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Author: Subject: Chinese Navy 2017 onwards
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[*] posted on 6-2-2018 at 09:41 PM


China launches ninth Dongdiao-class AGI

Andrew Tate, London - Jane's Defence Weekly

05 February 2018


The ninth Dongdiao-class AGI on order for the PLAN was launched on 3 February at the Hudong-Zhonghua Shipyard in Shanghai. Source: Via HSH (HobbyShanghai) website

The ninth Dongdiao-class (Type 815/815A) intelligence collection ship (AGI) on order for the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) was launched on 3 February at the Hudong-Zhonghua Shipyard in Shanghai.

The number of China's AGIs is increasing significantly. The first Dongdiao-class vessel (a Type 815) entered service around 1999, with the second one (an improved variant called the Type 815A) being commissioned in 2010. The remaining 7 ships (also Type 815As) have all been launched within the last four years. Two entered the water in February and September 2017, respectively, with the first one expected to enter service shortly.

Although Hudong-Zhonghua constructs commercial and naval ships, the shipyard appears to have been particularly busy building ships for the PLAN. The recently launched Type 815A will be berthed alongside to complete equipment installation work. Also berthed alongside in the post-launch fitting out phase are another Type 815A, two Type 071 amphibious ships, two Type 054A frigates, and two Type 056A corvettes.

The 6,100-tonne ships are highly distinctive as they feature large spherical radomes, 6-8 m in diameter, that are fitted over dish antennas used to intercept communications, radar, or other emissions. Although there are variations in the detailed equipment fit, most ships of the class have one spherical radome midships and another one aft.

A large radome, which varies in shape, is also fitted on the bridge roof. On the preceding two ships a large cylindrical ‘top hat’ has been fitted, suggesting that the antenna beneath it is a different shape from those installed in earlier ships.

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[*] posted on 7-2-2018 at 02:17 PM


Electromagnetic Guns Should Be Fitted on China’s New Destroyer: Experts

(Source: Global Times; Published Feb 05, 2018)

By Deng Xiaoci

China's first home-grown 10,000-ton class missile destroyer, the Type 055, is the best fit for China's future electromagnetic gun, for the all-electric warship could meet the weapon's huge power supply demand, according to Chinese military experts on Monday.

Because direction energy weapons (DEW), including electromagnetic and laser guns, would consume a huge amount of energy, only warships with integrated full electronic propulsion systems could meet such energy requirements, Song Zhongping, a Beijing-based military expert and TV commentator, told the Global Times on Monday.

China's People's Liberation Army should consider the feasibility of equipping the Type 055, its first fully-electronic guided missile destroyer, with the electromagnetic guns, Song added.

Cheng Shuoren, a military analyst, was quoted by the Science and Technology Daily on Monday as saying that the weapon is also larger and heavier than traditional ship guns, making it almost impossible to fit on current vessels without a complete modification other than the Type 055.

With the new electromagnetic guns, the Type 055 will become a genuine "dreadnought" vessel in the 21st Century, Cheng said.

The Type 055 was unveiled at the Jiangnan Shipyard in East China's Shanghai on June 28, 2017, the Xinhua News Agency said.

The warship is the first of China's new generation destroyers. It is equipped with new air defenses, anti-missile, anti-ship and anti-submarine weapons.

The vessel marks a milestone in improving the nation's navy armament system and in building a strong and modern navy, Xinhua said.

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[*] posted on 27-2-2018 at 11:43 AM


China’s Electromagnetic Weapon Surge

Feb 26, 2018

Richard D. Fisher, Jr. | Aviation Week & Space Technology

In the race to develop electromagnetic launch (EML) or “railgun” weapons that can travel at speeds as fast as Mach 7, China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has taken the pole position.

Chinese military blogs and webpages are carrying images of a new railgun fitted to the bow of a PLA Navy Type 072III landing ship tank near the city of Wuhan. China’s railgun is in a combat-configured turret aboard a ship, implying that ground-based testing has moved to the next stage of testing a naval weapon.

That is a change from what Google Earth historic imagery reveals, which is that since at least 2014 China has likely been testing railguns at a PLA test site at Baotou in Inner Mongolia.

Chinese state media have been quick to tout the nation’s lead. A Feb. 5 report in China’s Science and Technology Daily (SATD), amplified the same day by the flagship China Daily, notes that the U.S. Navy had intended by 2016 to test a railgun aboard the Joint High-Speed Vessel USNS Millenocket. The SATD report notes “rumors,” based on U.S. media reports, that the service has “decided to abandon the project.” It concludes, “Obviously, the road to developing electromagnetic guns did not go smoothly for the U.S. Navy.”

Electromagnetic Launch
- Chinese admiral details his vision for electromagnetic weapons
- Chinese researchers pursue space-based laser weapon to be developed by 2023

However, the U.S. Navy has not abandoned a 155-mm railgun program led by BAE Systems; the service is requesting $45.8 million for railgun research in fiscal 2019. A smaller “Blitzer” railgun remains under development at General Atomics. In both the U.S. and China, government-backed EML research extends back to the 1980s. Benefiting from international academic exchanges-—including with Americans—Wang Yin of the Ordnance Engineering College in Hebei had by 2007 helped create 22 institutes and university departments in the country dedicated to EML research. Unofficial Chinese sources indicate that up to five organizations have experimental railgun programs.

Some railgun designers include the Beijing Institute of Special Electromechanical Technology, the China Academy of Engineering Physics, the 206 Institute of the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corp. (Casic) and the Institute of Electromagnetic and Electronic Technology at the Harbin Institute of Technology. Wang Haifu of the Beijing Institute of Technology has led the development of an explosive composite matrix material for railgun rounds able to withstand the intense stress of launch but adding an explosive effect to its already devastating high-speed kinetic impact.

Rear Adm. Ma Weiming of the PLA University of Naval Engineering in Wuhan is credited in the Chinese media for leading development of integrated naval electric power systems that allow ships to power railguns and electromagnetic aircraft launch systems (EMALS) on aircraft carriers in addition to ship systems. The PLA Navy is likely testing its first EMALS at its carrier aviation training base in Huangdicun, which may equip its third aircraft carrier. Ma is also helping to develop a Chinese EML-based space-launch system.

In a February 2017 SATD article, Adm. Ma described his vision for an “All Purpose Ship,” sometimes called an “Almighty Ship.”

For defensive missions, it will use railguns covering targets in the 200-600-km (124-373-mi.) range and for “point defense” in the 10-200-km range, with laser cannons covering targets up to 10 km. Railguns will launch anti-submarine torpedoes, and electromagnetic coil guns will perform anti-torpedo defense. For offensive missions, railguns will launch long-range cruise missiles and ballistic missiles to 600-1,000 km, while railgun rounds can strike targets from 200-600 km.


A new Chinese electromagnetic launch or “railgun” weapon has appeared on a Chinese landing ship tank converted into a test platform. Credit: CJDBY Webpage

Like the U.S. Defense Department, the PLA has long understood the transformative potential of directed-energy weapons, including lasers, EML and microwave weapons. In 2015, the PLA Press published the book Light War, in which authors Li Bingyuan, Huyan Ning and Wang Shenliang write that in 30 years directed-energy weapons will dominate the battlefield.

They posit that the next generation of warfare will include the manipulation of big data and exploitation of autonomy and artificial intelligence, and the authors put special emphasis on space-based energy weapons.

Such a vision is likely to be advanced by the PLA’s new service, the Strategic Support Force, which after a major PLA reorganization in late 2016, gained most of the space assets of the former General Armaments Department. As such, it will likely be the lead service for the PLA’s conduct of space warfare.

One significant space-weapons proposal was made in the December 2013 issue of the journal Chinese Optics, titled “Development of Space-Based Laser Weapons,” by Gao Min-hui, Zhou Yu-quan and Wang Zhi-hong, all from the Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, a leading Chinese laser-weapon developer. They proposed a 2023 completion for a 5-ton low-Earth-orbit laser weapon platform equipped with a 1-megawatt chemical laser capable of hitting targets out to 5,000 km. Four could be rapidly launched by a Casic solid-fuel, potentially mobile, 20-ton-payload space-launch vehicle now under development.

Closer to Earth at the February 2017 IDEX exhibition, China’s Poly Technologies was marketing its 30-kW solid-state fiber-optic “Silent Hunter” fixed and mobile laser system. Poly Technologies officials said it could penetrate 5 mm of steel at 1,000 m (3,300 ft.) and that they are working on more powerful versions. These officials also said they had discussed its sale with multiple potential customers.
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[*] posted on 2-3-2018 at 09:40 AM


China to develop its first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier

By: Mike Yeo   7 hours ago

MELBOURNE, Australia — One of China’s largest shipbuilders has revealed plans to speed up the development of China’s first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, as part of China’s ambition to transform its navy into a blue-water force by the middle of the next decade.

In a since-amended news release outlining the company’s future strategic direction in all of its business areas, the state-owned China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation, or CSIC, said the shipbuilding group will redouble efforts to achieve technological breakthroughs in nuclear-powered aircraft carriers, new nuclear-powered submarines, quieter conventionally powered submarines, underwater artificial intelligence-based combat systems and integrated networked communications systems.

CSIC is responsible for both civilian and military shipbuilding activities in the north and the west of China.

The company release added that these breakthroughs are required for China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy, or PLAN, to enhance its capability to globally operate in line with the service’s aim to become a networked, blue-water navy by 2025.

The original news release, which Defense News has seen and translated, has since been deleted from CSIC’s website and replaced by one missing all references to the details listed above. The updated release instead merely notes that the company “must resolutely implement (Chinese President) Xi Jinping’s thinking on strengthening our armed forces and take the building of a modern warfare system with Chinese characteristics as a guide to speed up breakthroughs in key core technologies.”

CSIC was responsible for the refurbishment of China’s sole operational aircraft carrier, which was originally laid down as the Soviet Union’s Admiral Kuznetsov-class carrier Varyag. The hulk was acquired from Ukraine in the late 1990s and entered service with the PLAN in 2012 as the Liaoning.

The company is also building China’s first indigenously built aircraft carrier, a slightly modified version of the Liaoning featuring various improvements. The ship is currently being fitted out at CSIC’s shipyard in Dalian, where the Liaoning was refurbished.

China is also reportedly planning a larger, conventionally powered aircraft carrier that will be equipped with electromagnetic catapults to launch aircraft, having previously claimed that it has made a breakthrough that will see the ship generating sufficient power to operate the power-hungry catapults.

The PLAN is already operating a pair of catapults — one believed to be steam-driven while the other an electromagnetic catapult — for carrier operations training at its air base in Liaoning Province where its Shenyang J-15 Flying Shark carrier-borne fighters are based.

The PLAN’s current aircraft carriers can only launch aircraft using ski-jumps, which restrict their ability to operate aircraft such as turboprop-powered airborne early warning aircraft.

That particular aircraft’s engines are unable to generate sufficient thrust to take off from an aircraft carrier without catapults, instead relying on lower-flying helicopters fitted with radars for the carrier-borne early warning mission. This in turn limits the PLAN’s carrier battle groups’ effectiveness in the fleet’s defense mission.

Collin Koh, a research fellow at the Maritime Security Programme of the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies in Singapore, told Defense News that a Chinese nuclear-powered aircraft carrier will facilitate the continued increase in China’a naval presence, with its longer endurance compared to conventionally powered aircraft carriers allowing longer “out of area” operations in distant waters such as the Western Pacific and the Indian Ocean.

It will also allow the PLAN to respond faster to contingencies, such as showing presence at regional hot spots, or humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations. Koh cited the U.S. Navy’s use of an aircraft carrier during relief efforts following the devastating 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami.

He added that the PLAN will benefit from its experience with operating nuclear-powered submarines if or when it introduces nuclear-powered aircraft carriers, despite the possibility of initial complications regarding logistics and infrastructure to support nuclear-powered surface vessels.
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[*] posted on 3-3-2018 at 06:13 PM


Advantages of China's First Domestically-Built Aircraft Carrier, Compared to "Liaoning"

(Source: China Military Online; posted March 02, 2018)

More Chinese self-congratulation........ :no:

BEIJING --- China's first domestically-built aircraft carrier has attracted worldwide attention since it was launched on Apr. 26, 2017. The new vessel is similar to the aircraft carrier Liaoning, which was commissioned to the PLA Navy on Sept. 25, 2012, but has major technical improvements.

Many netizens have called China's first domestically-built aircraft carrier a "pirated version" of the aircraft carrier Liaoning. In fact, it has had a comprehensive technical upgrading based on the Liaoning ship and the biggest difference between the two is in function and task.

Aircraft carrier Liaoning’s function is positioned as an aircraft carrier research and training platform. Its main task is to complete a large number of scientific experiments relevant to aircraft carriers and carrier-based fighter jets, as well as pilot selection and training. Aircraft carrier Liaoning has now formed a maritime formation combat capability after more than five years' practical research.

However, China's first domestically-built aircraft carrier, from the very beginning, was positioned as a large carrier combat platform. It is a new starting point for the construction of an integrated combat capability of the Chinese PLA Navy. Due to its nature as a large-scale maritime combat platform, with aircraft as its main weapon, the first domestically-built carrier is described as a "sea-going airport."

Optimization of performance

The full displacement of the new carrier is thousands of tons larger than that of Liaoning ship. It still has a ski-jump flight deck design, with a technical upgrade to the angle of the upturned deck.

The angle of the upturned deck of Liaoning ship is about 14 degrees and that of the new domestically-built vessel is 12 degrees. The main basis for this major technological improvement comes from a large amount of flight test data accumulated by Liaoning ship and its J-15 fighters.

The compatibility of the new aircraft carrier and the J -15 fighter jet is more optimized compared with Liaoning ship. This gives full play to the maximum operational effectiveness of the J-15.

Optimization of structure

In terms of structural design, China's first domestically-built aircraft carrier fully meets current aircraft carrier standards. These differ from the design concept and operational use of the carriers (heavy aviation cruisers) of the Soviet Union.

Liaoning ship's predecessor was the unfinished Varyag, which is the sister ship of the Russian Navy's only aircraft carrier, the Admiral Kuznets. Varyag was the No.2 aircraft carrier of the Soviet Union's third-generation heavy aviation cruiser class.

The Kuznets class aircraft carrier is equipped with a large number of carrier-based missile weapon systems including large-scale long-range anti-ship, ship-to-air missile launchers hidden under the flight deck. During the restoration and reconstruction of Liaoning ship, those weapon systems were dismantled.

The large-scale long-range missile launchers hidden under the flight deck inevitably have a great impact on the operation of carrier-based aircraft. The flight deck needs to be emptied before the missile launchers can be turned on, and as a result, carrier-based aircraft cannot take off.

The Russian long-range anti-ship missiles are bulky and they are vertically mounted below the flight deck. That design occupies a large interior space and has a negative impact on the hull structural design.

A standard aircraft carrier's main weapon is the fighter jet. The space under the flight deck is the hangar used for aircraft storage, maintenance and repair. The design of China's first domestically-built aircraft carrier abandons the anti-ship missile launchers and therefore its hangar is larger and can store more jets.

Stunning information capacity

As a large maritime mobile airport, the aircraft carrier must effectively combine the operation of various types of carrier-based aircraft with the requirements of navigation. For this reason, various advanced electronic information devices and capabilities are required.

Despite the larger size of aircraft carrier, the installation of this electronic information equipment in a limited space is also a huge technical challenge due to their large number and variety of types.

The carrier-based electronic equipment includes a combat commanding system and navigation, avionics and other information systems. China's first domestically-built aircraft carrier has new improvements based on the trials by Liaoning ship.

For example, the improved large-scale active phased array radars installed above the starboard ship island is far superior to its Russia counterpart in terms of overall performance, air-to-air detection range and detecting capability of airborne targets. This will help enhance the air defense capability of the aircraft carrier and its formation.

At present, China's first domestically-built aircraft carrier is being outfitted. As the number of scaffoldings on the ship declines, the trial trip date gradually approaches.

Based on the considerable amount of experience in Liaoning ship, the first domestically-built aircraft carrier will become the second aircraft carrier of the Chinese PLA Navy in a few years. China's blue-water navy goal is gradually becoming a reality.

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[*] posted on 28-3-2018 at 03:40 PM


China prepares aircraft carrier for sea trial

By Yang Sheng Source:Global Times Published: 2018/3/27 18:58:39

China’s first domestically made aircraft carrier prepares for sea trial


The pictured is China's first home-built aircraft carrier at a shipyard in Dalian, Northeast China's Liaoning Province on Monday. Photo: IC

China's first domestically built carrier, known as the Type 001A, is undergoing preparations for its first sea trial, while discussions about its name show that Chinese people hold high expectations of the carrier's ability to resolve the Taiwan question.

According to the latest online photos from the Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company (DSIC) construction site in Liaoning Province, where the carrier was launched and outfitted, the scaffolds on the carrier have been completely removed, and a phased array radar has been installed.

"All the equipment and devices on the carrier are in the joint debugging stage, and the main engine has been powered. In 2018, we will present a surprise to the Chinese people," DSIC Chairman Liu Zheng said, according to a report on cctv.com, the official website of China Central Television, on March 13.

Liu, who is also the general director of construction of the Type 001A and a member of the National People's Congress (NPC), made the comments to cctv.com when he was attending the Two Sessions.

"This all proves that the Type 001A is getting ready for its first sea trial, and the exact timing will depend on factors like the weather and sea conditions. April 23 is Navy Day, the founding day of the PLA Navy [April 23 1949], so this might also be taken into consideration," Li Jie, a Beijing-based naval expert, told the Global Times on Tuesday.

"After the sea trial, which normally takes about 6-12 months, it will be ready for delivery to the PLA Navy, so it's very likely we will see the carrier enlisted by the end of 2018," said Song Zhongping, a military expert and TV commentator.

Full speed

The Type 001A was launched in Dalian on April 26 2017, three days after Navy Day, and the outfitting work only took about one year.

The speed with which the Type 001A was built was the fastest in the history of aircraft carrier construction, as it only took two years from the laying of the foundation in the shipyard to its launch, and more importantly, everything from the ship's body to its devices is domestically built, Liu said.

"The quality of our construction is also world-class. For example, the world-class standard for the flatness of the flight deck is not more than 4 percent, and we made it lower than 3 percent," Liu noted.

All in the name

During the Two Sessions, Yuan Maorong, an NPC deputy from Taizhou city, East China's Zhejiang Province, suggested naming the carrier "Wei Wen", after a military general from the Three Kingdoms period (AD 184/220-280) who was the first man in history to arrive at Taiwan, according to cctv.com on March 13.

Yuan said naming the carrier Wei Wen would show the historical fact of Taiwan being an integral part of China, and push the development of Cross-Straits relations.

The discussion of how the ship should be named has also been spreading in social media. Many Chinese netizens suggested simply naming the carrier "Taiwan," while others suggested naming it "Shi Lang", an admiral who recaptured Taiwan for the Qing Dynasty.

"This displays the high expectations among the Chinese people over solving the Taiwan question, because they want the country to use the first domestically built aircraft carrier as a symbol to announce its determination and ability to achieve this aim, and also send a tough warning signal to the secessionists in Taiwan," Li noted.

However, the carrier is not targeting Taiwan, according to a military expert from a Beijing-based military academy who requested anonymity. He explained that if Beijing decided to use military measures to solve the Taiwan question, the PLA is fully capable of doing so without an aircraft carrier, and Type 001A was made for a greater purpose.

"The PLA Navy has regulations for naming large vessels like aircraft carriers, which generally use the names of provinces and municipalities," Song said.

"Liaoning is primarily a platform for training personnel and collecting data through testing, while Type 001A is China's first carrier made for combat missions, so its name could be more special. It's impossible to name it with a person's name, for only vessels used for scientific research can use a person's name in China," said the anonymous military expert.
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[*] posted on 5-4-2018 at 02:56 PM


Government Support Needed for Carrier-Based UAVs ‘to Build Powerful Navy’

(Source: Global Times; issued April 4, 2018)

China's development of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) has entered a new phase as the technology will allow synchronized operations between UAVs and military aircraft, and carrier-based UAVs are also being developed, Chinese experts said.

The joint operations of manned military aircraft, like fighter jets, and UAVs is the drone's future, Shi Wen, the chief engineer and designer of China's Caihong (CH), or Rainbow UAV series, told a press conference in Beijing on Monday.

"We are making efforts to promote artificial intelligence (AI) for UAVs to allow manned aircraft to co-pilot UAVs," Shi said.

Shi's team is under the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp (CASC), and his team has developed a series of UAVs, including the CH-3, CH-4 and the advanced CH-5, which can now engage in surveillance and attack missions. The CH series of drones is popular among nations along the Belt and Road initiative, especially in some Middle East and African countries, which have a huge demand for weapons.

"On average, every CH-series drone has a flying time of more than 1,200 around the world every year, so we have a huge database to support AI technology research," Shi said.

China is focused on building a powerful navy, and its first domestically built aircraft carrier is preparing for its first sea trial, and the carrier-based UAV is also being developed, Li Jie, a Beijing-based naval expert, told the Global Times on Tuesday.

"Although the military has not released any information, research into carrier-based UAVs started long ago, and ship-based UAVs on destroyers and frigates have already been used in training," Li said.

Shi told the Global Times that "considerable resources are needed in carrier-based UAV research," so it would be risky to attempt without "government support."

While military applications remain the focus, Shi stressed the importance of the civilian uses of UAVs.

"Companies from China, the US and Europe are major competitors in the UAV market, and the civilian uses of UAVs are a larger share than military uses," he said.

The CH series UAVs can also be used for forest protection, exploration of underground resources, and for monitoring oceans, according to information released at the Monday press conference.

"A new generation CH series UAVs, the CH-X," which is the most advanced achievement in the series, "will be displayed at Airshow China 2018 in Zhuhai this year," Shi said at the press conference, without elaborating.

Airshow China is held in Zhuhai, South China's Guangdong Province, every two years. This year, it will be held from November 6-11.

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[*] posted on 10-4-2018 at 10:38 PM


China's Second Aircraft Carrier to Undergo Sea Trials On Navy Day: Reports

(Source: Global Times; posted April 10, 2018)

China's second aircraft carrier or the country's first domestically built carrier, known as the Type 001A, might undergo its first sea trials on April 23, China's Navy Day, media reported.

Online pictures show that scaffolds on the carrier have been removed, and a phased-array radar has been installed, Science and Technology Daily reported on Monday.

It quoted sources as saying that the aircraft carrier may conduct its first sea trials on April 23, China's Navy Day.

Li Jie, a Beijing-based naval expert, told the Global Times that the second aircraft carrier improves on China's first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning.

The second one won't be just for scientific research and training, but will be China's first combat aircraft carrier, Li said.

He added it will also provide knowledge for future projectile and nuclear powered carriers.

"All the equipment and devices on the carrier are in the joint debugging stage, and the main engine has been powered. This year, we will surprise the Chinese people," Liu Zheng, chairman of the Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company (DSIC) said in a China Central Television report last month.

The second carrier was launched on the DSIC construction site in Liaoning Province on April 26 2017, three days after Navy Day, and the outfitting work only took about one year.

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[*] posted on 13-4-2018 at 03:54 PM


China's First Home-Grown Aircraft Carrier Set to Serve the Navy in 2018: Expert

(Source: People's Daily Online; issued April 11, 2018)

China’s first home-grown aircraft carrier has been reportedly preparing for its maiden sea voyage in the northeastern Bohai Sea later in April, with experts noting that the vessel may serve the Chinese Navy in the second half of 2018.

Citing sources close to the Chinese military, South China Morning post reported on April 3 that the carrier’s first sea trial would test the ship’s basic functions, including power systems, damage control and radar and communication systems.

“We’ve already accumulated data and experience during the building of the Liaoning aircraft carrier, and our experts and workers have been working hard in recent months with enough financial support. So, I would not be surprised if the carrier is to conduct such a sea trial soon,” Cao Weidong, a Chinese military expert, told People’s Daily Online.

According to the latest online photos from the Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company (DSIC) construction site in Liaoning Province, where the carrier was launched and outfitted, the scaffolds on the carrier have been completely removed, and a phased array radar has been installed.

"All the equipment and devices on the carrier are in the joint debugging stage, and the main engine has been powered. In 2018, we will present a surprise to the Chinese people," DSIC Chairman Liu Zheng said, according to a report on cctv.com, the official website of China Central Television, on March 13.

“Once the sea trial is completed and all aspects of the carrier have met the set standards, it will be delivered to the Navy for further use. I would say that such a sea trial will be completed in the second half of 2018, meaning that it can serve the navy by then,” Cao added.

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[*] posted on 20-4-2018 at 02:13 PM


PLA's Live-Fire Drills in Taiwan Straits a Warning to ‘Independence Groups,’ US

(Source: Global Times; issued April 19, 2018)

Ooooh we're scared, really scared! :cool: :lol:

The People's Liberation Army (PLA) conducted live-fire military exercises in the Taiwan Straits on Wednesday, with experts saying that the exercises are a clear and tough signal to "Taiwan independence groups" and the US who are damaging cross-Straits ties.

Chinese mainland's Fujian Maritime Safety Administration (MSA) issued a notice on April 12, stating that the PLA's live-fire drills in the Taiwan Straits were from 8:00 am to midnight on Wednesday, and that civilian vessels were forbidden from entering the relevant waters.

Mainland's military drills not only send a tough message to "Taiwan independence groups" but also deliver a warning to the US, which recently boosted communication and ties with Taiwan, Yu Keli, director of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences' Institute of Taiwan Studies, told the Global Times on Wednesday.

The duration and location, which was relatively closer to Fujian Province than Taiwan, and scale of the drills were limited, according to information released by the Fujian MSA, so it shows that the mainland doesn't want to create too much tension to cross-Straits relations, Yu noted.

Cui Tiankai, Chinese ambassador to the US, said that the message delivered by the military exercises is clear: "China will firmly safeguard its national sovereignty and territorial integrity, and will realize reunification."

"We still hope we can realize it peacefully, but if anyone tries to separate Taiwan, we will do everything we can to safeguard our national sovereignty and territorial integrity."

Cui made the remarks at an event at Harvard University's Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies on Tuesday, the China Review News Agency reported.

The US has already made a mistake by legalizing official exchanges with Taiwan, and if it keeps making more mistakes to harm China's sovereignty, the possibility of more military drills and diplomatic retaliation cannot be ruled out, Xu Guangyu, a retired major general of the People's Liberation Army and senior adviser to the China Arms Control and Disarmament Association, told the Global Times.

Not just a deterrent

The drills follow recent pro-independence activities on the island, especially the high-profile advocacy for independence by the head of Taiwan's administrative authority, Lai Ching-te.

Liu Jieyi, director of the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council, said on Monday that Lai is a "Taiwan independence separatist," and "the drills are meant to safeguard our sovereignty and territorial integrity," Taiwan-based media chinatimes.com reported.

If the mainland wants to effectively deter "Taiwan independence separatist forces," the drills should include "amphibious landings, island seizing, air domination and island blockade combat," said Song Zhongping, a military expert and TV commentator.

But this time, since the drill area is not big with a shorter duration, the drills could not include too many areas of training. So, aside from live-fire drills by artillery units, the drills might also include logistical preparations for landing combat, said a military expert from a Beijing-based military academy.

"The military drills are not just meant to deter, so areas like combat preparation and logistics affairs were also included," he said. "This means the PLA is preparing for a massive military operation to re-take Taiwan in the future. If Taiwan and the US merely treat the PLA's action as a sign of deterrence, they are making a serious mistake."

Taiwan also conducted military exercises on Friday, and Taiwan's regional leader Tsai Ing-wen watched the exercises.

Reuters reported that Taiwan's drills did not involve live-fire exercises.

Xu said Taiwan's military exercises are meaningless because there is no chance for Taiwan's military to change anything once the mainland decides to solve the Taiwan question militarily.

The PLA did not release updated information on its drills on Wednesday as of press time.

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[*] posted on 1-5-2018 at 07:09 PM


China launches second Type 055 destroyer

Andrew Tate, London - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

30 April 2018


Recently published images indicate that China launched its second Type 055 destroyer on 28 April at the Jiangnan Changxingdao shipyard in Shanghai. Source: Via haohanfw.com

Photographs posted on Chinese online forums indicate that a second Type 055 destroyer on order for the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) was launched on 28 April at the Jiangnan Changxingdao shipyard in Shanghai.

While the first Type 055 was launched with considerable media coverage in June 2017, no official confirmation of the launch of the second one has yet to emerge.

The Type 055 is the largest class of surface combatants built for the PLAN. It is 180 m (262 ft) long and is expected to displace more than 10,000 tonnes (11,023 tons), making it comparable in size to the US Navy’s Ticonderoga-class cruisers.

Its principle armament is centred on 112 vertical launch missile silos expected to outload a combination of surface-to-air, surface-to-surface, torpedo-carrying anti-submarine and land-attack cruise missiles.

The ships are likely to be a key component of the PLAN’s carrier escort groups.

Two shipyards – Changxingdao and Dalian – are constructing Type 055 destroyers. Changxingdao has been the lead yard for building destroyers for the PLAN since 2008, when the Jiangnan shipyard relocated from central Shanghai to the island at the mouth of the Yangtze River.

Four Type 052C destroyers and 10 Type 052D destroyers have been launched at Changxingdao since 2010. Being a completely new facility built on a greenfield site, pre-launch construction work has been undertaken in a covered assembly hall, with the hulls moved to a shiplift for launch.

Construction of the larger Type 055s has been undertaken outside the assembly hall, in part under sheeted scaffolding structures, followed by launch via the shiplift. Satellite imagery from April 2018 appears to show a growing number of ad-hoc scaffolding structures to protect hulls under construction, with work on at least one and possibly two Type 052D destroyers being undertaken outside the main construction hall.

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[*] posted on 14-5-2018 at 11:22 PM


First Carrier Designed In China Begins Sea Trial

(Source: China Daily; posted May 14, 2018)


China's first domestically developed aircraft carrier, which displaces 50,000 metric tonnes, departs the shipyard where she was built at Dalian, Liaoning province, on Sunday morning. (PLA photo)

China's first domestically designed aircraft carrier set out its maiden sea trial on Sunday morning, indicating it might not be long before it is delivered to the Chinese Navy.

The colossal vessel, which displaces 50,000 metric tons, left the Dalian Shipbuilding Industry's shipyard in Liaoning province about 7 am amid thick fog with the assistance of several tugboats before navigating into the sea under its own power.

The People's Liberation Army Navy said in a statement the trial aims to demonstrate the reliability and capability of the ship's propulsion systems, adding its construction has been proceeding well.

Hu Wenming, chairman of China Shipbuilding Industry Corp, parent of Dalian Shipbuilding and chief of the new carrier program, told China Central Television that the new vessel is one of the advanced carriers in the world and its construction has strengthened the country's research and development capability regarding aircraft carriers.

The new carrier's name and hull code remain unknown, as the PLA usually only makes public such information when a ship is commissioned.

According to the Navy, the commander of the new carrier is Senior Captain Lai Yijun. Lai is reported to have been captain of CNS Lianyungang guided-missile frigate, commander of a frigate flotilla and then executive officer of CNS Liaoning aircraft carrier.

The ship, the largest and most sophisticated naval vessel in China, was designed and built by the nation on its own.

Its construction began in November 2013, and work in the dry dock began in March 2015. The carrier was launched — moved into water — in April 2017. By now its outfitting — during which engineers installed and fine-tuned all interior equipment and weapons — has been completed.

Gao Zhuo, a military analyst in Shanghai who follows China's aircraft carrier programs, said that after the first sea trial, more trials will follow to verify the carrier's maximum speed, resistance to different sea conditions, electronics and weapons systems as well as the compatibility of aircraft and aviation-support devices.

He said the vessel will be better than China's other aircraft carrier, the CNS Liao­ning, when it comes to deploying and supporting fighter jets in combat thanks to designs by Chinese engineers.

Cui Yiliang, editor-in-chief of Modern Ships magazine, said the new carrier's sea trials will be like those of the Liao­ning, and the total time needed for the trials may be slightly shorter than the Liao­ning's because Navy personnel have had experience obtained through the Liao­ning's operations.

The Liaoning was originally a Soviet-era vessel and was extensively refitted at the Dalian shipbuilder. The vessel conducted 10 sea trials starting in August 2011 before going into service in September 2012.

The new carrier has a conventional propulsion system. Like the Liao­ning, it will use a ramp to launch J-15 fighter jets, the spearhead of China's carrier battle group. The ship also will carry several types of helicopters.

The new carrier has more than 12,000 pieces of equipment that were made by 532 Chinese enterprises, including many private firms, according to officials from China Shipbuilding Industry Corp. They said the vessel has more than 3,600 cabins, noting that during construction, there would be at least 3,000 workers from across the country working on the ship each day.

According to sources from the Navy, several aspects on the new carrier are different from those on the Liaoning — the new ship's island (the towering section of the ship) is shorter than that of the Liaoning; it has three aircraft arresting wires (brakes) instead of four on the Liaoning; and the landing section is longer than the Liaoning's, among other differences.

Experts have said that the new carrier will have missions that differ from those of the Liaoning, which is mainly tasked with testing equipment and weapons and training personnel. The new vessel, by comparison, will focus on what a genuine aircraft carrier is supposed to do: run combat-ready patrols and safeguard the nation's maritime sovereignty and interests.

Zhang Junshe, a researcher with the PLA Naval Military Studies Research Institute, said the Chinese Navy needs at least three aircraft carriers. When it has that many, one can be on duty, one can train personnel and the third can take on maintenance, he said.

Besides China, seven countries — the United States, Russia, Britain, France, Italy, Thailand and India — operate a total of 18 aircraft carriers. The US is the largest operator, with 11 nuclear-powered carriers, each having a full-load displacement of about 100,000 tons.

(ends)

Experts on China's First Fully Homegrown Aircraft Carrier

(Source: China Daily; issued May 14, 2018)

On Sunday, China's first domestically designed aircraft carrier set sail on its maiden sea trial. The new aircraft carrier is expected to be commissioned to the People's Liberation Army Navy.

Two experts shared their views with China Daily's Zhang Zhouxiang.

-- Zhang Junshe, a senior researcher at the PLA Naval Military Studies Research Institute:

Compared with the Liaoning, China's first aircraft carrier, the new aircraft carrier has improved quite a number of aspects. For example, its hull is not only totally designed by domestic engineers and designers, but also follows the latest design, which has made huge progress compared with that of the Liaoning, designed decades ago.

Besides, the hangar, the ship island as well as the ammunition lift of the new aircraft carrier have all been improved, and different sections of the ship, such as the radar system and the electronic system, merge better with each other. Thus it is not excessive to say the new aircraft carrier marks a giant step forward compared with the Liaoning.

However, that does not offer any support to claims of certain Western media outlets, who guess that an arms race is underway between China, Russia and the US with China owning its second aircraft carrier. There is only one reason for China to strengthen its naval power and that is self-defense — defense of its maritime boundaries as well as its overseas interests.

Besides, from the Opium War in 1840 to the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, China had suffered over 470 times from sea invasions by Western powers. For generations, a lesson has been carved in our hearts that China needs a strong navy to prevent such invasions.

-- Yang Yi, former director of the Institute for Strategic Studies at the People's Liberation Army National Defense University:

China's second aircraft carrier will promote the fighting capability of the PLA Navy further than the Liaoning, because the Liaoning is more for scientific research purposes than for combat and training purposes.

Besides, the fact that China can independently design, manufacture and arm an aircraft carrier shows huge progress in the domestic military industrial capacity. Therefore, it is fair to call the new aircraft carrier a new starting point for China's development of its naval power. With ripe technologies in building an aircraft carrier independently, China will hopefully sharpen its technology in the future.

Some Western media outlets take China's second aircraft carrier as an opportunity to hype up the "China threat theory". China does not need two aircraft carriers, they claim. Actually, when the Liaoning started its first voyage, they said China did not need any aircraft carriers. Their purpose is to weaken the PLA Navy.

Their statement is ridiculous for anyone with the basic sense to believe. Just look at how many sea-based interests China has: defense of the maritime boundaries, peace and stability in the countries and regions involved in the Belt and Road Initiative, as well as keeping its maritime transportation lines open. One aircraft carrier fleet is obviously not enough for these.

Of course, China won't build a navy that exceeds its needs, either. China does not seek hegemony or control over the ocean. Therefore, it won't build such a huge navy like the US. All these break the lies behind "China threat theory".

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[*] posted on 24-5-2018 at 05:08 PM


Expert Says China Needs to Build at Least Six Aircraft Carriers

(Source: People's Daily Online; issued May 22, 2018)

By the time, or even IF the PLAN gets six Carriers in the water, the USN will have between 12-14 Super Carriers on the high seas.............. :cool:

At least six aircraft carriers need to be built by China to safeguard national security and protect interests overseas, said Chinese military expert Liang Fang, after China's second aircraft carrier completed initial sea trials on May 18.

China's second aircraft carrier in sea trials

The aircraft carrier, which is the first to be built domestically, returned to dock at Dalian Shipyard in northeast China's Liaoning Province on May 18 after the five day trial.

Liang disclosed that based on the development of the aircraft carrier, it won't be long before another is developed by China.

Liang pointed out that as China has a long coastline, the country needs to build at least six aircraft carriers along with several aircraft carrier battle groups to safeguard national security and protect interests overseas.

Although there is still a long way for China to go in terms of building a world-class army, the country will spare no effort to complete modernization of national defense and armed forces by 2035, said the expert.

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[*] posted on 30-5-2018 at 04:24 PM


China Will Have More Aircraft Carriers in Future

(Source: China Military Online; issued May 29, 2018)

An online photo on May 27 revealed that China's first aircraft carrier Liaoning (Hull 16) returned to the Dalian Shipyard to join the first home-made aircraft carrier already docked there. China's two aircraft carriers had a historical "rendezvous".

The photo drew extensive attention throughout China. Chinese military expert Song Zhongping told the reporter on May 27 that it is rare for the two carriers to appear at the shipyard at the same time and it was a special situation this time.

The homemade aircraft carrier had just returned from a sea trial when Liaoning (Hull 16) happened to return to the shipyard for repair and maintenance, thus creating the historical moment. After the homemade carrier is officially commissioned in the future, it will undertake its own duties, so it is highly improbable that the two carriers will meet at the Dalian Shipyard again.

The aircraft carrier Liaoning (Hull 16) sailed back to the Dalian Shipyard for a four-month routine maintenance in the middle of 2014, after which it carried out training across large sea areas, so another comprehensive "body check" was normal and necessary.

Many netizens hailed the arrival of the "age of double carriers", but Chinese expert Li Jie said that such an age should be characterized by the carriers' combat capabilities. At present, the homemade carrier only has a symbolic meaning. Even when it's commissioned to the Navy, it needs to go through equipment commissioning and personnel adaptation for a long time.

According to Song Zhongping, the simultaneous appearance of the two aircraft carriers means China is getting closer to the double-carrier age. "It is just a beginning. We will see more aircraft carriers together in the future."

It will be some time before the homemade aircraft carrier forms combat capability, but the interviewed experts all believed the process will be largely shortened thanks to the sound foundation laid by Liaoning.

Shi Hong, executive editor-in-chief of Shipborne Weapons magazine, said that the carrier Liaoning undertakes the training for a large number of personnel, which greatly shortens the time necessary for new carriers to be combat ready.

Official media reported that carrier-borne aircraft numbers starting with "2" appeared in a Liaoning training session in April, which may mean that the aircraft destined for the homemade aircraft carrier have already started training on Liaoning.

He also said that the carrier Liaoning has created the model of a carrier battle group, according to which corresponding vessels can be dispatched to form a carrier battle group with combat capability within a very short time. Therefore, "while it took six years for the carrier Liaoning to form combat capability after it was delivered to the PLA Navy, the first homemade aircraft carrier may only need two years or so.”

How will the two aircraft carriers change the PLA Navy in the future?

Li Jie said that actually one third of an aircraft carrier's service life is spent in the shipyard because repair, maintenance and upgrade take a lot of time, so we have to have two carriers to make sure there is always one carrier at sea.

He also said the two carriers provide the PLA Navy with different tactical options. Either the two carriers can form a large battle group together or they each lead a battle group and serve in different strategic directions, for instance, one in the South China Sea and the other in the West Pacific.

But Li Jie stressed that the "double-carrier age" only means the nation's strategic projection capability is enhanced, but the two carriers will seldom operate together except in an extremely grave situation.

All the experts mentioned that the US has the richest experience in multi-carrier operation. Considering the experience of the American Navy, the "double-carrier age" will bring both benefits and new challenges.

Shi Hong gave an example to explain that double-carrier operation isn't the simple combination of two carrier battle groups. If one carrier in the combined battle group is responsible for attack and the other focuses on defense, the tactics will definitely be different from those for a single aircraft carrier, so we have to explore anew. Meanwhile, more training has to be carried out as to what formation the escort vessels should adopt and how great a distance from each other they should maintain.

In addition to changes in the combat system, the double carriers also pose new requirements to the PLA Navy in logistics support, replenishment and maintenance, as well as personnel rotation as the war-ready tasks become long-term operations, according to Li Jie.

How to keep up efficient rotation of aircraft carriers while mitigating the pressure on logistics and troops on vessels is a difficulty that the American Navy is also trying to solve, Li Jie added.

(ends)

Chinese Aircraft Carrier Forming All-Weather Combat Capability with Successful Night Takeoff and Landing

(Source: Global Times; issued May 29, 2018)

China's first operational aircraft carrier, known as the Liaoning, recently completed its nighttime takeoff and landing mission, signaling that this carrier has initial all-weather capabilities, a key step toward the formation of practical capabilities for combat.

State television broadcaster China Central Television (CCTV) released a video clip showing a Chinese carrier-borne aircraft taking off and landing at night on May 24. The images revealed that a J-15 aircraft, guided by a deck officer and a takeoff and landing system, successfully completed its operations in the dark nighttime environment. This is the first time that State media has confirmed that the carrier has the ability to take off and land at night.

Beijing-based naval expert Li Jie told the Global Times previously that only when the pilot of a carrier-borne aircraft grasps the ability to take off from and land on an aircraft at night can he become a truly qualified pilot. The Liaoningcan be called a real aircraft carrier only when it has an all-weather combat capability.

Based on the CCTV video clip, Li speculated that there should be at least four pilots who are trained to successfully take off and land at night.

Nighttime missions on aircraft carriers are internationally recognized as far more challenging and dangerous than in the daytime due to limited lighting, blocked vision and psychological pressure. Previously, only the US, Russia, France and the UK had mastered night-time carrier-based aircraft takeoffs and landings.

Chinese experts expect that the next phase of the task will focus on nighttime taking off and landing training in more complex weather conditions.

Main difficulties

The night landing is reportedly a big challenge for pilots because they struggle to distinguish signal lights. During daytime landings, carrier-borne aircraft pilots rely on Fresnel Lens Optical Landing System (FLOLS), widely used in giving glidepath information for pilots in the terminal phase of landing, with support of the landing signal officer, to achieve a safe landing.

But during the night, due to the lighting control in order to avoid exposure, the references an aircraft pilot can rely on become very limited, which requires pilots to touch down based on the aircraft's own searchlights and the sign lights for the runway, supported by other navigation devices.

"The reason we need to strengthen night flight training is because air operations are now being conducted primarily at night," military expert Wang Mingzhi told People's Daily Online.

Air combat emphasizes high intensity and fast pace, and is generally carried out around the clock to ensure no breathing space for the opponent. Night flight training is therefore an important indicator of the operational capability of an air force, including a carrier-borne aircraft force, Wang said.

Since the task of night landing has been successfully completed, what follows next is night landing training in more complicated weather, Song Zhongping, a military expert and TV commentator, told the Global Times.

According to Li, there are two primary weather dimensions: day versus night and simple versus complicated. The lowest challenge is daytime with simple weather, then daytime with complicated weather; next is night with simple weather, and finally night with complicated weather.

Li added that it is time to speed up cultivating pilots who can perform duties in complicated weather. Only when enough pilots can master such relevant skills can the Chinese aircraft carrier get into the groove for a full-scale strike.

In addition to grasping the key technology of night landing and its specific tactics, Li noted that the most important factor for pilots is to overcome their psychological barriers. He said that a lack of previous experience in landing at night may make a pilot feel confused in a more complicated situation. Psychological strength then becomes a very critical standard to assess their capability.

Second home-made carrier

When Type 001A, China's first domestically built aircraft carrier and the country's second, completed its first sea trial on May 18, Chinese netizens began to expect a third aircraft carrier would be coming out soon.

Several media outlets, including South China Morning Post and the Diplomat, reported that a third aircraft carrier, Type 002, is under construction at the Shanghai Jiangnan Shipyard Group, although it has yet to be officially confirmed.

Song told the Global Times that, according to the development stage of China's weapons and equipment, equipping the present carrier and developing future carriers usually take place concurrently. Following such a schedule, he is convinced that the completion of a sea trial of the second carrier signifies that the third aircraft carrier may have completed its research phase and has stepped into the construction stage.

Experts believe that the first and second aircraft carriers provide knowledge for future projectiles and nuclear-powered carriers.

"Our aircraft carrier technology will become more mature as each achieves progress," Li told the Global Times in an earlier report. "The third carrier is able to use an electromagnetic aircraft launch system from the conventional ski-jump system; the fourth may witness breakthroughs in power units."

Navy development

Military commentator Chen Guangwen wrote on news portal Sina that aircraft carriers not only serve as a deterrent force but also a powerful chip in political games, which can send a strong diplomatic signal.

To join the ranks of the world's great powers, China must spare no effort to develop aircraft carrier combat forces, making its navy a stronger frontier force of a country's deterrence, wrote Chen.

China's naval development has been expedited since the Liaoningentered into service in September 2012. It was reported that, over the past year, the aircraft carrier force has conquered multiple challenges and realized many breakthroughs, including flights from day to night and increasing the quantity from one aircraft to an entire fleet. Multiple batches of J-15 carrier-borne aircraft pilots have attained the qualification certification.

During cross-sea training in April, aircraft on the carrier Liaoningwere on duty around the clock for the first time during training against naval shore-based aviation. This was widely seen as an early signal that these aircraft have gained the ability to take off and land at night. In May, China's Type 001A, completed its maiden sea trial.

"China can be more flexible with two carriers. In the face of long-term maritime security competition, China will gradually expand its maritime interests to include three or four new carriers, at least, to meet its strategic needs," Kang Jie, an assistant research fellow at the China Institute of International Studies, wrote in the Global Times.

-ends-
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[*] posted on 5-6-2018 at 06:49 PM


Liaoning carrier group reaches initial operational capability

Andrew Tate, London - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

04 June 2018


China’s Liaoning carrier group, seen here in April during sea trials, has reached IOC, according to the MND in Beijing. Source: AFP/Getty Images

China’s first aircraft carrier group, formed around the carrier Liaoning , has reached initial operational capability (IOC), the Ministry of National Defense (MND) in Beijing announced on 31 May.

The exercises conducted by the carrier group have become more demanding and “the carrier formation’s comprehensive system of offence and defence has been effectively tested”, MND spokesperson Senior Colonel Ren Guoqiang told reporters during a press conference.

Although training and developing a cadre of pilots capable of operating the carrier-borne J-15s at sea has been a dominant activity since the commissioning of Liaoning , the carrier has also completed several exercises with its escort group.

According to the state-owned China Daily newspaper, Liaoning and its escorts headed into the South China Sea after taking part in the Fleet Review on 12 April, and “conducted a series of combat training operations, practising air defence, anti-ship and anti-submarine tactics, and strikes against land targets”.

Following these exercises, the carrier and its escort group sailed east of Taiwan and into the Western Pacific where they conducted further training, which “involved sophisticated situations in the air and on the water” and tested the commanders’ ability “to make decisions when faced with complicated circumstances”.

The group was monitored at the time by the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF), which identified the escorts as being a Type 052D (Luyang III)-class destroyer, three Type 052C (Luyang II)-class destroyers, and two Type 054A (Jiangkai II)-class frigates.

In 2011 an MND spokesperson had said that Liaoning , which was commissioned into the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) in September 2012, would be used for “scientific research, experiment, and training”.

However, by November 2016 the state-owned Global Times newspaper reported that the ship was “combat ready” and had “real combat capacity”.

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[*] posted on 12-6-2018 at 08:57 AM


Image suggests China’s 41st Type 056 corvette may have entered service

Andrew Tate, London - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

11 June 2018

The 41st Type 056 (Jiangdao-class) corvette appears to have entered service with China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN).


An image posted on the website of the Nanchong municipal government suggests that the 41st Type 056 corvette may have entered service with the PLAN. (Via nanchong.gov.cn)

A photograph posted on the website of the municipal government of Nanchong shows a Type 056 flying the usual commissioning flags, with the ship’s company paraded on the jetty and lining the side.

The picture accompanies a report stating that city representatives visited the ship on 1 June to mark its naming after the city.

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[*] posted on 18-6-2018 at 02:05 PM
China’s aircraft carrier fiasco


China’s new aircraft carrier is in for repairs — and its project manager faces corruption charges
Jamie Seidel, News Corp Australia Network
June 18, 2018 11:35am
IT’s not a good idea to cross China’s new President-for life Xi Jinping. Find yourself in his bad books and you’re likely to promptly face ‘corruption’ charges.
It’s been his favourite tool to sideline political opponents and those who fail to live up to his expectations. And it appears the manager of China’s highest profile defence project — the new Type 001A aircraft carrier — has done just that.
The ship has become a symbol of Beijing’s ambitious drive to seize the South China Sea and stamp its authority on the world stage. It is expected to enter full service by 2020. It will give Beijing a powerful new symbol of its wealth and strength.
Type 001A
But it was returned to dry dock immediately after its first voyage to sea.
This is unusual. It indicates technical issues requiring extensive work. China’s state-run media has been silent on the issue for the past month.
But, now, the manager of the Type 001A construction project has been jailed.
THE PRICE OF FAILURE?
The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (the Communist Party’s internal police) said in a brief statement at the weekend that Sun Bo was being probed for “suspicion of serious breach of the party discipline and the law”.
The Hong Kong-based South China Morning Post says this is “the usual euphemism for corruption”.
The 57-year-old is general manager of the China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC), the state-run business responsible for building the aircraft carrier. Its major shipyard is based in the northeastern city of Dalian.
The Post says Sun rose through the ranks in Dalian after specialising in maritime design. He joined the Communist Party leadership as a CSIC manager in 2009.
He took up the role of general manager in 2015, second only to chairman Hu Wenming.
Sun’s greatest responsibility was the success of the Type 001A project.
Trials
After a five-year construction process, the aircraft carrier put to sea on May 13, and returned five days later. Chinese state media declared it had completed ‘all of its assigned tasks’.
President Xi Jinping has exploited a highly publicised anti-corruption campaign since he won the office in 2012. Since then, he has jailed a number of high-profile, senior military and government figures. Many have been rumoured to be opponents of his drive to centralise all power under his ‘president for-life’ authority.
President Xi also has been publicly calling to strengthen and modernise the nation’s navy in recent months, insisting it will become a major international maritime power.
GREAT EXPECTATIONS
Early in May, pictures appeared on Chinese social media showing the freshly completed Type 001A putting to sea for the first time. Shortly after, Beijing’s state-controlled media began distributing photographs and footage of the ship as it underwent its first operational tests.
The idea was to push its navigation and propulsion systems to the limit.
What hasn’t been shown is what’s happened since.
The carrier was immediately placed within the same dry dock it was built in. The gates were closed. The water was drained. Many of its crew have returned to shore, and dockyard workers are back in action.
Why? We don’t know.
But aircraft carriers are complicated beasts.
The pride of the US Navy, the USS Ford, has also been undergoing extensive repairs and modifications since it was first launched more than a year ago. Problems persist with its catapult and landing systems, as well as its power generators.
Britain’s brand new HMS Queen Elizabeth also had to return to dry dock recently after it was discovered the seals around the drive shafts powering its enormous propellers were leaking water into the ship.
Carriers
While Type 001A is no match for any of the United States’ 11 nuclear-powered super carriers, the presence of it and its half-sister in the South China Sea has the potential to tip the balance of power in the region.
It can carry between 18-24 J-15 fighter jets, as well as about 17 helicopters.
China’s one operational aircraft carrier, Liaoning, was built almost 30 years ago by the Soviet Union. It was purchased from Ukraine (under the guise of turning it into a floating casino) before being reactivated as a training ship in 2012.
Beijing has declared the ship was now reached ‘initial operational capability’, having fully established the necessary flying and operational procedures.
“The carrier group’s exercises have been deepened to include combat operations in the open seas,” Defense Ministry spokesman Ren Guoqiang told state media earlier this month. “It has initially formed a system combat capability,” Ren said.
State media has quoted military experts as saying China plans to build at least six carriers.
Originally published as China’s aircraft carrier fiasco
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[*] posted on 18-6-2018 at 03:03 PM


Like anyone expected China to get it all right first time out of the box?

Basically the Liaoning is where the US was with the Midway class 50 years ago.

The Type 001 is the Forestals, the first of the so-called super carriers.

The US Navy is operating the Nimitz's, two generations on past the Forrestal's and is introducing into service the Ford class, which is the next generation of carriers.

All the China fanboys to the contrary, the PLAN has a monumental road ahead of them, and all the stolen technology in the world is no substitute for painful, hard-earned experience.




It is by will alone I set my mind in motion.
It is by the juice of sapho that thoughts acquire speed,
the lips acquire stains,
the stains become a warning.
It is by will alone I set my mind in motion
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[*] posted on 21-6-2018 at 09:38 AM


Chinese LCAC facility spotted near Zhanjiang

Sean O’Connor, Indianapolis and Andrew Tate, London - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

20 June 2018

A new facility for China’s growing number of air-cushioned landing craft (LCACs) has been constructed near the southwestern coastal city of Zhanjiang, which is also the main South Sea Fleet base of the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN).

The location is close to the base for the two brigades of the PLAN Marine Corps, numbering about 12,000 personnel.

Built on reclaimed land, the new facility is located on Nansan Island, southeast of Zhanjiang, with satellite imagery captured on 23 March showing hard standing areas that have been partitioned with concrete walls to create individual bays: six sized for operating Yuyi-class (Type 726/726A) and four for Zubr-class LCACs.

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[*] posted on 21-6-2018 at 05:59 PM


New Motor to be Used for Classified Weaponry

(Source: Global Times; issued June 20, 2018)

Usual Chinese bombast.........every reason why no one believes them..........

China has produced a new type of electric motor that would meet the heavy demand from China's latest electromagnetic weapon system, which may involve electromagnetic railgun and ballistic missile technologies, said an expert.

Academy of Aerospace Solid Propulsion Technology under China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation has recently delivered a batch of newly developed brushed DC electric motors to an unnamed unit. The motors will be used in China's latest electromagnetic weapon system and are under heavy demand, reads an article published by the academy on WeChat on June 10.

The new motors can operate in special environments including in high-intensity magnetic fields and are resistant to strong blasts, according to the article.

A staff member in charge of publicity at the academy confirmed the news to the Global Times on Tuesday but refused to provide further information.

The delivery marks China's constant improvement on DC electric motors, Song Zhongping, a military expert and TV commentator, told the Global Times on Tuesday, noting the recent technological advancement was a challenging one.

The electromagnetic weapon system that needs the motors might be China's electromagnetic railgun. Other weapons that need a servo mechanism, such as ballistic missiles, may also require such motors, said Song.

The Chinese Navy will likely be the first in China to equip vehicles with an electromagnetic railgun. Type 055, China's first domestically developed 10,000-ton class missile destroyer, would be a great fit, said Song.

Photos spread on the internet since January 30 showed that a Type 072 III landing ship of the People's Liberation Army Navy was equipped with a main gun that is suspected to be an experimental electromagnetic railgun, reported Science and Technology Daily on February 5.

An electromagnetic railgun can fire projectiles via electromagnetic force at incredibly destructive velocity. It can reach farther ranges compared with standard artillery and maintain high accuracy, said Song.

However, the words "heavy demand" does not necessarily mean that China's electromagnetic railgun has entered mass production phase, said Song, noting that the heavy demand could come from anywhere since the brushed DC electric motors are widely used in weaponry.

-ends-
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[*] posted on 22-6-2018 at 09:23 AM


Image emerges showing possible design of China’s third aircraft carrier

Gabriel Dominguez, London and Richard D Fisher Jr, Washington DC - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly

21 June 2018


Computer-generated imagery emerged on 20 June showing what could be the design for the PLAN’s third aircraft carrier (centre). Source: Via China Daily

Computer-generated imagery has emerged showing what could be the design for China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy’s (PLAN’s) third aircraft carrier, which is believed to under construction at the Jiangnan Changxingdao shipyard in Shanghai.

Released on 20 June, the image, which was shown during a meeting of senior China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC) executives, depicts three carriers, two of which are configured for short take-off but arrested recovery (STOBAR) aircraft operations using a ski-jump; and a third one (in the centre of the image) configured for catapult-assisted take-off but arrested recovery (CATOBAR) operations.

The image, which was initially posted on CSIC’s WeChat social media page but later deleted, can be interpreted as representing China’s two Kuznetsov-class carriers – Liaoning and an as yet unnamed one that is undergoing trials – and the third carrier, which had already been expected to have a flat deck and feature electromagnetic catapults rather than steam-powered ones.

The third carrier is shown as featuring three catapults and an island configuration similar to that present at China’s land-based carrier mock-up near Wuhan, although it is difficult to determine from the image whether the vessel significantly larger than the other two.

The release of the image comes after Chinese media quoted in November 2017 PLAN and industry officials as saying that Beijing was testing a locally developed system – using Shenyang Aircraft Corporation (SAC) J-15 carrier-borne fighter aircraft – that is similar to the General Atomics Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System (EMALS) fitted to the US Navy’s (USN’s) latest Gerald R Ford-class carriers.

However, in a change from how the USN has approached the development of EMALS, sources within the PLAN also claimed at the time that Chinese industry also developed a “new integrated propulsion system” that would permit operation of the Chinese catapult without equipping the PLAN’s carriers with a nuclear powerplant.

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[*] posted on 26-6-2018 at 11:45 AM


China One Step Closer to Nuke-Powered Aircraft Carrier with Cutting-Edge Icebreaker Comes on Stream

(Source: Global Times; issued June 23, 2018)

China has opened the bid to construct its first nuclear-powered icebreaker support ship, a move to prepare for the construction of a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, military observers said.

China National Nuclear Corporation on Thursday opened public bidding for the nuclear-powered icebreaker ship, its website said.

It will be China's first nuclear-powered icebreaker support ship, and it will be able to break ice, open waterways in the polar region and provide electricity.

Bidders are required to participate in research, appraisal, building and testing of the ship, and provide technology support for the user.

This is China's first nuclear-powered ship, which is of great significance to China's development of nuclear-powered vessels, an anonymous military expert told the Global Times.

The ship's nuclear power unit is huge and can be applied to a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier once updated, so it can be seen as a preparation for the aircraft carrier, Song Zhongping, a military expert and TV commentator, told the Global Times.

Nuclear power technology will also be applied to other military vessels, which allows them to travel long distances, and thus protect national security and overseas interests, Song said.

The US and former Soviet Union used their experience with nuclear-powered icebreaker ships to build a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, he noted.

China is attaching more importance to the polar regions, as the ice in the Arctic is melting, and many countries are actively paving new waterways and exploring seabed resources, the anonymous expert said.

The building of a nuclear-powered icebreaker support ship will enhance China's ability to conduct scientific explorations in these regions, according to Song.

In February, China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC) said in a statement that it plans to "speed up the process of making technological breakthroughs in nuclear-powered aircraft carriers, new-type nuclear submarines, quiet submarines, maritime unmanned intelligent confrontation systems, maritime three-dimensional offensive and defensive systems, and comprehensive naval warfare electronic information systems."

The statement has caused heated discussion as this is the first time a State-owned Chinese defense company has openly identified nuclear-powered aircraft carriers.

China commissioned its first aircraft carrier Liaoning, a refurbished Soviet ship it bought from Ukraine, in 2012. Its second carrier and the first domestically built carrier, known as Type 001A, was launched in April last year.

-ends-
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[*] posted on 26-6-2018 at 03:46 PM


One, why does China need an icebreaker, let alone a nuclear powered one? They have neither a coastline on the arctic nor an antarctic territory.

Second, the assertion the US used their experience with nuclear-powered icebreaker ships to build a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier is complete BS.

The US has never built a nuke ice breaker, only the Soviets did, and they never built a nuclear powered carrier.




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[*] posted on 26-6-2018 at 08:08 PM


The Chinese are somewhat keen to open up the Arctic as a viable shipping lane due to the vulnerability of the choke points around the South China Sea. The only practical way to do this, given the ranges involved, would be a nuclear powered ship.



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[*] posted on 26-6-2018 at 09:16 PM


Together with the fact that they have been poking around and creating a presence in the Antarctic for some time now. I expect they will claim "indisputable sovereignty" in due course.
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