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  • FEINDEF 2021: First public appearance for VCR Dragon future 8x8 armored vehicle for Spanish army

    POSTED ON FRIDAY, 05 NOVEMBER 2021 18:35

    At FEINDEF 2021, Defense Exhibition in Spain, the Spanish Defense Industry presents the VCR Dragon a new 8x8 armored vehicle that will replace the BMR-600, a 6x6 armored vehicle that entered into service with the Spanish Army in 1975.


    VCR Dragon future 8x8 armored vehicle for the Spanish army in IFV Infantry Fighting Vehicle at FEINDEF 2021, defense exhibition in Spain. (Picture source Army Recognition)

    On 23 June 2020, the Spanish government announced that it had approved the production of 348 VCR 8×8 armored fighting vehicles, with the value of the order estimated to be around €2 billion. The vehicle will be manufactured by a joint venture of Spanish defense contractors led by Indra Sistemas, General Dynamics European Land Systems-Santa Barbara Sistemas (GDELS-SBS), Sapa Placencia and Escribano Mechanical & Engineering, with 70% of work to be conducted by Spanish companies in locations including Asturias, Madrid, and Seville.

    The VCR Dragon is based on Piranha V designed and manufactured by the Swiss company MOWAG which is now a subdivision of GDELS (General Dynamics European Land System). The vehicle will be manufactured in 13 variants and the Spanish government could procure a total of 1,000 vehicles. The Piranha V has been modified with all national technologies as required by the Spanish Ministry of Defense.

    The production contract for the first phase of the program includes the supply of 348 8x8 VCRs between 2022 and 2027, of which 240 units will be of the so-called full configuration and the remaining 108 vehicles of the simple configuration.

    Using technologies of the Piranha V, the VCR Dragon has a next-generation, full coverage, modular survivability system that has been integrated in the vehicle design from the concept stage. This system provides unparalleled all-around protection, particularly in the wheel well area that has traditionally been vulnerable to IEDs on wheeled armored combat vehicles.

    The layout of the VCR Dragon is similar to the members of the MOWAG Piranha family with the driver position at the front left, power pack to his right, turret in the center, and troop’s compartment at the rear. The armor of the vehicle incorporates shaped hull plates to increase protection against explosion blast, spacing in the add-on armor, and surface coatings to minimize the thermal and radar signatures.

    Based on the protection of the Piranha V, the armor of the VCR Dragon provides protection against rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs), 14.5mm armor-piercing rounds through 360°, and 30mm armor-piercing rounds across the 30° frontal arc. The hull provides protection against 8kg anti-tank mines.



    The VCR Dragon has a crew of three including the driver, commander, gunner, and can accommodate up to 8 infantrymen. The vehicle has a combat weight of 30 tons with a length of 8.0 m, a width of 3.0 m, and a height of 2.34 m. The vehicle is powered by an MTU 6V199 TE21 Diesel engine developing 550 hp coupled to a ZF 7HP 902, seven-speed, electronically controlled automatic transmission.

    The IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle) version of the VCR Dragon was displayed at FEINDEF 2021 fitted with the Guardian 30 remote weapons station manufactured by the Spanish company Escribano Mechanical & Engineering, a solution in which the Spanish multinational Indra also participates. The program establishes that 219 vehicles (all units of the Infantry Combat Vehicle version) will be equipped in principle with this turret.

    The GUARDIAN 30 is a remotely-controlled system stabilized in two axes that integrates two electro-optical systems, offering the possibility to fire in a static position and on the move during day and night. The turret is armed with a 30mm cannon MK 44 Bushmaster and one 7.62mm coaxial machine gun.

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    • FEINDEF 2021: IVECO displays its SUPERAV 8x8 amphibious armored vehicle

      POSTED ON FRIDAY, 05 NOVEMBER 2021 19:14

      Italian Company IVECO Defence Vehicles displays its new generation of 8x8 amphibious armored vehicle SUPERAV at FEINDEF 2021, Defense Exhibition in Spain.


      IVECO Defence Vehicles displays its new 8x8 amphibious armored vehicle at FEINDEF 2021, a defense exhibition in Spain. (Picture source Army Recognition)

      In September 2011, IVECO Defence Vehicles has signed an agreement with BAE Systems to offer a proposal based on the SUPERAV to the USMC for its Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) 1.1 program. In June 2018 IVECO has been awarded the contract to deliver its amphibious platform to the US Marine Corps in partnership with BAE Systems.

      The SUPERAV has been independently developed by IVECO Defence Vehicles, starting from SUPERAV 8×8 design, with the purpose of providing a modular vehicle for land operation with higher protection level and survivability, while relying on high-level system reliability, thoroughly assessed during thousands of hours of demanding performance and capabilities tests.

      The SUPERAV is an 8x8 amphibious armored vehicle able to operate in and over sea state 3. The vehicle is motorized with an IVECO Cursor 13 6L turbocharged multi-fuel diesel engine developing 500 - 560 hp coupled to a ZF 7HP902 gearbox with seven forward and one reverse. SUPERAV’s high fuel and on-board water capacity ensure that the vehicle is capable of undertaking operations across substantial distances, with a range of 800 km on land, and 65 km in amphibious mode.

      The SUPERAV is fully amphibious and propelled in the water at a maximum speed of 10km/h by two propellers mounted on the rear of each side of the hull.

      The SUPERAV can accommodate up to 13 soldiers including a driver and 12 troops. has a length of 7.92m, a maximum width of 3m and a height of 2.3m. It has a gross combat weight of 24 tons.

      The hull of the SUPERAV provides high levels of protection against the firing of small arms fire, artillery shell splinters, mine, and IED threats without limiting its amphibious capability. To increase its protection, the vehicle can be fitted with add-on armor kits. Survivability is further enhanced with onboard fire fighting and anti-explosion systems.

      A wide range of weapon stations can be mounted on the SUPERAV that can be armed with weapons up to 40mm caliber. It can adopt various weapon systems including remotely controlled stations and manned turrets.

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      • Belarus to receive second batch of BTR-82A APCs shortly

        POSTED ON MONDAY, 08 NOVEMBER 2021 14:03

        Belarus will soon receive the second battalion set of BTR-82A armored personnel carriers from Russia, First Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the Belarusian armed forces Igor Korol said: “We have received one battalion set of BTR-82As in late September, which operates in the 120th mechanized brigade.




        The fist batch of BTR-82As was fitted with Belarusian communications systems made by OAO Agat-System, and Belarusian sights made by OAO Peleng. (Picture source: Belarus MoD)

        The second battalion set of these state-of-the-art vehicles will reach Belarus within a month. It will go to the 6th mechanized brigade,” he told the STV television channel. According to Korol, the national army will also receive Russian-made multipurpose combat helicopters by mid-2022.

        The first batch of new BTR-82A armored personnel carriers manufactured by the Russian company Arzamas Machine-Building Plant was delivered at the railway station of Ozerishche, Minsk, the Belarusian Defense Ministry told BelTA news agency last October. Most of these new BTR-82A APCs would be assigned to the 120th Independent Mechanized Brigade. Some would be handed over to the 72nd Joint Training Center and the Military Academy of Belarus. The agreement on this delivery of APCs was signed at the Russia Arms Expo 2015 show in Nizhny Tagil in September 2015. The Belarusian Defense Ministry confirmed the deal at the time but did not specify the number of vehicles earmarked for delivery.

        The APCs were delivered as part of the plans to replace tracked armored vehicles of Belarusian mechanized infantry units with wheeled ones. This batch of BTR-82As is fitted with Belarusian communications systems made by OAO Agat-System, and Belarusian sights made by OAO Peleng.

        In addition to the APCs Belarus received two armored recovery and repair vehicles BREM-K based on BTR-80 chassis. They will be handed over to the 120th and 6th independent mechanized brigades.

        The second batch of armored personnel carriers BTR-82A out of a battalion complement is expected to arrive in November 2021.

        The BTR-82A is an upgraded version of the BTR-80A wheeled armored vehicles. In December 2008, Russia's Military Industrial Company (MIC) was already testing the prototypes which were unveiled in December 2009. In April 2010, the Russian defense industry started to market the BTR-82 and BTR-82A as a modernization program for existing BTR-80 operators.

        © Copyright 2021 TASS / Army Recognition Group SPRL.

        Comment


        • Kazakhstan successfully conducts field trial tests with Otokar ARMA 8x8 armored vehicle

          POSTED ON WEDNESDAY, 10 NOVEMBER 2021 10:25

          According to information published by the "Defence & Technology" website on November 9, 2021, the ARMA 8x8 armored vehicle fitted with the Nefer unmanned weapon station has successfully conducted trial tests with the Kazakhstan Ministry of Defense. The ARMA 8x8 is designed and manufactured by the Turkish company Otokar.



          During 6 months, the Otokar ARMA 8x8 armored vehicle was tested by the Ministry of Defense of Kazakhstan. (Picture source Kazakhstan MoD)

          During 6 months, the Kazakhstan Ministry of Defense has conducted extensive trial tests with the Otokar ARMA 8x8 armored vehicle fitted with the Nefer unmanned weapon station. in March 2021, it was reported that the Turkish company OTOKAR has delivered ARMA 8x8 armored to perform extensive tactical, technical, firing and other operational field tests as well as experimental military operations in various climatic conditions.

          The ARMA is a series of 6x6 and 8x8 wheeled armored vehicles fully developed and designed by the Turkish company OTOKAR. The vehicle was unveiled in May 2013 during the 11th International Defense Industry Fair (IDF) that was held in Istanbul, Turkey.

          The ARMA 8x8 is based on an armored monocoque V-shaped steel hull designed to increase vehicle and crew survivability by deflecting an upward directed blast from a landmine or Improvised Explosive Device (IED) away from the vehicle, while also presenting a sloped armor face. The hull of the vehicle provides protection against kinetic energy (KE) projectiles and fragments, mines, rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs), explosively formed penetrators (EFPs), and improvised explosive devices (IEDs).

          The layout of the vehicle consists of three main parts with driver position and engine at the front, combat module in the middle, and troops compartment at the rear. The top of the hull can be fitted with a wide range of weapon stations that can be armed with machine guns and cannons up to 105mm caliber. The vehicle has a crew of two including driver and commander and can accommodate up to 10 infantrymen.

          The version of the ARMY 8x8 delivered to the Kazakhstan Ministry of Defense was fitted with the Nefer unmanned weapon station designed by the Turkish company Aselsan. The turret has the capability to fire on the move on static and moving targets. The turret is armed with one 30-millimeter 2A42 automatic cannon and one 7.62mm coaxial machine gun. The turret is equipped with day and night imaging, automatic target tracking, automatic ballistic calculation, laser range finder for accurate ballistics, computer-based fire control functions, fired rounds counter, or last ammunition warning.

          Comment


          • It's in German but for simplicity The German army will be introducing a new Boxer variant into service with a 30mm gun and MELLS ATGWS from 2025.

            https://www.bundeswehr.de/de/organis...elburg-5265994

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            • TRANSLATION


              Symposium Infantry in Hammelburg

              Symposium Infantry in Hammelburg
              1. MODERNIZATION
              2. ARMY
              DATE:19.11.2021PLACE:HammelburgREADING TIME:4 MIN


              The introduction of the heavy weapon carrier on the basis of the GTKArmoured transport vehicle Boxers, the conversion of officer training and the reorganization of military hand-to-hand combat were topics of a conference at the Infantry School of the Army in Hammelburg. Brigadier General Michael Matz, commander of the school and general of the infantry, had invited leaders of infantry units and soldiers of higher command authorities to the symposium at the beginning of November.


              "National and alliance defence and international crisis management must be brought into a reasonable balance," said Lieutenant General Stephan Thomas at the beginning of the infantry symposium in Hammelburg.
              Bundeswehr/Andrea Rippstein

              In his speech at the beginning of the symposium, Lieutenant General Stephan Thomas, Commander of the German Multinational Corps/Basic Military Organization, ordered the Bundeswehr's new orientation towards national and alliance defense (LV/BVNational and Alliance Defence) and showed what challenges there are. It is "about nothing less than the entry into one of the greatest structural adjustments of the German armed forces in the last 20 years and the opportunity to raise the reaction capacity and operational readiness of the army to a new level that takes into account the security policy challenges of the 21st century." To this end, the "cold-start capability" of the associations, the personnel and material readiness and the cooperation in capability associations must be improved. However, this does not mean that international crisis management (ICM) is less in focus, but rather that the LV/BVNational and Alliance Defence and the IKM would have to be brought "into a new equilibrium".
              Heavy weapon carrier


              The heavy weapon carrier will replace the weapon carrier Wiesel. The "newcomer" will combine the components weapon effect, protection and mobility even better.
              Bundeswehr/Andrea Rippstein

              The aim of the introduction of the "Heavy Weapon Carrier Infantry" is to sustainably increase the assertiveness and mobility of the infantry units. This is based on the Armoured Transport Vehicle (GTKArmoured transport vehicle) Boxers realizes and is to be with a 30 millimeter on-board machine gun and the weapon system MELLSMulti-role Lightweight Guided Missile System be equipped. MELLSMulti-role Lightweight Guided Missile System is a lightweight guided missile system. It is used to combat targets on the ground such as battle tanks, armored weapon systems or hardened positions. The use of the chassis of the GTKArmoured transport vehicle Boxer increases the mobility and protection of the crew compared to the weapon carrier Wiesel. The on-board machine gun is identical to that in the Puma infantry fighting vehicle. Further all-round view optronics as well as warning and observation systems complete the tower. According to current planning, training on the weapon system is to begin in 2025 and the first three infantry battalions will be equipped with it by 2027.

              Embossing is the key for the next generation


              "The new training of junior officers is on the right track. The embossing has an effect. But we have to train more specificly," says Major Andreas Mathes.
              Bundeswehr/Andrea Rippstein

              The Fahnenjunkerlehrgang was reformed. Major Andreas Mathes, head of the XIII Inspection, spoke about whether this has been implemented well and purposefully so far. The aim of the course is that the training participants can later train and lead other soldiers in simple military situations. In doing so, the instructors should always pay attention to the already achieved level of training of the soldiers who have completed the basic training and the subsequent special basic training and each have different skills in dealing with the small arms. The conclusion of the inspection chief: "With the reorganization of the Fahnenjunkerlehrgang we achieve the troop type. The motivation of the training participants is high and the physical performance can be classified as 'good'". However, there is still room for improvement. For example, the proportion of shooting instructors will be adjusted again, and the flag junker course will be successively converted to the model of competence-oriented training. The most important aspect, however, according to Mathes, remains that even more weight must be attached to troop-type-specific training. This means that hunters need to be trained even more deeply in specific training topics.

              Two-stage model in melee training


              Lieutenant Colonel David Thomas explains how melee and lone fighter training will take place in the future.
              Bundeswehr/Benjamin Bendig

              The current developments in the field of military hand-to-hand combat, as well as the lone fighter course, were addressed by the head of the Fifth Inspection, Lieutenant Colonel David Thomas and Captain Jan Beier, lecture hall director. "In special situations, the close combat of the soldiers is necessary to enforce the military mission," Thomas introduced. This means that melee training must no longer be a capability of only special or specialized forces, but all units must have a basic capability in military close combat. This is also the goal of the new two-stage model. For this purpose, six melee instructor training courses, as well as three melee instructor training courses based on them, are to take place as early as 2022.

              The aim of the trainer training is to enable the participants to train themselves in the core unit within three weeks and to realize the basic as well as the repetition training and the technical training. Melee instructors, on the other hand, support the instructors in units and units. They are intended to ensure in-depth training and to link close combat with combat service and shooting training in a methodical and didactic manner. The lone fighter course is intended to acquire specific skills and abilities. This includes: As a scattered, i.e. cut off from your own troops, you should be able to successfully return to your own troops yourself and with another scattered person. The new planning is based on a modern, war-related lone fighter course in the Szenar for national and alliance defense.


              Army mountain guides as multipliers


              Urban Climbing: Rope-assisted access techniques for penetrating densely built-up areas are gaining in importance, emphasizes Captain Niels Delenk.
              Bundeswehr/Benjamin Bendig

              A new aspect also for infantry associations is likely to be the so-called urban climbing. This capability, which belongs to the mountain troops, is relevant in all scenarios that the Bundeswehr must continue to cover in the future. It refers to rope-assisted access techniques for penetrating higher floors, building and walking on safety systems, abseiling or draining as well as rescuing and recovering from heights and depths in urban, i.e. densely built-up infrastructure. For this purpose, a usage course "Instructor UC" is to be established, which is offered to Army Mountain Guides and Army High Mountain Specialists. These, in turn, are intended to serve as multipliers for troop training.

              vonThomas Heinl



              Comment


              • Bug2
                Bug2 commented
                Editing a comment
                MELLS ATGWS is SPIKE LR or the latest SPIKE LR II with increased range........

            • Iveco Defence Vehicles delivers 500th Guarani and IMV-BR batch to Brazilian Army

              POSTED ON WEDNESDAY, 01 DECEMBER 2021 14:27

              In 2006, the Brazilian Army started the acquisition process of new units of wheeled armored vehicles for the transport of personnel and Iveco Defence Vehicles succeeded in winning the tender with its Guarani VBTP-MR 6x6.



              Guarani VBTP-MR 6x6 (Picture source: Brazilian Army)

              In 2013, the brand’s first non-European armored vehicle plant, located in Sete Lagoas, was inaugurated and, in 2014, the first 86 Guarani units were delivered. Today, seven years later, Iveco Defence Vehicles is honored to deliver the 500th unit of the Guarani to the Exército Brasileiro.


              Guarani is fully amphibious. Modular side floats can be added for improved floatation (Picture source: Brazilian Army)

              The official ceremony to celebrate this important occasion took place at the Iveco Defence Vehicles plant in Sete Lagoas. The event was attended by brand executives, civil and military authorities, including the Army Commander, General Paulo Sérgio Nogueira de Oliveira. Another milestone celebrated today was the symbolic delivery of the 31 LMV-BR 4X4 units, thus ending the contract for the acquisition of the 1st lot (32 units) of the new "Viatura Blindada Multitarefa, Leve de Rodas" (VBMT-LR 4x4).

              The partnership between Iveco Defence Vehicles and the Exército Brasileiro contributes to the growth of the national defense industry and strengthens the strategic development of the Brazilian Ground Forces.


              LMV-BR 4x4 vehicle (Picture source: Brazilian Army)

              Guarani Project

              The Guarani Project was conceived by the Brazilian Army's Science, Technology and Innovation System in partnership with Iveco Defence Vehicles. With an estimated duration of 20 years, it includes more than 1,500 vehicles. A few dozen units of the Guarani 6x6 have already been exported to other countries.

              LMV-BR Project

              The LMV-BR project began in 2015 when Iveco Defence Vehicles won the tender for the delivery of 186 units to the Brazilian Army. In 2019, the 1st contract between EB and IDV was signed, and, by December 2021, all 32 units of the LMV-BR will be delivered. While the units have been manufactured in Italy, the integration of weapons, command posts and control systems as well as the assembly of several national components have been carried out at the company’s plant in Sete Lagoas.

              Comment


              • Bug2
                Bug2 commented
                Editing a comment
                A batch of 30-odd Guarani 6x6 armoured vehicles are to be delivered to the Philippines next year

            • iXblue Advans series navigation systems to equip Spanish Army VCR 8x8 Dragón

              POSTED ON THURSDAY, 02 DECEMBER 2021 11:46

              French company iXblue and its Spanish representative Grafinta have signed a contract with GMV to provide critical navigation for all Spanish Army 8x8 VCR Dragón IFVs. This contract covers the delivery of over 240 Advans Series inertial navigation systems (INS), namely Ursa U5 and Vega V5, with a first batch due in early 2022.




              VCR Dragon, the future 8x8 IFV of the Spanish army (Picture source: Army Recognition)

              The VCR Dragon is based on the Piranha V designed and manufactured by the Swiss company Mowag which is now a subdivision of GDELS (General Dynamics European Land System). The vehicle will be manufactured in 13 variants and the Spanish government could procure a total of 1,000 vehicles. The Piranha V has been modified with all national technologies as required by the Spanish Ministry of Defense. GMV, as the contractor of the navigation system, will integrate iXblue systems with GMV’s technology in GNSS and navigation algorithms.

              Ursa U5 is the only cost-effective, north-finding, and easy to integrate INS for military land vehicles, allowing it to be fitted on an entire fleet. Vega V5, on the other hand, is a higher-performance INS designed for both navigation and pointing applications. Both INS are based on iXblue’s renowned Fiber-Optic Gyroscope technology, providing high-performance and resilient navigation everywhere, including in GNSS-denied environments.

              “iXblue is honored to have both GMV and the Spanish Army’s trust for such an important program,” says Carlos Lopes, sales manager at iXblue. “Our INS will provide accurate, secure, and resilient navigation and position information to the vehicles”, Mr. Lopes adds.

              With the recent selection of iXblue’s Marins Series INS and Netans Data Distribution Units (DDU) to equip the Spanish Armada’s newest F110 frigates, where GMV will integrate iXblue systems in the global frigate navigation system, the company is becoming a key player for navigation solutions in Spain. “We are humbled to be a partner of the Spanish Armed Forces in the resilient navigation domain. These successes are a source of pride for all of our teams and, we hope, the beginning of fruitful and close cooperation”, concludes Mr. Lopes.

              Comment


              • Kazakhstan Paramount Engineering Barys 6X6 IFV in production for Kazakhstan Armed Forces

                POSTED ON THURSDAY, 02 DECEMBER 2021 16:37

                Kazakhstan Paramount Engineering (KPE), the joint venture between the global aerospace and technology business, Paramount Group and one of Kazakhstan’s leading defence and engineering companies, Kazpetromash, has announced that the company has commenced production of the advanced Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV), the Barys 6x6, with first deliveries expected by the end of the year to the Armed Forces Special Units of the Republic of Kazakhstan.




                The KPE Barys 6X6 variant fitted with a 30 mm RCWS showcased at KADEX 2018 (Picture source: Army Recognition)

                A highly agile infantry combat vehicle, the Barys 6x6 is being manufactured entirely from within Kazakhstan, utilising next-generation MRAP (Mine Resistant Ambush Protected) technology, providing unrivalled protection against landmines, IEDs, side-blasts and RPG attacks in the process.

                The Barys 6x6 accommodates two crew members, up to eight troops, and can be utilised for a myriad of defence and security operations, including border patrol, armoured ambulance and infantry fire support.

                In accordance with the requirements of the Kazakhstan Armed Forces, the Barys 6x6 has been additionally equipped with fire extinguishing systems, modified hatches, an upgraded mechanical turret, and various systems for attaching and storing weapons and ammunition, both internally and external to the IFV.

                The Armed Forces Special Units of the Republic of Kazakhstan recently carried out a series of trials of the Barys 6x6 in diverse and very rugged conditions, during the extreme winter and summer conditions of Kazakhstan, which were successfully completed.


                Barys, meaning snow leopard, is the Kazakh name for the Mbombe military vehicle designed and developed by Kazakhstan Paramount Engineering (Picture source: KPE)

                The Barys (‘snow leopard’ in Kazakh, the winterised variant of Paramount Group’s Mbombe 6) notably maintains a commonality of components across the entirety of the Barys fleet, ensuring affordability while reducing costs associated with maintenance, repairs and operations. The Barys’ 8x8 variant recently successfully concluded a four-year series of trials conducted by the Ministry of Defence of Kazakhstan, covering a total distance of 25,000 km.

                John Craig, Executive Chairman of Paramount Land Systems, stated that, “This order for the Barys 6x6 by the government of Kazakhstan is a very important achievement for Kazakhstan Paramount Engineering and the country’s defence industrial capabilities. This is laying the foundation for ramped up production of the Barys range of vehicles for years to come. The indigenous production of the state-of-the-art Barys 6x6 emblemizes the country’s advanced industrial and engineering capabilities. It is a proud moment for the country and every employee of KPE.”

                Over two-hundred Kazakhstanis are employed by Kazakhstan Paramount Engineering. The factory is a center for excellence and sustainable, high-skills employment with the capacity to produce hundreds of armored vehicles per year. The company looks to bolster the Eurasian nation's industrial capacities further in the future by expanding into new land, aerial and maritime production lines.

                Comment


                • Colombia receives a new new batch of 20 US M1117 ASV Armored Security Vehicles

                  POSTED ON SATURDAY, 04 DECEMBER 2021 19:38

                  According to a Tweet Published by the Colombian Ministry of Defense on December 3, 2021, the Colombian army has received 20 M1117 Guardian from the United States. This is the first batch of the 145 vehicles that will be delivered in the first part of the year 2022.



                  Colombian army takes delivery of 20 M1117 ASV Armored Security Vehicles from the United States. (Picture source Colombian MoD)

                  The M1117 Commando 4x4 armored vehicle in service with the Colombian army under the name of "Pegaso". According to the SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute) arms trade database, 28 M1117 ASV (Armored Security Vehicle), 4x4 armored vehicles were already delivered to Colombia in 2013/2014 and the second batch of 60 vehicles was delivered in 2016, including command post version.

                  Army Recognition has also reported that the Colombian army has a plan to upgrade the vehicle with a Belgian turret John Cockerill CSE 90LP armed with a 90mm cannon.

                  According to the Military Balance 2020, the Colombian army has a total of 38 M1117, 32 Stryker LAV III 8x8 armored vehicles, 28 Commando Advanced, 4 RG-31 Nyala, 56 EE-11 Urutu, and 121 EE-9 Cascavel 6x6 armored vehicles armed with a 90mm cannon.

                  The M1117 ASV (Armored Security Vehicle), also nicknamed Guardian was developed by the American company Textron Marine & Land Systems. The vehicle entered service with the U.S. Army in 1999.

                  Since the introduction of the ASV into the U.S. Army’s Military Police inventory, Textron has been receiving inquires and orders from domestic and international customers seeking a safe and reliable combat vehicle capable of various mission capabilities.

                  In response to demand, initially by the Iraqi Security Force, Textron has produced variants of the original ASV to meet specific customer missions. These variants include an Infantry Carrier Vehicle which has a crew of 2 and can accommodate 8 soldiers, a Command and Control vehicle that carries a 2 man crew and a battle team of 4, a recovery vehicle, and the M1200 Armored Knight for the Combat Observation and Lasing Teams. The Armored Knight is the ASV equipped with a sensor package used to locate and designate targets for in-direct fire and laser-guided weapons. Other variants are available for special mission requirements, including Reconnaissance Surveillance and Target Acquisition (RSTA), Mortar Carrier, Ambulance, Countermine, or other customer-defined configurations.

                  The external modular expandable armor system of ceramic composite material provides ballistic protection for the crew, ammunition, fuel tanks, and storage areas against 12.7mm armor-piercing ammunition.

                  The M1117 is fitted with a non-stabilized one-man turret with can be armed with one 40mm automatic grenade launcher (MK19 MOD 3) and a .50-caliber machine gun (M2/M48).

                  The M1117 is motorized with a Cummins 6CTA8.3, 260 hp/828 lb-ft engine, coupled to a transmission Allison MD3560 with 6 forward and 1 reverse speed. It can run at a maximum road speed of 97 km/ with a maximum cruising range of 710 km.

                  Comment


                  • Bug2
                    Bug2 commented
                    Editing a comment
                    I just spent half a day trying to get the Filipino's off their ass and get their links with the USA to send them a couple of hundred on these near-new vehicles...............like trying to pull teeth from a Bull Elephant!

                    Duterte's regime ends approx. mid next year, it would be a great time for the USA to on-pass EDA M-1117's to the Philippines! Gawd knows they need them...............

                • Taiwan Clouded Leopard 8x8 AFVs to get US 105mm gun from January 2022

                  POSTED ON MONDAY, 06 DECEMBER 2021 16:16

                  According to Matt Yu and Joseph Yeh in Focus Taiwan, Taiwan's military will start installing locally-produced 105mm guns onto its 8x8 Clouded Leopard armored vehicles next month, a military source told CNA on December 5. After completing the installation, the military will begin conducting initial tests of the gun's capabilities from March next year.




                  CM-32 Yunpao (Clouded Leopard) armored vehicle in mobile gun configuration with a 105 mm gun (Picture source: Wikipedia)

                  The source said that the domestically-made 105mm gun barrel generates 60 percent less recoil than the imported barrels used so far, adding that its ammunition would also have better penetration. Before allowing a new weapon to enter mass production, it must pass through the other stages of the Taiwan military's five-step new-weapon development process. The process includes initial conceptual design, related engineering development, initial weapon testing, and a combat readiness test.

                  On June 7, 2021, Army Recognition published that the Taiwanese Ministry of National Defense had previously stated that the National Chung Shan Institute of Science and Technology (NCSIST) had purchased two M68A2 tank guns from the U.S., which approved the export license in December 2020. The Armament Bureau under the Ministry of National Defense earmarked NT$769 million (US$27.77 million) to build two prototypes of these vehicles between 2019 to 2023. In addition, NCSIST signed a Technical Assistance Agreement this January 2021 with the American cannon manufacturer to provide technical documents and blueprints to facilitate research and development.

                  On June 4, 2021, Taiwanese military personnel said that the two cannons would be used to design the gun for a new armored vehicle, which will be assigned to joint battalions for front-line and anti-armor missions.

                  The Clouded Leopard M2 will then be armed with this new 105 mm cannon, a 7.62mm coaxial machine gun, and a 12.7 mm turret machine gun. The MND and NCSIST will cooperate to produce two prototypes and begin developing a new 105mm armor-piercing projectile by 2023.

                  The CM-32 "Clouded Leopard" (officially Taiwan Infantry Fighting Vehicle (TIFV) is an 8x8 armored vehicle currently being produced for the Republic of China Army. It is based on the 6x6 CM-31 designed by Timoney Technology Limited of Ireland and is further developed by the Ordnance Readiness Development Center. According to the Taipei Times, it was named after the Formosan clouded leopard, an indigenous animal, to show that the vehicle is "agile and swift". The project was launched in 2002, at a cost of NT$700 million (US$21.9 million). The armor of the CM-32 provides protection against 7.62 mm AP rounds, while the frontal arc withstands 12.7 mm AP rounds. NBC protection and fire suppression systems are also standard. The V-shaped hull provides protection from landmines and can withstand 12 kg of TNT under any wheel. In its basic APC form the CM-32 is armed with a 40 mm automatic grenade launcher and a 7.62 mm co-axial machinegun, both mounted in a remote weapons station.

                  After the assault guns have entered mass production, vehicles mounted with the guns will be deployed in the military's newly formed combined-arms battalions. Officially called the Taiwan Infantry Fighting Vehicle, the Armament Bureau has so far commissioned the indigenous CM-32 and CM-33 Clouded Leopard armored vehicles and has already begun mass production of the CM-34 model. The CM-32 and CM-33 models are armed with 40mm automatic grenade launchers, while the CM-34 versions are armed with the Orbital ATK 30mm Mk44 Bushmaster II cannon, which has an effective firing range of over 2,000 meters.

                  Comment




                  • Sweden to join the 6×6 vehicle programme

                    14 December 2021 – Sweden has officially announced its desire to join the Finnish-led CAVS programme (Common Armoured Vehicle System), which is also open to other countries with the mutual consent of the participating countries.

                    The programme began in 2019 as a multinational cooperation between Finland, Latvia and Estonia. The programme progressed to the research and product development phase with Latvia in autumn 2020. Latvia ordered the first more than 200 personnel carrier armoured vehicles in August 2021, of which Patria delivered the first vehicles to Latvia at the end of October. In turn, the Finnish Ministry of Defence and Patria have signed a letter of intent on ordering 160 new personnel carrier vehicles for Finland in 2023.

                    “This milestone is significant for the whole programme. Extensive cooperation and network between countries will improve the mobility, cost-effectiveness, cooperation capabilities and maintenance capacity of the participating countries. In addition, the result of this programme is a very cost-effective solution for participating countries,” says Jussi Järvinen, President of Patria’s Land Business Unit.

                    Photo courtesy Patria

                    Comment


                    • Indonesian PT Pindad Anoa-2 APC tested with 8 kg TNT detonation

                      POSTED ON WEDNESDAY, 15 DECEMBER 2021 16:15

                      Indonesian state-owned company PT Pindad conducted tests to detonate a new self-developed Anoa-2 armored personnel carrier, TopWar.ru reports. The test reportedly confirmed the APC's compliance with the STANAG 4569-AEP-55 standard, level 3B (8 kg TNT).



                      On December 8, PT Pindad proceeded to a live test: Anoa-2 was detonated on an 8kg TNT charge placed under a wheel (Picture source: PT Pindad)

                      PT Pindad’s 6x6 APC Anoa-2 was first presented to the public in 2010. This is an improved version of the Anoa basic vehicle designed in 2003 amid the worsening military situation in the Aceh province. The vehicle is named after the Anoa, which is a type of buffalo indigenous to Indonesia. The Anoa had been officially unveiled to the public under the designation APS-3 (Indonesian: Angkut Personel Sedang, English: Medium Personnel Carrier) at the Indo Defence & Aerospace 2008 exhibition from November 19 to November 22, 2008, after being shown in a TNI parade on October 5, 2008. On August 30, 2008, 10 APS-3s had been produced with the plan of having 150 vehicles to be produced for the Indonesian Army in time for their first deployment in 2009.

                      Anoa-2, the new version, is fitted with a turret (or an RCWS), and an improved intercom system. The APC can accommodate ten servicemen, including driver and vehicle commander.

                      On December 8, PT Pindad proceeded to a live test: Anoa-2 was detonated on an 8kg TNT charge at one of the local test sites. This was part of the foreseen list of tests imposed on the prototype phase of the vehicle. The vehicle has proven its ability to guarantee the safety of passengers when exposed to the specified amount of explosives and is now able to obtain a certificate of fitness for use.

                      The next step consists in the implementation of industrial production and the supply to users.


                      Explanation of the live test before an 8kg charge of TNT is detonated under an Anoa-2 APC (Picture source: PT Pindad)


                      Anoa-2 APC fitted with a Denel LCT-20 turret, showcased at IndoDefence 2014 Tri-service defence exhibition in Jakarta, Indonesia.

                      Comment


                      • Patria from Finland signs agreement with European Commission to develop next generation armoured vehicles

                        POSTED ON FRIDAY, 17 DECEMBER 2021 14:59

                        According to information released on December 17, 2021, Finnish Company Patria, as the industrial coordinator of consortium FAMOUS (European Future Highly Mobile Augmented Armoured Systems), has signed the Grant Agreement (GA) with the European Commission to start the development of the next generation armoured vehicles



                        The Patria AMV XP was unveiled in 2013 during the defence exhibition in the United Kingdom, DSEI. (Picture source Army Recognition)

                        Patria, as the industrial coordinator of consortium FAMOUS (European Future Highly Mobile Augmented Armoured Systems), has signed the Grant Agreement (GA) with the European Commission. This funding agreement is worth 9 million euros and allows the consortium, which includes 19 leading defence companies from across the EU, to start development work of the next generation armoured vehicles. The FAMOUS consortium’s Kick-Off day was held on December 14, 2021, when the programme was officially launched together with European Commission, Participating Member States representatives and companies.

                        “It is great to have this project and its development work now officially underway. This FAMOUS consortium is a unique and innovative approach to develop areas of next-generation technology that can be utilized in a variety of armoured vehicles and systems – eventually in actual use”, says Jussi Järvinen, President of Patria’s Land Business Unit.

                        The FAMOUS consortium operates under the European Defence Industrial Development Programme (EDIDP), which is a programme designed to support the competitiveness and innovation capacity of the Union's defence industry, in the perspective of the next coming steps in the context of the European Defence Fund (EDF). The FAMOUS programme aims to develop future technologies and performances that enhance ground combat capabilities in the areas of mobility, hybrid operation, power generation and energy storage, such as well as security systems, situational awareness, robotics, C4I solutions, weapon systems and modern life cycle support solutions.

                        The Finnish Company Patria is an international provider of defence, security and aviation life cycle support services, pilot training and technology solutions. Patria provides its aerospace and military customers with equipment availability, continuous performance development as well as selected intelligence, surveillance and management system products and services. Patria has several locations including Finland, Sweden, Norway, Belgium, Estonia and Spain. Patria employs 3,000 professionals. Patria is owned by the State of Finland (50.1%) and Norwegian Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace AS (49.9%). Patria owns 50% of Norwegian Nammo, and together these three companies form a leading Nordic defence partnership.

                        Patria has also developed one of the most modern and popular 8x8 wheeled armoured vehicles, the AMV (Armored Modular Vehicle). In 1996, Patria Vehicles began to develop different concept vehicles and found the 8×8 one to be most suitable as a replacement for the 6×6 Sisu Pasi. For several years, Patria has continued the development of her AMV to offer new protection, firepower and mobility according to the users experiences as well as to respond to the new threats of the modern battlefield. In 2013 Patria launched a new upgraded version of its AMV. under the name of AMV XP with more payload, mobility performances and additional protection.

                        The Patria AMV is now in service with many countries all over the world, including Croatia, Finland, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Sweden and the United Arab Emirates.

                        Comment



                        • The Grant Agreement: FAMOUS consortium led by Patria to start the development of the next generation armoured vehicles

                          17.12.2021 – Patria, as the industrial coordinator of consortium FAMOUS (European Future Highly Mobile Augmented Armoured Systems), has signed the Grant Agreement (GA) with the European Commission. This funding agreement is worth 9 million euros and allows the consortium, which includes 19 leading defence companies from across the EU, to start development work of the next generation armoured vehicles. The FAMOUS consortium’s Kick-Off day was held on December 14, 2021 when the programme was officially launched together with European Commission, Participating Member States representatives and companies.

                          “It is great to have this project and its development work now officially underway. This FAMOUS consortium is a unique and innovative approach to develop areas of next generation technology that can be utilized in a variety of armoured vehicles and systems – eventually in actual use”, says Jussi Järvinen, President of Patria’s Land Business Unit.

                          The FAMOUS consortium operates under the European Defence Industrial Development Programme (EDIDP), which is a programme designed to support the competitiveness and innovation capacity of the Union’s defence industry, in the perspective of the next coming steps in the context of the European Defence Fund (EDF). The FAMOUS programme aims to develop future technologies and performances that enhance ground combat capabilities in the areas of mobility, hybrid operation, power generation and energy storage, such as well as security systems, situational awareness, robotics, C4I solutions, weapon systems and modern life cycle support solutions.

                          Members of the FAMOUS consortium are:
                          Click on image to enlarge

                          Comment


                          • Bug2
                            Bug2 commented
                            Editing a comment
                            I don't see Rheinmetall in there.................or Iveco......................

                          • unicorn11
                            unicorn11 commented
                            Editing a comment
                            A whole bunch of mostly minor players clinging to a couple of primes. Neither Rheinmetall or Iveco need to be involved to be successful.

                        • Japan conducts field tests with Finnish Patria AMV XP 8x8 armored vehicle

                          POSTED ON FRIDAY, 17 DECEMBER 2021 16:14

                          According to information published by the trafficnews.jp website on December 15, 2021, in December 2021, Japan Ground Forces have conducted field tests with the Finnish-made AMV XP designed and manufactured by the company Patria



                          Japan Ground Forces have conducted field trial tests with the Finnish Patria AMX XP. (Picture source trafficnews.jp)

                          Japan is in the process to replace its old Type 96 8x8 wheeled armored vehicle personnel carrier which is in service with the Japanese armed forces since 1996. The vehicle is produced by the Japanese company Defense Systems Division of Komatsu. In the Japanese army, the Type 96 is used as an armored personnel carrier vehicle for infantry units.

                          In September 2019, it was announced that Japan shortlisted three potential suppliers to acquire a new wheeled armored vehicle. On September 10, 2021, the Japanese Ministry of Defense’s Acquisitions, Technology and Logistics Agency (ATLA) has published the three candidates including General Dynamics Land Systems LAV 6.0, the AMV XP by Finland’s Patria and a local-made armored vehicle from Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.

                          In December 2020, Finnish company Patria had sent AMV XP 8x8 armored vehicle from Finland to Japan for test purposes. These vehicles were part of the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force’s project called the Next Wheeled Armored Vehicle operating under the Japanese Ministry of Defense. The vehicles were handed by the Japanese Ministry of Defense.

                          Patria is selected as one of the competitors for the new 8x8 Wheeled Armored Personnel Carriers (WAPCs) project of the Japanese Ground Forces. The project had progressed to the test phase after which the Japanese Ministry of Defense will evaluate the vehicles.

                          The AMV XP is a new variant in the family of 8x8 AMV (Armored Multirole Vehicle) designed and manufactured by the Finish defense company Patria. The concept of the new AMV XP was unveiled by Patria in 2013 during the defense exhibition in the United Kingdom, DSEI.

                          The AMV XP from Patria is an improved version of the standard AMV featuring a new modular design, mobility, firepower capabilities, protection as well as stealth technology, and low radar and thermal signatures.

                          In APC (Armored Personnel Carrier) configuration, the vehicle has a crew of two and can accommodate up to 10 soldiers in a troops compartment located at the rear of the vehicle hull. The vehicle provides a high level of protection and can withstand 30 mm armor-piercing rounds at the front. It also offers all-around protection against 14.5 mm armor-piercing rounds. For mine protection, the AMV XP is able to withstand blasts equivalent to 10 kg of TNT under any wheels or anywhere under the body.

                          The AMV XP can be fitted with a wide range of weapon systems including remotely controlled or turret-mounted weapon stations. The vehicle can be armed with a machine gun up to 12.7mm caliber, 30mm automatic cannon or with 120mm cannon to be used as a fire support vehicle;

                          The AMV XP is motorized with a Scania DC13 turbocharged diesel engine, developing 603 hp. It can run at a maximum road speed of 100 km/h with a cruising range from 600 to 1,000 km. The vehicle is also fully amphibious and powered in the water at a maximum speed of 10 km/h thanks to two waterjets mounted at the rear of the hull.

                          Comment


                          • Allison to provide 4000 Series automatic transmissions for Israeli Eitan future Armored Fighting Vehicle

                            POSTED ON MONDAY, 20 DECEMBER 2021 10:46

                            Allison Transmission has been selected by the Israeli Ministry of Defense for in the framework of their future 8x8 Infantry Fighting Vehicle designated « Eitan ».




                            The Eitan AFV as presented in a picture released on Feb. 9, 2020, by the Israeli Defense Ministry (Picture source: Israeli MoD)

                            The Israeli Ministry of Defense selected the Allison 4800 Specialty Series (SP) transmission for their 8-wheeled Eitan Armored Fighting Vehicle (AFV). The Eitan (Hebrew for “steadfast” or “strong”) will replace a portion of Israel’s aging fleet of M113 tracked armored personnel carriers. Allison Transmission received the first production order in September 2021, with deliveries expected to continue for multiple years. The 4800 SP transmissions will be assembled within power packs by the vehicle’s power pack integrator - Rolls Royce Solutions America (Formerly MTU America).

                            “The Israeli Defense Force has a remarkable defense industrial base that is committed to innovation and fielding transformative technologies. Allison is proud to provide our 4000 Series transmission with advanced features for the Eitan Armored Fighting Vehicle,” said Dana Pittard, Vice President for Defense Programs at Allison Transmission.

                            The development and production of the Eitan are being led by the Armored Vehicles Directorate at the Israeli Ministry of Defense. Three variants of the Eitan will be fielded – an armored personnel carrier (APC), a command vehicle and an infantry combat vehicle equipped with an unmanned turret and 30mm cannon.

                            The Allison 4800 SP model is currently featured in a number of other large 8 x 8 wheeled armored combat vehicles including the United States Marine Corps Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) and the Boxer AFV in use with several countries including Germany, the Netherlands, Lithuania, the United Kingdom, and Australia. The 4800 SP meets all customer requirements for performance, reliability and durability in the large-wheeled armored combat vehicle segment.

                            The Allison 4800 SP is also used in the United States Army M1070A1 Heavy Equipment Transporter (HET) and M1300 Enhanced Heavy Equipment Transporter System (EHETS) tractor.

                            The new Eitan is an 8x8 vehicle that combines technologies from the Merkava main battle tank and the Namer APC, but at a cheaper price, the Defense Ministry said. The new Eitan, co-developed with the US, can reach 90 km/h (56 mph), is lighter and cheaper than previous APCs deployed by the IDF.

                            The Eitan was developed partially in response to lessons learned from the 2014 Gaza war and is progressively replacing the IDF’s current M113 APCs. The Eitan is intended to give troops greater speed and mobility — it can reach 90 kilometers per hour (56 mph) — as well as better security: it will be fitted with Elbit System’s Iron Fist Light Decoupled (IFLD) active protection system. The selection of the IFLD for the IDF’s Eitan AFV came on the heels of the decision by the U.S. Army to proceed with the IFLD for the Bradley IFV.

                            IFLD uses independent optical sensors, tracking radar, launchers and countermeasure munitions to defeat threats at a safe distance from the defended combat vehicles. The system provides 360-degree protection coverage for close-range scenarios in both open terrain and urban environments. Its low size and weight, versatile high-performance, negligible residual penetration and ease of integration position IFLD as an optimal active protection solution for any fighting vehicle.

                            The development took place in Israel as well as in the United States, and its parts will be produced in more than 60 factories in both countries. Each APC requires the production of approximately one million parts, including over 20 tons of steel, 30 kilometers of welding wire, 6 kilometers of power and communication wired, and about 70 liters of paint.

                            Comment


                            • GDELS starts production of VCR Dragon 8x8 armored vehicles for Spanish Army

                              POSTED ON WEDNESDAY, 22 DECEMBER 2021 17:00

                              According to information released on December 17, 2021, The manufacturing of the 8x8 'Dragon' Wheeled Combat Vehicle (RCV) for the Spanish Armed Forces has started in the Trubia Factory (Asturias) of GDELS (General Dynamics European Land Systems) - Santa Bárbara Sistemas with the cutting of the first steel armor plate.



                              A prototype of the VCR Dragon was presented at FEINDEF 2021, defense exhibition in Spain, November 2021. (Picture source Army Recognition)

                              The first series of vehicles of the VCR 8x8 'Dragon', intended to modernize the capabilities of the Spanish Army, are scheduled to be made available in the second semester of 2022.

                              The steel cutting ceremony was attended by the Director General of Armament and Material of the Ministry of Defense, Admiral Santiago Ramón González; the Chief of the Army Logistic Support Command, Lieutenant General Fernando Miguel García y García de las Hijas; the Minister of Industry, Employment and Industrial Promotion of the Government of Asturias, Enrique Fernández; the Mayor of Oviedo, Alfredo Canteli, and the Government Delegate in Asturias, Delia Losa.

                              The Trubia factory of GDELS-Santa Bárbara Sistemas has carried out in recent months, a series of deep adaptations and modernizations with the acquisition of the latest technology machinery that will strengthen the facilities as a European industrial reference in the manufacture of armored vehicles of last generation. For the period 2020-23, the company will invest in this center more than 14 million euros, of which a large part will go directly to the manufacture of the VCR 8x8 'Dragon'.

                              On 23 June 2020, the Spanish government announced that it had approved the production of 348 VCR 8×8 armored fighting vehicles, with the value of the order estimated to be around €2 billion. The vehicle will be manufactured by a joint venture of Spanish defense contractors led by Indra Sistemas, General Dynamics European Land Systems-Santa Barbara Sistemas (GDELS-SBS), Sapa Placencia and Escribano Mechanical & Engineering, with 70% of work to be conducted by Spanish companies in locations including Asturias, Madrid, and Seville.

                              The VCR Dragon is based on Piranha V designed and manufactured by the Swiss company MOWAG which is now a subdivision of GDELS (General Dynamics European Land System). The vehicle will be manufactured in 13 variants and the Spanish government could procure a total of 1,000 vehicles. The Piranha V has been modified with all national technologies as required by the Spanish Ministry of Defense.

                              Using technologies of the Piranha V, the VCR Dragon has a next-generation, full coverage, modular survivability system that has been integrated in the vehicle design from the concept stage. This system provides unparalleled all-around protection, particularly in the wheel well area that has traditionally been vulnerable to IEDs on wheeled armored combat vehicles.

                              The layout of the VCR Dragon is similar to the members of the MOWAG Piranha family with the driver position at the front left, power pack to his right, turret in the center, and troop’s compartment at the rear. The armor of the vehicle incorporates shaped hull plates to increase protection against explosion blast, spacing in the add-on armor, and surface coatings to minimize the thermal and radar signatures.

                              Based on the protection of the Piranha V, the armor of the VCR Dragon provides protection against rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs), 14.5mm armor-piercing rounds through 360°, and 30mm armor-piercing rounds across the 30° frontal arc. The hull provides protection against 8kg anti-tank mines.

                              Comment


                              • unicorn11
                                unicorn11 commented
                                Editing a comment
                                They're brave, given the shit fight that the Ajax's are, coming from GDLS and from that production line.

                            • Malaysian Defense to launch tender for procurement of 400 6x6 armored personnel carriers

                              POSTED ON THURSDAY, 06 JANUARY 2022 12:04

                              In a tweet posted on December 28, 2021, Ciro Nappi reports that IVECO Defence will participate with the VBTP-MSR Guarani in the forthcoming Malaysian tender for the procurement of 400 6x6 armored vehicles to replace the older UR425 Condor and AFSV90.



                              VBTP-MR Guarani 6x6 (Picture source: Brazilian Army)

                              The other contenders may be K806 WAV,PT Pindad with its Anoa 2, General Dynamics Land Systems with the LAV II, and FNSS with its Pars.

                              The VBTP-MR Guarani (Portuguese: Viatura Blindada Transporte de Pessoal - Média de Rodas; Armored Personnel Carrier Vehicle - Medium Wheeled Type") is a 6×6 armored personnel carrier developed by Iveco and the Brazilian Army as part of its Urutu-III modernization program aimed to replace all EE-11 Urutu by 2015. The 8x8 version of the VBTP-MR is the base of Iveco's Superav amphibious armored personnel carrier. In the program, other Brazilian Companies also participated, such as IMBEL (Communications), ELBIT (Armaments), Usiminas and Villares [pt] (development of national ballistic structural steel).

                              The K806/808 armored personnel carrier is a family of 6×6 and 8×8 armored vehicles. Developed by the South Korean company Hyundai Rotem as a private venture in 2012, the Korean Army declared a plan to acquire 600 6×6 and 8×8 wheeled APCs in order to help build rapid response forces molded after the U.S. Stryker combat brigades, according to the Defense Acquisition Program Administration (DAPA). Hyundai Rotem, a (subsidiary of Hyundai Motor Group), made the K808/806 in competition with the Doosan Black Fox and Samsung Techwin MPV, and eventually won the competition.

                              The Anoa is a 6x6 armored personnel carrier developed by PT Pindad of Indonesia. The vehicle is named after the Anoa, which is a type of buffalo indigenous to Indonesia. The prototype was first unveiled at the 61st anniversary of TNI on October 5, 2006, in TNI HQ at Cilangkap, east of capital Jakarta. The design of the Anoa has been licensed from that of the French VAB, which is also in service with Indonesia.

                              The LAV III, originally named the Kodiak by the Canadian Army, is the third generation of the Light Armoured Vehicle (LAV) family of infantry fighting vehicles built by General Dynamics Land Systems – Canada (GDLS-C), a London, Ontario, based subsidiary of General Dynamics that first entered service in 1999. It was developed in Canada from the LAV II family and is the primary mechanized infantry vehicle of both the Canadian Army and the New Zealand Army. It also forms the basis of the Stryker vehicle used by the US Army and other operators.

                              The Pars (Turkish for Anatolian Leopard) is an amphibious Armoured combat vehicle family with 4x4, 6×6 and 8×8 versions, produced by FNSS Defence Systems of Turkey. The development of the PARS vehicles started in 2002, based on a design by US company GPV (General Purpose Vehicles), and in cooperation with GPV. PARS 8x8 was first displayed in February 2005 during the IDEX defense exhibition held in Abu Dhabi.

                              Comment


                              • ADMk2
                                ADMk2 commented
                                Editing a comment
                                Whichever one is the cheapest / willing to be traded for palm oil, would be my bet…

                            • Russian army unveils BPM-97 Vystrel 4x4 APC fitted with Epoch BM-30D RCWS 30mm cannon

                              POSTED ON TUESDAY, 11 JANUARY 2022 18:50

                              During a military parade that was held in Nizhny Novgorod, May 9, 2021, the Russian army has unveiled a new version of its Vystrel KAMAZ-43269 4x4 Armored Personnel Carrier (APC) vehicle also called BPM-97 fitted an Epoch BM-30D RCWS (Remote Controlled Weapon Station).



                              BPM-97 Vystrel KAMAZ-43269 fitted with the Epoch BM-30D Remote Controlled Weapon Station armed with one 30mm automatic cannon and one 7.62mm coaxial machine gun at at a military parade in Nizhny Novgorod. (Picture source VK Военный Осведомитель)

                              The Remote Controlled Weapon Station (RCWS) BM-30D is also mounted on the Typhoon-VDV K-4386 Mine-Protected Armored Vehicle which is in service the Russian airborne troops.

                              The Epoch BM-30D RCWS was developed by the Russian Central Research Institute BUREVESTNIK and is armed with one 2A42 30mm automatic cannon and one 7.62mm PKTM coaxial machine gun. The optoelectronic suite installed above the main gun includes day/night vision, infrared cameras, and a laser rangefinder.

                              The BPM-97, Russian designation KAMAZ-43269 Vystrel is a 4×4 wheeled Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicle designed and manufactured by the Russian truck manufacturer KAMAZ. The vehicle is based on the KAMAZ-4326 truck chassis fitted with a welded aluminum body. The upper part of the hull is able to provide ballistic protection against the firing of small arms 12.7mm at a distance of 300 m, while the lower part is able to withstand hit of 7.62 mm caliber weapons at a distance of 30 m.

                              The BPM-97 Vystrel was designed to be used as APC (Armored Personnel Carrier Vehicle) with a conventional design. The engine is at the front, crew cab in the center and troops compartment at the rear. The vehicle can accommodate 12 personnel including the driver and commander.

                              In APC configuration, the BPM-97 Vystel is fitted with a manual ring-mount weapon station which is armed with a 14.5mm KPVT heavy machine gun, but the ring-mount can be also armed with one 12.7mm machine gun, a 30mm grenade launcher or anti-tank missile launcher system.

                              The goal of the Vystrel fitted with Epoch BM-30D RCWS is to offer more firepower while maintaining high mobility in all-terrain conditions. With the RCWS, the crew has a new weapon station equipped with optics for day/night combat capabilities and a fire control system. This type of turret allows the gunner to aim and control all the firing operations from inside the hull and under armor protection.

                              Comment


                              • unicorn11
                                unicorn11 commented
                                Editing a comment
                                Looks like a diecast toy to be honest.

                            • Russia plans to develop a wheeled version of Sprut-SDM1 125mm amphibious light tank

                              weapons defence industry military technology UKPOSTED ON WEDNESDAY, 12 JANUARY 2022 20:39

                              According to an interview published by the Russian State Defense Company ROSTEC at the end of December 2021, the Russian defense industry plans to develop a wheeled version of the Sprut-SDM1, a tracked light amphibious tank.



                              Scale model of Sprut-SDM1 turret mounted on an 8x8 wheeled armored vehicle chassis. (Picture source bastion-karpenko.ru)

                              The idea for the development of a new wheeled light tank is currently considered by the Russian defense industry, especially for the export market. This type of combat vehicle could be first developed for foreign armed forces in the Middle East and Africa.

                              The wheeled version of the Sprut-SDM1 could be based on a wheeled chassis developed in Russia or can be based on the driveline of the Boomerang 8x8 armored vehicle. Russia is able to use different wheeled chassis according to customer requirements.

                              Other countries in Europe and Asia have already developed light tank concepts based on a wheeled vehicle as the Centauro II manufactured by the Italian company Leonardo that can be armed with a 105 or a 120mm cannon or the Maneuver Combat Vehicle or MCV also called Type-16, an 8x8 anti-tank combat vehicle armed with a 105mm gun developed by the Japanese Ministry of Defense.

                              A light tank based on a wheeled chassis has the advantage of being lighter than the main battle tank, offering the same firepower and high level of mobility. It can be more easily air-transportable for fast deployment.

                              According to a scale model published on Internet, the Sprut-SDM1 will keep the same armament including a 125 mm 2A75M smoothbore tank gun which characteristics virtually match those of the 2A46M5 tank main armament. The gun can fire all types of ammunition designed for the T-72 and T-90 main battle tanks. It can also fire a modernized missile, a derivative of the Invar-M round.

                              The Sprut-SDM1 could be fitted on the Boomerang chassis offering the vehicle at a faster speed than a tracked vehicle. The Boomerang chassis with the Sprut-SDM turret keeps its amphibious capacities, in fact, the original Boomerang is fully amphibious, being propelled in the water by two propellers which were situated on either side of the hull at the rear.

                              Comment


                              • ADMk2
                                ADMk2 commented
                                Editing a comment
                                The LAV’ski?

                                🤣

                              • unicorn11
                                unicorn11 commented
                                Editing a comment
                                I was thinking Boxersky

                              • Bug2
                                Bug2 commented
                                Editing a comment
                                I stick with ADMk2's comment, it's a more like a LAVatory..............

                            • Tatra under AMOS Czech defense association offers Pandur II 8x8 armored for Slovak MoD

                              POSTED ON MONDAY, 17 JANUARY 2022 20:48

                              According to information published by the Czech Defence Journal "czdjournal" on January 17, 2021, under the AMOS agency, Czech company Tatra Defence Vehicle from the Czechoslovak Group will respond to the Slovak MoD (Ministry of Defense) tender for the acquisition of new wheeled armored vehicles with its Pandur II.



                              Czech Pandur II 8x8 armored vehicle. (Picture source Army Recognition)

                              On July 2021, Army Recognition had reported that the Slovak Ministry of Defense, the armed forces of Slovakia plans to acquire 500 8x8 AFVs (Armored Fighting Vehicle) and 228 tracked AFVs by 2035.

                              In 2021, the Czech Ministry of Defense has launched the AMOS agency, a news association that will support he export of the Czech defense industry. The agency's activities are focused on foreign states that want to follow the government-government purchasing method.

                              The Pandur II is an 8x8 armored vehicle that is produced in the Czech Republic by the company TATRA Defence Vehicle. Tatra has signed an agreement with General Dynamics European Land Systems to manufacture and develop various versions of Pandur II 8x8 as well as production, modernization or upgrade.

                              In 2006, the government of the Czech Republic has awarded Austrian company Steyr-Daimler-Puch Spezialfahrzeug approximately $1 billion to supply the Czech army with 199 Pandur II armored personnel carriers. In January 2015, Czech company Excalibur Army signed an agreement with GDELS-Steyr for the licence to exclusively market, sell and service the Pandur II 8×8 wheeled armored vehicle family in Czech Republic and other countries in Eastern Europe and Asia.

                              The Pandur II is designed to be a modular armored vehicle that can be configured in different versions according to mission requirements. The all-welded hull of the vehicle provides protection up to Level 4 STANAG 4569 against firing of small arms 14.5 mm caliber and mine protection of 10 kg TNT blast explosion under the body and the wheels of the vehicle.

                              In APC (Armored Personnel Carrier) version, the Pandur II can accommodate up to 14 military personnel including driver, commander and gunner. The vehicle can be equipped with a wide range of weapon stations that can be armed with automatic cannon up to 40mm caliber or 105mm gun.

                              The Pandur II is powered by a six-cylinder Diesel engine Cummins ISLe coupled to a fully automatic transmission ZF. The vehicle can run at a maximum road speed of 105 km/h with a maximum cruising range of 700 km. In option, the Pandur II can be fitted with an amphibious kit including two water jets mounted at the rear of the hull and a hydraulically operated trim vane mounted at the front of the chassis. In the water, the vehicle can reach a maximum speed of 10 km/h.

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                              • IVECO - OTO Melara to supply VBM Plus 8x8 armored vehicles to Italian Army

                                POSTED ON WEDNESDAY, 19 JANUARY 2022 13:03

                                According to information published on January 17, 2022, the Italian Iveco - Oto Melara Consortium (CIO) announces the signing of a contract to supply 14 Mortar Carrier VBMs, 26 Command Post VBMs (13 in Tactical Unit and 13 in Command Unit version), along with six “10x10” rescue and recovery vehicles to the Italian army.



                                VBM 8x8 armored vehicle in mortar carrier version at Eurosatory 2016 defense exhibition in Paris, France. (Picture source Army Recognition)

                                Source Article IVECO-Oto Melara: Signed on 30 December 2021, at the Secretary of Defence (Segredifesa) Land Armaments Directorate, the contract comes as part of the ongoing supply (“Phase 2”) of Medium Armoured Vehicles to the Italian Army’s Second Medium Brigade, and includes an upgrade to “PLUS” version for the VBM platform, as well as long-term integrated logistics support for all platforms purchased.

                                The VBM Combat “PLUS” version will see changes to both the vehicle and the turret. Changes to the vehicle include upgrading to common rail technology for the engine, taking it from 550 HP to 660 HP ready for a future hybrid-electric traction system, and upgrades to the driveline, increasing growth potential by up to 15% compared to current levels.

                                Concerning the turret, Leonardo is upgrading the fire control system, introducing latest generation electronic components capable of interfacing the new “Janus D” and “Lothar D” digital optic detection and aiming systems. The contract also includes the supply of a new digital intercom system and a fully upgraded CIS system with four-channel SDR VQ1 radio, as well as the new C2D / N Evo Command and Control system, both developed by Leonardo.

                                The new VBM PLUS distinguishes itself by increased mobility, lethality and integrated C4I, allowing the Italian Army to face the challenges of the coming years with a truly state-of-the-art vehicle, integrated into the net-centric architecture of the digital battlefield. The vehicle will also be equipped with Galileo PRS technology developed in Italy as part of the European Union secure satellite navigation system. In specific terms this means the VBM will be equipped with a newly developed satellite receiver, the first of its kind capable of receiving secure satellite navigation services from both the US GPS and European Galileo PRS systems.

                                The Iveco Defence Vehicles Recovery and Rescue platforms feature all-wheel drive over 5 axles, with three steering axles, FPT Industrial's 680 HP Cursor 16 engine and a new-design cabin offering the highest crew protection standards. These vehicles can lift and move loads of up to 25 t from a stable platform and recover vehicles broken down, damaged or overturned with an overall weight of up to 32 tons.

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                                • Industry News Estonian-Croatian Start-Up Developing Situational Awareness System for Armoured Vehicles

                                  20/01/2022 Defensphere, situational awareness, Vegvisir
                                  20 January 2022 – The Estonian-Croatian defence company Defensphere, which was established in 2021, is developing a situational awareness system that will provide armoured vehicle crews with visibility of the battlefield through the armoured wall of the vehicle.



                                  The Vegvisir solution, which is based on innovative camera systems, sensors and algorithms synthesising the camera images, uses head-mounted displays to provide a Mixed-Reality overview of what is happening in the immediate surroundings of the vehicle, but also of objects of interest significantly further away: up to 10 kilometres from the vehicle.

                                  According to the company’s CEO Ingvar Pärnamäe, Vegvisir is designed to provide visibility for the personnel of various armoured vehicles (APC, IFV, MBT and others), enabling them to observe, better orient and more rapidly respond than with traditional solutions currently used on armoured vehicles.



                                  “Vegvisir creates a 360-degree field of vision with a camera and sensor system installed on the armoured vehicle that allows the entire crew to see a real-time, simultaneous, minimum-latency image of the surroundings of the vehicle,” Pärnamäe explained. “It combines four complementary layers of sensors to ensure visibility in a range of tactical situations, both in daylight and, by using thermal sensors, in the dark.”

                                  Vegvisir is being developed in line with NATO’s military standards and is also being integrated with other platforms used on the battlefield, including unmanned land vehicles, stand-alone sensors, and battlefield management systems. As a result, the solution provides a clear advantage over adversaries and strongly supports the creation of a common operating picture.

                                  Pärnamäe added that the start-up raised €550,000 in the first round of investment for the development of Vegvisir, thereby increasing the company’s value to €5.5 million.



                                  “In the first round of funding, we engaged investors from four European countries and sold even more tickets than we had originally planned,” he said. “With the support of that investment, we will develop what is currently our technical demo product into a prototype that can be tested in cooperation with end-users. Our aim is to show it at the Eurosatory defence industry show in Paris this summer.”

                                  According to Pärnamäe, a second round of funding is also planned for this year with the aim of growing the company’s engineering and sales team and achieving end-product status by 2023. “Pre-negotiations with several of the world’s largest armoured technology companies show that interest in the solution is high,” the head of the company confirmed.

                                  Key features of Vegvisir:
                                  • Modular set-up which enables customer-specific solutions to solve 95% of potential user cases
                                  • Four layers of redundant sensors: a Driver Sensor System, a Close-Range Sensor System with bird’s-eye view capability, a Medium-Range Sensor System with a full infrared channel and a Long-Range Gyro-Stabilized Commander Sight Solution
                                  • Rugged head-mounted displays with either a VR interface or screen options
                                  • 360-degree commander sight gimbal with four viewpoints and a range of up to 10 km
                                  • Low-light optics for night driving
                                  • Multi-spectrum sensing
                                  • A Mission Computer solution designed according to MIL specifications
                                  • NATO STANAG compliance accreditation
                                  • A platform-specific design for installation
                                  • Design options for retrofitting existing platforms

                                  To view the video please click HERE

                                  Photos courtesy Defensphere

                                  Comment


                                  • Bug2
                                    Bug2 commented
                                    Editing a comment
                                    This also applies, obviously, to tracked, armoured APC/IFV............
                                    Last edited by Bug2; 21-01-22, 10:15 AM.

                                • French Army takes delivery of first Jaguar EBRC 6x6 armored vehicles

                                  POSTED ON FRIDAY, 21 JANUARY 2022 11:03

                                  According to information published by the French defense website "Opex 360", the French Ministry of Defense announces the first delivery of 20 Jaguar EBRC 6x6 armored vehicles, to the "1er Régiment de Chasseurs d’Afrique", a cavalry regiment of the French army. The Jaguar EBRC is the latest generation of 6x6 Reconnaissance and Combat Armored Vehicle developed under the Scorpion program of the French Army.



                                  French Army Jaguar EBRC 6x6 Reconnaissance and Combat Armored Vehicle. (Picture source French MoD)

                                  Citing the website "Opex 360", the "1er Régiment de Chasseurs d’Afrique", a cavalry regiment of the French army will receive this month a first of 20 Jaguar EBRC. This unit will be also in charge to train the future users of the Jaguar in the French army.

                                  The Jaguar EBRC (Engin Blindé de Reconnaissance et de Combat - Reconnaissance and Combat Armored Vehicle) was jointly developed by the French companies Nexter Systems, Renault Trucks Defense and Thales. The vehicle will replace the AMX-10RC, the ERC-90 Sagaie, and the VAB Hot in service with the French Army.

                                  The Jaguar EBRC is fitted with a two-man turret 40 CTAS armed with one 40mm CTC cannon with Ammunition Handling System (AHS). The 40mm cannon will have a maximum range of 1,500 m. the weapon system also includes one remote weapon station armed with a 7.62mm machine gun mounted on the top of the turret. The right side of the turret is fitted with two launchers for the MMP (Missile Moyenne Portée - Medium Range Missile) missile. The MMP missile is a fire-and-forget missile with lock-on before launch and automatic self-guidance which has a maximum range of 4,000 m.

                                  In September 2020, France’s Ministry of the Armed Forces has ordered 42 Jaguar 6x6 armored vehicles. In total the French Army is set to receive 300 Jaguar vehicles by 2030 as part of a major recapitalization of the country’s ground forces. By 2025 150 Jaguars are set to be delivered.

                                  Comment


                                  • Bug2
                                    Bug2 commented
                                    Editing a comment
                                    Whilst it may be eminently practical, it sure looks a mess................

                                  • unicorn11
                                    unicorn11 commented
                                    Editing a comment
                                    Looks like a Tonka Toy that some kid wrapped in chicken wire.


                                • Patria, the joint 6×6 vehicle programme proceeds: Finland to order pre-series vehicles

                                  28.1.2022 – The Finnish Defence Forces has signed the agreement with Patria to acquire Patria 6×6 vehicles as a pre-series related to the joint 6×6 vehicle programme between Latvia, Finland, Estonia and Patria. The pre-series vehicles will be in test use of the Finnish Defence Forces before the final serial order indicated by the Letter of Intent signed at the end of August 2021.

                                  “With pre-series testing, the customer can get acquainted with the vehicle, its usage and operating features comprehensively beforehand, thus ensuring the fluent and effective establishment of operational readiness when the serial order deliveries begin. All three vehicles will be delivered to the customer in summer 2022”, says Jussi Järvinen, Executive Vice President, Finland Division of Patria.

                                  The joint programme is progressing as planned. In Latvia, the first vehicles are already in use and serial production is underway. Finland has made the decision about the pre-series vehicles, and Sweden is preparing to join the programme. The joint 6×6 programme has arose interest and is open to other countries with mutual consent of the participating countries.

                                  Photo courtesy Patria


                                  IAV 2022: Patria 6×6 Common Armoured Vehicle System offered in various versions in addition to APC

                                  27 JANUARY 2022

                                  by Nicholas Fiorenza


                                  The 6×6 CAVS vehicle provides armed forces with mobility, including in Arctic conditions. (Patria)

                                  Janes learned more details about the Patria 6×6 Common Armoured Vehicle System (CAVS) at the International Armoured Vehicles (IAV) 2022 conference being held in London from 24 to 27 January.

                                  Patria describes the vehicle as a 6×6 battlefield taxi that is easy to operate and maintain.

                                  In addition to its basic configuration as an armoured personnel carrier (APC), the vehicle can provide fire support and indirect fire, as well as medical evacuation, command-and-control, and engineering support.

                                  A Patria Nemo mortar system has been integrated into the Combat Armoured Vehicle (CAV), offering a 10 km range and a six-round multiple round simultaneous impact capability.

                                  Latvia received its first four CAVS APC versions on 29 November 2021 after Latvian Armed Forces personnel completed two weeks of user, instructor, and maintenance training at Patria in Hämeenlinna, Finland, in October to prepare to operate the vehicles. The four APCs have since been on exercises with Latvian troops.


                                  Last edited by Bug2; 28-01-22, 09:28 AM.

                                  Comment


                                  • ARHmk3
                                    ARHmk3 commented
                                    Editing a comment
                                    I'd like to see something like this, including variants with 30mm guns, 120mm mortars and some sort of SHORADS. It would end up getting far more use than any other type of armoured vehicle in the Army's inventory.

                                  • unicorn11
                                    unicorn11 commented
                                    Editing a comment
                                    If we're going to go looking for a host of variants, such as mortars, SHORAD, SPAAG etc, I'd rather the fully combat capable Boxer, which is in production in Australia get the nod.

                                  • Bug2
                                    Bug2 commented
                                    Editing a comment
                                    I agree with Boxer being procured in far more variants than currently, but it should be equally possible to equip both wheeled models with the same, or similar, turrets to suit the different needs, it just needs pre-thought and planning...........nothing particularly difficult about it, technically.


                                • IAV 2022: Boxer bulks up

                                  27 JANUARY 2022

                                  by Nicholas Fiorenza


                                  A 41 tonne Boxer without a mission module mastered a 1 m vertical step during trials in December 2021. (Artec)

                                  Rheinmetall Landsysteme-Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW) joint venture Artec conducted trials in December 2021 with a Boxer armoured vehicle weighing 41 tonnes, Janes learned at the International Armoured Vehicles (IAV) 2022 conference being held in London on 24–27 January.

                                  Artec managing director Stefan Lischka revealed during a presentation at IAV 2022 on 25 January that the Boxer, without a mission module, traversed gaps up to 2.2 m, climbed a 60° slope, and mastered a 1 m vertical step during the trials. He said there was no actual customer requirement for such a heavy Boxer but placed the trials in the context of armoured fighting vehicles gaining 20–30% more weight within 20 years of first being introduced because of protection enhancements.


                                  Last edited by Bug2; 31-01-22, 10:10 PM.

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                                  • Italian army presents serial production of Centauro II 120mm MGS 8x8 Mobile Gun System

                                    POSTED ON MONDAY, 31 JANUARY 2022 18:57

                                    According to a picture published on the Twitter account Ciro Nappi on January 30, 2022, the Italian army presents the serial production of the Centauro 2, 8x8 MGS (Mobile Gun System). In December 2020, the Italian army has announced the signature of a contract with the consortium Iveco – Oto Melara for the purchase of 86 Centauro 2.



                                    Serial production of Centauro II Mobile Gun System for the Italian army. (Picture source Twitter account Ciro Nappi)

                                    On January 8, 2021, the Italian Consortium Iveco – Oto Melara (CIO) has confirmed the launching of the production for the Centauro II 8x8 Mobile Gun System (MGS) for the Italian Army. A total of 150 Centauro 2 will be ordered by the Italian army, and the first vehicles were delivered in 2021.

                                    The Centauro 2 has many new improvements compared to the previous version of the Centauro 1 in terms of firepower, mobility, and protection.

                                    With the Centauro 2 MGS, the Italian Defense industry has developed an 8x8 armored vehicle offering the same capabilities as the main battle tank but with a weight of 30,000 kg, much lighter than a tank that weighs 50 to 60 tons. It can more easily be transported by military transport aircraft and quickly deployed to provide support for rapid reaction forces.

                                    The Centauro 2 maintains the general layout of the Centauro 1 but with a new design of protection. The hull and the turret offers increased protection against ballistic and mine threats with a completely rearranged hull chassis and turret design, integratable add-on ballistics, and technical solutions tested to the AEP 55 standard, capable of handling threats such as mines, IEDs, and the latest-generation kinetic munitions.

                                    The Centauro 2 has a crew of four, with the driver is seated at the front of the hull offset to the left with the power pack to his right. The turret, equipped with new anti-mine seats, has a crew of three men - commander, gunner and loader - with the latter able to use the new automatic loading system, while being able also to undertake manual loading operations, as back-up, or other emergency operations.

                                    The Centauro 2 MGS is armed with a third-generation 120/45 mm gun (optional 105/52mm interchangeable to 120 mm), with integrated and stabilized low-recoil muzzle brake, provides the same firepower as most modern main battle tanks, with the capability of firing all latest generation 120 mm NATO APFSDS and multi-role MP munitions. The second armament includes one 7.62mm coaxial machine gun is mounted to the left side of the main armament and a remote-operated HITROLE Light turret armed with a 12.7mm heavy machine mounted on the roof of the turret.

                                    In terms of mobility, the Centauro 2 is motorized with an Iveco Vector 8V Euro III-compliant engine developing 720hp coupled to an automatic gearbox with seven forward and one reverse gear. The vehicle can run at a maximum road speed of 105 km/h with a maximum road range of 800 km.

                                    Full Technical Data Centauro 2 MGS at this link

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                                    • Slovak Defense to evaluate wheeled competitors for IFV fleet

                                      POSTED ON MONDAY, 31 JANUARY 2022 15:25

                                      The Armed Forces of the Slovak Republic have achieved a unique opportunity to obtain modern Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFV) in two procurement programs. In addition to the fact that the Ministry of Defence plans to purchase 228 tracked armored vehicles, it also intends to purchase as many as 500 wheeled armored vehicles in different variants.



                                      Patria AMV XP displayed at IDEB, Bratislava (Picture source: AH)

                                      The Ministry of Defense of the Slovak Republic proposes the purchase of 500 8x8 armored combat vehicles in five phases of the project. The estimated upper limit of investment costs in the years 2022 to 2035 reaches 2.39 Bn EUR (VAT incl.). The investment costs for the first phase are estimated by the Ministry of Defense of the Slovak Republic at 332 Mn EUR (VAT incl.). In the first phase, the Ministry of Defense of the Slovak Republic plans to choose a platform and buy the first 76 vehicles in three versions: combat, command, medical. The following phases of the project will be subject to options and their implementation will be subject to separate evaluations and approval by the government.

                                      After having presented in detail the tracked vehicles participating in the competition, it is now time to take a closer look at wheeled vehicles in the same phase – conquering the place of the best choice for the Armed Forces Slovak Republic.

                                      There are some requirements for the procurement process: The acquisition requires a sufficiently high level of participation of the domestic industry in the manufacture of new vehicles. An amphibious capability is no longer a requirement for procurement, but an option. Potential candidates for the competition include the Patria AMV produced by the Finnish company Patria, the Corsac (Pandur II) 8x8 by Steyr-Daimler-Puch Spezialfahrzeuge under General Dynamics European Land Systems (GDELS) license, the Piranha V from European GDELS, and the Stryker by GDLS USA.

                                      Patria AMV

                                      Patria AMV provides the performance and features of a multi-role vehicle. This combat-proven vehicle is available in three different models. The basic model provides the platform for the following variants: Armoured Personnel Carrier (APC), Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV), command vehicle, ambulance, reconnaissance vehicle, Anti-Tank Guided Missile vehicle (ATGM), Armoured Repair and Recovery Vehicle (ARRV), and finally, the 120 mm Patria Nemo mortar system.

                                      The high Roof model provides extra space at the rear of the vehicle (34 cm higher than the basic model), which is ideal if the vehicle is used as a command, C4I, ambulance, or workshop vehicle. The Heavy Weapon Platform has been optimized to carry large-caliber weapon systems such as the 120 mm AMOS mortar system or the 105/120 mm Mobile Gun Systems (MGS).

                                      AMV’s combat weight can reach 32 tons, which gives it a usable payload of 15 tons. The high payload with its large internal volume allows the transport of weapon systems, ammunition and crew equipment. The characteristics of the vehicle enable the use of any weapon system required for engaging moving targets rapidly and with pinpoint accuracy. AMV´s mine protection is STANAG level 4a/4b, and the ballistic protection level is up to STANAG level 5. The optimized shape provides a low radar and thermal signature.

                                      AMV has an independent hydropneumatic suspension system. The strong overall structure of the vehicle enables high-speed, off-road driving. The vehicle is easy to use, and its mobility is based on a high-performance driveline. Integrated Terrain Control System (ITCS) and optional rear-axle steering improve maneuverability. AMV's electrical power generation is designed to match the future requirements for C4I, Battlefield Management and Situational Awareness Systems, Health and Usage Monitoring System (HUMS) together with the vehicle's digital backbone. The vehicle has an NGVA (NATO Generic Vehicle Architecture) interface and is fully NATO-compatible. AMV is optionally amphibious; the maximum swimming speed is 10km/h.

                                      Technology transfer and local manufacturing are essential parts of Patria’s business model. Patria has successfully transferred AMV technology through industrial participation and production in several countries, such as in Poland, Slovenia, Croatia, and South Africa. Over 1,600 vehicles have already been purchased in 8 different countries; 4 of them are NATO countries. The AMV product family has been combat-proven since 2007, namely in Afghanistan where it has been the only combat-proven vehicle among the three current candidates.


                                      Pandur II, TDV (Tatra Defence Vehicle) (Picture source: armadninoviny.cz)

                                      Corsac / Pandur II

                                      Corsac 8x8 is an improved model of General Dynamics’ Pandur II armored personnel carrier. The Corsac infantry fighting vehicle has been developed by the Austrian company Steyr-Daimler-Puch Spezialfahrzeuge, which has been owned by GDELS since 2003. In Slovakia, Corsac is marketed by Czechoslovak Group/MSM Group under GDELS license.

                                      Czech and Portuguese versions of the Pandur II include the following variants: Armoured Personnel Carrier (APC), Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV), command vehicle, ambulance, surveillance vehicle, Anti-Tank Guided Missile vehicle (ATGM) and Armoured Repair and Recovery Vehicle (ARRV).

                                      Corsac is powered by a Cummins turbodiesel engine. The vehicle has a coil spring suspension (first two axles) and hollow rubber springs (two rear axles). Corsac’s combat weight is 23 tons, including 8 tons of payload including eight mounted troops. Corsac has a crew of three (commander, gunner and driver). The vehicle is protected at STANAG level 3 and it has a maximum level 3 a/b mine protection.

                                      Corsac’s maximum combat weight with payload is inferior to the AMV’s or Piranha V’s one. Corsac is also a smaller vehicle: it has a length of 7.43 m, a width of 2.67 m, and a height of 2.95 m. It has a smaller wheel size and less growth potential than the other candidates. Corsac is optionally amphibious, and the maximum swimming speed is 10km/h.

                                      Corsac can adopt various unmanned/manned turrets armed with up to a 30mm automatic gun. Corsac has been purchased by the Czech Republic, Portugal, Indonesia, and The Philippines. The total number of vehicles ordered is around 400.


                                      Romanian Piranha V with Israeli UT30MK2 (Picture source: GDELS)

                                      Piranha V

                                      The Piranha V is the fifth generation of the Mowag Piranha family. It was designed by General Dynamics European Land Systems - Mowag GmbH. Piranha V includes the following variants: Armoured Personnel Carrier (APC), Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV), command vehicle, ambulance and mortar version.

                                      Piranha V’s maximum combat weight is 33 tons, including 14.5 tons of payload that includes the crew and eight mounted troops. Piranha V has a high level of protection, an up-rated drivetrain to cater for weight growth, greater internal volume, improved mobility, enhanced power and power management and a modern, open, electronic architecture. The protection level is up to level 5 and mine protection is up to level 4a/b. Piranha’s design incorporates shaped hull plates to optimize the resistance to blasts, spacing in the add-on armor and surface coatings to minimize the thermal and radar signatures.

                                      Steering is implemented by the two front axles and the rear axle. The vehicle features a hydropneumatic suspension. Piranha V is available with an MTU or Scania turbodiesel engine. Weapons systems include a 12.7mm MG, a 25mm, 30mm or low-recoil 105mm gun. Piranha V’s size is approximately the same as that of AMV: 8 m long, 3 m wide, and 2,3 m high. Piranha V is not amphibious. It has been purchased by Denmark, Spain, Romania and Switzerland. The total number of vehicles ordered is around 900.


                                      Stryker Dragoon with Norwegian combat module Protector RT40 (Picture source: U.S. Army)

                                      Stryker

                                      The Stryker ICV (Infantry Carrier Vehicle) is a family of 8x8 armored fighting vehicles derived from the Canadian LAV III. Stryker vehicles are produced by General Dynamics Land Systems for the U.S. Army. It is a four-wheel-drive (8×4) but can be switched to an all-wheel-drive (8×8).

                                      The vehicle comes in several variants with a common engine, transmission, hydraulics, wheels, tires, differentials and transfer case. The M1130 Command Vehicle and M1133 Medical Evacuation Vehicle have an air conditioning unit mounted on the back.

                                      In November 2003, 311 Stryker vehicles were deployed in the Iraq War, where they saw mixed success. Never designed for front-line combat, the vehicles were nevertheless pressed into counterinsurgency roles for which there was an unmet need. A leaked U.S. Army report from December 2004 said the Stryker was "effective and survivable only with limitations for use in small-scale contingencies". The report, written from feedback from Stryker personnel in Mosul, described a litany of design flaws.

                                      In June 2021, the U.S. Army selected the Oshkosh Defense team, which includes Pratt Miller Defense and Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, to integrate the 30 mm MCWS onto the Stryker Double-V Hull Infantry Carrier Vehicle (ICVVA1). This upgrade will provide increased lethality, accuracy, and range while maintaining the mobility and survivability of the Stryker ICVVA1.

                                      Will innovation or experience be the deciding factor?

                                      The Slovak Ministry of Defense announced in January 2022 that it had received bids from five countries. In fact, there will be four types of vehicles to choose from; two countries have submitted an offer for licensed production of the same chassis: specifically, the Czechs with a Pandur vehicle, the Finns with a Patria vehicle, the Americans with a Stryker vehicle, and the Romanians with a licensed version of the Swiss Piranha vehicle and finally the Spaniards with a Dragon vehicle, which is also a licensed production of the Piranha vehicle.

                                      Today, ground technology is probably the weakest component in the Slovak Armed Forces. The tenders that are currently taking place at the Ministry of Defense should bring a significant number of modern armored vehicles to Slovak soldiers for the first time since the end of the Cold War. The involvement of the Slovak industry can ultimately be an important factor. The Czech Pandur and Finish Patria promise a large portion of the localization to Slovak industrial companies.

                                      When comparing the vehicles submitted to the tender program, all are suitable for the post-cold-war upgrade. The Armed forces and the Ministry of Defense will need to wonder what modernization factor is important to them. Some of the vehicles have seen the 1990s while others use the latest technologies (the first Mowag’s Piranha family was introduced in 1974). Price will of course be an important factor too.

                                      Who will make it?

                                      All the contenders to renew Slovakia’s 8x8 fleet have positive marks but also drawbacks. Ultimately, the result may come down to whether or not decision-makers wish to play it safe with the older design of Pandur, Stryker or Piranha, or opt for the newest technology of Finish Patria. Whatever the outcome of the modernization will be, the country’s armed forces are hoping for the arrival of a vehicle type with which they can work for decades to come.

                                      Comment


                                      • Bug2
                                        Bug2 commented
                                        Editing a comment
                                        I seem to remember AMV being proposed (not the XP version, but the original), years earlier. It was also going to be partly built and assembled in the Slovak Republic. Must have fallen through as a negotiation?

                                    • As Russia threatens Ukraine, Baltic nations work to update armored vehicle fleets

                                      Despite small budgets, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania are working to strengthen their ground forces to protect their borders with Russia.

                                      By TIM FISH

                                      on January 31, 2022 at 11:51 AM


                                      Patria’s 6×6 vehicle being delivered for Latvia and Finland. (Patria)

                                      AUCKLAND: While Russia flexes its muscles at Ukraine, the other nations on Vladimir Putin’s border are watching nervously — and, in some cases, moving quickly to try and shore up their military capabilities.

                                      The Baltic nations of Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia are well aware that they represent NATO’s eastern flank. The situation between Ukraine and the trio are different, of course; the security guarantee of the alliance is something Kyiv lacks. But the leadership of the former Soviet states talk openly about the need to be vigilant against Russian attack, and all three nations are currently investing in modernizing their military capabilities as a result.

                                      The problem is that even with a focus on modernization, the defense budgets of all three nations are relatively small — approximately €2.87 billion in 2022 ($3.22 billion, or 0.4% of the Pentagon’s fiscal 2022 budget request). As a result, the modernization efforts have to be focused, with the land forces receiving the majority of the funding, according to Tony Lawrence, a research fellow at the International Centre for Defence and Security (ICDS) in Tallinn.

                                      The self-defense doctrines of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania require well-equipped and well-trained land forces that “should be able to inflict enough pain to make an adversary think twice” about invading and “hold off or blunt an attack until NATO reinforcements arrive,” Lawrence told Breaking Defense.

                                      Estonia’s 2022 defense budget of €748 million ($865 million), announced last September, is the largest the country has ever allocated to defense, representing about 2.31% of GDP. This follows an earlier spending boost in the 2021 budget that increased it from 2.11% to 2.29% of GDP.

                                      For Latvia, defense spending for 2022 has been slated at €758.35 million representing 2.3% of GDP. This is an increase over the €707.82 million allocated for 2021. In the wake of the Ukrainian crisis, ministers last week made the case that Latvian defense spending should increase to 2.5% of GDP over the next three years.

                                      In Lithuania, the Ministry for National Defence (MND) announced in October that its defense budget for 2022 would be €1.176 billion ($1.367 billion) representing an increase in share of GDP from 2.03% to 2.05% with plans to reach 2.5% by 2030.

                                      “Overall these modernization efforts seem to be heading in the right direction. The ambition is quite narrow and uncomplicated — to build small, but capable territorial defense armies — and the Baltic states clearly focus their defense modernization and development efforts towards this,” Lawrence said.

                                      Ground Vehicle Focus

                                      All three nations are investing heavily in ground vehicles at the moment.

                                      The Estonian MoD has allocated €25 million for 4×4 and 6×6 wheeled vehicles and another €15 million for an additional six K9 Thunder self-propelled howitzers to increase its fleet to 24, with deliveries are expected in 2023. It is also completing an upgrade of 37 CV9030N Mk I Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFVs) using local defense company Milrem for €36 million.

                                      A spokesperson from the Estonian MoD told Breaking Defense that a market survey for 6×6 armored vehicles has been completed with a second market survey for 4×4 armored vehicles still ongoing. “Procurement of both vehicle types is scheduled to begin early in third quarter of 2022,” the Estonian MoD spokesperson added.

                                      One option could be joining the Common Armoured Vehicle System (CAVS) project run by Finland and Latvia that is providing a new 6×6 vehicle based on a platform from Finnish company Patria.

                                      The IFV modernization project is still in the prototyping phase. The Estonian MoD spokesperson confirmed that the first prototypes will be handed over by the end of 2022, with final deliveries scheduled for the first quarter of 2024. The intent is to install 120mm mortars from Israeli company Elbit onto the CV90 chassis, with negotiations underway for a contract award expected by the end of the first quarter 2022.

                                      Latvia is currently accepting delivery of 198 ex-British Army Combat Reconnaissance Vehicles – Tracked (CVR(T)), under two separate deals signed in 2014 and 2019. A spokesperson from the Latvian MoD told Breaking Defense that it has received all 124 from the first order and 46 of 74 from the second order. Of these 170 units handed over so far, the spokesperson confirmed 116 are “fully renewed” — which is to say, in top-shape despite being pre-owned.

                                      The armored CVR(T) will replace existing transport vehicles and there are plans to equip the platforms with Spike Anti-Tank Guided Missiles starting in 2023.

                                      In October 2021, Patria announced it had delivered its first CAVS 6×6 armored personnel carriers (APC) to Latvia. Latvia has ordered up to 200 APCs to improve the mobility of its ground forces, in order to replace the aging XA-series Pasi APC. The Latvian MoD spokesperson said that following a delivery of 10 CAVS in 2021, there would be approximately 37 delivered in 2022, with future deliveries depending on the impact of COVID-19 on supply chains.


                                      The Vilkas IFV variant of the Boxer APC in Lithuanian will replace the existing M113 APCs and provide increased lethality. (Lithuanian MoD)

                                      In 2019 the Latvian MoD released a tender for a €200 million project for a new 4×4 tactical vehicles; while a requirement still remains, the Latvian spokesperson said that this effort is “temporarily suspended.”

                                      In Lithuania, the main land equipment programs include the acquisition of the Vilkas Infantry Fighting Vehicle variant of the Boxer APC, NASAMS air defense system and Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTVs).

                                      The MND ordered 88 Vilkas vehicles from the German ARTEC industrial consortium in 2016, in a $450 million contract to equip two Iron Wolf Mechanised Infantry Brigades. Unspecified technical issues have caused a delay in delivery, but one brigade has been outfitted already and the final batch of vehicles is due to arrive later in 2022.

                                      In 2021 the MND took delivery of an initial batch of 50 JLTV heavy gun carrier variants, under a Foreign Military Sales agreement with the US. Total orders are for 200 under a €150 million contract with Oshkosh Defense, with the remaining vehicles will be delivered at a rate of 50 year through to 2024. The JLTVs be used by the Iron Wolf brigades, Griffon Mechanised Infantry Brigades and Lithuanian Special Forces replacing the existing fleet of HMMWVs.

                                      “The main focus of the three armies in recent years has been the programs to mechanize (part of) their infantries – Estonia through the CV90 acquisition, Latvia with CVR(T), and Lithuania with Boxer,” Lawrence said, “These programs will contribute to the Baltic states’ ability to frustrate an attack by enemy armor — a task that they had previously had to rely on motorized infantry to accomplish.”

                                      “But they have left little room for other land systems procurement programs — not only because of cost, but also because introducing an entirely new capability takes up a great deal of bandwidth in a small army,” he warned.

                                      Other Equipment Needed

                                      Other recent additions to the Baltic states defense forces include the Spike-SR anti-tank weapon, which Estonia is buying to supplement the LR2 variant that is already in service. The Estonian Centre for Defence Investment announced on Jan. 20 that it had signed a €40 million contract with the EuroSpike consortium for an undisclosed number of the missiles that will begin deliveries this year. These will replace the 90mm towed anti-tank guns currently in-service as well as the Milan anti-tank missile.

                                      Estonia has also ordered 120mm mortars from Elbit in a contract worth €15 million. It is not clear if this will be the company’s Spear or Cardom system, but it is expected these will be fitted to Estonia’s new 4×4 vehicle.

                                      The Baltic states have also invested in the Carl Gustav M4 84mm anti-tank weapon, built by Swedish defense manufacturer Saab Systems. Estonia received its first batch of 300 M4s in December, under a €1.3 million ($1.43 million) joint order with Latvia. The Latvian MoD spokesperson said that all the M4s it had ordered with Estonia in 2020 have been delivered.

                                      The NASAMS III system provides a much needed medium range air defence capability to the Lithuanian Armed Forces. (Lithuania MND)

                                      Meanwhile on Jan. 11, the Lithuania ordered the M4 in a $16.8 million deal with Saab; the country already operates the M2 and M3 designs.

                                      The Lithuanian Army is also taking delivery of about 3,000 new MeoForce DF 1-4×22 riflescopes from Czech company Meopta Systems. These will be completed this year, and will be fitted to the new G36 assault rifles that are being delivered from Heckler & Koch in 2022-23 under a €19 million contract signed in September. Lithuania is also increasing its inventory of FGM-148F Javelin ATGMs with an FMS order for 230 missiles and 20 Command Launch Units.

                                      “I would also add [that] Lithuania’s procurement of NASAMS medium-range air defence systems, goes some way to addressing a key capability shortfall — Russia would be expected to use air power heavily if it attacked the Baltic states. Estonia and Latvia hope to follow Lithuania’s lead once resources permit,” Lawrence said.

                                      The Lithuanian Armed Forces took delivery of the NASAMS III system in October 2020. Norwegian company Kongsberg provided two batteries under a $128 million contract signed in October 2017.

                                      The Baltic states inherited little in terms of former Soviet military equipment after securing independence in 1991, so the countries have had to build up armed forces from scratch. Lawrence said that they have come a long way in the past 30 years but they still need to develop capabilities that exist in more mature armies – “not so much modernization, as creation.”

                                      So what could come next? There are clear shortfalls in terms of ground-based air defense — partially filled by NASAMS — long-range fires and early warning. The Baltic states also need to invest in basic items like body armor, night vision equipment, small arms and rebuilding ammunition stocks.

                                      With the Ukraine situation serving as a blinding warning sign on the risks of being a Russian neighbor, the defense ministries and their supporters may have a golden opportunity to push for more defense funding in the near future. How they spend it will set the tone for their homeland defense strategies over the next decade.

                                      Comment


                                      • Hmm my memory isn't failing, this is an old 12 December 2017 from Army Recognition.....................Patria's previous attempt to get AMV into Slovak service.................

                                        Prototype of Slovak Patria AMV 8x8 armored fitted with 30mm turret

                                        POSTED ON TUESDAY, 12 DECEMBER 2017 13:06

                                        Slovak Defense Industry unveils a prototype of the Patria AMV 8x8 armoured vehicle that will be delivered to the Slovak army, during the 2017 Industrial Day at the Záhorie Military Technical and Testing Institute on December 6, 2017 in Slovakia. The Slovak Patria AMV is fitted with a Slovak-made EVPU turret armed with one 30mm automatic cannon and anti-tank guided misssile launchers.


                                        The Slovak Patria AMV fitted with a Slovak-made 30mm cannon turret at the the 2017 Industrial Day at the Záhorie Military Technical and Testing Institute (Picture source The Slovak Spectator website TASR)

                                        In May 2017, the Slovak government approved a request from the Slovak Ministry of Defense for the €1.2 billion procurement of 404 4x4 and 81 8x8 armoured vehicles. The first delivery of the vehicles could be started in 2018 and be completed in 2029.

                                        In November 2017, Slovak and Finnish Defense Ministries have signed a memorandum about the purchase of Patria AMV 8x8 armoured vehicles for the army of Slovakia. The first three 8x8 armoured vehicles should be manufactured by the Finnish and the second batch of three vehicles in Slovakia, according to the Slovak Defence Ministry's Service Office general secretary Jan Holko.

                                        The Slovak Defense Minister has confirmed that the Defence Ministry expects 70 percent of the vehicle’s components to be produced in Slovakia.

                                        The prototype of the Slovak Patria AMV is very similar to the Finnish version of the vehicle but one of the most important feature is the use of a new TURRA 30 unmanned turret armed with one 30mm cannon and anti-tank guided missile, designed and manufactured in Slovakia by the Company EVPU.


                                        Close view of the EVPU turret armed with one 30mm automatic cannon and anti-tank guided missile launchers mounted on Slovak Patria AMV (Picture source The Slovak Spectator website TASR)


                                        In May 2015 during the defense exhibition IDET in Czech Republic, Polish and Slovakian defense industries presented a new 8x8 armoured vehicle called Scipio using the 8x8 chassis of Rosomak armoured vehicle and the Turra 30 remote controlled weapon station designed and manufactured by ZPU. The Roosmak is a Polish-made version of the Patria AMV produced under license in Poland.

                                        The main armament of the EVPU's Turra 30 turret consists of one 30 mm main armament. Both Russian 2A42 30 mm gun or American Mk 44 Bushmaster II 30 mm gun, manufactured by American Company Orbital ATK, can be used as main armament. Secondary armament consists of one PKT 7.62 mm or FN Minimi 7.62 mm machine guns. The Turra 30 can also be fitted with Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGM), such as the Konkurs and the Spike.

                                        The 9M113 Konkurs is a SACLOS wire-guided anti-tank missile developed by Russia's Tula Machinery Design Bureau (Tula KBP). The Spike is an Israeli fourth generation man-portable fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile and anti-personnel missile with a tandem-charged HEAT warhead, developed and designed by the Israeli company Rafael Advanced Defense Systems and in service with a number of nations.

                                        Comment


                                        • Bug2
                                          Bug2 commented
                                          Editing a comment
                                          This was a sole-source selection, and garnered huge opposition in the Slovak Republic, seems to have then been postponed and then cancelled for this new programme, where Patria is now bidding against opposition.




                                      • Plasan Signed a Contract With TESS DEFENCE S.A., for the armouring of the VCR Dragon 8×8

                                        Kibbutz Sasa, Israel, February 1st , 2022 – Plasan Sasa Ltd. (“Plasan”) announced today that it has signed a contract with TESS DEFENCE S.A., to provide its advanced armour package for the Spanish Army’s VCR Dragon 8×8 wheeled combat vehicle.

                                        The contract that was signed by November 2021, covers the first 348 Dragon vehicles. Within the contract scope, Plasan will supply its innovative lightweight and modular RPG protection, branded as Hybrid Slat Fence (HSF), and its unique mine protection solution for under belly and IED side blast with its corresponding energy absorbing mine seats. Deliveries under this contract will start in January 2022 and will continue until 2026.

                                        Dan Ziv, Plasan CEO,said: “This contract is an important milestone in Plasan‘s effort dedicated to the VCR during the past years and a remarkable evidence for Plasan’s unique ability to adapt its technology and solutions to specific platform and customer’s needs. Plasan is proud to take part in this prestigious program of the Spanish MoD and will continue to work closely with TESS DEFENCE S.A. to ensure the successful implementation of the VCR program“

                                        Photos courtesy Plasan

                                        Comment




                                        • Patria to upgrade Swedish armoured vehicles

                                          8.2.2022 – The Swedish Defence Materiel Administration (FMV) has awarded a contract worth approximately EUR 28 million (SEK 300 million) to Patria for upgrade of Patria XA 202/203 (Patgb 202/203) wheeled armoured vehicles. In total 168 vehicles will be refurbished at the Patria facilities in Hämeenlinna, Finland. The vehicles were delivered to the Swedish Armed Forces at the beginning of the 2000s.

                                          Patria will make a mid-life upgrade (MLU) to the entire fleet of armoured six wheeled personnel carrier vehicles operated by the Swedish Armed Forces. The work will start immediately with the first deliveries already this year and with the entire fleet upgraded by the end of 2025. The upgrades include the engine, chassis, electrical and hydraulic enhancements and will provide decades of added service life for the vehicles.

                                          “We are proud that the FMV is showing confidence in Patria’s offering of advanced mid-life upgrades to the Swedish Armed Forces’ fleet of XA vehicles. The contract is well in line with Patria’s ambition to be a strategic partner to the Armed Forces and FMV throughout the entire life cycle of delivered products”, says Mats Warstedt, Head of Market Area Nordics at Patria.

                                          Photo courtesy Patria

                                          Comment





                                          • Senop to provide night vision systems for the 6×6 vehicle programme

                                            9.2.2022 – Senop Oy has signed a framework agreement with Patria to supply driver’s night vision systems, which will be installed on 6×6 CAVS (Common Armoured Vehicle System) armoured personnel carriers (APC). The agreement includes a purchase order which secures the continuation of already ongoing deliveries of Senop driver’s Night Vision Systems to all Latvian APCs and Finnish pre-series vehicles. In addition to this, it also enables deliveries to other potential countries participating in the programme.

                                            Senop driver’s Night Vision Systems provides optimum vision and improved situational awareness for the demanding and rapidly variable conditions encountered by drivers 24/7. With simple integration into vehicles and compact, rugged structure, Senop driver’s Night Vision System is designed for harsh battlefield environments.

                                            “The framework agreement and related purchase order are significant for our vehicle vision systems product segment”, says Aki Korhonen, Managing Director of Senop. “This shows our capability in the military vehicle sighting system business and secures long term production of drivers’ night vision.”

                                            Senop builds new capabilities by tailoring solutions according to clients’ specific needs and requirements. Senop’s Defence & Security portfolio consists of high-performance image intensifiers, night sights, intelligent thermal sights, handheld target acquisition and observation systems, vehicle camera systems, hyperspectral cameras, and multipurpose container-based platform solutions.

                                            Comment


                                            • Dragón IFV to be protected by armour package from Plasan

                                              08 FEBRUARY 2022

                                              by Nicholas Fiorenza


                                              Spain's Dragón IFV will be protected by an armour package from Plasan. (Spanish MoD)

                                              Spain's Dragón infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) will be protected by an armour package from Plasan, which announced in a press release on 3 February that it had been awarded the contract by the Tess Defence consortium building the vehicle in November 2021.

                                              Plasan said it was supplying its Hybrid Slat Fence (HSF) lightweight modular rocket-propelled grenade (RPG) protection and its mine protection solution for underbelly and improvised explosive device (IED) side blast with energy-absorbing mine seats, with deliveries for 348 Dragóns having begun in January and continuing until 2026.

                                              HSF is a lightweight bar armour that is durable against wear and tear and can be quickly installed, repaired, and replaced in the field, according to a Plasan brochure. A company video said HSF can withstand up to four shots/m2.

                                              Comment


                                              • French Army officially presents its new Jaguar combat vehicle

                                                POSTED ON THURSDAY, 10 FEBRUARY 2022 16:49

                                                On February 9, at Canjuers camp, the French army presented its new armored vehicle that will progressively replace the VAB HOT, the AMX10RCR and the ERC90 Sagaie. The 25-ton Jaguar is a new-generation combat vehicle from the SCORPION program. Very versatile, heavily armed and protected, it is also very mobile with 6-wheel drive and a steering rear axle.



                                                On February 9, at Canjuers camp, the French army presented the EBRC Jaguar, its new combat and reconnaissance vehicle that will progressively replace the VAB HOT, the AMX 10RCR and the Sagaie (Picture source: French army)

                                                Benefiting from innovative technologies in terms of equipment and sensors, the Jaguar is intended to take part in combat in urban or mountainous areas. The French Ministry of Defense on January 21 announced the first delivery of 20 Jaguars to the "1er Régiment de Chasseurs d’Afrique", a cavalry regiment of the French army.

                                                The development of the Jaguar is part of the SCORPION program intended to renew the armored units of the French Army, with the modernization of the Leclerc tanks (the army will finally keep 200 Leclerc MBTs upgraded/modernized to the XLR standard- and the replacement of the VAB (Véhicule de l’Avant Blindé) armored vehicle by the multi-role armored vehicle (VBMR) called Griffon (Griffin).

                                                The Jaguar EBRC (Engin Blindé de Reconnaissance et de Combat - Reconnaissance and Combat Armored Vehicle) was jointly developed by the French companies Nexter Systems, Renault Trucks Defense and Thales. The vehicle will replace the AMX-10RCR, the ERC-90 Sagaie, and the VAB HOT in service with the French Army.

                                                The Jaguar EBRC is fitted with a two-man turret 40 CTAS armed with one 40mm CTC cannon with Ammunition Handling System (AHS). The 40mm cannon will have a maximum range of 1,500 m. the weapon system also includes one remote weapon station armed with a 7.62mm machine gun mounted on the top of the turret. The right side of the turret is fitted with two launchers for the MMP (Missile Moyenne Portée - Medium Range Missile) missile. The MMP missile is a fire-and-forget missile with lock-on before launch and automatic self-guidance which has a maximum range of 4,000 m.

                                                In September 2020, France’s Ministry of the Armed Forces has ordered 42 Jaguar 6x6 armored vehicles. In total the French Army is set to receive 300 Jaguar vehicles by 2030 as part of a major recapitalization of the country’s ground forces. By 2025 150 Jaguars are set to be delivered.


                                                EBRC Jaguar demonstrated at Canjuers camp (Picture source: French army)

                                                SCORPION programme

                                                The SCORPION program aims to create a scalable and flexible tactical combat system, capable of fulfilling all present and future operational missions of the Army. It currently includes six operations: three new armored vehicles (Griffon, Jaguar and Serval), the renovation of the Leclerc tank, the SICS information system and the operational readiness system. The 2019-2025 military programming law, promulgated on July 13, 2018, provides for the acceleration of the SCORPION program: 50% of the new medium armored vehicles will be delivered by 2025.

                                                The purpose of this project is to modernize the midrange combat capabilities of the combined arms battle group by renovating certain equipment, developing others and improving command thanks to new means of information.

                                                SCORPION is the armament program that will allow the Army to maintain its operational superiority. It aims to renew and modernize the Army's combat capabilities. The targets of the SCORPION program are 1,872 Griffon armored vehicles, 978 Servals, 300 Jaguars, and 200 Leclerc XLR tanks. 50% of new medium armor will be delivered by 2025.

                                                CAMO programme

                                                On June 21, 2019, the intergovernmental agreement between the French and Belgian governments relating to cooperation in the field of land mobility, entered into force: CaMo (Capacaité Motorisée, Motorized Capability). This agreement aims to deliver to the Belgian Army, 382 Griffon multi-role armored vehicles and 60 Jaguar armored reconnaissance and combat vehicles, which will enter service between 2025 and 2030. These vehicles will be identical to those of the French SCORPION program and therefore fully compatible with their French equivalents.

                                                The CaMo strategic partnership thus opens up new and increased cooperation between the French Army and the Belgian Army. The two countries will exchange training in other related fields such as air-ground support, logistics, intelligence or engineering. The land forces of both countries are now planning the engagement in 2022 of one of their units with their own vehicles and under SICS with the Scorpion battlegroup.


                                                On February 9, at Canjuers camp, the French army presented its new combat vehicle (Picture source: Twitter account of Amael Kotlarski)

                                                Comment


                                                • ADMk2
                                                  ADMk2 commented
                                                  Editing a comment
                                                  I’d like to see a larger calibre gun on some of these Jaguar variants, given it is replacing the AMX-10RCR and ECR-90. A remote turret with a low-recoil 105mm gun, would do nicely…

                                                  That side armour also looks decidedly thin to me… I hope they have gone with a hull ‘capsule’ armoured design, or whatever APS is chosen, is going to have to be bloody brilliant…

                                                • Bug2
                                                  Bug2 commented
                                                  Editing a comment
                                                  Jaguar has Level 4 protection levels, and weighs 25 tons as it is, so no, not heavily armoured.........

                                              • Greek army receives former US Army M1117 Guardian armored vehicles

                                                POSTED ON FRIDAY, 11 FEBRUARY 2022 14:13

                                                Greece has received an initial batch of 44 M1117 Guardian Armored Security Vehicles (ASV), the first of a two-part Foreign Military Sales (FMS) case that will ultimately see 1,200 vehicles delivered, MilitaryLeak reports. The vehicles are Excess Defense Articles and the Army uses FMS to facilitate divesture, while simultaneously building partner capacity.



                                                Greece has received an initial 44 batch of M1117 Guardian Armored Security Vehicles (ASV) (Picture source: U.S. State Department)

                                                The Hellenic Armed Forces receive the vehicles at almost only the transportation costs. As the first vehicles come from a depot located in Europe, transportations costs are much lower than for the remaining vehicles that will be shipped from Sierra Army Depot in Herlong, California. The vehicles arriving from Germany are also in operational condition since storage at another location was not needed. “The 21st Theater Sustainment Command (in Germany) put the vehicles on a train and sent them to the U.S. Embassy and Consulate in Greece where the transfer was initiated by the Office of Defense Cooperation,” Marcus Mackey, USASAC G-3 mission support for EDA, said.

                                                For the U.S., transferring the vehicles directly from the 21st Theater Sustainment Command immediately divests the unit of older vehicles and facilitates modernization. Vehicles declared EDA are no longer part of the Army’s inventory. The Security Assistance Command executes Army FMS.

                                                The ASV M1117 Guardian was designed and manufactured by the American company Textron Marine & Land Systems. The external modular expandable armor system of ceramic composite material provides ballistic protection for the crew, ammunition, fuel tanks, and storage areas against 12.7mm armor-piercing ammunition. It has a crew of four. The ASV's M1117 Guardian firepower consists of a one-person, non-stabilized, turreted primary weapons station with a mounted 40mm automatic grenade launcher (MK19 MOD 3) and a .50-caliber machine gun (M2/M48). The turret traverses 360° and allows for an elevation of 45°.


                                                Greek and U.S. military personnel, along with Greece Minister of Defense Nikos Panagiotopoulos and U.S. Ambassador Geoffrey Pyatt, participate in a Dec. 1 ceremony in Athens marking the delivery of the first 44 of 1,200 M117 Guardian Armored Safety Vehicles (Picture source: U.S. State Department)

                                                Comment




                                                • ST Engineering: the Terrex looks forward

                                                  16/02/2022

                                                  By EDR On-Line editorial staff

                                                  With over 430 vehicles in service with the Singaporean Armed Forces, and more than a dozen sold to Ghana, the 8×8 developed and produced by ST Engineering is close to get a rejuvenation care that will involve the automotive as well as the vetronic architecture as well as its role and concept of operation.

                                                  At the 2022 edition of the Singapore Airshow, the national defence giant exhibited a mock-up of its 8×8 armoured vehicle which has lost its “fighting” attribute in the strict sense, becoming a mothership vehicle, which exploits unmanned ground and air vehicles to gather information, carry out surveillance missions, and eventually engage the opponent.



                                                  First of all ST Engineering is looking at a hybrid propulsion version of its 8×8 IFV, that will adopt a serial hybrid configuration, in which the internal combustion engine will generate electric power to reload the on-board battery pack and to power the electric machine that, in turn, will give motion to the wheels. According to information provided at the show, the overall power will be in excess of 1,000 hp (the 25 tonnes Terrex 1 was fitted with a Caterpillar C9 providing 450 hp, the following version, the Terrex 2, with a 30 tonnes combat weight being fitted with a C12 providing 700 hp). Two options are being examined; in the axle drive solution electric motors power the axles, while in the in-hub configuration each wheel has a built-in electric motor. This latter solution allows a much greater flexibility, as no mechanical link is needed, electric cables ensuring power distribution and electronic control of each wheel, their intrinsic flexibility freeing the designer from the constraints given by mechanical links. This also allows the adoption of more effective solutions in terms of protection, especially when adopting the in-hub configuration.

                                                  A key element in both configurations is the battery pack, which is key in providing the highest possible energy storage capacity. According to information gathered at Singapore Airshow, ST Engineering is working with two battery specialists, ELEO Technologies of the Netherlands, and Durapower Technology (Singapore), which mother company is the NL-based Durapower Group. Both companies are active in the electric/hybrid automotive world, and add their skills to those of ST Engineering to optimise the solutions for the Terrex.

                                                  The automotive advantages of a hybrid vehicle are well known; increased fuel efficiency that brings a higher operational range, which is increased by 20% up to 600 km compared to the existing Terrex, higher speed, here too a 10% increase up to 110 km/h while maintaining the same 30 tonnes GVW, higher acceleration as electric motors always work at maximum torque. As for operations, the hybrid vehicle can run all-electric for a limited period of time, ensuring maximum stealthness, while the great amount of stored on-board energy allows the vehicle to operate with the engine cut off for long periods of times, maintaining its sensors and on-board systems fully active.

                                                  This brings us to shift to the systems installed on board of the vehicle exhibited at the Singapore Airshow, which was descriptive of the mothership vehicle concept but was still featuring a conventional propulsion system.



                                                  The driver’s full-digital cockpit is fitted with a see-through armour system that allows him to enjoy a nearly 180° field of view while remaining fully protected by the armour. The same capacity is provided on a 360° FoV to the commander and gunner, while a 360° close-range camera viewing system provides full situational awareness to the dismounts, the Terrex 8×8 in the combat configuration carries a crew of two plus 12 infantrymen at the rear.

                                                  According to ST Engineering representatives, the company has already developed a hybrid-powered prototype, which has not yet started trials. It is unclear which type of hybrid solution was adopted on that vehicle.



                                                  In the mothership configuration the rear compartment is fitted with operators’ consoles that allow controlling ground and air unmanned vehicles. ST Engineering is experimenting its Manned-UnManned Teaming (MUM-T) solutions, and exhibited the mock-up of its mothership vehicle a Jaeger 8 8×8 UGV fitted with an Adder RCWS armed with a 12.7 mm machine gun, a second UGV, this one tracked, being fitted with an Adder Micro armed with two Ultimax 5.56 mm machine guns, all by ST Engineering.



                                                  While both land unmanned systems were able not only to gather information but also to engage the enemy, a third ISTAR element was visible, in the form of a Veloce 15 fixed-wing UAS developed by ST Engineering; a 17 kg MTOW airframe , electric powered, with a 2-3 hours endurance, capable of vertical take-off and landing thanks to four rotors, and to fly horizontally at a speed of up to 40 knots thanks to a pushing propeller activated by rear mounted internal combustion engine, that allows an endurance of 2 to 3 hours. These unmanned vehicles could be controlled from inside the Terrex, where the room usually destined to infantrymen was hosting the ground control stations used to control ground and air remote systems. Reconnaissance and target acquisition missions, as well as some kinetic missions could be performed without risking the soldier’s life, the vehicle being a node of the network, all information gathered being shared with the community. It will be interesting to follow the evolution both of the mobility solution and of the MUM-T concept while the company will start to interact with the military, in that iterative process that is now quite common when developing new concepts.

                                                  Photos courtesy J. Roukoz

                                                  Comment


                                                  • ST Engineering from Singapore demonstrates integration of UGV and UAV on Terrex armored vehicle

                                                    POSTED ON THURSDAY, 17 FEBRUARY 2022 12:30

                                                    At Singapore Air Show which takes place from 15 to 18 February 2022, the company ST Engineering from Singapore demonstrates new development of its Terrex 8x8 armored vehicle that serves as a launchpad for unmanned aerial vehicles and robots.



                                                    ST Engineering Terrex 8x8 armored vehicle at Singapore Airshow 2022. (Picture source The Strait Times of Singapore)

                                                    The Terrex is a family of 8x8 armored vehicles fully designed, developed, and manufactured by the Defense Company ST Engineering based in Singapore. The Terrex 3 is the latest member in the Terrex family. A scale model of the vehicle was unveiled during the edition 2016 of Eurosatory International Defense Exhibition in Paris, France and it was shown for the first time during the DVD event in September 2016.

                                                    Built upon the successful Terrex 1 and Terrex 2 IFVs, Terrex 3 is a heavier variant with a higher payload and enhanced protection and was designed to meet the stringent operational requirements and experience gained on modern battlefields.

                                                    Errmmm NO! It was upgraded to meet LAND 400 needs.........and failed to get short-listed.

                                                    At Singapore Airshow 2020, ST Engineering demonstrates the integration of aerial and land drones on the Terrex 2. The Terrex combines hybrid electric drive and standard combustion engine offering the advantages to recharge the battery packs and all-electric components of the vehicle as well as drones mainly powered by battery packs.

                                                    Today, many defense companies have developed combat armored vehicles with the capability to integrate drones as UGV (Unmanned Ground Vehicles) or UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) both can be used to conduct reconnaissance missions.

                                                    Specifically, the aerial drone can increase military capabilities on the modern battlefield providing information about potential targets and increasing shooting capability while the UGV can be used to detect and destroy targets or conduct road reconnaissance missions to identify suspicious objects as mines or IEDs (Improvised Explosive Devices)

                                                    Both aerial and ground drones can be controlled from inside of the vehicle and under armor protection. The aerial drone can conduct operational missions day and night, with autonomous landing and takeoff ability.

                                                    Comment


                                                    • unicorn11
                                                      unicorn11 commented
                                                      Editing a comment
                                                      Sssh, this was written by someone who doesn't want to piss on the SG government and lose his access.

                                                  • TNI Indonesian army receives Ranpur Badak 6x6 Fire Support Vehicles

                                                    POSTED ON MONDAY, 21 FEBRUARY 2022 15:05


                                                    On January 27, 2022, the Indonesian army (TNI), received seven 6x6 Rhino Ranpur Fire Support Vehicles delivered by PT Pindad, on top of 26 units of Anoa 6x6 (APC & Komando), and 10 units of Komodo 4x4 tactical vehicles (APC). Two of the Ranpur Badak FSVs assigned to the Kikav 8/KSC/2 Kostrad unit.have immediately been submitted to a complete inspection in view of ensuring they can properly carry on their tasks.



                                                    On January 27, 2022, the Indonesian army (TNI), received seven 6x6 Rhino Ranpur Fire Support Vehicles delivered by PT Pindad, on top of 26 units of Anoa 6x6 (APC & Komando), and 10 units of Komodo 4x4 tactical vehicles (APC) (Picture source: PT Pindad)

                                                    Badak/Ranpur is a fire support vehicle (FSV) produced by PT Pindad in collaboration with the Belgian company CMI Defence. The Ranpur was intended to meet the requirements of the Indonesian Army. It was first showcased at the IndoDefence 2014 exhibition held in Jakarta. PT Pindad signed a memorandum of understanding or MoU with CMI in September 2014. The MoU ailed at developing the Cockerill turret system with a variety of weapons ranging from 25mm to 105mm calibers for this new combat vehicle.

                                                    .Badak is a new variant of the Ranpur 6x6 PT Pindad family which was made based on the needs of the TNI, especially cavalry units. This vehicle has a weight of 16.5 tons, is armed with a Cockerill CSE 90 LP (90 mm) gun and a 7.62 mm machine gun, and is operated by 3 personnel. The 340 HP turbodiesel diesel engine equipped is capable of bringing this armored vehicle at a top speed of 80 km/h with a cruising range of 600 km. The armored hull of the Rhino offers level 3 protection.

                                                    The Badak FSV incorporates a welded monocoque steel hull based on the modified chassis of the Anoa 6x6 armored personnel carrier (APC).

                                                    Comment


                                                    • WDS 2022: EDGE Al-Jasoor unveils ambulance variant of Rabdan 8x8 armored vehicle

                                                      POSTED ON MONDAY, 07 MARCH 2022 09:11

                                                      UAE-based company EDGE entity AL JASOOR, the UAE’s armored vehicle specialist, unveils a new variant of its Rabdan 8x8 infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) – the Rabdan ambulance – on the first day of the World Defense Show held in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The new configuration is uniquely designed to provide off-road mobility and mine-resistant, ambush protected (MRAP)-level protection to military medics on ambulatory missions in high-threat environments.


                                                      EDGE Al-Jasoor unveils an ambulance variant of the Rabdan 8x8 armored vehicle at World Defense Show 2022, Saudi Arabia. (Picture source Army Recognition)

                                                      Dr. Jasem Al Zaabi, Acting CEO, AL JASOOR, said: “The Rabdan ambulance vehicle combines best-in-class off-road mobility with a life-saving crew protection system for urgent medical care in landscapes that are too rugged for regular ambulances. Like the Rabdan 8x8, its innovative design protects passengers on operations in high-risk environments.

                                                      Featuring high commonality with the Rabdan 8x8 platform, the ambulance variant drives down cost for our clients, meets modern warfare requirements, and optimizes value for all operational requirements.”

                                                      The Rabdan 8x8 ambulance provides urgent evacuation capabilities while shielding patients and medics with optimal protection against enemy fire, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and other battlefield threats. An impressive powerpack and military-grade driveline mean that this vehicle can keep up with forward formations, even in the harshest terrain.

                                                      Alongside a design that protects crew and patients from the deadliest threats, the Rabdan ambulance features an elevated roof and a large internal volume configured with extensive medical equipment. With room for medics to manoeuvre, the vehicle has a carrying capacity of up to nine personnel, including medics and patients.

                                                      AL JASOOR is part of the Platforms and Systems cluster at EDGE, an advanced technology company that ranks among the top 25 military suppliers in the world.

                                                      Comment


                                                      • GDELS and RomArm sign agreement for local production of Piranha 5 armored vehicles in Romania

                                                        POSTED ON THURSDAY, 17 MARCH 2022 10:28

                                                        On March 15th, General Dynamics European Land Systems` local company GDELS-Romania (GDELS-RO) signed an agreement for the creation of an industrial consortium with its strategic Romanian partner, C.N. RomArm Uzina Mecanica Bucuresti (UMB), which marks a key milestone for the establishment of a national production capability for wheeled armored vehicles in Romania.



                                                        The signing ceremony took place in the newly established vehicle production facility at UMB in Bucharest. The event was attended by the Prime Minister of Romania, Nicolae Ciuca, the Minister of National Defence, Vasile Dancu, the Minister of Economy, Florin Spătaru, as well as the United States Charge D’ Affairs to Romania, David Muniz and GDELS President, Alfonso Ramonet. (Picture source: GDELS-RO)

                                                        The signing ceremony took place in the newly established vehicle production facility at UMB in Bucharest. The event was attended by the Prime Minister of Romania, Nicolae Ciuca, the Minister of National Defence, Vasile Dancu, the Minister of Economy, Florin Spătaru, as well as the United States Charge D’ Affairs to Romania, David Muniz and GDELS President, Alfonso Ramonet.

                                                        In January 2018, and as part of the Romanian Army’s plans to modernize its legacy wheeled armored vehicle fleet, GDELS signed a contract with the Romanian Ministry of Defence to deliver up to 227 Piranha 5 wheeled armored vehicles in six different configurations. With production progressing as planned, over 60 locally produced Piranha 5 vehicles have been delivered by GDELS to the Romanian Army since the program was launched. The signature of an industrial consortium between GDELS-RO and UMB will bring this strategic cooperation between General Dynamics and Romania to the next level and is intended to assure the security of the supply of Piranha 5 armored vehicles in the country.

                                                        "This consortium agreement between our companies represents a key element of our national security and makes the Piranha 5 program one of the best examples on how to bring advanced vehicle technology to our country”, stated Mihai Rafiu, Managing Director of UMB.

                                                        ”This strategic partnership and cooperation on our Piranha 5, one of the most advanced 8x8 wheeled armored vehicles in the world, demonstrates the clear and strong commitment of General Dynamics European Land Systems to become the leading and most reliable land systems supplier in Romania and for the Romanian Army”, added Marinica Mirzu, Managing Director of GDELS-Romania.


                                                        At BSDA 2018 defense exhibition in Bucharest, GDELS unveiled its Piranha 5 with Romanian components (Picture source: Army Recognition)

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                                                        • First 8×8 Dragon WCV with anti-RPG hybrid armor went into production

                                                          By TOC On Mar 17, 2022

                                                          MADRID, ($1=0.90 Euros) — The first barge of the 8×8 Dragon wheeled combat vehicle [WCV or VCR in Spanish] is now at the Santa Barbara Sistemas factory in Alcala de Guadaira [Seville] to continue its manufacturing process, learned BulgarianMilitary.com, citing InfoDefensa.com.


                                                          Photo credit: InfoDefensa
                                                          In these facilities, it will take place, specifically, the assembly of the systems. The barge comes from the factory in Trubia [Asturias] where welding, machining, painting, and final inspection work has been carried out. The 8×8 Dragon VCR program of the Ministry of Defense contemplates the delivery throughout the second half of this year of the first seven vehicles of a total of 349 to modernize the Army’s armored fleet.

                                                          In mid-December, the SBS Trubia facility began production of the vehicles. Tess Defence made up of Santa Barbara Sistemas, Indra, Sapa Placencia, and Escribano is responsible for supplying a batch of 349 8×8 VCRs for a total amount of 2.1B euros. The forecast is that the first deliveries will take place in the second half of this year.

                                                          Hybrid Slat Fence armor



                                                          The Israeli company Plasan will provide an advanced armor package for the new wheeled combat vehicle Dragon 8×8 [WCV or VCR in Spanish] to the Spanish army, as we reported in February.

                                                          The company has announced a contract with Tess Defense, the company that runs the program, to supply a modular and light anti-missile and an anti-grenade system called Hybrid Slat Fence [HSF], and will also provide armor with a mine protection solution and an improvised explosive device [IED] for the lower and side parts of the vehicle, with the corresponding energy-absorbing seats for soldiers. Hybrid SlatFence [HSF] is a lightweight flexible composite bar armour that uses unique technology to protect against even the newest RPGs, which feature an insulation layer between the cones.

                                                          Plasan solutions not only protect the vehicle and the teams that equip it, but also ensure optimized survival of the crew members by forming several layers of protection. The Israeli company protects the lower body by absorbing the energy of the explosion and stopping fragments of high-speed ammunition, including protection from floating floors and belly deflectors.

                                                          The floating floor is a solution attached to the walls of the vehicle that minimizes damage and injury by isolating the crew’s feet from the floor of the vehicle, forming a buffer against the explosive impact.

                                                          Cooperation between the Spanish army and Tess

                                                          Tess Defense, created in mid-2020 for this program, aspires to become a benchmark in the land segment of the Spanish defense industry, to lead other Army programs in the long term, and to be present in international projects.


                                                          Photo credit: Defense Express

                                                          The Army and Tess have already set up the support office for the life cycle of the 8×8 VCR in parallel, as reported by Infodefensa.com. This entity will play a key role in the maintenance of the armor. It should not be forgotten that the cost of the program rises to 3,8B euros if one takes into account, in addition to the purchase, maintenance, according to estimates.

                                                          At the end of January, the Army presented in London the mobility, protection, liaison, and combat power capabilities of its new VCR 8×8 in a few days.

                                                          This vehicle will be the backbone of Force 35, an ambitious project that works on the design of the future brigade.

                                                          Comment


                                                          • Patria vehicle scores highest in Slovak armored-vehicle acquisition race

                                                            By Jaroslaw Adamowski

                                                            Mar 23, 03:54 AM

                                                            A new version of the Finnish Patria 8x8 Armored Modular Vehicle, pictured in 2005, has won a key evaluation in Slovakia's quest for new rides, the country's defense minister announced in March 2022. (Michal Cizek/AFP/Getty Images)


                                                            WARSAW, Poland — Slovak Defense Minister Jaroslav Naď has announced Patria’s AMVXP armored vehicle obtained the highest score in the tender to modernize the country’s outdated fleet dominated by Soviet-designed machines.

                                                            “The Finnish government’s offer of Patria AMVXP was evaluated by the project’s expert team as the best of the five submitted offers (The Czech Republic, Finland, Romania, Spain, and the US),” Naď wrote in a Facebook post.

                                                            Naď said that the program’s feasibility study had been submitted to the Value for Money Department of the Slovak Ministry of Finance. The unit evaluates the government’s planned purchases with regards to their economic efficiency.

                                                            “We will reveal more information soon,” the minister said.

                                                            Under the program, Slovakia is to acquire at least 76 armored vehicles. Bratislava plans to spend about €332.2 million (US$366.3 million) on new eight-wheel-drive vehicles, according to the feasibility study.

                                                            The minister did not disclose the entities that submitted their offers. However, local media report the pitched vehicles included the Pandur II, Piranha V, and Dragón vehicles offered by General Dynamics European Land Systems and its partners from the Czech Republic, Romania, and Slovakia, respectively, and the Stryker, put forward by General Dynamics Land Systems.

                                                            Meanwhile, the Slovak ministry is also planning to purchase some 156 tracked infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs) for the country’s military under a deal estimated to be worth €1.739 billion, with a recommendation on the selected vehicle expected by the end of June.

                                                            Comment


                                                            • CaptainCleanoff
                                                              CaptainCleanoff commented
                                                              Editing a comment
                                                              But they don't exactly share a border either, and there are vastly more Patria AMV's in service than Boxers. I'd also say that considering the announcement was made in Poland, they might well be built there - and the Rosomak factory that produces the KTO Rosomak for Poland is under 100km from the Slovakia border. It's a good bet this choice was hamstrung by economic factors as much as anything. Given the submitted offers in the program, the AMV was really the best choice, and not a bad one either really. But eh, I'm just guessing here.

                                                            • Bug2
                                                              Bug2 commented
                                                              Editing a comment
                                                              IF you look at the vehicles offered, AMV XP is the standout by far, in my opinion.

                                                              Pandur II is a fine vehicle BUT not really all that heavily protected, and it's price reflects this. Piranha V is damn fine, but I'd be surprised if it's price is lower than AMV XP, Dragon I don't know much about but neither does anyone else, which tells me to not bother. Stryker is past it's sell-by date, if not it's use-by date, even with all the Block 2 changes they did, V-hull, etc..........

                                                              When it comes to numbers, you need to consider that neither the British Army, nor the Australian Army are finished ordering more vehicles................the Brits have a stated need for at least 2,500+ Boxers, they have 500+ on order/being built, and if AJAX gets cancelled, then I'd expect some immediate Boxer orders in compensation, I expect an additional 1,000 - 1,500 Boxers.

                                                              I'd also consider LYNX AFV for the Brits, but it all depends what the Ukraine experiences end up leading to?

                                                              Using a vehicle like AJAX for Recon, is a dead duck task in my opinion, better they have a heavily armed Boxer with VLS Loitering munitions and various UAV's, tethered and not.

                                                            • ADMk2
                                                              ADMk2 commented
                                                              Editing a comment
                                                              Yep, I have been thinking for a while now that Hanwha will win the Ph.3 IFV and Rheinmettall will receive a consolation prize of additional Boxer CRV’s.

                                                              With ASLAV we had a 2 phase order with 115 vehicles initially ordered followed by 144 in a phase 2 acquisition. I can see a follow-one order of 80 - 100 vehicles beyond the 211 already contracted for Boxer similarly, as I think we’ll be seeing a further expansion of our ground combat capabilities in the not too distant future…

                                                          • Alcon enters series production with Patria 6x6 braking solution

                                                            POSTED ON THURSDAY, 24 MARCH 2022 10:01

                                                            Alcon Components Ltd, a UK-based brake and clutch company, has entered series production with the high-performance bespoke braking solution being provided to the Patria 6x6 all-terrain armoured wheeled vehicle. Patria’s 6x6 platform had been selected to be part of a joint programme to develop sustained mobility enhancements for the Finnish and Latvian armies. There are also a number of other global programmes considering the Patria 6x6.



                                                            Patria 6x6 (Picture source: Patria)

                                                            Following an initial development programme, in 2018 Alcon was announced as the principal supplier of braking components for all Patria’s heavy armoured vehicle range including the Patria 6x6. Since then, Alcon has continued to work closely with Patria to determine the demanding requirements aligned to vehicle specification, usage profiles, and operating environment; developing a bespoke braking system that matched the needs of these high-performance protected mobility defence vehicles.

                                                            With the exceptional performance of Patria’s wheeled vehicle range creating conditions close to that of a rally car, in terms of disc and pad temperature cycling, Alcon has been able to draw on its pedigree of providing braking solutions for the top echelons of motorsport to develop exclusive caliper and disc mounting concepts for Patria; a fusion of those seen on heavy commercial vehicles and high-performance motorsport.


                                                            Series production at Alcon for this type of product programme involves the establishment of a specifically designed production line that is delivering 25 caliper and disc wheel sets per month in line with increasing demand for the Patria vehicle. (Picture source: Alcon)

                                                            Series production at Alcon for this type of product programme involves the establishment of a specifically designed production line that is delivering 25 caliper and disc wheel sets per month in line with increasing demand for the Patria vehicle. Production capacity can also be increased to deliver larger numbers, as required. With embedded and approved quality practices and procedures in place, Alcon ensures all aspects of the delivery comply with the customer’s exacting requirements. The establishment of this specific volume production capability will enable Alcon to match current and future demand for new vehicle production as well as meet volume spares support requirements for the next 15+ years, as the vehicle transits through the full life cycle.

                                                            The Patria 6×6’seliability is underlined by the multitude of commercial components used in the vehicle. Commercial components, long life span and easy maintenance make the vehicle extremely cost-efficient; ideally matching the Finnish-Latvian programme’s aim to develop a common armoured wheeled vehicle system with enhanced mobility, cost-efficiency, interoperability and security of supply.

                                                            Mr. MikkoKarppinen, Senior Vice President, Mission Capability, at Patria said: “We knew that our new 6×6 vehicle’s performance and mission profile would demand a high-quality braking solution. Alcon was selected for this task due to their pedigree in motorsport and heavy-duty commercial braking system expertise. The bespoke system for the Patria 6x6 has not disappointed and we knew we could rely on Alcon’s support and superior performance. It is fantastic to see our supply chain entering series production in this way”.

                                                            Jonathan Edwards, Group Sales Director at Alcon said: “Alcon’s selection to provide the bespoke braking system for Patria 6x6 reinforced our strategy to be the braking system provider of choice in global defence markets. It has taken years of hard work, innovative engineering and rigorous testing to meet the exacting requirements for this programme, and we are now very pleased to enter series production.”

                                                            Comment


                                                            • Indian police first to receive Tata Kestrel WhAP 8x8 armoured vehicles

                                                              POSTED ON WEDNESDAY, 30 MARCH 2022 16:10

                                                              According to The Defence Aviation Post, Tata has begun delivering the first batch of WhAP (Kestrel) 8x8 armored vehicles to the Central Reserve Police Force, which is most likely the ITBP. Tata and DRDO jointly built WhAP (Wheeled Armored Amphibious Platform) Kestrel armoured vehicle roll out from TATA Pimpri, Pune Plant.



                                                              Tata WhAPP/Kestrel demonstrated during DefExpo India 2018 (Picture source: Army Recognition)

                                                              Tata’s factory produces a total of three WhAP. The new vehicle appears to be for the ITBP (Indo-Tibetan Border Police) and could be used in the Ladakh region based on the camo, The Defence Aviation Post writes, as the vehicle is currently being tested for high-altitude operation in Eastern Ladakh.

                                                              The new vehicle has Casspir MPV firing ports, as well as an armoured driver’s station. Remote weapon system with a small calibre. However, these Kestrels don’t have waterjets for amphibious operations, which might indicate that this might be a COIN (counter-insurgency) variant.

                                                              Tata, DRDO, and UK-based company Supacat collaborated on the Kestrel, which was unveiled at DefExpo 2014. At DefExpo 2016 and 2018, it was seen with a BMP-2 turret, and it was renamed WhAP (Wheeled Armored Platform)

                                                              The Cummins ISX 600 engine produces 600 horsepower and 1250 pound-feet of torque and has a 10 lakh-kilometer reliability rating, as well as a variable geometry turbocharger and a Euro-III rating.The vehicle has a top speed of 100 km/h and a range of 500 km. The Tata Kestrel/WhAp also has an amphibious drive mode, which allows it to cross streams at up to 10kph using onboard water jets.

                                                              The Kestrel weighs 25 tonnes and measures 7.80 metres (25.59 feet) in length, 2.95 metres (9.28 feet) in width, and 2.28 metres (7.48 feet) in height. The body is composed of high-strength steel, with composites and additional armour plates are available. Because most land mines will be discovered on the vehicle’s path, the blast force will be greatest on the floor, the seats are linked to the roof for blast protection. The Kestrel/WhAp has a seating capacity of 12 passengers, including the driver and vehicle commander. Back-to-back seating is provided, with three gun ports and vision blocks for firing on each side, as well as two hatches for patrolling. Hydraulics operate the single rear-opening door.

                                                              The two front wheels are steerable, and all eight wheels are run-flats that can be inflated and deflated centrally. The tyres and wheels won’t need to be replaced for at least 10,000 kilometres of all-terrain usage. The suspension is a hydropneumatic double-wishbone configuration, with the hydropneumatic damper providing compression-rebound and the double-wishbone arrangement providing travel (up and down motion whenever it strikes a bump), which is popular in many large off-road vehicles.

                                                              The Kestrel/WhAp has all of the life-support equipment needed to operate in an NBC environment, including filtration systems, cabin pressurisation, and automatic climate control, all of which are standard features on today’s armoured platforms.

                                                              The main armament is a Kongsberg 30-mm cannon with a remote control system, but it could be modified to a homemade BHEL-DRDO system used on other weapons systems fairly soon. The gun can fire armour-piercing incendiary (API), high-explosive incendiary (HEI), and armor-piercing fin-stabilized discarding sabot tracer (APFSDS-T) rounds with a 30-mm calibre. It has a 3,000-meter effective range. A 40-mm grenade launcher can be used as secondary weaponry. anti-tank missiles or a 12.7mm machine gun.

                                                              The WhAP can be armed with a 30 mm 2A42 main gun, a Kalashnikov PKT 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun, and a roof-mounted launcher for the AT-4 Spigot anti-tank missile system thanks to the usage of a BMP-2 turret.

                                                              As it is also capable of firing on the move, Tatra Kestrel deserves to be on the shopping list of the Indian Army.


                                                              Tata WhAPP/Kestrel (Picture source: Tata)

                                                              Comment


                                                              • unicorn11
                                                                unicorn11 commented
                                                                Editing a comment
                                                                Paint it white with blue checker stripes and disco lights on top, perfect for cops everywhere.

                                                              • Bug2
                                                                Bug2 commented
                                                                Editing a comment
                                                                Yeah, it sure is fugly.............

                                                            • Nexter and Hellenic Defence Systems to modernize Greek Army infantry fighting vehicles fleet

                                                              POSTED ON TUESDAY, 05 APRIL 2022 11:59

                                                              Nexter has signed a strategic partnership with Hellenic Defence Systems (HDS) to meet the Greek Army's requirement for modernized infantry fighting vehicles with the Philoctetes. By joining forces with HDS, a state-owned company specializing in the design, development and production of weapon and missile systems, and ammunition, Nexter is offering a combat system that meets the highest quality standards and whose success will benefit the Greek industry.



                                                              VBCI Philoctetes armed with a remotely operated 40mm CT (cased telescoped) turret from CTA and a medium-range missile launcher (MMP) from MBDA (Picture source: Army Recognition)

                                                              Named Philoctetes in reference to the mythological hero of the Trojan War, this infantry combat system is a VBCI MkII, in its infantry combat vehicle version, equipped with a T40 turret. A benchmark in its field, the VBCI is an 8x8, 32-tonne vehicle that is highly modular thanks to its various versions (armored personnel carrier, command post, 120mm mortar, medevac and vehicle recovery), capable of carrying a 13-tonne payload and engaged in all the French army's major operation theatres. During these engagements, Nexter has received important feedback and unanimous opinions from the soldiers who have gone into combat under the optimal protection of its armored body. Philoctetes has a reinforced motorization thanks to a new 600hp engine, which ensures very high tactical, strategic and operational mobility.

                                                              In addition to these qualities, the firepower of the T40 turret can be added. The turret is remotely operated and equipped with a 40mm CTA gun and an MBDA medium-range missile launcher (MMP). The 40 CTA, which already arms the French Army's Jaguar EBRC turret, fires the various 40mm telescoped munitions that represent the future of medium-caliber munitions: high explosive, airburst, and arrow shells capable of piercing up to 140mm of armored steel. As a result, the latest generation weaponry of the T40 turret offers the Philoctetes a response capacity to all modern land-based threats on the battlefield.

                                                              Comment


                                                              • Japan to induct 230 Type 16 manoeuvre combat vehicles

                                                                05 APRIL 2022

                                                                by Parth Shukla


                                                                The Japan Ground Self-Defense Force plans to induct approximately 230 Type 16 manoeuvre combat vehicles. (Japan Ground Self-Defense Force)

                                                                The Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) plans to induct approximately 230 Type 16 manoeuvre combat vehicles (MCVs), Japan's Ministry of Defense (MoD) told Janes on 1 April.

                                                                According to the MoD's Defense Programs and Budget of Japan 2022 document, the MoD plans to acquire 33 Type 16 MCVs for JPY23.4 billion (USD190.9 million) in 2022.

                                                                Under the fiscal year (FY) 2021 budgetary document, the MoD plans to induct 22 Type 16s worth JPY15.8 billion, and under the FY 2020 budgetary document, the JGSDF will induct 33 Type 16 MCVs worth JPY27.3 billion.

                                                                An MoD spokesperson told Janes that the JGSDF inducted 14 of the 33 Type 16 MCVs procured under the 2020 budgetary document.

                                                                However, the spokesperson did not disclose the total number of Type 16s in operation with the JGSDF.

                                                                Comment


                                                                • ARHmk3
                                                                  ARHmk3 commented
                                                                  Editing a comment
                                                                  Now lets pay attention to just how much closer Japan is to China, the heightened threat they face, and the type of armour they go for to counter said threat.

                                                                  C.O. Wikipedia...

                                                                  The Type 16 maneuver combat vehicle (MCV) equips designated combat units. Due to its light weight and small size, it is designed for easy deployment (by aircraft if needed) allowing rapid movement on narrow roads and in built-up areas in response to various contingencies. Despite its small size and light armor, it can successfully attack much larger armored fighting vehicles as well as personnel, using its large caliber gun.
                                                                  The MCV was part of a new armored vehicle strategy that prioritized light air-transportable firepower. Originally the number of main battle tanks was to be reduced from 760 to 390, with most remaining tanks to be concentrated on the main Japanese islands of Hokkaido and Kyushu. Some 200–300 MCVs were to be procured and these would be airlifted to islands when and where they were needed. The idea was that the smaller, lighter, and faster MCV could be redeployed quicker than tanks to better defend the outlying islands. This represented a shift in Japanese armored vehicle structure from one designed to repel a Soviet invasion from the north to a more mobile force aimed at possibly defending against a Chinese invasion of the southern island chain.

                                                              • Sweden joins Common Armoured Vehicle System programme

                                                                07 APRIL 2022

                                                                by Nicholas Fiorenza


                                                                The FMV has signed a technical agreement with Estonia, Finland, and Latvia to jointly develop a new APC under the Finnish-led CAVS programme. (Försvarsmakten )

                                                                The Swedish Defence Materiel Administration (FMV) has signed a technical agreement with Estonia,Finland, and Latvia to jointly develop a new 6×6 armoured personnel carrier (APC) under the Finnish-led Common Armoured Vehicle System (CAVS) programme, the Försvarsmakten (Swedish Armed Forces) announced on its website on 4 April.

                                                                FMV Project Manager Håkan Larsson said, “The countries have agreed on a technical basis for the new armoured vehicles. They should be robust, easy to maintain, and be as similar as possible between the countries.” He explained that the new vehicle would combine the robustness of the Patria XA-203 6×6 armoured vehicle with some newer technology from the XA-360 8×8 vehicle, citing as an example an independent suspension that will make it more comfortable to ride.

                                                                CAVS countries will use common components for the vehicles, increasing interoperability and reducing life cycle costs, according to the Försvarsmakten, which added that there would be some differences in weapons and management systems used by the co-operation partners.

                                                                Comment


                                                                • Israel retires M113, EITAN comes – 7.62 MG, 30mm gun, Spike ATGM

                                                                  By TOC On Apr 11, 2022

                                                                  JERUSALEM, ($1=3.22 Israeli Shekels) — EITAN is an 8 x 8 wheeled armored vehicle developed by the Israeli Ministry of Defense in collaboration with IMI [Israel Military Industries], now owned by Elbit Systems. Together with Namer, they form the new twin of the Israeli army’s armored vehicles, which will gradually replace the old and obsolete M-113, learned BulgarianMilitary.com, citing DefenceReview.gr.


                                                                  Photo credit: The Times of IsraelEITAN was first introduced in August 2016 and its design philosophy is the same as Namer’s – dominating the field by minimizing losses through the use of technologically advanced home development and manufacturing systems. The deployment of EITAN was decided after Operation Protective Edge in Gaza on July 8 – August 26, 2014.

                                                                  In 2014, Namer was used for the first time in Gaza with very positive results. Unlike the Namer, which is based on the Merkava Mk.IV chariot, the EITAN is a brand new vehicle with a focus on modular design for multiple missions [although it shares systems with both the Namer and the Merkava Mk. IV]. EITAN’s design focuses on agility, survival, and firepower.

                                                                  Not coincidentally, along with Namer, they are considered one of the heaviest armored vehicles in the world. EITAN has been in production since 2020, but the pace of production is quite slow due to limited funds available [in 2019, the active self-defense system Iron Fist Light Decoupled was chosen]. According to Israeli press reports, the price of EITAN is $ 3 million, but it is unclear whether the price includes maintenance and ammunition for the vehicle.


                                                                  Photo credit: YouTube

                                                                  Design and armament

                                                                  The two main versions of the EITAN are that of the Armored Machine [TOMP], with a 12.7 mm remote control tower with a 7.62 mm machine gun, and the Armored Fighting Machine [TOMA] with Rafael Samson All-In-One Battle Tower. The Samson All-In-One may also include an Active Trophy self-defense system [alternative to Iron Fist Light Decoupled], a 30- or 40-mm cannon, a 7.62-mm machine gun, and a two-barrel Spike-LR1 / LR2 anti-tank missile system [with a maximum range of 4 and 5.5 km, respectively].

                                                                  EITAN’s design follows the design philosophy of modern armored vehicles, ie. the driver and engine compartments are located in the front arch, followed by the valve compartment [turret] and then the passenger car compartment.


                                                                  Photo credit: Wikipedia

                                                                  EITAN’s combat weight is 35 tons, its length is about eight meters, width between 2.8-3 meters, and height between 2.5-3 meters. It can carry 12 people, including three crew members [driver, machine gunner, crew commander] and nine transferred infantry crew. In addition to the factory shield, the EITAN can be enhanced with an additional screen and protective aprons for the wheels. The floor protects the vehicle and personnel from mines and improvised explosive devices up to 10 kg of TNT.

                                                                  Engine, drive, speed

                                                                  It also includes an integrated protection system against radiological, biological, chemical, and climatic systems. The infantry team enters/exits the vehicle from behind, a hydraulically controlled, ramp. EITAN includes a German MTU engine with a maximum power of 750 hp. Achieves a maximum speed of 90 kilometers per hour [on the road] and maximum mileage of 1000 kilometers.

                                                                  The vehicle’s tires include an airless propulsion system for emergency use. In this case, the vehicle can travel up to 16 km at speeds below 50 km / h. EITAN is not an amphibian. It can move on the ground with a vertical slope of 60% or on the ground with a lateral slope of 30%. Overcomes a vertical obstacle with a height of 80 cm, a trench two meters wide, and a water catchment with a depth of 1.2 meters.

                                                                  Observation and surveillnace


                                                                  Photo credit: Flicr

                                                                  Overall, the EITAN has more interior space than the M-113, while the staff and crew have 10 external cameras that provide 360 ​​° coverage throughout the arc and contribute catalytically to its awareness. In this way, the infantry group is fully aware of the situation around the vehicle before getting out of the vehicle. Inside, the crew and staff are completely protected from bullets up to 30 mm caliber.

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