Approximately two dozen J-15s have been produced so far in two production batches, and these are currently only able to operate from the ski jump-equipped Liaoning aircraft carrier and the Type 002 carrier being fitted out in the city of Dalian.

China is known to have at least one of the six J-15 prototypes fitted with catapult launch accessories on its nose landing gear, and the country is carrying out catapult tests with this aircraft, using what are believed to be a steam catapult and EMALS at an air base near Huludao, Liaoning province in northern China.

In addition, China is developing a twin-seat variant of the J-15, with at least a single prototype known to be flying from Shenyang Aircraft Corporation’s facilities located in its namesake city. It is likely this variant, designated the J-15S, will operate from the future, catapult-equipped carrier China will build after the Type 002 as a two-seat multirole fighter alongside single-seat J-15s, much like the mix of single-seat Boeing F/A-18E Super Hornets and twin-seat F/A-18Fs onboard a typical U.S. Navy carrier air wing.

Future production batches of J-15s are also expected to be fitted with more modern avionics, such as those already fitted to the J-16 fighter that will included an active electronically scanned array radar.

The electronic warfare/electronic attack technology being developed for a specialized variant of the J-16 may also be introduced on the J-15.

However, these are unlikely to be fielded in the near term, but rather are expected to enter service in the early part of the next decade, at the earliest.

Improved pilot training

The PLAN is also revamping its pilot training program with the intention of streamlining the process of training its pilots. The service sees an urgent need for 400 new pilots in the coming years with the introduction of new land- and carrier-based aircraft types. Last year, China merged the naval aviation academy and its aeronautical and astronautical university into the Naval Aeronautical University.

The move will also reduce dependence on the People’s Liberation Army Air Force for basic pilot training, while the introduction of the Hongdu JL-10H lead-in fighter trainer also simplifies the pilot training syllabus. The JL-10H — with superior avionics and performance to the earlier Guizhou JL-9 jet trainer previously used by the PLAN — will be able to shorten the training of the PLAN’s fighter pilots from three to two phases.

However, the PLAN lacks a dedicated trainer aircraft used to qualify carrier pilots, with the J-15 currently being used in this role. An attempt was made to develop a carrier trainer version of the JL-9 for this purpose, but this was unsuccessful; reports suggest the JL-9’s fuselage was unable to cope with the stress involved in arrested landings onboard carriers.

It is unknown if an attempt will be made to develop a variant of the JL-10H for such a purpose, although such a move would make sense because a dedicated carrier trainer aircraft would have the advantages of lower operating costs, a more streamlined pilot training process and a reduction in demands on the J-15 fleet.

EMALS and more aircraft

As Defense News previously reported, if China were to build its third carrier equipped with an EMALS as expected, the PLAN will be able to operate a wider variety of aircraft from its carriers, opening up the possibility of equipping its air wings with an aircraft similar to the Northrop Grumman E-2 Hawkeye airborne early-warning aircraft.

The PLAN’s current shipboard airborne early-warning asset is the Changhe Z-8 helicopter fitted with a radar that can be stowed when not in use. However, compared to a fixed-wing aircraft, an airborne early-warning helicopter has severe shortcomings in endurance, which reduces the asset’s time on station, and in operating altitude, which reduces the effectiveness of the radar.

China previously built a mock-up of a Xi’an Y-7 with a heavily modified tailplane and a radar rotodome on top of its fuselage around the year 2010. Yet, there has been no further development of that project since then.

A similar mock-up was seen on the carrier flight deck test bed at a naval testing facility in Wuhan, Hubei province, in early 2017, indicating that China is still interested in developing such a platform.
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[*] posted on 24-1-2018 at 06:42 PM


China's Domestically Made Aircraft Carrier Better than India’s: Military Experts

(Source: Global Times; issued Jan 23, 2018)

More Chinese drivel........if they say it often enough they might even believe it! Try comparing to the USN.............. :thumbdown: :thumbdown: :thumbdown:

India's first domestically made aircraft carrier cannot compare in construction technology and weaponry with China's first home-made carrier, Chinese military experts said Monday.

India's only indigenous aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant, is expected to be commissioned by October 2020, Indian Vice Admiral Hari Kuma was cited by India's ndtv.com as saying on Friday.

"In terms of technology, India's home-made aircraft carrier cannot compare with China's as China has taken a leap in construction technology and other relevant core technologies, including construction materials, the deck for fighter jets to ski jump and the radar system," Song Zhongping, a TV commentator and military expert, told the Global Times on Monday.

India still relies on other countries' technology in building its aircraft carrier, experts said.

"India's carrier-based aircraft are mainly Russia's Mikoyan MiG-29 and the weapons systems are from Russia, Israel and other countries," Song said.

Li Jie, a Beijing-based naval expert, told the Global Times that "the INS Vikrant is more likely an assemblage of foreign technologies made by India. The aircraft carrier's design is from France and Italy, its power system from the US and the weapon system is also from overseas."

The delay by Russia in supplying aviation items has impeded commissioning of the Vikrant, ndtv.com reported.

On combat capability, China's first home-made aircraft carrier carries the Shenyang J-15, a large antisubmarine helicopter, which could also be used for early warning and search and rescue operations. And its defense system was also developed domestically, Song said.

"China's second home-made carrier may adopt an electromagnetic catapult system, and the domestically developed radar system will be more accurate and far-reaching. The destroyers and frigates which form the aircraft carrier fleet would also be stronger," Li said.

Li also said it was meaningless to merely compare the aircraft carriers of China and India as the competiveness of the navies in the future lies in comprehensive combat capabilities and cooperation of different forces.

-ends-
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[*] posted on 24-1-2018 at 08:13 PM


Support ship for Type 001A's sea trials arrives in Dalian

Andrew Tate, London - Jane's Defence Weekly

23 January 2018


This image shows Chinese carrier trials support ship No 89 berthed in Dalian next to the country’s second aircraft carrier, which is commonly referred to as the Type 001A. Source: Via Sina.com

The arrival of the Chinese carrier trials support ship No 89 in Dalian, which has berthed next to the country’s second aircraft carrier (commonly referred to as Type 001A), has prompted speculation that the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) and the shipbuilder are preparing the carrier for sea trials in the near future.

The speculation has been further fuelled by photographs of exhaust emissions from the carrier, from which it can be assumed that alongside trials of propulsion machinery are in progress.

During the initial sea trials of the PLAN’s first carrier, Liaoning , the 304.5 m-long ship was almost constantly accompanied by a trials support ship ( Xu Xiake , with pennant number 88), which is able to provide accommodation for around 2,500 personnel.

Photographs of Xu Xiake ’s sister ship (with pennant number 89), which was then under construction at Guangzhou Shipbuilding International’s Longxue shipyard, first emerged in mid-2017. This new ship is now expected to play a similar role in the trials of the Type 001A.

In addition to accommodation and recreational facilities, it is likely that the new support ship will provide workspace (such as offices, briefing rooms, and analysis facilities) for the numerous engineers, overseers, and operators required to undertake the carrier’s sea trials and verify that all of the ship’s power, propulsion, weapons, and ancillary systems have been installed correctly and operate at sea as intended.

Notwithstanding the speculation, no official indication has been given of when the Type 001A, which was launched on 26 April 2017, will conduct sea trials.

Photographs published on Chinese online forums showed that a major milestone in the installation of the ship’s weapons and sensors had been achieved by the end of November with the fitting of the planar arrays for the vessel’s Type 346A primary radar. Other photographs showed that satellite communication antennas had been installed by mid-December, followed by electronic support measure and electronic counter-measure antennas.

(344 of 486 words)
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[*] posted on 25-1-2018 at 04:45 PM


China’s New Electronic-Warfare Aircraft Enhances Navy’s Combat Capability: Experts

(Source: People's Daily Online; posted Jan 24, 2018)

...and Superman drops out of the bomb-bay and sinks all vessels apart from the Chinese ones! Sheesh talk about boasting like a bitch about a minor EW ability.............. :cool:

A Chinese navy photo showing an electronic warfare pod fitted to an H-6G bomber, which has now taken up a new role as an electronic warfare aircraft. (PLAN photo)

China has deployed its new electronic-warfare aircraft in its recent combat maneuvers, a move many military experts believe will help boost Chinese naval power in the disputed South China Sea.

Though already in service for 10 years, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Navy’s H-6G bomber has been upgraded with two electronic countermeasures (ECM) pods attached underneath its wings. PLA’s South China Sea Fleet has already deployed the aircraft in its most recent combat maneuvers in December 2017, marking the first time that the bomber has played a supporting role in electronic warfare, according to China Central Television.

“The upgrade of H-6G has extended the aircraft’s fighting range, which can now cover basically the whole South China Sea, as well as waters in the southeastern part of Taiwan,” an anonymous military expert told Global Times, who added that more ECMs can be added to the aircraft to disrupt more enemy radar.

According to experts, the upgraded aircraft can be used to degrade the effectiveness of enemy radar and radio systems by using radar jamming and deception methods, as well as attacking various targets on the sea surface from a long distance.

In addition to the H-6G, other PLA fighter jets, including the JH-7 bomber, have been equipped with similar ECM pods to improve the army’s combat capability.

“Using the ECM pods on fighters is the most efficient and effective way,” Song Zhongping, a military expert, told Global Times, as the main role of such fighters “is to obstruct the enemies’ electronic jamming devices.”

-ends-
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[*] posted on 30-1-2018 at 10:45 PM


China Building a 3rd Type 901 Large Replenishment Oiler for PLAN

Posted On Monday, 29 January 2018 19:24

Our partner East Pendulum is reporting that a 3rd Type 901 replenishment oiler has been spotted (via satellite imagery) at the Guangzhou Shipyard International Company Limited (GSI), Guangdong province in southern China.


Satellite image showing the third Type 901 for the PLAN at an advanced stage of construction at GSI shipyard. CNES/Airbus image via East Pendulum.

The imagery shows the vessel already at an advanced stage of construction with most of the hull already assembled and the forward block ready to be connected to the rest of the hull. This is the third Type 901, a 240 meters long, 48,000 tons replenishment oiler design to support the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN or Chinese Navy) future carrier strike groups (CSG).

The first one, named "Hulun Lake" (or Hulunhun in Chinese, with hull number 965) was commissioned in September last year.

A second Type 901 was launched last summer at the same shipyard (its construction started in late 2016 according to satellite images.


Commissioning ceremony of "Hulun Lake", PLAN's first Type 901 Replenishment Oiler.

Existence of the Type 901 programme emerged in 2011, roughly one year before the commissioning of aircraft carrier Liaoning.

The key features of the Type 901 compared to the old-generation tankers in service in the Chinese Navy, such as the Type 903, Type 905 and Type 908, is the implementation of a sophisticated logistics support system. It allows to monitor and calculate in real time, via data links, the consumption and also the stock of all types of ships under its assignment. The system then automatically proposes optimized refueling plans according to the missions to be carried out and the conditions at sea.


PLAN's first Type 901 Replenishment Oiler seen here conducting an UNREP with a Type 071 LPD.

Like the other Chinese tankers, the Type 901 is equipped with several medical stations to accommodate patients, although the Chinese navy has its own hospital ships. The spotter photos also show two hangars at the stern, the size of which is sufficient to accommodate 13-tonnes helicopters such as the Z-8S and Z-8JH for example.

In its initial configuration, the Type 901 was set to be fitted with several self-defense weapon system, such as the H/PJ-11 11-barrel CIWS, the HQ-10 missile-based CIWS and a complete electronic countermeasures and warfare suite. However the final configuration consists in a couple of H/PJ-13 (retro-engineered AK-630 and similar to the ones fitted on Type 22).

The construction of this new class of 40,000 tons supply vessel is not only proof that the PLAN is taking the rise of their CSGs very seriously. It also shows an intention to turn the PLAN into a "global" navy.

Official specifications for Type 901 Hulun Lake (hull number 965):

Length overall : ~241m
Length at waterline: 225m
Width: 32m
moulded depth: 17.5m
Draught at full load: 10.8m
Full load displacement: ~48,000t
Normal displacement: ~46,000t
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[*] posted on 2-2-2018 at 02:10 PM


Photos suggest China is prepping to test a electromagnetic railgun at sea

By: Mike Yeo   11 hours ago


One of two electromagnetic railgun prototypes on display aboard joint high speed vessel USS Millinocket (JHSV 3) in port at Naval Base San Diego. Along with the U.S., China has been among the countries advancing the technologies, with recent photos suggesting China is prepping to test a electromagnetic railgun at sea. (U.S. Navy/Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Kristopher Kirsop)

MELBOURNE, Australia — Images published online appear to suggest China has mounted what looks to be a prototype electromagnetic railgun on a ship, and started trials with the possibility of testing it at sea in the near future.

If confirmed, this would make China the first country in the world to mount such a system on board a ship and take it out to sea.

The series of photos on social media shows a large turret with what appears to be a gun barrel mounted on the front of the Haiyangshan, a 7,000-ton Type 072-III Landing Ship Tank of China’s People’s Liberation Army – Navy or PLAN.



Three standard sized containers are mounted on the ship’s open deck immediately aft of the turret, which are believed to be the generators and other associated equipment needed to power a railgun. Other modifications on the ship seen in the published photos also include a new additional observation gallery and an unknown sensor atop the original superstructure, which is believed to be a control room and observation platform related to the railgun.

The bow doors used for conducting amphibious operations has also been welded shut. It is not known where the modified ship was photographed, although the Haiyangshan was previously known to serve with the PLAN’s East Sea Fleet. The ship has made at least one voyage post-modification, suggesting underway trials to test the seaworthiness of the modifications has begun.

The choice of the Type 072-III to mount such a weapon would instead of the PLAN’s Type 909 weapons testing ship would seem strange, however analysts have suggested that the power requirements of the railgun may have exceeded what the Type 909 can generate, hence the need to mount in on a Type 072-III, which has ample space above and belowdecks to accommodate power generators and other equipment.

Despite the name, railguns use electromagnetic forces to launch high velocity projectiles by means of a sliding armature that is accelerated along a pair of conductive rails. The projectiles normally do not contain explosives, relying on the projectile’s high speed to inflict damage.

The electromagnetic forces impart very high kinetic energy to a projectile, easily exceeding that produced by explosive fired guns. Other advantages are the absence of explosive propellants or warheads to store and handle, as well as the low cost of projectiles compared to conventional weaponry such as cruise missiles, while the high speed of their projectiles make them difficult to defend against.

The United States Naval Surface Warfare Center’s Dahlgren Division has demonstrated a railgun firing 3.2 kg (7.1 lb) projectiles in October 2006 as a prototype of a more powerful weapon to be deployed aboard Navy warships. Development of this technology is continuing, with the Office of Naval Research demonstrating in mid-2017 the ability to launch a “multi shot salvo” of two projectiles in a 12-second span.

However, these are land-based systems, and no railgun has yet been fitted on to a ship of the U.S. Navy although plans a afoot for ship mounting and integration tests this year.
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