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  • Finland upgrades CV90 fleet, extending capabilities into the 2030s

    Örnsköldsvik, Sweden, July 27, 2021 — BAE Systems has signed a contract with Finland to upgrade the Finnish Army’s fleet of CV90s. The agreement, worth up to $32 million USD with options, includes a mid-life extension program to increase the vehicles’ combat efficiency for the future battlefield.

    The CV9030FIN prototype and test series vehicles will be upgraded first, with the remaining lifecycle upgrades carried out between 2022-2026. As part of the contract, BAE Systems Hägglunds, the original manufacturer of the CV90, will work closely with Finnish industry to upgrade the general availability and maintainability of the vehicle, further develop in-service safety, and enhance the system’s technology and software.

    “The upgrade program will secure the capability of the vehicles into the 2030s. At the same time, it will make it possible to eventually have a more extensive mid-life upgrade performed on the vehicles during the latter part of their lifecycle,” said Colonel Rainer Peltoniemi, Inspector of the Infantry for the Finnish Army.

    Finland is the latest in a series of CV90 customers to significantly re-invest in the combat-proven Infantry Fighting Vehicle platform. Four of seven nations in the CV90 User Club have recently signed contracts to extend the lifecycle of their fleets and enhance their vehicles’ capabilities. Sweden, Switzerland and, the Netherlands signed mid-life upgrade agreements, while the Norwegian Army recently completed a fleet upgrade and ordered 20 additional CV90s to increase the combat power of its existing fleet.

    “We are looking forward to further supporting Finland with its latest program and deepening our relationships with local industry,” said Tommy Gustafsson-Rask, managing director of BAE Systems Hägglunds. “Our customers’ continued commitment to the platform benefits all current and future CV90 users, as each nation shares their experiences and innovations which help keep the vehicle modern, advanced, and affordable for years to come.”

    Finland is one of seven users operating the CV90. The other six are: Denmark, Estonia, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and the Netherlands. With close to 1,300 CV90s of numerous variants in service, the vehicle has a combat-proven track record and is designed to accommodate future growth to meet evolving missions.

    Photo courtesy BAE Systems


    • First M1A2K Abrams MBT delivered to Kuwait Army

      POSTED ON FRIDAY, 30 JULY 2021 11:47
      On its Twitter account echoed by Sam Cranny, the Kuwait Armed Armed Forces GHQ published on July 29 a picture of the M1A2K Abrams, a recapitalized variant of this MBT for Kuwait. Note the anti-sniper MG on the main barrel and CROWS on the turret front. Other changes include mission system upgrades and a new armor package.

      First M1A2K Abrams delivered to the Kuwaiti army on July 29, 2021 (Picture source: Twitter account of Kuwait Army GHQ)

      On behalf of the Chief of the General Staff of the Army, a delegation from the Kuwaiti Land Force headed by the Assistant Commander of the Land Force, Brigadier General Abdullah Ali Al-Jaba’a, accompanied by a number of commanding officers, attended the official ceremony for the Kuwaiti army’s receipt of the first M1A2K tank in the U.S. The M1A2K will gradually replace the current fleet of 218 M1A2 Abrams delivered between 1994–97, as planned in 2017.

      Extensive improvements have been implemented to the latest M1A2C and D (formerly designated M1A2 System Enhancement Package version 3 or SEPv3 and M1A2 SEPv4, respectively) versions such as improved composite armor, better optics, digital systems and ammunition.[10] The Abrams was due to be replaced by the Future Combat Systems XM1202 but due to its cancellation, the U.S. military has opted to continue maintaining and operating the M1 series for the foreseeable future by upgrading with improved optics, armor and firepower.


      • Bumar from Poland delivers two more Leopard 2 PL main batte tanks to Polish Army

        POSTED ON SATURDAY, 31 JULY 2021 15:12

        According to a Tweet published by PGZ (Polish Armament Group) on July 30, 2021, Polish Company BUMAR has delivered two more Leopard 2PL Main Battle Tanks (MBTs) to the Polish Army. The Leopard 2 PL is a modernized variant of the German-made Leopard 2A4 MBT.

        Leopard 2PL Main Battle Tank for the Polish Army. (Picture source Twitter Polska Grupa Zbrojeniowa)

        The Leopard 2PL is a modernized version of the Leopard 2A4 Main Battle Tank (MBT) acquired by Poland in the 2000s. The modernization is currently being carried out in cooperation with the German company Rheinmetall and the Polish Armaments Group (PGZ) under the umbrella of Polish company BUMAR.

        The Leopard 2A4 was designed and manufactured by the German Company Krauss-Maffei Wegmann, as the successor of the main battle tank Leopard 1. The tank is armed with a 120 mm smoothbore gun which has been developed by Rheinmetall and fires two types of ammunition, APFSDS-T and HEAT-MP-T. . A 7.62mm coaxial machine gun is mounted to the left side of the main armament and one 7.62mm machine gun to the hatch of the loader.

        The Leopard 2A4 is motorized with an MTU MB 873 diesel engine, which provides 1,103 kW of engine output. It can run at a maximum road speed of 72 km/h with a maximum cruising range of 550 km.

        In May 2020, Army Recognition has published news to announce the first delivery of the Leopard 2PL to the Polish Army.

        The Leopard 2PL project aims to significantly improve the combat capabilities of the Leopard 2A4 tanks used so far in the Polish army, in terms of firepower, ballistic protection and situational awareness, as well as crew work comfort, with wide involvement of the national defense industry.

        Modernization to the 2PL standard includes, among others, replacement of the hydraulic stabilization system of the cannon and turret drive with electric ones, improvement of the Rh-120 L44 smoothbore gun, and its adaptation to new types of ammunition.

        The Leopard 2PL is also equipped with the installation of optoelectronic systems, including the KLW-1 Asteria III generation thermal imaging camera in the sight and sighting devices of the commander and gunner. Additional armor modules are mounted on the tank turret, the inside the vehicle has new fire and explosion protection systems. All tanks will also undergo service, mainly with the forces of the Polish Defense Industry, aimed at rebuilding the full efficiency of these machines.


        • Originally posted by mupp View Post
          The replacement for the German airborne Wiesel is moving ahead, a demonstrator was delivered last month.
          The actual prototype...I like it.


          • Germany launches the development of new airborne tracked armored vehicle

            POSTED ON WEDNESDAY, 04 AUGUST 2021 15:47
            On June 22, 2021, IABG (Industrieanlagen-Betriebsgesellschaft mbH) a German analysis and test engineering company based in Ottobrunn near Munich, commissioned by the Federal Office of Bundeswehr Equipment, Information Technology and In-Service Support (BAAINBw) of the German army, has presented a demonstrator for new light tracked armored vehicle for German airborne troops, under the program name of GSD LuWa.

            GSD LuWa demonstrator of light airborne tracked armored vehicle for the German army. (Picture source

            Under the program name of GSD LuWa, the German armed forces have requested a new light airborne vehicle to replace the family of Wiesel vehicles which was developed for the German Army to meet a requirement for an air-transportable light armored vehicle for use by its airborne troops. Between 1989 and 1992, the German Army took delivery of a total of 345 Wiesel 1 vehicles armed with a Raytheon Systems Company TOW ATGW launcher or a Rheinmetall 20 mm cannon.

            The development of the GSD LuWa vehicle will include different partners including ACS, IABG, FFG and Valhalla turret, and more.

            According to the first pictures published on Internet, the GSD LuWa is based on independent twin-tracks suspension, each including three road wheels and one return-roller. The roof of the vehicle seems to be fitted with an unmanned weapon station armed with one 30 mm cannon.

            The front of the hull is equipped with two large bullet-proof windows offering 180° view for the operators, as wells as one small window on each side of the hull.

            The GSD LuWa demonstrator is equipped with a Valhalla turret that can be armed with a 25mmx137 or 30mmx173 cannon. These types of cannon can fire a wide range of ammunition including the APFSDS-T round (Armor-Piercing Fin-Stabilized Discarding Sabot), a type of kinetic energy penetrator ammunition used to destroy armored vehicles. The weapon station is equipped with a state-of-the-art electro-optical sensor unit, allowing quick target acquisition and visual identification.


            • ASEAN Military Forum

              Wan · 7h ·

              The latest version of the Medium Tank Harimau Hitam/Kaplan MT

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                The KAPLAN MT medium tank – the only tank to have been exported by Turkey – will be on display at IDEF 2021 in Istanbul this week in its production variant, designer FNSS announced on 15 August.

                Having completed endurance and firing trials in Turkey and Indonesia, serial production of 18 vehicles for the Indonesian armed forces has commenced – the production contract was inked at IDEF 2019. The first ten tanks are to be built in Turkey, the remaining eight in Indonesia, following the successful completion of technology transfer between FNSS and PT Pindad and under the auspices of the defence industry cooperation agreements signed between the two nations.

                Once the production design was finalised, series production began in FNSS facilities with significant participation from PT Pindad engineers and operators from the Indonesian Army. The vehicles are due to be delivered to the Army by the end of this year.

                Mounting a Cockerill 3105 turret, the production variant of the KAPLAN MT will be on display at IDEF 2021 in Istanbul this week. (Photos: FNSS)

                Published: 16 August 2021


                • A Challenger 3 prototype.Work begins on Challenger upgrade programme

                  By George Allison

                  August 19, 2021

                  Work to prepare Challenger 2 tanks before the upgrade to ‘Challenger 3’ has started.

                  DE&S say that the British Army’s Challenger 2 fleet is due to receive a base overhaul as part of its standard in-service maintenance schedule.

                  “This will be followed by a series of automotive upgrades under a ‘Heavy Armour Automotive Improvement Programme’ (HAAIP) which ensures the British Army’s Challenger 2 vehicles remain highly effective and capable until Challenger 3 enters service. The HAAIP programme is being led by DE&S, with engineering work completed by Rheinmetall BAE Systems Land (RBSL) and integration work by Babcock.

                  Under the programme, a number of automotive upgrades will be made to existing in-service Challenger 2 tanks to increase their mobility and stability, both of which are critical to providing the foundation for the new turret and systems that will upgrade the vehicle to a Challenger 3. The upgrades will also ensure the tanks remain mobile and agile in the battlespace.”

                  Brigadier Anna-Lee Reilly, Head of the DE&S Vehicle Support Team, was quoted as saying:

                  “This is an exciting moment for Defence. We’ve been committed to keeping the Challenger 2 tanks in service over the past 23 years and we’re looking forward to using our expertise to manage the necessary upgrades to pave the way for the Challenger 3.”

                  As part of the base overhaul process, each Challenger 2 will be stripped to bare hulls and subjected to ultrasonic inspection, weld repair and repainting. Every component is removed and inspected for serviceability to ensure that the vehicle is as close to new as possible when it is rebuilt.

                  What upgrades will Britain’s ‘Challenger 3’ tanks get?

                  According to the British Army, the overhaul will include:
                  • a new 120mm smoothbore gun which uses the most advanced globally available ammunition
                  • a new suite of sights providing tank commanders with enhanced day and night targeting abilities
                  • new modular armour
                  • Trophy active protection system
                  • a turret that can be fitted to the tanks of allies and global partners

                  You can read more about the contract to upgrade the tanks here.


                  • IDEF 2021: Aselsan has developed M60TM modernized version of M60 tank with PULAT APS

                    POSTED ON TUESDAY, 24 AUGUST 2021 18:46

                    The Turkish Company Aselsan presents a new modernized version of the M60 Main Battle Tank, the M60TM, which is part of the FIRAT-M60T Project. At IDEF 2021, International Defense Exhibition in Turkey, the M-60TM was also fitted with the Active Protection System (APS) PULAT also developed by Aselsan.

                    Aselsan Firat M60TM modernized version of M60 main battle tanj fitted with PULAT APS Active Protection System. (Picture source Army Recognition)

                    The FIRAT Project was launched by the Turkish Defense Association to modernize the fleet of M60A3 in service with the Turkish army with the goal to increase protection of the tank against current anti-tank threats, as well as to provide new outstanding capabilities.

                    The M60TM integrates several new subsystems including a laser warning system, remote command weapon system, telescopic periscope system, position and orientation detection system, close distance surveillance system, tank driver vision system, protection primer, air conditioning system, the auxiliary current system. The modernized tank is also fitted with the Active Protection System (APS) Pulat.

                    The main armament of the M60TM consists of the MG253 120 mm gun developed by IMI (Israel Military Industries), now named IMI Systems. IMI has developed three versions of its MG251 120mm gun, including improved version MG251-LR and the MG253 which can fire all NATO 120mm ammunition as well as the LAHAT anti-tank guided missile (ATGM).

                    The roof of the M60TM is fitted with a remotely operated weapon station that can be armed with a 12.7mm heavy machine gun or 40mm Automatic Grenade Launchers (AGL). The rear part of the turret is also equipped with a Telescopic Periscope System (TEPES) mounted on a hydraulic mast offering secure surveillance and target acquisition capabilities while in the defilade position are gained.

                    The PULAT is an active protection system able to scan up to 180 degrees in azimuth and 35 degrees in elevation and capable to detect incoming threats up to 50 m and calculates its angle of approach. The PULAT consists of a control panel, a power distribution unit, and countermeasure modules. Six cylindrical countermeasure modules are mounted around the hull, with two on each of the sides, one at the front and one at the rear.

                    Citing Global Security website, when the cylindrical Counter Measure Munition is activated it neutralizes the threat using a dense cloud of fast-moving splinters (small fragments scatter around in the shape of a ring due to the cylindrical form of the munition). The fast-moving splinters directly shoot the warhead of the ATGM (Anti-Tank Guided Missile) constitute a threat. After a physical impact either the warhead on the threat is disabled or the formation of the gel effect (in the HEAT type warhead) is prevented.


                    • First T-64BM2 Bulat MBTs parade on Ukrainian Independence Day

                      POSTED ON WEDNESDAY, 25 AUGUST 2021 16:59

                      During the parade to celebrate the 30th Independence Day of Ukraine (24 August), the first four T-64BM2 main battle tanks belonging to the 92nd Mechanized Brigade were presented, Defence 24 reports. According to the representatives of the Kharkiv Tank Works, the entire company of T-64 tanks is currently being modernized to a new standard, which will be used for operational tests. The tanks received a new communication and positioning system, a thermal imaging sight and a 1,000hp engine.

                      Ukraine’s Independence Day parade 2021 saw the first four upgraded T-64BM2 tanks of the 92nd Mechanized Brigade parade in Kharkiv (Picture source:

                      After the dissolution of the USSR, Ukraine carried on the development of T-64 modernization, as the original and main factory was in this country. Two different upgrade packages were developed in 1999:
                      * T-64BM, with a 57DFM 850-hp (625 kW) engine, a new 1A43U fire control, a new 6ETs43 loader and the possibility to fire the 9M119 missile (NATO code "AT-11 Sniper").
                      * T-64U which integrated on top the 1A45 fire control (from the T-80U and T-84), PNK-4SU and TKN-4S optics for the tank commander and PZU-7 for the AA machine gun. The tank leader is then able to drive the tank and to use the gun directly if needed. Kontakt-5 Armor added few prototypes build.
                      The two variants are also protected by Kontakt-5 modular reactive armor, able to resist to kinetic energy projectiles, as opposed to the first models which were efficient only against HEAT shaped-charge ammunition. Those two variants could also be re-motorised with the 6TDF 1,000 hp (735 kW) engine.

                      T-64BM Bulat incorporates a Nizh (Knife) reactive armor that offers better performance dealing with tandem warheads than the Soviet Kontakt-5, a new Ukrainian-made 125mm KBA3 gun, a TO1-KO1ER night sight and capability of firing the Ukrainian Kombat [uk; ru] tandem-warhead anti-tank guided missile.

                      In 2010, the Kharkiv Malyshev Factory upgraded ten T-64B tanks (originally produced in Kharkiv in 1980) to T-64BM Bulat standard, and a further nineteen were delivered in 2011. These twenty-nine tanks are being upgraded under a $25.1Mn contract signed in April 2009. According to Malyshev Factory chief engineer Konstantin Isyak, the T-64BM Bulat is armoured to the level of modern tanks. It has Nizh (Knife) reactive armour, and Varta active protection system. The Bulat weighs 45 tonnes (44 long tons), and with its 850 hp (630 kW) 5TDFM multi-fuel diesel engine can travel at 70 km/h (43 mph), with a range of 385 km (239 mi). It retains the 125 mm smoothbore gun with an autoloader for 28 rounds, some of which can be guided missiles. It has a 12.7 mm AA machinegun, and a 7.62 mm coaxial machinegun. A 2019 refurbishing program upgraded the fire-control system to model 1A43U and uprated the engine.

                      And now, the T-64BM2

                      As recalled by Defence 24, the prototype of the T-64BM2 vehicle was created in a record time of six months in cooperation with companies belonging to the Ukroboronprom concern, mainly from Kharkiv. As emphasized by the representatives of the Kharkov Tank Works, the biggest challenge was the reconstruction of the rear part of the vehicle to replace the 850hp 5TDFM engine and its transmission with a more powerful 1,000hp 6TD-1 power unit. This significantly increases the driving dynamics, but also increases the unification of power units with the T-64BW Krab tanks, which will receive the same engine, and the Opłot-M2, which uses the power unit of the 6TD family with a capacity of 1,200hp. Ultimately, it is planned to use the 6TD engine on all variants of the T-64 tanks operated by the Ukrainian army.

                      Equally important, but less demanding, was the modernization of the fire control system, and above all the installation of the 1G46 sight, thanks to which the machine gained a thermal imaging option that allows for much more effective operation at night. At the same time, the T-64BM2 tank can use Kombat guided missiles fired from a 125 mm cannon. The vehicle also received modern Ukrainian communication, navigation and positioning systems, which significantly improves the possibilities of securing data exchange and managing the battlefield.

                      As emphasized by representatives of the armed forces of Ukraine and the Ukroboronprom group, the four vehicles presented during the parade on August 24, 2021 are part of a full company that is to be put into service soon. Thanks to this, the operation of all systems will be checked in the field, and the results of these tests will be related to the state tests that are currently underway. Works related to the modernization to the T-64BM2 standard will also be used in the Krab program, which aims to develop a basic vehicle based on the T-64BW.


                      • Army-2021: New version of BMP-3 tracked armored IFV fitted with Berezhok weapon station

                        POSTED ON THURSDAY, 26 AUGUST 2021 18:23

                        Russian defense industry unveils new version of BMP-3 tracked armored IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle) fitted with a Berezhok combat turret at Army-2021, International Technical Forum that takes place at the Patriotic Park near Moscow, Russia.

                        Russian tracked armored IFV Infantry Fighting Vehicle BMP-3 fitted with a Berezhok combat turret at Army-2021, (Picture source Army Recognition)

                        The BMP-3 is the latest generation of tracked armored IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle) in the BMP family. The vehicle entered into service with the Russian army in 1990. The BMP-3 was developed by Kurganmashzavod while the turret was designed by KBP Instrument Design Bureau.

                        The original BMP-3 is fitted with a two-man turret mounted in the center of the hull with the commander seated on the right and the gunner on the left. The turret is armed with one 100 mm 2A70 gun, a 30 mm 2A72 coaxial cannon, and a 7.62 mm PKT coaxial machine gun, all in a common mount. The armament is stabilized in two planes via the 2E52 electromechanical system.

                        The Berezhok combat weapon station mounted on BMP-3 IFV is armed with one 30 mm 2A42 main gun used on the BMP-2 IFV, a PKT 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun. The turret also includes two 9M133 Kornet-E anti-tank guided missile launchers mounted on each side of the turret and one AGS-30 30 mm automatic grenade launcher located on the roof. The Berezhok upgrade also includes a new fire-control system and optics.

                        According to our first analysis, the BMP-3 fitted with the Berezhok combat weapon station keeps the same hull and suspension. The vehicle has a crew of three including commander, gunner, and driver. A total of seven infantrymen can be carried, one either side of the driver with the remainder being seated to the sides and rear of the turret. The troop compartment is at the rear of the hull with entry via two doors in the hull rear opening left and right, with the left door having a firing port.

                        The BMP-3 IFV is powered by a UTD-29M 10-cylinder 4-stroke liquid-cooled diesel developing 500 hp coupled to hydro-mechanical transmission with 4 forward and 2 reverse gears located low down at the very rear of the hull. It can run at a maximum road speed of 70 km/h with a maximum cruising range of 600 km.

                        the BMP-3 fitted with the Berezhok turrets seems to keep its amphibious capabilities and is propelled in the water at a maximum speed of by 10 km/h thanks to two water-jets mounted on either side low down at the rear of the hull.

                        Close view of the Berezhok combat weapon station mounted on BMP-3 tracked armored IFV Infantry Fighting Vehicle. (Picture source Army Recognition)


                        • Army-2021: Remdizel has developed the MGSh-LBU upgraded version of MT-LB tracked armored vehicle

                          POSTED ON FRIDAY, 27 AUGUST 2021 10:21

                          Russian Company Remdizel has developed the MGSh-LBU, an upgraded version of the Soviet MT-LB a multirole tracked armored vehicle that was developed in the early 1960s by the Ukrainian company Kharkov Tractor Plant.

                          Russian company Remdizel presents its MGSh-LBU tracked armored, an upgraded version of the Soviet MT-LB multirole tractor tracked armored vehicle at Army-2021, defense exhibition in Russia. (Picture source Army Recognition)

                          The MGSh-LBU of Remdizel has a new design compared with the original MT-LB, the vehicle has now seven road wheels instead of six for the MT-LB. The hull has a new armor to increase protection against ballistic and mine threats. The crew compartment is at the front with the driver and commander, each having a single-piece hatch cover in front of which are three day periscopes.

                          The MGSh-LBU has a ne new engine 740.51-320 developing 320 hp. The vehicle can reach a maximum road speed of 65 km/h and 45 km/h in off-road conditions with a maximum cruising range of 750 km. It has a Gross Vehicle Weight of 16,000 kg and has a payload capacity of 4,500 kg.

                          The MGSh-LBU keeps the amphibious capability of the MT-LB and is propelled in the water by its tracks. Before entering the water a trim vane is erected at the front of the vehicle and the bilge pumps are switched on.

                          To date, Remdizel has produced prototypes of upgraded vehicles that undergo the tests. The vehicle will be used to towed artillery howitzers and can be configured as a command and radio vehicle, artillery fire-control vehicle, and cargo carrier. It can be also used as an armored personnel carrier, especially in difficult terrains such as snow or swamp.


                          • Milrem Robotics to support upgrade of CV90 tracked armored IFVs of Estonian army

                            POSTED ON TUESDAY, 31 AUGUST 2021 09:33

                            According to information released on August 31, 2021, the European leading robotics and autonomous systems developer Milrem Robotics will support the upgrade of the Estonian Defence Forces CV90 Infantry Fighting Vehicles with engineering expertise as part of a consortium led by Go Craft and Scania Estonia.

                            Estonian army CV90 tracked armored IFV Infantry Fighting Vehicle. (Picture source Estonia MoD)

                            In June 2021, the Estonian Centre of Defence Investment awarded Go Craft and Scania Estonia a 29,3 MEUR contract for upgrading 37 CV90 vehicles procured from Norway in 2016.

                            Over the next two years, the companies with the support of Milrem Robotics will refurbish all 37 CV90's and convert 31 into different types of supporting vehicles, including fire support, engineering, and anti-tank roles, specifically based on the need of the Estonian Defence Forces 1st Infantry Brigade Scouts Battalion.

                            Milrem Robotics provides expertise in engineering, manages prototyping of the end products, prepares operator and maintenance-oriented documents as well as conducts operator and maintenance-oriented training.

                            "Milrem Robotics has developed extensive engineering competence over the last 8 years. We have a strong team in the Nordic countries with competence not only in autonomous navigation, but as well in hybrid drive, electrical and mechanical engineering, and systems integration. The Type-X Robotic Combat Vehicle is proof of these competencies. This CV90 project is a good example that we can work with more traditional and manned vehicles as well," said Kuldar Väärsi, CEO of Milrem Robotics.

                            "Entrusting Go Craft with this technically extremely demanding work is a great recognition of our work so far and we take the responsibility seriously. As the technical task and work effort in the given time frame is ambitious, we have supplemented our team and chosen sub-contractors to support our mission. Milrem Robotics was the best choice to lead the mechanical engineering process to make the final design with the needed and chosen components according to all military standards and as ergonomic and user friendly," said Tormis Saar, Head of Military Field in Go Craft.

                            „The CV90 support vehicles rebuild program is the most complicated engineering project entrusted to the Estonian defense industry. This fact illustrates the maturity of our industry to handle large-scale and complex defense projects. Milrem Robotics can definitely be considered as a flagship of those industrial capabilities and we are waiting forward to cooperate with them during the design phase of the project," said Ivar Janson, Strategic Category Manager for Armoured Vehicles at the ECDI.

                            Milrem Robotics is the European leading robotics and autonomous systems developer and systems integrator. The company is mostly known for its THeMIS Unmanned Ground Vehicle intended to support dismounted troops and the Type-X Robotic Combat Vehicle, a wingman for mechanized units.

                            Milrem Robotics is the leader of a consortium that was awarded 30,6 MEUR from the European Commission's European Defence Industrial Development Programme (EDIDP) to develop a European standardized unmanned ground system (UGS).

                            During the project, titled iMUGS, modular and scalable architecture for hybrid manned-unmanned systems will be developed to standardize a European wide ecosystem for aerial and ground platforms, command, control and communication equipment, sensors, payloads, and algorithms.


                            • Sebia has developed new light tank that can be armed with 122mm or 105mm cannon

                              POSTED ON TUESDAY, 31 AUGUST 2021 12:11

                              According to recent pictures released on Internet, the Serbian Defense Company, DLS Special System (Dls Specijalni Sistemi D.O.O) company has developed a new light tank based on the tracked chassis of the Soviet-made 2S1 122mm tracked self-propelled howitzer that can be fitted with a 122mm or 105mm turret.
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                              Light Turret- High Performance Low Recoil Gun with 105mm cannon. (Picture source DLS Special System)

                              According to the pictures released on Internet, the Serbian company DLS Special System offers two turret configurations for the new light tank that includes a Soviet-made 122mm or a 105mm low-recoil gun. With the 122mm the new light tank is called LT-H (Light Turret-Howitzer), while the 105mm is called LT-HPLRG-AT (Light Turret- High Performance Low Recoil Gun) also developed by the Serbian company.

                              According to information published on Internet, the turret of the LT-HPLRG-AT includes a bustle-mounted autoloader and a gunner’s sight to the right of the main gun. The roof of the turret is fitted with a remotely operated weapon station that can be armed with a 7.62 mm or 12.7mm machine gun. Four smoke grenade dischargers are mounted on each side at the front of the turret.

                              The new light tank is based on the tracked chassis of the Soviet-made 2S1 122mm self-propelled howitzer nicknamed Gvozdika. The original turret of the 2S1 is removed and replaced by the new turret of DLS Special System.

                              The 2S1 was designed in the 1960s and the first prototypes were completed in the second half of 1969. It entered service with Poland and Russia in 1972 and was first seen in public in 1974. The all-welded steel hull of the 2S1 provides protection against the firing of small arms and artillery shell splinters.

                              The driver position is located at the front on the left side of the hull with the engine compartment on its right. The driver has a single-piece hatch cover that opens to the rear and, in front of his position, a windscreen covered by a hatch hinged at the top.

                              The 2S1 uses a similar suspension as the Soviet-made MT-LB that consists of seven road wheels with the drive sprocket at the front, idler at the rear, and no track-return rollers. Standard equipment includes infra-red night vision lights and an NBC system.

                              The 2S1 is powered by a YaMZ-238N, V-8 water-cooled 4-stroke diesel developing 300 hp coupled to a manual five forward and one reverse gears. The vehicle can run at a maximum road speed of 62 km/h with a maximum cruising range of 500 km. The 2S1 is fully amphibious, being propelled in the water by its tracks.

                              Light Turret-Howitzer fitted with 122mm gun (Picture source DLS Special System)


                              • FNSS from Turkey to deliver 18 Kaplan MT Medium Tanks to Indonesian army

                                POSTED ON WEDNESDAY, 01 SEPTEMBER 2021 16:34

                                The Turkish company FNSS has completed the design perfection process for KAPLAN MT (Medium Tank). FNSS of Turkey and PT Pindad of Indonesia have launched the development of the Modern Medium Weight Tank (MMWT) project called Kaplan MT (Medium Tank) to address a request from the Indonesian army for a new medium tank.

                                Turkish-made FNSS Kaplan MT Medium Tank for the Indonesian army. (Picture source FNSS)

                                Turkish company FNSS successfully applied the technology transfer model with PT Pindad through the KAPLAN Medium Tank development project. The serial production contract was signed after the prototype tests were ended. The tank has successfully completed the endurance and firing tests carried out in Turkey and Indonesia during the prototype period.

                                With the joint production contract of KAPLAN MT, which was signed at the 2019 IDEF, the serial production process started at the FNSS facilities. 18 KAPLAN MT tanks will be produced under the contract; the first 10 vehicles will be produced in FNSS Facility in Turkey and the remaining 8 will be produced in Indonesia.

                                The KAPLAN MT Project is Turkey's first export contract in the Medium Weight Tank Class, as well as the first project that was initiated and concluded within the framework of the Defence Industry Cooperation Agreements signed between Indonesia and Turkey. The production started after the final design for serial production was decided upon at the FNSS facilities, with the participation of PT Pindad engineers and end-users from the Indonesian Army. The delivery of the vehicles will be completed in 2021.

                                The FNSS Modern Medium Weight Tank (MMWT) or Kaplan MT is fitted with a two-man CT-CV turret armed with a standard NATO 105mm rifled gun which can fire both AP (Armour Piercing) and HE (High Explosive) ammunitions. The turret is designed and manufactured by the Belgian company John Cockerill.

                                The layout of the FNSS Modern Medium Weight Tank (MMWT) or Kaplan MT is similar to a standard MBT (Main Battle Tank) with the driver seat at the front center of the hull, turret in the center with commander and gunner and powerpack at the rear. The hull and the turret provide ballistic and mine protection Level 4 (STANAG 4569) firing of small arms 14.5 mm AP caliber on 360°, 155mm shell splinter at 30 m and mine explosion of 10 kg TNT under the track and the floor.

                                The Kaplan MT is motorized with a Diesel engine coupled with a fully automatic electronically controlled transmission. It can run at a maximum road speed of 70 km/h. The tank is based on a tracked chassis using torsion bar suspension with six dual rubber-tyred road wheels on each side with the drive sprocket at the front, the idler at the rear, and track-return rollers.


                                • Bug2
                                  Bug2 commented
                                  Editing a comment
                                  Obviously, the Indonesians expect to order far more in the future, hence the the part manufacture in-country...........

                              • BAE Systems confirms bid submission for CV90 MkIV to Czech Republic for replacement of BMP-2 IFVs

                                POSTED ON THURSDAY, 02 SEPTEMBER 2021 17:09

                                According to information released on September 2, 2021, BAE Systems has confirmed its bid submission for the combat-proven CV90 to the Czech Ministry of Defence for the BVP-2 Replacement Program. The BVP-2 is a Soviet-made BMP-2 tracked armored IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle) manufactured under license in the Czech Republic.

                                BAE Systems CV90 MkIV tracked armored IFV Infantry Fighting Vehicle. (Picture source Army Recognition)

                                In partnership with state-owned defense integrator VOP CZ s.p., the team’s offer will ensure the production and delivery of the CV90 MkIV Infantry Fighting Vehicle on schedule and to budget, as well as protecting the sovereignty of the Czech Army and Czech industry in the service and future development of the vehicle.

                                BAE Systems Hägglunds, the manufacturer of the CV90, has delivered multiple CV90 export programs to European customers. The team’s highly successful and proven industrial cooperation approach is closely aligned to the Czech Republic’s industrial aspirations, including the co-development and delivery of tracked combat vehicles with VOP CZ s.p.. BAE Systems also has arrangements with more than 30 state and privately-owned companies, as well as strong links with Czech Academia including the Czech Technical University in Prague (CTU).

                                “We are confident that the CV90 MkIV, modernized with the most advanced capabilities, is the best choice for the Czech Army, not only to protect its soldiers but also to secure the future of its nation’s defense forces,” said Tommy Gustafsson-Rask, managing director of BAE Systems Hägglunds. ”Successful industrial cooperation goes beyond the mechanical assembly of the vehicle or the creation of new factories. Its foundations are built on playing a high-value and strategic role in the development, production, training, and support of the vehicle and all its variants.”

                                The CV90 MkIV offer also includes the most recent turret configuration designed to provide increased capabilities through the integration of the latest generation of sensors and active survivability systems, added weapon capabilities, and enhanced crew and squad ergonomics. Built on combat-proven experience and data analysis from the CV90’s seven existing users, the improved CV90 MkIV turret also reduces cognitive load on crews through greater use of A.I. to meet the growing needs of the modern battlefield.

                                “We believe our strategic relationship with VOP CZ s.p., combined with the modern, combat-proven CV90 MkIV, is the right formula for a successful program in the Czech Republic,” concluded Gustafsson-Rask.

                                The CV90 is in operation with seven nations: Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and the Netherlands. With close to 1,300 CV90s of numerous variants in service, the vehicle has a combat-proven track record and is designed to accommodate future growth to meet evolving missions.

                                Czech Army BVP-2, the Czech version of the Soviet-made BMP-2 tracked armored IFV. (Picture source Army Recognition)


                                • Rheinmetall KF41 Lynx tracked armored vehicle will be jointly produced by Germany and Slovakia

                                  POSTED ON SUNDAY, 05 SEPTEMBER 2021 12:24

                                  On August 25, 2021, German company Rheinmetall and CSM Industry from Slovakia signed a Memorandum of Understanding and cooperation in the field of military vehicle production at the IDEB exhibition in Bratislava. Due to the planned purchase of new tracked vehicles for the Slovak army, it is primarily the production of the main components and parts of the Lynx KF41 combat vehicle.

                                  The Rheinmetall Lynx KF41 was displayed during IDEB, defense exhibition in Slovakia. (Picture source Rheinmetall)

                                  " Rheinmetall is very interested in partnering with the Slovak defense industry and we have extensive experience in integrating local companies into the global supply chain, " said Oliver Mittelsdorf, Rheinmetall's vice president of sales. "The recently concluded contracts for the supply of Boxer CRV combat reconnaissance vehicles to Australia and Lynx armored vehicles to Hungary clearly show the benefits that the partnership with Rheinmetall brings to local businesses. By integrating into the global supply chain Rheinmetall, our Slovak industrial partners can use a wide range of export opportunities arising from mutual cooperation,” adds Oliver Mittelsdorf.

                                  " I am very pleased that we have the opportunity to participate is the significant modernization program such as the supply of fighting vehicles for infantry in Slovakia, " said Tomas Maros, CEO of CSM Industry. " Rheinmetall is a key player in the defense industry. Mutual cooperation will enable us to transfer know-how and will become a great opportunity for future economic development. It will support and strengthen the Slovak economy, the domestic defense industry, national sovereignty and will also lead to the localization of production. At the same time, thanks to this cooperation, we will be able to use all our production capacities efficiently and in the long term. "

                                  Through a partnership between the two companies, Rheinmetall clearly demonstrates its commitment to including local businesses in its programs. CSM Industry will contribute to project combat vehicles Lynx its technological background and extensive experience with cooperative production of welded parts, steel structures, and components. The cooperation opens up more possibilities for a possible integration of products and services of CSM Industry in global supply chain management company Rheinmetall for combat and support vehicles such as Lynx, Boxer, Kodiak, and other models.

                                  Lynx KF41 from Rheinmetall is a major bidder in the tender of the Slovak Armed Forces for new infantry fighting vehicles. Last year, Hungary became the first country to order a new generation of armor. Lynx is also one of the two selected combat vehicles that forward and do the final testing phase in the third stage of the modernization program of the Australian Land 400. This includes extensive testing in the field or testing ability survival and mobility.

                                  The KF41 Lynx is one of the latest generations of tracked armored IFV Infantry Fighting Vehicle available in the current military market. (Picture source Army Recognition)

                                  The KF41 Lynx is an IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle) in the Lynx family of a tracked armored vehicle designed, developed and manufactured by the German Company Rheinmetall Defence. This vehicle is a longer version than the KF31 IFV unveiled in September 2016, 7.22 m for the KF31 and 7.7m for the KF41.

                                  The KF41 Lynx can be fitted with the LANCE turret also available as a remotely operated weapon station under the name of LANCE RC also designed and developed by Rheinmetall. The main weapon of the LANCE turret is the MK30-2 / ABM automatic cannon, developed and built by Rheinmetall. The use of this cannon brings a host of advantages for the vehicle crew. The turret has a reserve of 200 rounds of two different ammunition types for the main weapon.

                                  The LANCE is equipped with a state-of-the-art, fully digital fire control system. Two electro-optical sights – each equipped with a high-resolution camera, a thermal imaging camera and a laser rangefinder – are also provided. One of the sights enables 360-degree visibility, irrespective of the movement of the turret. Of particular benefit is the fact that each system can be operated both by the commanding officer and by the gunner. With LANCE RC, the modular design also allows the turret system to be remotely controlled.

                                  The Lynx KF41 combat vehicle is based on modular open systems architecture, which allows for configuration into various roles through the integration of new mission systems. It can be configured as IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle), Command Post, APC (Armored Personnel Carrier), and more in less than eight hours.

                                  The Lynx KF41 with Lance 2.0 has been designed not only for passive and reactive systems but also for an active protection system to defeat rocket-propelled grenades and antitank guided missiles. The Lance turret of the KF 41 Lynx is designed with an internal ballistic protection cell for the crew.


                                  • Turkish army gest last delivery of ADOP-2000 project

                                    POSTED ON MONDAY, 06 SEPTEMBER 2021 10:52
                                    According to Defence and Technology, inspection and acceptance activities of the fourth and final delivery carried out within the scope of the ADOP-2000 Project 2nd Dissemination Contract with the Turkish army were completed with the conclusion of the functional tests of the systems.

                                    Inspection and acceptance activities of the fourth and final delivery carried out within the scope of the ADOP-2000 Project 2nd Dissemination Contract with the Turkish army were completed with the conclusion of the functional tests of the systems. (Picture source: via Defence and Technology)

                                    Within the scope of the Fire Support Automation Systems (ADOP-2000) contract signed between ASELSAN and the Turkish Ministry of National Defense on 21 December 2016 in order to meet the needs of the Land Forces Command, the 1st delivery activity was successfully completed on 18 July 2018. The ADOP-2000 is a combination of tactical and technical fire management systems covering fire support functions from the top corps level command centers to weapons and forward surveillance elements.

                                    The ADOP-2000 System aims to provide the fire support needed by a corps on the battlefield in the most appropriate, most economical, safest way and in the shortest time, integrated with other functional areas in the battle, and in this context, fire support elements and target detection and identification systems are tactical and technical. provides integration. System; It significantly increases the effectiveness, efficiency and firepower of artillery, mortar and rocket weapons on the battlefield.

                                    The ADOP-2000 System aims to provide the fire support needed by a corps on the battlefield in the most appropriate, most economical, safest way and in the shortest time, integrated with other functional areas in the battle (Picture source: via Defence and Technology)

                                    The ADOP-2000 System aims to provide the fire support needed by a corps on the battlefield in the most appropriate, most economical, safest way and in the shortest time, integrated with other functional areas in the battle (Picture source: ASLSAN via Defence and Technology)

                                    The ADOP-2000 System aims to provide the fire support needed by a corps on the battlefield in the most appropriate, most economical, safest way and in the shortest time, integrated with other functional areas in the battle (Picture source: via Defence and Technology)


                                    • MSPO 2021: WZM displays extended version of modified BWP-1 Infantry Combat Vehicle

                                      iPOSTED ON WEDNESDAY, 08 SEPTEMBER 2021 09:17

                                      Modernization of infantry combat vehicles is a solution that allows the Polish armed forces to get combat vehicles and special versions in up-to-date variants. An example is provided with the new BWP-1 amphibious Infantry Combat Vehicle called Borsuk. On September 3, 2019, Army Recognition presented this new version of the BWP-1.

                                      Upgraded BWP-1 Borsuk IFV displayed at MSPO 2021 (Picture source: Army Recognition)

                                      The Borsuk armored vehicle manufactured by Wojskowe Zaklady Motoryzacyjne, a program to replace the Polish Land Forces' BMP/BWP-1 family, represents a significant long-term commitment on the part of the Ministry of National Defense and the Polish government. A number of the army's previous efforts in this sphere, ranging from the BWP-2000 program in the 1990s to the abortive Obrum-led project of the early 2010s, ultimately faltered due to a mixture of developmental shortcomings, procedural gridlock, and imposing financial projections.

                                      However, the fairly smooth evolution of the Huta Stalowa Wola (HSW) Borsuk IFV program and the highly successful licensed production of vehicles such as the 8x8 Rosomak IFV indicate growing confidence on the part of the Polish defense industry in its ability to implement armored vehicle projects on a large scale.

                                      In the latest iterations of its Technical Modernization Plans, the Polish Ministry of National Defense has outlined a long-term requirement for the acquisition of 1,600 new-build tracked armored vehicles. Of this figure, at least 800 vehicles are to serve as mainline IFVs, with the remainder configured to perform a wide range of secondary roles. The program is on schedule to enter the final testing phase in 2021 and enter serial production in 2022.


                                      The hull (body) has been enhanced. A new powertrain replaces the original one. The suspension system has been improved and strengthened. An efficient heating and air conditioning system has been installed, along with a fume extractor. A more efficient NRBC system has been fitted that enhances the detection part of the work. New fire protection and explosion damping systems have been put in place. The whole electric wiring has been replaced, with modular (thus improvable) systems/blocks, new communication devices are included a well as new omnidirectional observation systems, and last but not least, better ballistic protection is provided: level 3 STANAG 4569


                                      Originally, the BWP-1 is armed with a 73mm cannon, a 7.62mm coaxial machine gun, and a Sagger anti-tank missile launcher. The new amphibious Borsuk is equipped with a remote-controlled turret system armed with a 30mm automatic gun and a coaxial 7.62mm machine gun, a twin-antitank missile launcher, besides four smoke grenade launchers. This turret is designed to combat, destroy and suppress light and heavily armored targets and other objects, including enemy's infrastructure in different climate conditions, and to provide fire support for units during combat activities, irrespective of the time of the day.

                                      Upgraded BWP-1 Borsuk IFV displayed at MSPO 2019 (Picture source: Army Recognition)


                                      • MSPO 2021: Modernized T-72M1R main battle tank on display

                                        POSTED ON WEDNESDAY, 08 SEPTEMBER 2021 10:15

                                        The 41.5-ton T-72M1R MBT is a modernized version of the T-72M1, benefiting mainly from new fire control, observation and communication systems.

                                        T-72M1R displayed at MSPO 2021 (Picture source: Army Recognition)

                                        On December 19, 2011, Army Recognition published that Poland's Ministry of Defense had set aside 138.6 million zlotys ($42 million) for two contracts to modernize its T-72M1 and PT-91 main battle tanks, the Army's First Regional Logistics Base in Walcz said in a statement. A 32.2 million-zloty deal for the overhaul of 20 T-72M1s was awarded to the repair plant Wojskowe Zaklady Motoryzacyjne (WZM, part of Wojskowe Przedsiebiorstwa Remontowo-Produkcyjne, the country's second-largest defense group). Of these, 10 units are to be modernized by Nov. 30, 2012, and a further 10 by Nov. 29, 2013.

                                        Meanwhile, the ministry had decided to re-run its 106.4 million-zloty tender to upgrade 40 PT-91 tanks after a bid submitted by Poland's biggest defense manufacturer, Bumar Group, was rejected. Under the plan, some 20 PT-91s are to be upgraded by Nov. 30, 2012, and the remaining 20 by Nov. 29, 2013. "By the deadline for submission of bids, three bids were submitted for the first contract, and one bid for the second contract," the statement said. In 2019, the Polish Land Forces had about 586 T-72M1s and 233 PT-91s, according to figures from the ministry.

                                        The process of upgrading the Polish T-72s was initiated at the Gliwice-based BUMAR-ŁABĘDY S.A. facility. As mentioned hereabove, the vehicles were overhauled and modified on the basis of a contract signed in July 2019 with the 1st Regional Logistics Base in Wałcz, valued at PLN 1.75 billion. PGZ S.A. is leading a consortium working on that order, also involving the BUMAR-ŁABĘDY facility and WZM facility as well. As written then by Defence 24, the scope of work covered by the agreement envisaged recovery of capabilities and introduction of upgrades in case of the T-72M1 main battle tanks are reintroduced into the inventory of the Polish army.

                                        According to the release, it was planned that the Ordering Party would receive the first modified and overhauled main battle tanks within the framework of the 2019 plan for the BUMAR-ŁABĘDY facility.

                                        The upgrades include modernization of the W-46-6 engine which develops 780hp (574 kW) and is fitted with a digital starter system. New power supply systems with buffer batteries are also installed, along with passive optoelectronics for the driver ant the commander. The gunner’s station is enhanced with the III-gen. KLW-1 Asteria thermal imaging camera. The modifications also involve the installation of a digital intercom and external comms suite, integrated with the BMS solution. This refers to RADMOR’s radios and the FONET system. Finalization of work pertaining to the agreement signed in July 2019 is expected to take until 2025.

                                        The modernized T-72M1R can reach 80 km/h and is armed with a 125mm 2A46 gun, two 7.62mm PKT machine guns and a 12.7mm WKM machine gun. The crew is limited to three: commander, gunner and driver/mechanic.


                                        • MSPO 2021: BUMAR-ŁABĘDY introduces Leopard 2PL M1 improved version of Leopard 2PL tank

                                          POSTED ON TUESDAY, 07 SEPTEMBER 2021 22:41

                                          Polish Company Zakłady Mechaniczne „BUMAR-ŁABĘDY” S.A. introduces the Leopard 2PL M1 Main Battle Tank (MBT) at MSPO 2021, an improved version of the Leopard 2PL MBT that begins to enter into service with the Polish Army. The Leopard 2PL is a modernized version of the German-made Leopard 2A4 MBT already in service with the Polish army.

                                          The Leopard 2PL M1 Main Battle Tank at MSPO 2021, International Defense Industry Exhibition in Kielce, Poland. (Picture source Army Recognition)

                                          The Leopard 2PL is a modernized version of the Leopard 2A4 Main Battle Tank (MBT) acquired by Poland in the 2000s. The modernization is currently being carried out in cooperation with the German company Rheinmetall and the Polish Armaments Group (PGZ) under the umbrella of Polish company BUMAR.

                                          The Leopard 2PL is armed with a 120 mm smoothbore gun which has been developed by Rheinmetall and fires two types of ammunition, APFSDS-T and HEAT-MP-T. . A 7.62mm


                                          • MSPO 2021: PGZ displays modernization package for Leopard 2A5

                                            POSTED ON THURSDAY, 09 SEPTEMBER 2021 10:22

                                            There are two main development batches of the Leopard 2 tank: the original models up to Leopard 2A4, which have vertically faced turret armour, and the improved batch, namely the Leopard 2A5 and newer versions, which have angled arrow-shaped turret appliqué armour together with other improvements.

                                            Modernized Leopard 2A5 (Picture source: Army Recognition)

                                            All models feature digital fire control systems with laser rangefinders, a fully stabilised main gun and coaxial machine gun, and advanced night vision and sighting equipment (first vehicles used a low-light-level TV system or LLLTV; thermal imaging was introduced later on). The tank has the ability to engage moving targets while moving over rough terrain.

                                            From there, the Leopard 2 Imp was then developed into the A5. There were also some improvements in the main armour composition. The interior received spall liners to reduce fragments if the armour is penetrated. The frontal "heavy" third of the side skirts was replaced with a stronger type. The commander's sight was moved to a new position behind the hatch and it received an independent thermal channel. The gunner's sight was moved to the turret roof as opposed to the cavity in the front armour in previous models. A heavier sliding driver's hatch was fitted. Turret controls went all-electric, increasing reliability and crew safety, as well as weight savings. The gun braking system was improved to prepare for the later mounting of the new L/55 gun tube and to enable the firing of more powerful ammunition, such as the DM-53 APFSDS. The first A5s were handed over to the German army tank school in 1995 and started to enter regular service with Panzerbataillon 33 in December the same year. The Leopard 2A5 DK is a variant of the Leopard 2A5 similar to the Leopard 2A6 with some small modifications, used by the Danish Army.

                                            Leopard 2A5 modernization package for the Polish Army displayed at MSPO 2021

                                            The Leopard 2A5 modification/modernization package includes the replacement and modernization of obsolete systems and components. In this process, domestic elements have been used, introduced into the armament of the Polish armed forces and instaled on other types of military equipment.

                                            The scope of modifications includes, among others, four groups of upgrades :
                                            1. Modification of the fire control system in the field of optoelectronic devices. The PERI-R17A2 (commander) and EMES-15A2 (gunner) optoelectronic have been equipped with third-generation ASTERIA KLW-1 thermal cameras manufactured by PCO S.A., which improve the view range during the day and at night, as well as the accuracy of fire.
                                            2. Modernization of the external radio communication system: the tank has been equipped with modern, digital Radmor solutions.
                                            3. Modification of the on-board internal communication system: the new system enables voice communication and digital data exchange between the crew members and their environment.
                                            4. Replacement of the machine guns: the outdated MG3/MG3A1 has been replaced by a modern Polish UKM 2000 one, inducted in the Polish armed forces.
                                            5. Rear camera and driver’s monitor: obsolete and unavailable products have been replaced with the local PCO S.A. solution, already inducted in the Polish armed forces.


                                            • DSEI 2021: General Dynamics displays anti-tank variant of Ajax light tracked armored vehicles

                                              POSTED ON TUESDAY, 14 SEPTEMBER 2021 23:32

                                              General Dynamics displays the anti-tank missile variant in the AJAX family of tracked armored vehicles at DSEI 2021, International Defense Exhibition in London, UK. The vehicle is equipped with Brimstone missiles mounted on the top of the ARES variant which is the reconnaissance version in the Ajax family.

                                              General Dynamics Ajax light tracked armored vehicle in anti-tank variant fitted with Brimstone missile launcher stations at DSEI 2021. (Picture source Army Recognition)

                                              The AJAX is a new generation of light tracked vehicles fully designed and developed by the company General Dynamics to replace the CVRT light reconnaissance vehicles in service with the British army. Initially, the Ajax was to be procured in a number of variants totaling 1,010 vehicles. The first order of vehicles included Scout Reconnaissance, Ares Armoured Personnel Carrier, and Repair and Recovery variants, which can be followed by another order of other variants consisting of Reconnaissance, command post, and Ambulance variants. In option, the third variant of vehicles encompassing a Direct Fire vehicle with a 120mm main gun, Manoeuvre Support, and a Joint Fires variant able to be used as an anti-tank vehicle.

                                              Ajax vehicles have much higher survivability against a wide range of modern and evolving threats, enabled by all-around modular protection (including Mastiff levels of blast protection), acoustic detection, powerful far-target thermal sights, and local situational awareness sensors.

                                              The Ajax is motorized with a 600kW Diesel engine coupled to an automatic transmission. The torsion bar suspension on each side consists of seven dual rubber-tired road wheels with the drive sprocket at the front and idler at the rear. The vehicle can run at a maximum road speed of 70 km with a maximum cruising range of 500 km.

                                              The anti-tank version of the Ajax is based on the ARES which is the reconnaissance version fitted with two launcher stations each armed with four ready-to-fire Brimstone missiles. The missile can be used to destroy armored vehicles and main battle tanks. It is equipped with a dual-mode millimeter-wave/semi-active laser (mmW/SAL) seeker that empowers it to engage fast-moving vehicles or vessels on land and at sea and in direct and indirect modes of operation.


                                              • DSEI 2021: BAE Systems showcases its latest CV90 tracked IFV fitted with new D-series turret

                                                POSTED ON WEDNESDAY, 15 SEPTEMBER 2021 23:22

                                                BAE Systems showcases its latest CV90 tracked armored IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle) fitted with the new D-series turret at the Defence and Security Equipment International, DSEI that takes place in London, United Kingdom.

                                                The new variant of BAE Systems CV90 tracked armored IFV Infantry Fighting Vehicle at DSEI 2021, International Defense Exhibition in London, UK. (Picture source Army Recognition)

                                                This is the first time the upgraded digital turret has been unveiled and represents a leap forward in design and functionality. Recently selected by the Royal Netherlands Army as part of an extensive $500 million mid-life upgrade program for the CV9035NL, the new turret configuration is also included in the CV90 MkIV offer for the Czech Republic.

                                                Developed by BAE Systems Hägglunds in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden, the turret on display at DSEI is a 50mm gun. The main weapon position is changed to provide even better vehicle balance and enable new ways to introduce a variety of weaponry for increased lethality. It also offers significant ergonomic improvements to benefit the vehicle’s crew. The enhanced turret design is built on years of combat-proven experience, continuous vehicle improvements, and data analysis from the CV90 User Club – the seven nations currently operating CV90 fleets.

                                                “We are extremely proud to display the new D-series turret at DSEI to demonstrate the latest technology on the combat-proven CV90 platform,” said Tommy Gustafsson-Rask, managing director of BAE Systems Hägglunds. “The new turret configuration provides CV90 crews with improved protection and increased combat efficiency. It represents our continued commitment to delivering the most modern, advanced Infantry Fighting Vehicle that meets our customers’ requirements now and in the future.”

                                                The CV90 is also equipped with Elbit Systems’ Iron Fist Active Protection System solution and an integrated, Rafael Advanced Defense Systems’ SPIKE-LR long-range anti-tank guided missile. Other significant improvements include the latest generation of sensors, Artificial Intelligence and Augmented Reality software to increase the CV90s multi-domain capabilities on the battlefield.


                                                • DSEI 2021: Otokar has developed Tulpar modular tracked armored vehicles

                                                  POSTED ON WEDNESDAY, 15 SEPTEMBER 2021 23:48

                                                  At DSEI 2021, International Defense Exhibition in London, UK, the Turkish company Otokar showcases the future of modular tracked armored vehicle named Tulpar that can be configured as IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle) or a light tank armed with one 105mm cannon. At DSEI 2021, the Tulpar is presented in IFV configuration fitted with the MIZRAK turret system also developed by Otokar.

                                                  Otokar Tulpar tracked armored vehicle fitted with unmanned turret Mizrak at DSEI 2021, International Defense Exhibition in London, UK. (Picture source Army Recognition)

                                                  The Tulpar tracked armored vehicle has been tested and qualified by Otokar R&D (Research and Development) Center in the past years. But in the recent user trials and tests, Otokar saw that performances obtained by the potential users are similar to those obtained in Otokar’s own trials, and TULPAR performed very well in different geographical and climate conditions. According to Otokar, the Tulpar is a very capable tracked armored vehicle that will be able to meet the current and future requirements of modern military forces.

                                                  The Tulpar stands out with mobility, high firepower, and survivability features. The vehicle is designed as a multi-purpose vehicle with variants ranging from 28,000 kg to 45,000 kg to fully satisfy future global requirements. The future-oriented perspective of modularity is to increase operational flexibility by using common components and a common chassis over a wide range of vehicle variants. The Tulpar comes in several variants that share common subsystems.

                                                  Tested in the toughest climates and on rough terrain, Tulpar boasts best-in-class ballistic and mine protection with modular armor technology and armor structure that can be configured and scaled according to threats.

                                                  In addition to providing an effective solution in missions that require high fire and destruction power, the Tulpar can serve in all kinds of combat environments from urban, built-up areas and light bridges to woodlands and all terrains especially soft surfaces where main battle tanks are unable to operate due to their heavyweights.

                                                  The MIZRAK is an unmanned remote-controlled weapon station which is designed by Otokar that can be easily integrated on wheeled and tracked armored fighting vehicles. It is remotely controlled from inside the vehicle under armor. Displayed MIZRAK is with 30 mm cannon and 7.62 mm coaxial MG. MIZRAK has the latest generation digital fire control system architecture having dual-axes independently stabilized commander and gunner sights utilized with the highest performance thermal camera, day camera, and laser range finder.


                                                  • DSEI 2021: Soucy International signs MoU with Hortsman to develop new generation supension systems adapted to Composite Rubber Track

                                                    POSTED ON THURSDAY, 16 SEPTEMBER 2021 20:44

                                                    Soucy International’s Defense Division has signed at DSEI the 15th of September 2021 a Memorandum of Agreement with Horstman, a company of the Renk Group, specialized in heavy armoured and tracked vehicle suspension systems, that operates in the UK, USA and Canada, supplying customers around the world.

                                                    Soucy Defense’s Composite Rubber Track system fitted on an RBSL Warrior (Picture source: Army Recognition)

                                                    Horstman will collaborate with Soucy Defense on developing new-generation suspension systems fully adapted to Composite Rubber Track, which will increase the overall performance of the track system as well as the vehicle. The aim is to be able to offer potential customers with a fully integrated mobility solution to meet specific customer needs.

                                                    “I see this as a strategic collaboration which will increase the value proposition to our customers, whilst risking mobility integration from the outset. Working collaboratively from the design phase will ensure a turn-key solution for our actual or potential customers” says M. Lalonde, Vice-President Defense Division.

                                                    “Both companies have a long history providing solutions independently to customers around the world. With future tracked vehicle programmes coming into view it has become clear that we can provide integrated solutions to meet specific customers’ requirements and leverage our experience and skills. We are looking forward to working together in the future.” Says Ian Pain CEO Horstman Group.

                                                    Horstman Hydrogas Rotary Damper and InArm suspension systems (Picture source: Hortsman)


                                                    • New vehicle driving cameras by Escribano Mechanical & Engineering

                                                      Madrid 20th September 20, 2021 -Escribano M&E, Spanish leader manufacturer with infrared technology for lens manufacturing (IR/visible), has created the selected driving cameras for the armored vehicle Pizarro Phase II belong to Spanish Army. This contract supposes 83 vehicle cameras which increases the operability of this vehicles.

                                                      This camera, provides a better awareness conscious to vehicle driver, keeping the soldier safer as there no longer need to go outside for a sight. The system by a camera which integrates a Visible and IR sensors. The system can be completed with VTCDual, integrating a rear IR Camera.

                                                      The front camera integrates two sensors, one for the IR camera, an infrared sensor LWIR not cooled, and the other one for the visible range. The rear camera incorporates an IR sensor. Due to its innovative technology the VTC system splays high-definition images under extreme environmental conditions for both day and night operations in a rugged 8.4” HD monitor which features a high-contrast and night vision mode.

                                                      VTC and VTC-Dual are a very versatile solution for light, unmanned and armored vehicles that, due to its modular design, allows for an easy maintenance and a very high reliability of the system.

                                                      Photos courtesy Escribano


                                                      • Indian MoD orders 118 indigenous Arjun Mk-1A Main Battle Tanks

                                                        POSTED ON FRIDAY, 24 SEPTEMBER 2021 14:31

                                                        The Defence Ministry on September 23 signed a contract with the Heavy Vehicles Factory (HVF) located at Avadi, Chennai, to procure 118 Arjun Mk.1A Main Battle Tanks (MBTs) for the Indian Army. Five Mk-1A tanks will be delivered within 30 months, followed by 30 tanks every year.

                                                        Arjun Mk.1A MBT (Picture source: DRDO)

                                                        According to The Hindustan Times, the order came seven months after the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) - India’s apex procurement body – accorded its acceptance of necessity (AoN) for the tanks. The Arjun Mk.1A has been designed and developed by the Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) by incorporating numerous upgrades on Arjun MBT, the in-service main battle tank with the Indian Army. The new tank will come with 72 upgrades over the existing variant including 14 major improvements: the improvements on the new tank include better firepower, auto-target tracker, remote-controlled weapon system, explosive reactive armour, advanced laser warning and countermeasure systems, containerised ammunition bin, advanced land navigation systems and improved night vision capabilities

                                                        The development activities started in June 2010 and the tank was fielded for user trial in June 2012. An extensive trial evaluation was conducted in various phases covering 7,000+ km, both in DRDO and user trials, of the automotive, and substantial firing of various ammunition during 2012-2015. The tank has been configured and designed for Indian conditions. However, some experts have flagged concerns about the bulky tank, saying its weight (68 tonnes) could limit the army’s deployment options.

                                                        The Indian army’s existing tank fleet consists of T-90MS, Ayeja Mk.1/Mk.2 (T-72M1) and the Arjun Mk-1 tanks.

                                                        Arjun Mk-II MBT (a Mk-I with little differences) demonstrated at DefExpo India 2018 in Chennai (Picture source: Army Recognition)


                                                        • Ukraine proposes its 6TD engine to equip Turkish-made Altay main battle tank

                                                          POSTED ON FRIDAY, 01 OCTOBER 2021 15:44

                                                          According to information published on the website of the Ukrainian defense magazine "Defense Express" on September 29, 2021, Ukraine has offered to equip Turkish-made Altay main battle tanks and Firtina 155mm howitzers with the latest generation of 6TD engine.

                                                          Turkish-made Altay main battle tank at IDEF defense exhibition in Turkey, August 2021. (Picture source Army Recognition)

                                                          Citing Defense Express website, Ukraine company SE V.O.Malyshev Plant has proposed its 6TD-4 engine developing 1,500 hp^to equip the Turkish-made Altay main battle tank. According to General Designer Yegor Ovcharov, the Turkish industry has now received all the technical characteristics of this Ukrainian engine that could be jointly developed by the Ukrainian and Turkish manufacturers in the near future.

                                                          The 6TD-2 is already mounted on the Pakistani main battle tank Al-Khalid, the Oplot tank in service with Thailand, and the Ukrainian T-84 tank. The 6TD-2 is a supercharged 6-cylinder engine delivering 1,200 horsepower (890 kW). The 2-stroke design, with the pistons arranged horizontally in an opposed-piston configuration, makes the engine very compact and therefore more suitable for being fitted into relatively small vehicles such as the Al-Khalid tank.

                                                          The 6TD-4 is an improved version of the 6TD-3. The 6TD-4 is a liquid-cooled, two-stroke multi-fuel engine with six cylinders and 12 pistons. The engines' ejection-type cooling system enables a tank to operate in high ambient temperatures of up to 55°C without loss of power when using diesel fuel.

                                                          In March 2021, Army Recognition has published news to announce that Turkey was in negotiations with South Korea to procure engines for its domestic main battle tank Altay. This engine could be the South Korean Doosan Infracore DV27K, 4-cycle, 12-cylinder water-cooled diesel engine developing 1,500 hp.

                                                          At the same time, Turkey has launched the development of the first prototype of the Batu tank engine that could be mounted on the Altay MBT. The Batu is a powerpack developed by the Turkish company BMC including a Diesel engine and an automatic transmission. BMC signed a contract with SSB (Turkish Defense Association) on June 13, 2018. BMC launched the development of a new engine developing 1,600 hp in collaboration with the Italian manufacturer Fiat/Iveco.


                                                          • Cyprus National Guard parades with T-80U/UK MBTs at Cyprus independence day

                                                            POSTED ON MONDAY, 04 OCTOBER 2021 11:18

                                                            The National Guard is an interdisciplinary force. It consists of the Army, Navy and Air Force as mentioned above. The General Staff of the National Guard is the supreme hierarchical step and includes the Chief, the Staff, the Arms/Body Divisions and Organizations and its Organizational Units.

                                                            T-80U/UK of the Cyprus National Guard on Cyprus' Independence Day (Picture source: Twitter via The Dead District)

                                                            The force heavily relies on the Reserves, making up the biggest percentage of Human Resources in the case of full mobilization of the National Guard. The Army (Land force) consists of a number of brigade formations and regular regimental groups:
                                                            • 1st Mechanized Infantry Brigade
                                                            • 2nd Mechanized Infantry Brigade
                                                            • 3rd Support Brigade
                                                            • 4th Infantry Brigade
                                                            • 6th Mechanized Infantry Brigade
                                                            • 7th Mechanized Infantry Brigade
                                                            • 20th Armored Brigade
                                                            • Hellenic Force of Cyprus - Mechanized Group (battalion plus) Formation
                                                            • Military Police
                                                            • Special Forces Command - 1 Regiment
                                                            • Artillery Command
                                                            • Engineers Command
                                                            • Military Music Department of the National Guard

                                                            T-80U/UK of the Cyprus National Guard on Cyprus' Independence Day (Picture source: Twitter via The Dead District)

                                                            Main Battle Tanks

                                                            Besides aging Frenc-made AMX-30B2s apparently still in the inventory, 27 T-80Us and 14 T-80UKs were ordered in 1996 from Russia. The T-80Us were delivered in 1996 and the T-80UKs were delivered in 1997. In 1999, a planned order for 41 additional T-80U/UK type tanks was canceled due to political sensitivities.

                                                            In 2009, the Cyprus National Guard was to equip with a further 41 T-80U/UK type tanks from Russian suppliers, with a pre-agreement reportedly made for a further 41 tanks of the type. The deal was previously erroneously reported to consist of Russian T-90 tanks.

                                                            T-80U/UK on Cyprus' Independence Day (Picture source: Twitter via The Dead District)


                                                            • ADMk2
                                                              ADMk2 commented
                                                              Editing a comment
                                                              So Cyprus has more tanks and combat brigades than we do? 🙄

                                                              And people say we’re “over-investing” in “heavy” armoured forces? Lol.

                                                            • unicorn11
                                                              unicorn11 commented
                                                              Editing a comment
                                                              Was thinking the exact same thing as I was reading it.

                                                          • Swedish army starts to increase its tank capability with the Stridsvagn 122 MBT

                                                            POSTED ON WEDNESDAY, 06 OCTOBER 2021 17:37

                                                            According to information released by the Swedish army, the new Gotland Regiment has now started reconstructing the tank capability using Stridsvagn 122 MBT (Main Battle Tank) after a twenty-year gap. Next year’s conscript training will focus on tanks and in 2025, the tank company Lärbro will be fully manned.

                                                            Stridsvagn 122 main battle tank of the Swedish army. (Picture source Swedish MoD)

                                                            ”The tanks are a considerable reinforcement of the capability of my unit. We have now secured the capability needed for training the next generation, starting next summer” says Ulf Hamberg, head of the 181st Tank Battalion.

                                                            During an exercise in the last two weeks of September, the tanks were reintroduced as part of the battalion and 20 September, 2021, the Gotland Regiment exercised live-firing with tanks for the first time since May 2000. The tanks were partly manned by temporarily employed personnel trained in Skövde, with wartime postings in Gotland.

                                                            Stridsvagn 122 (Strv 122) is a Swedish main battle tank based on the German Leopard 2A5 featuring improving components such as command and control systems, fire-control systems, as well as reinforced armor. The front of the hull, as well as the turret, are fitted with a 3rd generation of composite armour to increase protection against anti-tank guided missiles and Rocket Propelled Grenades (RPGs).

                                                            The armament of the Stridsvagn 122 includes one 120 mm Rheinmetall L44 smoothbore tank gun, one 7.62mm coaxial machine gun and one 7.62mm machine gun mounted on the commander cupola. The tank is powered by a an MTU MB 873 Ka-501 liquid-cooled V-12 Twin-turbo diesel engine developing 1,479 hp at 2,600 rpm. It can run at a maximum road speed of 68 km/h with a maximum cruising range of 550 km.


                                                            • Poland confirms acquisition of 250 US M1A2 SEPV V3 main battle tanks

                                                              POSTED ON FRIDAY, 08 OCTOBER 2021 10:37

                                                              According to a Tweet published by the Polish Ministry of Defense on October 8, 2021, Poland confirms its plan to acquire 250 M1A2 SEP V3 main battle tanks from the United States and that will enter into service with the 18th Mechanized Division of the Polish army.

                                                              U.S. soldiers assigned to Bravo Company, 3rd Battalion, 8th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Armored Brigade Combat Team (3ABCT), 1st Cavalry Division, stage the first set of new M1A2C (SEP v.3) Abrams Tanks at Fort Hood, Texas, July 21, 2020. (Picture source U.S. DoD)

                                                              In July 2021, the Polish Minister of National Defence Mariusz Błaszczak has announced a plan to acquire M1A2 Abrams System Enhancement Program version 3 (SEPv3), the latest configuration of the US main battle tank (MBT), to equip four armored battalions of the Polish army.

                                                              Previously, Army Recognition has reported that Poland would like to procure 250 M1A2 SEPv3 Abrams MBTs, armored recovery vehicles, command vehicles, mobile bridge systems, and unspecified medical evacuation vehicles.

                                                              Currently, the Polish army has a total of 142 Leopard 2A4 that will be upgraded to 2PL version 105 Leopard 2A5, 232 PT-91 Twardy, a Polish version of the Soviet-made T-72 and 127 T-72A/T-72M1, including 257 tanks in store. The Polish army includes one armored cavalry division and 3 Mechanized divisions with the 12th, the 16th and 18th armored cavalry divisions.

                                                              The M1A2 SEPV V3 also called M1A2C is a modernized version of the M1A2 SEPV v2 main battle tank that benefits from a number of upgrades in the areas of survivability, maintainability, full efficiency and network capability. In October 2015, the M1A2 SP V3 was presented for the first time at AUSA defense exhibition in Washington D.C. In September 2018, it was announced that M1A2 SEPv3 and M1A2 SEPv4 variants were being renamed to M1A2C and M1A2D, The change was outlined in an August 15 memo from Maj.Gen. Brian Cummings. Soldiers with 3rd Battalion, 8th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, were the first to receive the U.S. Army’s newest version of the M1 Abrams Tank, the M1A2C (SEP v.3), Fort Hood, Texas, July 20, 2020. In December 2020, General Dynamics Land Systems Inc., Sterling Heights, Michigan, was awarded a $4,620,000,000 fixed-price-incentive contract to produce Abrams M1A2 SEP v3 main battle tanks.

                                                              The main armament of M1A2 SEP V3 includes one 120 mm smoothbore M256 cannon. The tank is also equipped with a Low Profile (LP) CROW (Common Remotely Operated Weapon System) mounted on the roof of the turret. The M1A2 SEP V3 is able to fire the M829E4 (soon to be type-classified as the M829A4) fifth-generation kinetic-energy anti-tank (AT) round. This new round provides heavy-armor defeat capability at extended ranges. It uses a depleted-uranium penetrator and anti-armor design advancements to defeat threat targets equipped with AERA (Advanced Explosive Reactive Armor) and APS (Active Protection Systems).

                                                              The layout of the M1A2 SEP V3 is similar to the M1A2 MBT with the driver position at the front in the center, the turret is in the middle of the hull and the powerpack at the rear. The tank is fitted with a new armor package inside the turret and the hull to provide better survivability against multiple IED threats.


                                                              • unicorn11
                                                                unicorn11 commented
                                                                Editing a comment
                                                                So Poland has around 600 tanks already and is buying 250 new Abams, but Australia purchasing around 150 or so is a massive investment in a capability that no one uses and which is obsolete because some Balkans dust up involving half-trained forces who don't understand camouflage allowed them to get their parked tanks done over by drones.
                                                                Jesus the level of what passes for defence 'analysis' is woefully poor these days.

                                                              • ADMk2
                                                                ADMk2 commented
                                                                Editing a comment
                                                                Yup, oh and don’t forget they also LOVE the tried and ever so effective “tactic” of using them as dug in, non-mobile pillboxes, in many cases not covered by artillery or any kind of AD leaving them effectively vulnerable to ANY kind of beyond visual range, anti-armour weapon and entirely unable to manoeuvre in any way except reversing...

                                                                Same thing Iraq tried against the US in 1990…

                                                                Anyone who digs their tanks in, refuses to employ one of their greatest strengths (their mobility) and has no concept of cover, concealment, camouflage, shape, shine, sound, silhouette, spacing and so forth, deserves everything they get. This lesson even as shown by Iraq in 1990, let alone numerous other examples is anything but new.

                                                                Unfortunately our “analysts” (to use the word loosely) seem to have about the same level of comprehension of fieldcraft and tactics as the Armenians do…

                                                                Which is to say 2/5th of bugger all…

                                                            • Israel selects IAI for the next development phase of Carmel armored fighting vehicles

                                                              POSTED ON SUNDAY, 10 OCTOBER 2021 12:27

                                                              According to information published by "The Jerusalem Post" on October 10, 2021, the Israeli Ministry of Defense has selected Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) to develop the next phase of developing and integrating technological platforms for the Carmel future armored fighting vehicle (AFV).

                                                              Scale model of future Carmel project from Israel Aerospace Industries. (Picture source Snafu Blog)

                                                              The Carmel will be not only configured as an IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle) but will be based on a multi-role platform that can be configured according to mission requirements and which can evolve according to the new threats of the modern battlefield.

                                                              In August 2019, Army Recognition has reported that The new Israeli combat vehicles of the Carmel program will be equipped with artificial intelligence, autonomous, and automatic capabilities. It will be compact, agile, effective, survivable, maintainable, and affordable and will be operated by only two combat soldiers. The project is lead by three Israeli defense companies including Elbit Systems, IAI Israel Aerospace Industries and Rafael.

                                                              During an exhibition in Israel, the Company IAI Israel Aerospace Industries has presented a platform that combines a panoramic display, individual control screens, and a control stick similar to the Xbox gaming console’s joystick. The autonomous capabilities in IAI’s combat vehicle are operated by a central, autonomous system that integrates the various components of the platform and helps the human operator in processing information and focusing on critical threats in order to make effective decisions.

                                                              According to the Israeli Ministry of Defense, each company was asked to develop its platform from a technology-based concept that would transform existing and future platforms into an advanced vehicle with a cockpit – much like that of a fighter jet – where most of the activities are carried out autonomously (travel, threat detection, target acquisition, as well as defensive and offensive maneuvers).

                                                              Citing "The Jerusalem Post", launched in 2016 the Carmel is expected to be at the forefront of the military’s new combat concept which is based on autonomous and automatic maneuvering capabilities, artificial intelligence, hybrid propulsion, and more. It will be applied to current and future armored fighting vehicles and will include crew members in closed hatches, operating a range of autonomous and AI-driven platforms. Many of its capabilities will be autonomous, including travel, detection of threats, defense, and acquisition of targets.

                                                              According to Isreal Defense website, the future armored platform Carmel will have a hybrid drive system that would enable, among other things, storing of energy so as to fulfill all future operational demands. The platform will be protected by a state-of-the-art active protection system and secured against cyberattacks. The new platform will be able to destroy enemy antitank detachments and rocket launchers. Owing to its small size and lightweight, it will be able to advance relatively easily through dense urban areas.


                                                              • unicorn11
                                                                unicorn11 commented
                                                                Editing a comment
                                                                "It will be compact, agile, effective, survivable, maintainable, and affordable and will be operated by only two combat soldiers."

                                                                It will be all things to all men, even mutually contradictory objectives such as these, but does it make a decent cup of coffee?

                                                            • IAI Selected by Israel’s MoD as Prime Contractor to Develop the Technologies for the Future Armored Fighting Vehicle – the Carmel

                                                              October 10, 2021 – Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) has been selected by Israel’s Ministry of Defense (IMoD) as the prime contractor and integrator for developing the concept and technologies for the future Armored Fighting Vehicle for the IDF – the Carmel – following IAI winning a demonstration of the technologies between Israel’s defense companies. At the conclusion of a successful live demonstration of a two-man, closed hatches armored fighting vehicle (AFV), IAI was selected by the IMoD to develop the next phase of the Carmel: development and demonstration of technologies for a multidimensional combat team, which will enable significant improvement in the system maneuverability.

                                                              With the Carmel demonstration, IAI has developed and proven a combat concept in which an AFV, with closed hatches, is operated by a two-man man crew and can successfully cope with existing and future challenges on the battlefield. This solution is based on automatic and autonomous systems that complement the two-man team, and operate the central subsystems – the vehicles’ mission planning and management, situational awareness, driving and lethality. These capabilities allow the team to define, supervise and interfere only when there is a necessity or need, and enables to cover a wider area of concern while effectively meeting the challenges faced by the maneuvering forces. The system has the ability to locate and destroy time-sensitive targets with small footprints, through quick acquisition and effective engagement of targets.

                                                              The Carmel concept is groundbreaking on a global scale, and has grabbed the attention of many industries and militaries around the world. The program combines an innovative operational concept with the latest and most advanced state-of-the-art technologies, which provide solutions in the future battlefield based on a small team, and extensive reliance on autonomous capabilities based on artificial intelligence (AI), all while minimizing the risk to human lives in a ground campaign, minimizing collateral damage, and streamlining battle management.

                                                              IAI President and CEO, Boaz Levy: “We are very proud that the IMoD and the Land Forces Division selected the Carmel solution presented and developed by IAI. The central principles behind the company’s concept of land combat include intelligence gathering and acquisition of targets in the battlefield, conducted autonomously. The Carmel solution, as demonstrated by IAI, brings to the world of land combat the concept of system of systems championed by IAI, and includes a combination of capabilities, systems, groundbreaking innovation and connection to the world of artificial intelligence as an additional strategic capability the IDF can use in the future battlefield. Carmel will enable complex ground operations with less risk to human lives, which will transform ground combat strategy as we know it today.”

                                                              The central technologies IAI is developing for land maneuvering forces include:
                                                              • Command System– the brain, in charge of planning and managing the combat team’s missions autonomously.
                                                              • Situational Awareness System – combining advanced capabilities in the areas of radars, SIGINT, and electro-optics, simultaneously locating threats on land, in the air and more that fall within the combat team’s field of interest, classifying targets in real time and quickly and accurately differentiating and prioritizing between friend or foe.
                                                              • Lethality System – in charge of classifying and prioritizing targets in real time, by allocating the most appropriate lethal tool for each target from a range of munitions at the combat team’s disposal.
                                                              • Mobility System – in charge of planning optimal routes of advancement for each of the vehicles in the combat team during missions.
                                                              • Operations System – team members can observe the battlefield in several dimensions, and thus gain a better understanding, and an innovative user interface will enable combat soldiers to receive optimal decisions when they are required to make them.

                                                              IAI’s ELTA Division is home to Israel’s intelligence and radar systems that develops groundbreaking strategic systems like special-mission aircraft, national cyber arrays, land robotics systems, drone defenses, border patrol defense systems, and more. IAI is a focal point of national and global technological knowhow in the fields of air defense, radars, satellites, unmanned vehicles, civil aviation and cyber.

                                                              Images courtesy IAI


                                                              • This is a Jerusalem Post article from yesterday, on the same program............there's a short video in there which is interesting, ditto a few of the comments in the article...........

                                                                IAI selected as prime contractor for Carmel armored fighting vehicle - The Jerusalem Post (


                                                                • IAI Wins Israeli Carmel Land Vehicle Competition; Company Wants American Partner

                                                                  The Israeli competition could have an impact on technologies being developed for the US Army's OMFV.

                                                                  By ARIE EGOZI and AARON MEHTA

                                                                  on October 11, 2021 at 12:46 PM

                                                                  Israel is developing a new land battle concept. (MoD)

                                                                  AUSA: In a major step forward for Israel’s future ground warfare concept, the IDF has selected Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) to develop its next-generation fighting vehicle. And now, the company is turning its eyes towards potential American customers.

                                                                  IAI beat out competitors Elbit Systems and Rafael to serve as the prime contractor and integrator for developing the concept and technologies for the future Armored Fighting Vehicle for the IDF, known as the Carmel. It comes with a focus on urban warfare, taking lessons from the 2006 conflict with Lebanon.

                                                                  The selection, which was announced Sunday in Israel, is potentially relevant for the US Army, as Israel hopes to bring both the Pentagon and the Indian Ministry of Defense into the program as partners in some capacity. Speaking at the AUSA conference Monday, Amir Geva, the company’s executive vice president for North America, said that the company is seeking American partners for its capability.

                                                                  Pressed on whether there were already conversations happening with US firms, however, Geva was evasive, saying that the term discussion is a “very wide, very wide question. So I’ll say that we do know who are the players, they know who we are and they know how relevant to the program we I will leave it as it is right now.” He added that there are no formal demos set for this time for either the Army or Marines.

                                                                  And although neither won the competition, some of the technology developed by the other two competitors may live on; Rafael is teamed on the Oshkosh-Hanwha bid for the Army’s Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle competition, while Elbit is teamed with BAE Systems.

                                                                  The competition was part of an across-the-table effort to shape the future ground concept used by the IDF. The goal is perhaps summed up best this way: to give Israeli’s military fast-moving ground forces equipped with multi-sensor, multi-weapon systems able to achieve control of the battle ground quickly and decisively.

                                                                  IAI successfully demonstrated a two-man, closed hatch armored fighting vehicle equipped with autonomous systems that handle the central subsystems — mission planning and operations. The cockpit design works with a set of touch screens and video monitors built from sensors on and around the vehicle, giving a virtual view of everything going on outside.

                                                                  In essence, IAI said in a press release, the two-man crew will only need to focus on the most crucial of tasks, letting automation handle the rest. An optional third team member will be capable of operating robotic ground vehicles in areas with very high degree of danger even to armored vehicles.

                                                                  Eventually, the IDF plans to build a hybrid vehicle, equipped with both diesel and electric motors. Electric propulsion will allow for quieter short-distance travel, but is also essential as a new source of power for a new weapon that may be integrated into the project: a high-intensity laser.

                                                                  “We have been investing in the last few years, and especially in the past year, to develop a powerful laser for a variety of uses, and it may be integrated into Carmel,” Brig. Gen. Yaniv Rotem, head of R&D at the ministry of defense said during the competition.

                                                                  The prototypes presented by the three companies differed slightly, but all three were integrated onto M-113 APCs for a series of demonstrations, with the focus on autonomous capabilities.

                                                                  Each company worked its solution throughout a week of live tests, within a series of complex operational scenarios. A team of experts from the Ministry of Defense and the IDF evaluated the three concepts in accordance with predetermined criteria, including the technological platforms proposed for the future AFV; employment of advanced sensors; VR and AR mechanisms; AI technology to process information, and more.

                                                                  IAI presented a platform based on the company’s family of autonomous systems and robotic tools, which are currently in wide operational use in Israel and around the world. The winning offering combines a panoramic display, individual control screens, and a control stick similar to a gaming console.

                                                                  According to IAI the technologies package offered by the company is aimed mainly on supplying the two member crew with the best situational awareness possible. “And after that is achieved to choose the best weapon to kill [the target]. You can see the commander of the ground vehicles as a safety button. The system can shoot automatically, but for now the human in the vehicle will have to release the safety button,” a company official said.


                                                                  • Serbian defense industry has developed M-84AS2 upgrade version of M-84 tank

                                                                    POSTED ON TUESDAY, 12 OCTOBER 2021 20:19
                                                                    The Serbian defense industry has developed a new upgraded version of the M84 main battle tank, the M-84AS2 which features new improvements in terms of firepower, mobility, protection, and situational awareness. The M84 is based on the Soviet-made T-72 Main Battle Tank (MBT) that was produced under license by Yugoslavia, with many improvements over the original was incorporated to meet the requirements of the Yugoslav Army.

                                                                    Serbian Defense Industry presents the M-84AS2 MBT Main Battle Tank, an upgrade of the locally-made M-84 tank. (Picture source Army Recognition)

                                                                    The original version of the M-84 MBT (Main Battle Tank) is armed with a 125 mm smoothbore cannon derived from the Soviet 2A46. The turret is fitted with an automatic loading system, which enables it to sustain a firing rate of 8 rounds per minute with a crew of three. The second armament includes one 7.62mm coaxial machine gun, and one 12.7mm anti-aircraft gun mounted on the commander's turret.

                                                                    The hull of the M-84 MBT is divided into three compartments with the driver at the front, turret in the center, and the power pack at the rear. The turret is mounted in the center of the hull with the gunner on the left and the commander on the right.

                                                                    The M84AS2 armament includes one 125mm smoothbore L48 gun with the same autoloading system as the previous version of the M-84. The tank keeps the 7.62mm coaxial machine gun, but the 12.7mm anti-aircraft machine gun is replaced by a stabilized RCWS (Remotely Controlled Weapon Station) armed with one 12.7mm heavy machine gun. With the RCWS, the tank commander can conduct all the firing operations from inside of the tank during day/night and on the move.

                                                                    The turret of the M-84AS2 incorporates a Fire Control System that includes a four-channel gunner sight (cooled GEN III thermal imager, SWIR camera, optical channel and eye-safe LRF (Laser Range Finder), stabilized panoramic commander's viewer with GEN III thermal imager, CCD camera and LRF providing hunter-killer capabilities allowing the gunner and commander to track and acquire two separate targets at the same time. The tank is also equipped with a digital biaxial meteorological sensor, stabilized electro-hydraulic servo system which provides excellent firing accuracy on the move.

                                                                    Commander's situational awareness is improved with the integration of all-around video surveillance and battle management system with digital communication equipment and navigation and orientation system.

                                                                    The M-84AS2 is fitted with additional armor mounted around the hull and the turret using a new generation of Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA) which provides a high level of protection against APFSDS (Armor-Piercing Fin-Stabilized Discarding Sabot) and tandem HEAT (High-Explosive Anti-Tank) rounds. The tank is also fitted with a laser radiation detection system connected with automatic smoke grenade dischargers.

                                                                    The survivability of the M-84AS2 is improved with an automatic fire and fuel explosion extinguishing subsystem and multispectral camouflage net which significantly reduces vehicle signature in NIR (Near InfraRed), thermal and radar part of EM (ElectroMagnetic) spectrum.

                                                                    The mobility of the M-84AS2 is also increased by the use of an engine with a new compact injection fuel pump, new torsion bars and shock absorbers, and new double pin forged tracks with considerably longer service life.


                                                                    • The new German Light Recon vehicle..................via "Willy Brandt" on Sturgeon House.........

                                                                      Posted 18 hours ago

                                                                      New LuWa Pics.


                                                                      • Bug2
                                                                        Bug2 commented
                                                                        Editing a comment
                                                                        My initial impressions:

                                                                        1) Too smal, so will be cramped for people and equipment
                                                                        2) Bottom of hull looks flat, worthless mine or IED protection
                                                                        3) Double Tracks system "may" offload ground pressure but overly complicated
                                                                        4) Not clear IF Hybrid propulsion, pure electric or pure diesel?
                                                                        Last edited by Bug2; 17-10-21, 02:24 AM.

                                                                      • mupp
                                                                        mupp commented
                                                                        Editing a comment
                                                                        1) It has a 2 man crew like the Wiesel, with space for a 3rd if needed
                                                                        2) It was specifically designed to be mine strike resilient, that's part of the reason for the quad track layout.
                                                                        3) Quad track was for several different reasons, we'll have to see if they were right.
                                                                        4) it's hybrid propulsion and each track has its own electrical motor.

                                                                    • Hyundai Rotem to promote K2 Black Panther tank for replacement of Norwegian Leopard 2A4

                                                                      POSTED ON SUNDAY, 17 OCTOBER 2021 19:53

                                                                      According to a picture released on the Facebook account Republic of Korea Armed Forces, South Korean company Hyundai Rotem to promote K2 Black Panther MBT (Main Battle Tank) during the ADEX 2021 defense exhibition in South Korea. The K2 MBT will be displayed in Norwegian specification and camouflage pattern. Norway has planned to replace Leopard 2A4NO main battle tanks fleet.

                                                                      Hyundai Rotem to promote K2 Black Panther MBT for the replacement of Norwegian Leopard 2A4 MBT during the ADEX 2021 defense exhibition in South Korea. (Picture source Facebook account Korea Armed Forces)

                                                                      In November 2020, Army Recognition has reported that Norway plans to present a tank purchase project for new tanks to the Norwegian parliament for approval in 2021. So far, it has already selected two possible contenders, after having evaluated up to nine options, the last of which were to acquire new platforms or upgrade the current fleet of Leopard 2 tanks currently operated by the Norwegian army has. Finally, it has opted for the first (ordering new battle tanks). Two candidates are shortlisted which include the South Korean K-2 Black Panther tank and the German Leopard 2A7. The winner should arrive in 2025.

                                                                      South Korean defense industry has offered Norway local assembly of K2 Black Panther and related technology transfer to gain an edge over their German competitor.

                                                                      Norway has already selected the South Korean K9 Thunder 155mm tracked self-propelled howitzer to equip its armed forces. On 20 December 2017, a contract of $230 million was signed between Hanwha Land Systems and the Norwegian Ministry of Defense for supplying 24 K9 Thunder and 6 K10 tracked ARV (Armored Resupply Vehicle).

                                                                      Norway purchased 52 Leopard 2A4 main battle tanks from the Netherlands in 2001 and adapted them to Norwegian needs. Currently, 36 tanks are currently in service with the Norwegian armed forces.

                                                                      The K2 Black Panther is a new generation of Main Battle Tank (MBT) designed, developed, and manufactured in South Korea by the South Korean Company Hyundai Rotem. The K2 was unveiled for the first time to the public during the Defense Exhibition ADEX at the Seoul Airport in October 2009.

                                                                      The main armament of the K2 Black Panther consists of a German-made Rheinmetall 120-mm/ L55 smoothbore gun produced under license in South Korea. The armor on the Black Panther consists of an unknown type of composite armor and an Active Defense System utilizing Explosive Reactive Armor blocks.


                                                                      • Bug2
                                                                        Bug2 commented
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                                                                        Tough one to win for the Koreans, they are up against the Leo 2 latest A7 Standard...............

                                                                    • Turkish Altay MBT to be powered with South Korean engine

                                                                      POSTED ON FRIDAY, 22 OCTOBER 2021 14:49

                                                                      According to Yeni Safak, the Turkish Foreign minister on Friday, October 22, met with his South Korean counterpart in the capital Seoul and discussed bilateral ties, cooperation in the defense industry and investments. An agreement on the sale of South Korean engines intended for the Turkish Altay main battle tank has been signed.

                                                                      Altay MBT at a military parade in Turkey (Picture source: Twitter account of Bumfuzzle)

                                                                      Turkish Foreign minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said he discussed with South Korean counterpart Chung Eui-yong steps to be taken in “areas such as investments, balancing trade, defense industry and facilitating travel.” Describing South Korea as an “important partner” in the field of the defense industry, he said that Kang Eun-ho, the South Korean minister for the defense acquisition program administration, signed a document “approving the sale of Altay tank’s power pack.” No further detail has been communicated.

                                                                      On March 4, 2021, Army Recognition reported that Turkey was in negotiations with South Korea to procure engines for its domestic main battle tank Altay whose prototype was powered by a 1,500 horsepower diesel engine from the German manufacturer MTU Friedrichshafen GmbH. Rheinmetall had also created a joint venture with the Turkish land vehicles producer BMC aimed to establish joint production of armored vehicles, particularly the Altay main battle tank. Turkey had hoped to power the Altay with the MTU engine and Renk transmission, but talks with German manufacturers stopped due to a German arms embargo on Turkey. Germany is one of a number of European governments that have limited exports to Turkey over its involvement in the Syrian civil war.

                                                                      According to an announcement made in 2020, this engine would be the South Korean Doosan Infracore DV27K, 4-cycle, 12-cylinder water-cooled diesel engine developing 1,500 hp. BMC’s Batu engine developed and to be serially manufactured in Turkey is not mentioned in the Foreign ministers’ meeting report of this 22 October, this being said without drawing any conclusion. The Batu powerpack includes a Diesel engine and an automatic transmission. BMC launched the development of this new engine developing 1,600 hp, in collaboration with the Italian manufacturer Fiat/Iveco intended to equip the Altay.

                                                                      Doosan Infracore DV27K engine selected to power the first series of Altay MBTs (Picture source: TheDeadDistrict)


                                                                      • Chinese-made VT4 Main Battle Tank MBT is now officially in service with Pakistan

                                                                        POSTED ON SATURDAY, 23 OCTOBER 2021 18:55

                                                                        According to a video report published by the Samaa news channel on October 13, 2021, the Pakistan army has officially inducted Chinese-made VT4 Main Battle Tanks (MBTs). The Pakistani Army is now the third operator of the Norinco VT-4 main battle tank which is also in service with Thailand and Nigeria.

                                                                        Chinese-made VT4 main battle tank of the Pakistani army. (Picture source Internet)

                                                                        According to the military balance 2020, the Pakistani army has a total of 2,433 Main Battle Tanks (MBTs) including 300 Al-Khalid (MBT 2000), 50 Al-Khalid I, 315 T-80UD, 500 Al-Zarrar, 400 Type-69, 268 Type-85-IIAP, and 600 ZTZ-59.

                                                                        The VT4 MBT is produced by the Chinese state-owned defense company Norinco, and Pakistan has received tanks in April last year. According to Norinco VT-4 is one of the most modern tanks in the world integrating advanced armor protection, maneuverability, firepower capabilities, and state-of-the-art technology. It shares many subsystems technology and features from other Chinese-made MBTs such as the Type 96A and Type 99A.

                                                                        The design of the VT4 was unveiled in 2012 during Eurosatory, an international defense exhibition that was held in Paris, France. The first serial production of the VT4 was presented in 2014 at China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition in Zhuhai, China.

                                                                        The layout of the VT4 is standard for a modern tank with the driver at the front, turret in the middle with commander and gunner, and powerpack at the rear. It has a gross vehicle weight of approximately 52,000 kg with a length of 10.10 m, a width of 3.50 m, and a height of 2.40 m

                                                                        The main armament of the VT4 consists of on 125mm smoothbore gun fitted with a thermal sleeve and fume extractor. It is fed by an automatic loader that holds a total of 22 projectiles and charges which can be loaded at the rate of eight per minute. The tank is equipped with a set of guided weapons, allowing the use of a guided missile 9K119 Refleks with a range of up to 5 km. This missile is produced in China under license.

                                                                        The VT4 tank is protected by dual-layer protection consisting of composite armor and FY-4 explosive reactive armor. According to Norinco, the frontal protection force is equivalent to 500 mm homogeneous steel armor, and the explosive reaction armor is around 700 mm.

                                                                        The VT4 is motorized with a water-cooled turbocharged electronic-controlled diesel engine developing 1,300 hp. It can run a maximum road speed of 70 km/h with a maximum cruising range of 500 km.


                                                                        • Rheinmetall to build and export Lynx Infantry Fighting Vehicle test chassis to US

                                                                          POSTED ON MONDAY, 25 OCTOBER 2021 09:16

                                                                          Rheinmetall announced on October 25 the build and export contract of a Lynx Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) test chassis to the United States from its factory in Redbank, Queensland (Australia).

                                                                          Lynx KF41 IFV (Picture source: Rheinmetall)

                                                                          Rheinmetall Defence Australia Managing Director Gary Stewart said the contract was the first of its kind and provided design and manufacturing export work both for the Rheinmetall team and its growing Australian Industry network: “This is a landmark for Rheinmetall and Australia with the Lynx Infantry Fighting Vehicle test chassis to be manufactured at the state-of-the-art Military Vehicle Centre of Excellence (MILVEHCOE) at Redbank, Queensland and importantly, contributes to the Federal Government’s objectives as set out in the Australian Defence Export Strategy. The Australian manufactured Lynx Infantry Fighting Vehicle Chassis is a test rig destined for Rheinmetall’s Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle (OMFV) campaign to showcase advanced automotive capabilities in the Lynx platform”.

                                                                          Gary Stewart said the Lynx vehicle export order will be delivered to Rheinmetall in the United States supporting the business’s worldwide activities currently underway in the OMFV competition and the US Department of Defense’s Bradley fighting vehicle replacement program.

                                                                          “Lynx is a next-generation fighting vehicle with unmatched protection and lethality. Rheinmetall has developed a next-generation electronic architecture to ensure onboard sensors, systems and effectors are able to be networked into Defence’s broader network architecture. The new test vehicle will demonstrate advanced features of mobility,” Gary Stewart added.

                                                                          Gary Stewart said that the Australian export opportunities for Rheinmetall increased with this contract and provided flow on for Australian Industry Capability (AIC) partners that contribute to the Lynx IFV. “The AIC partners are the backbone of our Lynx manufacturing in Australia. We are proud to partner with organizations including:
                                                                          * Marand for the roof module,
                                                                          * Supashock for the running gear,
                                                                          * MILSPEC for the bisalloy alternator, and steel and various mechanical and electrical fabrication partner content.”

                                                                          Gary Stewart commented: "While Rheinmetall announced the export of the Lance Turret to Hungary, this would be our first vehicle export from Australia".


                                                                          • unicorn11
                                                                            unicorn11 commented
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                                                                            A small but welcome vote of confidence, one that will have been noticed in Canberra, as intended.

                                                                        • Slovakia’s Infantry Fighting Vehicle programme is a once-in-a-generation opportunity

                                                                          POSTED ON WEDNESDAY, 27 OCTOBER 2021 11:02

                                                                          Slovakia’s program for the renewal of its infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) fleet is following on the heels of similar programs in neighboring countries: the Czech Republic and Hungary. As armed forces in Central Europe replace outdated Soviet-era equipment, acquisition programs are unique opportunities to meet the demands of modern and future battlefields as well as economic requirements.

                                                                          Rheinmetall Lynx KF41 at IDEB 2021 (Picture source: AH)

                                                                          Who’s in the running?

                                                                          The complete list of potential providers for the Slovak IFV program is not yet closed. Some suppliers have already confirmed their participation, including BAE Systems with the CV90, General Dynamics with the ASCOD and Rheinmetall with the Lynx KF41.

                                                                          The contenders are, therefore, similar to the providers vying to provide the Czech Republic with its new IFV fleet. Final offers have been submitted for the Czech program, after several weeks of tests had been undertaken earlier this year to determine the vehicle best matching the requirements of the Czech armed forces. However, the program has been running for several years now and nobody knows when the final decision will be made.

                                                                          In Slovakia, Rheinmetall was the first participant to present its Lynx KF41 IFV at Zahorié to Slovak decision-makers. After that, BAE Systems made its presentation with two variants of its CV90, while GDELS showed its ASCOD 2 fitted with the Elbit Systems MT-30 turret.

                                                                          Undoubtedly, Rheinmetall's Lynx KF41 is the biggest and heaviest vehicle in the competition, with a weight capacity of up to 50 tons. Yet it is also the most modern. The Lynx has not yet been tested in active service, but more than 200 units are currently under production for Hungary. And the vehicle is also a contender for programs in Australia (Land 400 Phase 3), the Czech Republic, and the USA (OMFV). Both the CV90 and ASCOD 2 vehicle types were either excluded or not considered for the Australian and US programs.

                                                                          As mentioned before, GDELS presented its ASCOD 2 with Elbit MT-30 turret at Zahorié. The ASCOD 2 chassis is in service in the UK (Ajax); Spain (Pizarro) and Austria (Ulan) are using a lighter Ascod chassis weighing about 35 tons. The armed forces of the Philippines have recently chosen an ASCOD variant for their Light Tank Acquisition Project. The vehicle’s turret is already fitted on several platforms, including the ongoing Boxer program in Lithuania, and is in competition for Land 400 Phase 3 on the AS-21 Redback of Hanwha.

                                                                          The CV90, from Swedish company BAE Systems Hägglunds, is in service in different variants in several European countries. It can be considered the most proven system among all the competitors for the Slovak program, although even the Mk IV variant presented by the company atZahorié cannot hide the fact that the vehicle’s concept was designed some 30 years ago.

                                                                          On the plus side, the CV90 is the lightest vehicle in the competition, with a maximum weight of 38 tonnes, but its inner volume is also very limited. The 120mm CV90 light tank shown at Zahorié is not yet in service, and its 120mm Mjölnir mechanized mortar has so far only been purchased by the Swedish Army.

                                                                          GDELS ASCOD IFV at IDET 2021 (Picture source: AH)

                                                                          Will innovation or experience be the deciding factor?

                                                                          Whereas BAE’s CV90 and GDELS’s ASCOD 2 have been already in service for some years, Rheinmetall’s Lynx stands apart because of its relative youth. While CV90 is undergoing mid-life upgrades in the Netherlands and Switzerland, Hungary has put its trust in Rheinmetall’s new concept, ordering a total of 218 units last year, most of which will be produced at a major new manufacturing plant in Zalaegerszeg, western Hungary.

                                                                          Arguments against the Lynx usually focus on its unproven status in an actual theatre of conflict. Indeed, if battlefield experience were the sole criteria for Slovak decision-makers, the Lynx would not be able to compete with the Ascod 2 or CV90 models. Production of the CV90 vehicle type began in the 1980s when very different fighting conditions prevailed in global conflicts. And although the ASCOD has been in service for almost two decades, the recent history of the vehicle family has been far from smooth. Britain’s Ajax is the subject of escalating concerns as the UK armed forces struggle with delivery and technical problems, including vibration and noise issues causing significant discomfort for soldiers.

                                                                          For lethality, BAE Systems and GDELS chose the Orbital ATK Mk44 as the main armament for their vehicles, while Rheinmetall is using the Mk30-2 manufactured by the former company Mauser, now Rheinmetall Weapon & Ammunition. Both weapons are airburst capable but use different types of technologies. An airburst round is a type of tactical anti-personnel explosive ammunition, typically a shell or grenade, that detonates in mid-air, causing air burst effect fragment damage to an enemy.

                                                                          The ATK 30mm Air Burst Munition System (ABM) provides any platform an immediate lethality improvement. The system provides the new capability to burst a 30mmprojectile at a precise point in space resulting in increased effectiveness against targets in defilade. The ATK ABM system is composed of the ATK 30mm Mk44Bushmaster cannon employing an integrated fuse setter in the feed system; an ABM fuse setter module in the gun control unit (GCU); an ABM ballistic algorithm integrated into the platform fire control unit; and the Mk310Programmable Air Burst Munition (PABM). The PABM can function in an airburst, point detonating and point detonating delay modes. The projectile has proven penetration capability and significant behind armor effects against lightly armored vehicles. The ATK ABM system is also capable of being retrofitted into existing Mk44 cannons.

                                                                          As a matter-of-fact BAE chose the Rheinmetall ABM/ KETF technology for at least two of their CV90 programs in Europe, in the Netherlands, and Denmark.

                                                                          Rheinmetall’s airburst ammunition (ABM) is the ideal solution for contemporary vehicle main armament, ground-based anti-aircraft guns, and naval applications. Based on NATO-qualified Ahead technology, each ABM round contains a large number of sub-projectiles and a programmable fuse, which is supplied with data from the fire control computer via an electric fuse programming coil as it departs the barrel. After measuring the current velocity of the round, the electronics calculate the optimum detonation time, inductively programming each round as it passes through the muzzle. Since the ejection interval can be altered, the insensitive Rheinmetall airburst ammunition can be used to engage a wide spectrum of modern battlefield threats. The ABM round is available in caliber 30 mm x 173 and 35 mm x 228.

                                                                          ATOM 35mm Air Burst Ammunition developed by the Turkish company ASELSAN is smart ammunition having a base fuse. The effectiveness of the barrelled guns is increased noticeably with the use of Air Burst Ammunition and they become an important option for small and high-speed targets.

                                                                          Together with the ability of precise time counting and the capability of being programmed during firing by taking muzzle velocity into consideration; ATOM 35mm Air Burst Ammunition provides high hit probability against various types of air and land targets.

                                                                          Who will make it?

                                                                          All the contenders to renew Slovakia’s IFV fleet have positives and drawbacks. Ultimately, the result may come down to whether or not decision-makers wish to play it safe with the older design of BAE Systems or GDELS, or opt for the higher-risk, higher-reward option of Rheinmetall’s innovative Lynx design. Whatever the outcome, the country’s armed forces will be hoping for the arrival of a vehicle type with which they can work for decades to come.

                                                                          BAE Systems CV90 at DSEI 2021 (Picture source: Army Recognition)


                                                                          • Here’s when General Dynamics thinks a sale of Abrams tanks to Poland will move forward

                                                                            By Jen Judson

                                                                            Oct 28, 12:14 AM

                                                                            Soldiers with Bravo Company, 2nd Battalion, 34th Armored Regiment, 1st Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Infantry Division, prepare their M1A2 Abrams tanks for a live-fire exercise at Drawsko Pomorskie Training Area, Poland. (Spc. Max Elliott/U.S. Army)

                                                                            WASHINGTON — Poland announced earlier this year it planned to buy 250 M1A2 Abrams SEPv3 tanks, with hopes deliveries would be made as early as 2022, but General Dynamics chief executive Phebe Novakovic said Wednesday the foreign military sale could go through in roughly two years.

                                                                            “This is a powerful system for the Poles to have, given their geographic location and their historical experience, particularly with folks, you know, streaming west,” she said during an Oct. 27 call with analysts. “This is an FMS sale; we’re looking at somewhere ... maybe in the two-year period.”

                                                                            Novakovic added the company sees “increased demand signals” from the Czech Republic, Romania, Denmark, Switzerland and Spain as well as the Middle East.

                                                                            The demand for combat vehicles remain stable in the U.S., Novakovic noted, with orders for a brigade’s worth of Abrams tanks and a half a brigade of Stryker combat vehicles per year.

                                                                            General Dynamics Land Systems is also hoping to win a contract to build the Mobile Protected Firepower (MPF) system in the near term. GDLS is competing against BAE Systems for the deal.

                                                                            Mariusz Błaszczak, Poland’s defense minister, in July said Poland wanted to order the “most modern tanks. Tanks available in the best equipped version, tanks that are combat proven, tanks which were constructed to counter the most modern Russian T-14 Armata tanks.”

                                                                            The SEPv3 variant of the Abrams tank weighs 73.6 tons and can travel at 42 mph. According to the U.S. Army’s Acquisition Support Center, the development of a SEPv4 variant is ongoing through fiscal 2023.

                                                                            Brigades in Poland are currently equipped with the Leopard 2A4 and Leopard 2A5 tanks. But the Abrams acquisition is meant to allow Warsaw to replace its outdated Soviet-designed T-72 and PT-91 tanks with a new tracked vehicle.

                                                                            Błaszczak said delivery of new tanks was expected to begin in 2022. He did not disclose the value of the potential deal, but said it would include logistics, training and simulators for Polish troops.

                                                                            The potential sale has garnered congressional interest and support. In the House Armed Services Committee’s version of the fiscal 2022 defense policy bill, lawmakers expressed approval of Poland’s decision to purchase the tanks.

                                                                            “This will enhance NATO’s ability to deter Russian aggression on its Eastern flank and the Committee encourages the Administration to facilitate this foreign military sale as soon as possible,” the language states.

                                                                            The committee directed the defense secretary and the Defense Security Cooperation Agency’s director to brief congressional defense committees by the end of the year on the process and timeline to facilitate a sale of Abrams tanks to Poland.

                                                                            A DSCA notification of approval for a possible sale of Abrams to Poland has not yet been sent to the Hill.

                                                                            Poland is aggressively modernizing its military capability with a focus on interoperability with U.S. Army and Air Force capabilities.

                                                                            The country is meeting defense budget targets laid out through the Wales Summit Declaration, which requires NATO member states to spend 2 percent of their gross domestic product on defense, with 20 percent allocated to major equipment research and development and acquisition, according to the HASC’s markup.


                                                                            • Poland definitely NOT buying Franco-German or German.
                                                                              I thought they were going Korean, but I guess America has the capacity to deliver and it meshes with US forces in NATO.

                                                                              Looks neighbourly like trust is just completely breaking down in the wider picture between Poland and Germany.


                                                                              • I think both France and Germany are putting their foot in it on an epic scale.


                                                                                • I think Poland's Government has learnt the primary lesson of Eastern European diplomacy; Put not thy trust in the false god EU but cleave to the true gods NATO and the United States for only they can be your salvation from the demon Putin.
                                                                                  It is by will alone I set my mind in motion.
                                                                                  It is by the juice of sapho that thoughts acquire speed, the lips acquire stains, the stains become a warning.
                                                                                  It is by will alone I set my mind in motion.


                                                                                  • Yes, but than why do they keep asking to be allowed join the MGCS programme..


                                                                                    • Probably trying to enmesh themselves into enough other European nations programs that their concerns are taken seriously and thus ensuring Poland's security becomes critically important to the EU.
                                                                                      It is by will alone I set my mind in motion.
                                                                                      It is by the juice of sapho that thoughts acquire speed, the lips acquire stains, the stains become a warning.
                                                                                      It is by will alone I set my mind in motion.


                                                                                      • Army of Nigeria takes delivery of 60 Type 85 tracked APC Armored Personnel Carrier from China

                                                                                        POSTED ON SUNDAY, 31 OCTOBER 2021 19:07

                                                                                        According to information published by the NNN website on October 28, 2021, the Nigerian army has taken delivery of 60 Type 85 also named YW531H, a tracked APC (Armored Personnel Carrier) produced by the Chinese company NORINCO.

                                                                                        China has delivered 60 Type 85 tracked APC Armored personnel Carrier to Nigeria. (Picture source TVC News Nigeria video footage on Youtube)

                                                                                        Since the 2010s, China has delivered a large number of military equipment to Nigeria including 15 F-7M Airguard fighter aircraft, two P18N OPVs (Offshore Patrol Vessels), 120 AR-1 Anti-Tank Guided Missiles, 5 CH-3 drones, one type-62 patrol craft, 3 SH-2 122mm self-propelled howitzers, 2 SH-5 105mm wheeled self-propelled howitzers, 6 VT-4 main battle tank, 6 ZTL-09 8x8 105mm fire support vehicle, four CH-4 armed drones and 2 Wing Loong-2 armed drones.

                                                                                        According to the Ambassador of China to Nigeria, Mr Cui Jianchun, China would prioritize the implementation of its political and economic cooperation with Nigeria, to achieve growth. The two nations established diplomatic relations in February 1971, and today the two countries supported each other to continue a long way internationally.

                                                                                        Given Nigeria’s open and violent conflict in the Niger Delta region specifically, it is not surprising to see that China has been acknowledging the need to support more military and peacebuilding efforts in order to protect its investment and interests.

                                                                                        The Type 85 tracked APC (Armored personnel Carrier) was developed in the late 1960s by the State Defense Company NORINCO. The hull of the YW 531 is made of all-welded steel which provides ballistic protection against the firing of small arms and artillery shell splinters. The vehicle has a crew of three and the rear part of the hull is able to accommodate up to 13 infantrymen. The roof of the vehicle is fitted with an open-top turret armed with one 12.7 mm Type 54 machine gun.

                                                                                        The torsion bar suspension on either side consists of five single rubber-tired road wheels with the drive sprocket at the front and the idler at the rear. The vehicle is fully amphibious, being propelled in the water by its tracks at a maximum speed of 6 km/h.

                                                                                        The Type 85 is powered by a BF8L413F 4-cycle turbocharged, inter-cooled, V-8 diesel engine developing 320 hp at 2,500 rpm. The vehicle can run at a maximum road speed of 66 km/h with a maximum cruising range of 500 km.


                                                                                        • Bug2
                                                                                          Bug2 commented
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                                                                                          A 55-60 year old design, good luck with that...............